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revision 1.71, Sat Oct 14 18:08:12 2006 UTC revision 1.76, Wed Nov 15 12:08:26 2006 UTC
# Line 11  Line 11 
11      use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);      use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);
12      use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_base64);      use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_base64);
13      use FIG;      use FIG;
14        use CGI;
15    
16  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package
17    
# Line 59  Line 60 
60  B<start-position>, which indicates where in the contig that the sequence begins. This attribute  B<start-position>, which indicates where in the contig that the sequence begins. This attribute
61  is implemented as the C<start_position> field in the C<IsMadeUpOf> relation.  is implemented as the C<start_position> field in the C<IsMadeUpOf> relation.
62    
63  The database itself is described by an XML file using the F<ERDatabase.xsd> schema. In addition to  The database itself is described by an XML file. In addition to all the data required to define
64  all the data required to define the entities, relationships, and attributes, the schema provides  the entities, relationships, and attributes, the schema provides space for notes describing
65  space for notes describing the data and what it means. These notes are used by L</ShowMetaData>  the data and what it means. These notes are used by L</ShowMetaData> to generate documentation
66  to generate documentation for the database.  for the database.
67    
68    Special support is provided for text searching. An entity field can be marked as <em>searchable</em>,
69    in which case it will be used to generate a text search index in which the user searches for words
70    in the field instead of a particular field value.
71    
72  Finally, every entity and relationship object has a flag indicating if it is new or old. The object  Finally, every entity and relationship object has a flag indicating if it is new or old. The object
73  is considered I<old> if it was loaded by the L</LoadTables> method. It is considered I<new> if it  is considered I<old> if it was loaded by the L</LoadTables> method. It is considered I<new> if it
74  was inserted by the L</InsertObject> method.  was inserted by the L</InsertObject> method.
75    
 To facilitate testing, the ERDB module supports automatic generation of test data. This process  
 is described in the L</GenerateEntity> and L</GenerateConnection> methods, though it is not yet  
 fully implemented.  
   
76  =head2 XML Database Description  =head2 XML Database Description
77    
78  =head3 Data Types  =head3 Data Types
# Line 217  Line 218 
218  index will be created for each relation with at least one searchable field in it.  index will be created for each relation with at least one searchable field in it.
219  For best results, this option should only be used for string or text fields.  For best results, this option should only be used for string or text fields.
220    
221    =item special
222    
223    This attribute allows the subclass to assign special meaning for certain fields.
224    The interpretation is up to the subclass itself. Currently, only entity fields
225    can have this attribute.
226    
227  =back  =back
228    
229  =head3 Indexes  =head3 Indexes
230    
231  An entity can have multiple alternate indexes associated with it. The fields must  An entity can have multiple alternate indexes associated with it. The fields must
232  be from the primary relation. The alternate indexes assist in ordering results  all be from the same relation. The alternate indexes assist in ordering results
233  from a query. A relationship can have up to two indexes-- a I<to-index> and a  from a query. A relationship can have up to two indexes-- a I<to-index> and a
234  I<from-index>. These order the results when crossing the relationship. For  I<from-index>. These order the results when crossing the relationship. For
235  example, in the relationship C<HasContig> from C<Genome> to C<Contig>, the  example, in the relationship C<HasContig> from C<Genome> to C<Contig>, the
# Line 328  Line 335 
335    
336  # Table of information about our datatypes. "sqlType" is the corresponding SQL datatype string.  # Table of information about our datatypes. "sqlType" is the corresponding SQL datatype string.
337  # "maxLen" is the maximum permissible length of the incoming string data used to populate a field  # "maxLen" is the maximum permissible length of the incoming string data used to populate a field
338  # of the specified type. "dataGen" is PERL string that will be evaluated if no test data generation  # of the specified type. "avgLen" is the average byte length for estimating
339  # string is specified in the field definition. "avgLen" is the average byte length for estimating  # record sizes. "sort" is the key modifier for the sort command, "notes" is a type description,
340  # record sizes. "sort" is the key modifier for the sort command.  # and "indexMod", if non-zero, is the number of characters to use when the field is specified in an
341  my %TypeTable = ( char =>    { sqlType => 'CHAR(1)',            maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen('A')" },  # index
342                    int =>     { sqlType => 'INTEGER',            maxLen => 20,           avgLen =>   4, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },  my %TypeTable = ( char =>    { sqlType => 'CHAR(1)',            maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, sort => "",
343                    counter => { sqlType => 'INTEGER UNSIGNED',   maxLen => 20,           avgLen =>   4, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },                                 indexMod =>   0, notes => "single ASCII character"},
344                    string =>  { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(255)',       maxLen => 255,          avgLen => 100, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,250))" },                    int =>     { sqlType => 'INTEGER',            maxLen => 20,           avgLen =>   4, sort => "n",
345                    text =>    { sqlType => 'TEXT',               maxLen => 1000000000,   avgLen => 500, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(80,1000))" },                                 indexMod =>   0, notes => "signed 32-bit integer"},
346                    date =>    { sqlType => 'BIGINT',             maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>   8, sort => "n", dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },                    counter => { sqlType => 'INTEGER UNSIGNED',   maxLen => 20,           avgLen =>   4, sort => "n",
347                    float =>   { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',   maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>   8, sort => "g", dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },                                 indexMod =>   0, notes => "unsigned 32-bit integer"},
348                    boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',           maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },                    string =>  { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(255)',       maxLen => 255,          avgLen => 100, sort => "",
349                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "character string, 0 to 255 characters"},
350                      text =>    { sqlType => 'TEXT',               maxLen => 1000000000,   avgLen => 500, sort => "",
351                                   indexMod => 255, notes => "character string, nearly unlimited length, only first 255 characters are indexed"},
352                      date =>    { sqlType => 'BIGINT',             maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>   8, sort => "n",
353                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "signed, 64-bit integer"},
354                      float =>   { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',   maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>   8, sort => "g",
355                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "64-bit double precision floating-point number"},
356                      boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',           maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, sort => "n",
357                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "boolean value: 0 if false, 1 if true"},
358                   'hash-string' =>                   'hash-string' =>
359                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(22)',        maxLen => 22,           avgLen =>  22, sort => "",  dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(22)',        maxLen => 22,           avgLen =>  22, sort => "",
360                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "string stored in digested form, used for certain types of key fields"},
361                   'id-string' =>                   'id-string' =>
362                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(25)',        maxLen => 25,           avgLen =>  25, sort => "",  dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(25)',        maxLen => 25,           avgLen =>  25, sort => "",
363                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "character string, 0 to 25 characters"},
364                   'key-string' =>                   'key-string' =>
365                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',        maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>  10, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',        maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>  10, sort => "",
366                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "character string, 0 to 40 characters"},
367                   'name-string' =>                   'name-string' =>
368                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(80)',        maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>  40, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,80))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(80)',        maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>  40, sort => "",
369                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "character string, 0 to 80 characters"},
370                   'medium-string' =>                   'medium-string' =>
371                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(160)',       maxLen => 160,          avgLen =>  40, sort => "",  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,160))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(160)',       maxLen => 160,          avgLen =>  40, sort => "",
372                                   indexMod =>   0, notes => "character string, 0 to 160 characters"},
373                  );                  );
374    
375  # Table translating arities into natural language.  # Table translating arities into natural language.
# Line 357  Line 378 
378                     'MM' => 'many-to-many'                     'MM' => 'many-to-many'
379                   );                   );
380    
381  # Table for interpreting string patterns.  # Options for XML input and output.
382    
383    my %XmlOptions = (GroupTags =>  { Relationships => 'Relationship',
384                                      Entities => 'Entity',
385                                      Fields => 'Field',
386                                      Indexes => 'Index',
387                                      IndexFields => 'IndexField'
388                                    },
389                      KeyAttr =>    { Relationship => 'name',
390                                      Entity => 'name',
391                                      Field => 'name'
392                                    },
393                      SuppressEmpty => 1,
394                     );
395    
396  my %PictureTable = ( 'A' => "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz",  my %XmlInOpts  = (
397                       '9' => "0123456789",                    ForceArray => ['Field', 'Index', 'IndexField'],
398                       'X' => "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789",                    ForceContent => 1,
399                       'V' => "aeiou",                    NormalizeSpace => 2,
                      'K' => "bcdfghjklmnoprstvwxyz"  
400                     );                     );
401    my %XmlOutOpts = (
402                      RootName => 'Database',
403                      XMLDecl => 1,
404                     );
405    
406    
407  =head2 Public Methods  =head2 Public Methods
408    
# Line 506  Line 544 
544          my $entityData = $entityList->{$key};          my $entityData = $entityList->{$key};
545          # If there's descriptive text, display it.          # If there's descriptive text, display it.
546          if (my $notes = $entityData->{Notes}) {          if (my $notes = $entityData->{Notes}) {
547              $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";              $retVal .= "<p>" . HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
548          }          }
549          # Now we want a list of the entity's relationships. First, we set up the relationship subsection.          # Now we want a list of the entity's relationships. First, we set up the relationship subsection.
550          $retVal .= "<h4>Relationships for <b>$key</b></h4>\n<ul>\n";          $retVal .= "<h4>Relationships for <b>$key</b></h4>\n<ul>\n";
# Line 563  Line 601 
601          $retVal .= "</p>\n";          $retVal .= "</p>\n";
602          # If there are notes on this relationship, display them.          # If there are notes on this relationship, display them.
603          if (my $notes = $relationshipStructure->{Notes}) {          if (my $notes = $relationshipStructure->{Notes}) {
604              $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";              $retVal .= "<p>" . HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
605          }          }
606          # Generate the relationship's relation table.          # Generate the relationship's relation table.
607          my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($key, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$key});          my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($key, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$key});
# Line 610  Line 648 
648      return Data::Dumper::Dumper($self->{_metaData});      return Data::Dumper::Dumper($self->{_metaData});
649  }  }
650    
651    =head3 FindIndexForEntity
652    
653    C<< my $indexFound = ERDB::FindIndexForEntity($xml, $entityName, $attributeName); >>
654    
655    This method locates the entry in an entity's index list that begins with the
656    specified attribute name. If the entity has no index list, one will be
657    created. This method works on raw XML, not a live ERDB object.
658    
659    =over 4
660    
661    =item xml
662    
663    The raw XML structure defining the database.
664    
665    =item entityName
666    
667    The name of the relevant entity.
668    
669    =item attributeName
670    
671    The name of the attribute relevant to the search.
672    
673    =item RETURN
674    
675    The numerical index in the index list of the index entry for the specified entity and
676    attribute, or C<undef> if no such index exists.
677    
678    =back
679    
680    =cut
681    
682    sub FindIndexForEntity {
683        # Get the parameters.
684        my ($xml, $entityName, $attributeName) = @_;
685        # Declare the return variable.
686        my $retVal;
687        # Get the named entity.
688        my $entityData = $xml->{Entities}->{$entityName};
689        if (! $entityData) {
690            Confess("Entity $entityName not found in DBD structure.");
691        } else {
692            # Insure it has an index list.
693            if (! exists $entityData->{Indexes}) {
694                $entityData->{Indexes} = [];
695            } else {
696                # Search for the desired index.
697                my $indexList = $entityData->{Indexes};
698                my $n = scalar @{$indexList};
699                Trace("Searching $n indexes in index list for $entityName.") if T(2);
700                # We use an indexed FOR here because we're returning an
701                # index number instead of an object. We do THAT so we can
702                # delete the index from the list if needed.
703                for (my $i = 0; $i < $n && !defined($retVal); $i++) {
704                    my $index = $indexList->[$i];
705                    my $fields = $index->{IndexFields};
706                    # Technically this IF should be safe (that is, we are guaranteed
707                    # the existence of a "$fields->[0]"), because when we load the XML
708                    # we have SuppressEmpty specified.
709                    if ($fields->[0]->{name} eq $attributeName) {
710                        $retVal = $i;
711                    }
712                }
713            }
714        }
715        Trace("Index for $attributeName of $entityName found at position $retVal.") if defined($retVal) && T(3);
716        Trace("Index for $attributeName not found in $entityName.") if !defined($retVal) && T(3);
717        # Return the result.
718        return $retVal;
719    }
720    
721  =head3 CreateTables  =head3 CreateTables
722    
723  C<< $erdb->CreateTables(); >>  C<< $erdb->CreateTables(); >>
# Line 855  Line 963 
963      for my $indexName (keys %{$indexHash}) {      for my $indexName (keys %{$indexHash}) {
964          my $indexData = $indexHash->{$indexName};          my $indexData = $indexHash->{$indexName};
965          # Get the index's field list.          # Get the index's field list.
966          my @fieldList = _FixNames(@{$indexData->{IndexFields}});          my @rawFields = @{$indexData->{IndexFields}};
967            # Get a hash of the relation's field types.
968            my %types = map { $_->{name} => $_->{type} } @{$relationData->{Fields}};
969            # We need to check for text fields. We need a append a length limitation for them. To do
970            # that, we need the relation's field list.
971            my $relFields = $relationData->{Fields};
972            for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#rawFields; $i++) {
973                # Get the field type.
974                my $field = $rawFields[$i];
975                my $type = $types{$field};
976                # Ask if it requires using prefix notation for the index.
977                my $mod = $TypeTable{$type}->{indexMod};
978                Trace("Field $field ($i) in $relationName has type $type and indexMod $mod.") if T(3);
979                if ($mod) {
980                    # Append the prefix length to the field name,
981                    $rawFields[$i] .= "($mod)";
982                }
983            }
984            my @fieldList = _FixNames(@rawFields);
985          my $flds = join(', ', @fieldList);          my $flds = join(', ', @fieldList);
986          # Get the index's uniqueness flag.          # Get the index's uniqueness flag.
987          my $unique = (exists $indexData->{Unique} ? 'unique' : undef);          my $unique = (exists $indexData->{Unique} ? 'unique' : undef);
# Line 870  Line 996 
996      }      }
997  }  }
998    
999    =head3 GetSecondaryFields
1000    
1001    C<< my %fieldTuples = $erdb->GetSecondaryFields($entityName); >>
1002    
1003    This method will return a list of the name and type of each of the secondary
1004    fields for a specified entity. Secondary fields are stored in two-column tables
1005    in addition to the primary entity table. This enables the field to have no value
1006    or to have multiple values.
1007    
1008    =over 4
1009    
1010    =item entityName
1011    
1012    Name of the entity whose secondary fields are desired.
1013    
1014    =item RETURN
1015    
1016    Returns a hash mapping the field names to their field types.
1017    
1018    =back
1019    
1020    =cut
1021    
1022    sub GetSecondaryFields {
1023        # Get the parameters.
1024        my ($self, $entityName) = @_;
1025        # Declare the return variable.
1026        my %retVal = ();
1027        # Look for the entity.
1028        my $table = $self->GetFieldTable($entityName);
1029        # Loop through the fields, pulling out the secondaries.
1030        for my $field (sort keys %{$table}) {
1031            if ($table->{$field}->{relation} ne $entityName) {
1032                # Here we have a secondary field.
1033                $retVal{$field} = $table->{$field}->{type};
1034            }
1035        }
1036        # Return the result.
1037        return %retVal;
1038    }
1039    
1040    =head3 GetFieldRelationName
1041    
1042    C<< my $name = $erdb->GetFieldRelationName($objectName, $fieldName); >>
1043    
1044    Return the name of the relation containing a specified field.
1045    
1046    =over 4
1047    
1048    =item objectName
1049    
1050    Name of the entity or relationship containing the field.
1051    
1052    =item fieldName
1053    
1054    Name of the relevant field in that entity or relationship.
1055    
1056    =item RETURN
1057    
1058    Returns the name of the database relation containing the field, or C<undef> if
1059    the field does not exist.
1060    
1061    =back
1062    
1063    =cut
1064    
1065    sub GetFieldRelationName {
1066        # Get the parameters.
1067        my ($self, $objectName, $fieldName) = @_;
1068        # Declare the return variable.
1069        my $retVal;
1070        # Get the object field table.
1071        my $table = $self->GetFieldTable($objectName);
1072        # Only proceed if the field exists.
1073        if (exists $table->{$fieldName}) {
1074            # Determine the name of the relation that contains this field.
1075            $retVal = $table->{$fieldName}->{relation};
1076        }
1077        # Return the result.
1078        return $retVal;
1079    }
1080    
1081    =head3 DeleteValue
1082    
1083    C<< my $numDeleted = $erdb->DeleteValue($entityName, $id, $fieldName, $fieldValue); >>
1084    
1085    Delete secondary field values from the database. This method can be used to delete all
1086    values of a specified field for a particular entity instance, or only a single value.
1087    
1088    Secondary fields are stored in two-column relations separate from an entity's primary
1089    table, and as a result a secondary field can legitimately have no value or multiple
1090    values. Therefore, it makes sense to talk about deleting secondary fields where it
1091    would not make sense for primary fields.
1092    
1093    =over 4
1094    
1095    =item entityName
1096    
1097    Name of the entity from which the fields are to be deleted.
1098    
1099    =item id
1100    
1101    ID of the entity instance to be processed. If the instance is not found, this
1102    method will have no effect. If C<undef> is specified, all values for all of
1103    the entity instances will be deleted.
1104    
1105    =item fieldName
1106    
1107    Name of the field whose values are to be deleted.
1108    
1109    =item fieldValue (optional)
1110    
1111    Value to be deleted. If not specified, then all values of the specified field
1112    will be deleted for the entity instance. If specified, then only the values which
1113    match this parameter will be deleted.
1114    
1115    =item RETURN
1116    
1117    Returns the number of rows deleted.
1118    
1119    =back
1120    
1121    =cut
1122    
1123    sub DeleteValue {
1124        # Get the parameters.
1125        my ($self, $entityName, $id, $fieldName, $fieldValue) = @_;
1126        # Declare the return value.
1127        my $retVal = 0;
1128        # We need to set up an SQL command to do the deletion. First, we
1129        # find the name of the field's relation.
1130        my $table = $self->GetFieldTable($entityName);
1131        my $field = $table->{$fieldName};
1132        my $relation = $field->{relation};
1133        # Make sure this is a secondary field.
1134        if ($relation eq $entityName) {
1135            Confess("Cannot delete values of $fieldName for $entityName.");
1136        } else {
1137            # Set up the SQL command to delete all values.
1138            my $sql = "DELETE FROM $relation";
1139            # Build the filter.
1140            my @filters = ();
1141            my @parms = ();
1142            # Check for a filter by ID.
1143            if (defined $id) {
1144                push @filters, "id = ?";
1145                push @parms, $id;
1146            }
1147            # Check for a filter by value.
1148            if (defined $fieldValue) {
1149                push @filters, "$fieldName = ?";
1150                push @parms, $fieldValue;
1151            }
1152            # Append the filters to the command.
1153            if (@filters) {
1154                $sql .= " WHERE " . join(" AND ", @filters);
1155            }
1156            # Execute the command.
1157            my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
1158            $retVal = $dbh->SQL($sql, 0, @parms);
1159        }
1160        # Return the result.
1161        return $retVal;
1162    }
1163    
1164  =head3 LoadTables  =head3 LoadTables
1165    
1166  C<< my $stats = $erdb->LoadTables($directoryName, $rebuild); >>  C<< my $stats = $erdb->LoadTables($directoryName, $rebuild); >>
# Line 964  Line 1255 
1255      return sort keys %{$entityList};      return sort keys %{$entityList};
1256  }  }
1257    
1258    =head3 GetDataTypes
1259    
1260    C<< my %types = ERDB::GetDataTypes(); >>
1261    
1262    Return a table of ERDB data types. The table returned is a hash of hashes.
1263    The keys of the big hash are the datatypes. Each smaller hash has several
1264    values used to manage the data. The most interesting is the SQL type (key
1265    C<sqlType>) and the descriptive node (key C<notes>).
1266    
1267    Note that changing the values in the smaller hashes will seriously break
1268    things, so this data should be treated as read-only.
1269    
1270    =cut
1271    
1272    sub GetDataTypes {
1273        return %TypeTable;
1274    }
1275    
1276    
1277  =head3 IsEntity  =head3 IsEntity
1278    
1279  C<< my $flag = $erdb->IsEntity($entityName); >>  C<< my $flag = $erdb->IsEntity($entityName); >>
# Line 1121  Line 1431 
1431    
1432  =item searchExpression  =item searchExpression
1433    
1434  Boolean search expression for the text fields of the target object.  Boolean search expression for the text fields of the target object. The default mode for
1435    a Boolean search expression is OR, but we want the default to be AND, so we will
1436    add a C<+> operator to each word with no other operator before it.
1437    
1438  =item idx  =item idx
1439    
# Line 1158  Line 1470 
1470      my ($self, $searchExpression, $idx, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;      my ($self, $searchExpression, $idx, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;
1471      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
1472      my $retVal;      my $retVal;
1473      # Create a safety copy of the parameter list.      # Create a safety copy of the parameter list. Note we have to be careful to insure
1474      my @myParams = @{$params};      # a parameter list exists before we copy it.
1475        my @myParams = ();
1476        if (defined $params) {
1477            @myParams = @{$params};
1478        }
1479      # Get the first object's structure so we have access to the searchable fields.      # Get the first object's structure so we have access to the searchable fields.
1480      my $object1Name = $objectNames->[$idx];      my $object1Name = $objectNames->[$idx];
1481      my $object1Structure = $self->_GetStructure($object1Name);      my $object1Structure = $self->_GetStructure($object1Name);
# Line 1171  Line 1487 
1487          my @fields = @{$object1Structure->{searchFields}};          my @fields = @{$object1Structure->{searchFields}};
1488          # Clean the search expression.          # Clean the search expression.
1489          my $actualKeywords = $self->CleanKeywords($searchExpression);          my $actualKeywords = $self->CleanKeywords($searchExpression);
1490            # Prefix a "+" to each uncontrolled word. This converts the default
1491            # search mode from OR to AND.
1492            $actualKeywords =~ s/(^|\s)(\w)/$1\+$2/g;
1493            Trace("Actual keywords for search are\n$actualKeywords") if T(3);
1494          # We need two match expressions, one for the filter clause and one in the          # We need two match expressions, one for the filter clause and one in the
1495          # query itself. Both will use a parameter mark, so we need to push the          # query itself. Both will use a parameter mark, so we need to push the
1496          # search expression onto the front of the parameter list twice.          # search expression onto the front of the parameter list twice.
# Line 1248  Line 1568 
1568      return @retVal;      return @retVal;
1569  }  }
1570    
1571    =head3 SpecialFields
1572    
1573    C<< my %specials = $erdb->SpecialFields($entityName); >>
1574    
1575    Return a hash mapping special fields in the specified entity to the value of their
1576    C<special> attribute. This enables the subclass to get access to the special field
1577    attributes without needed to plumb the internal ERDB data structures.
1578    
1579    =over 4
1580    
1581    =item entityName
1582    
1583    Name of the entity whose special fields are desired.
1584    
1585    =item RETURN
1586    
1587    Returns a hash. The keys of the hash are the special field names, and the values
1588    are the values from each special field's C<special> attribute.
1589    
1590    =back
1591    
1592    =cut
1593    
1594    sub SpecialFields {
1595        # Get the parameters.
1596        my ($self, $entityName) = @_;
1597        # Declare the return variable.
1598        my %retVal = ();
1599        # Find the entity's data structure.
1600        my $entityData = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities}->{$entityName};
1601        # Loop through its fields, adding each special field to the return hash.
1602        my $fieldHash = $entityData->{Fields};
1603        for my $fieldName (keys %{$fieldHash}) {
1604            my $fieldData = $fieldHash->{$fieldName};
1605            if (exists $fieldData->{special}) {
1606                $retVal{$fieldName} = $fieldData->{special};
1607            }
1608        }
1609        # Return the result.
1610        return %retVal;
1611    }
1612    
1613  =head3 Delete  =head3 Delete
1614    
1615  C<< my $stats = $erdb->Delete($entityName, $objectID); >>  C<< my $stats = $erdb->Delete($entityName, $objectID); >>
# Line 1304  Line 1666 
1666      # This final hash is used to remember what work still needs to be done. We push paths      # This final hash is used to remember what work still needs to be done. We push paths
1667      # onto the list, then pop them off to extend the paths. We prime it with the starting      # onto the list, then pop them off to extend the paths. We prime it with the starting
1668      # point. Note that we will work hard to insure that the last item on a path in the      # point. Note that we will work hard to insure that the last item on a path in the
1669      # TODO list is always an entity.      # to-do list is always an entity.
1670      my @todoList = ([$entityName]);      my @todoList = ([$entityName]);
1671      while (@todoList) {      while (@todoList) {
1672          # Get the current path.          # Get the current path.
# Line 1466  Line 1828 
1828      } elsif (exists $relationshipTable->{$relationName}) {      } elsif (exists $relationshipTable->{$relationName}) {
1829          # Here we have a relationship. We sort using the FROM index.          # Here we have a relationship. We sort using the FROM index.
1830          my $relationshipData = $relationshipTable->{$relationName};          my $relationshipData = $relationshipTable->{$relationName};
1831          my $index = $relationData->{Indexes}->{"idx${relationName}From"};          my $index = $relationData->{Indexes}->{idxFrom};
1832          push @keyNames, @{$index->{IndexFields}};          push @keyNames, @{$index->{IndexFields}};
1833      } else {      } else {
1834          # Here we have a secondary entity relation, so we have a sort on the ID field.          # Here we have a secondary entity relation, so we have a sort on the ID field.
# Line 2018  Line 2380 
2380      };      };
2381      if (!defined $rv) {      if (!defined $rv) {
2382          $retVal->AddMessage($@) if ($@);          $retVal->AddMessage($@) if ($@);
2383          $retVal->AddMessage("Table load failed for $relationName using $fileName.");          $retVal->AddMessage("Table load failed for $relationName using $fileName: " . $dbh->error_message);
2384          Trace("Table load failed for $relationName.") if T(1);          Trace("Table load failed for $relationName.") if T(1);
2385      } else {      } else {
2386          # Here we successfully loaded the table.          # Here we successfully loaded the table.
# Line 2049  Line 2411 
2411                      # Get an SQL-formatted field name list.                      # Get an SQL-formatted field name list.
2412                      my $fields = join(", ", $self->_FixNames(@{$structure->{searchFields}}));                      my $fields = join(", ", $self->_FixNames(@{$structure->{searchFields}}));
2413                      # Create the index.                      # Create the index.
2414                      $dbh->create_index(tbl => $relationName, idx => "search_idx_$relationName",                      $dbh->create_index(tbl => $relationName, idx => "search_idx",
2415                                         flds => $fields, kind => 'fulltext');                                         flds => $fields, kind => 'fulltext');
2416                  }                  }
2417              }              }
# Line 2063  Line 2425 
2425      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
2426  }  }
2427    
2428  =head3 GenerateEntity  =head3 DropRelation
2429    
2430  C<< my $fieldHash = $erdb->GenerateEntity($id, $type, \%values); >>  C<< $erdb->DropRelation($relationName); >>
2431    
2432  Generate the data for a new entity instance. This method creates a field hash suitable for  Physically drop a relation from the database.
 passing as a parameter to L</InsertObject>. The ID is specified by the callr, but the rest  
 of the fields are generated using information in the database schema.  
   
 Each data type has a default algorithm for generating random test data. This can be overridden  
 by including a B<DataGen> element in the field. If this happens, the content of the element is  
 executed as a PERL program in the context of this module. The element may make use of a C<$this>  
 variable which contains the field hash as it has been built up to the current point. If any  
 fields are dependent on other fields, the C<pass> attribute can be used to control the order  
 in which the fields are generated. A field with a high data pass number will be generated after  
 a field with a lower one. If any external values are needed, they should be passed in via the  
 optional third parameter, which will be available to the data generation script under the name  
 C<$value>. Several useful utility methods are provided for generating random values, including  
 L</IntGen>, L</StringGen>, L</FloatGen>, and L</DateGen>. Note that dates are stored and generated  
 in the form of a timestamp number rather than a string.  
2433    
2434  =over 4  =over 4
2435    
2436  =item id  =item relationName
   
 ID to assign to the new entity.  
   
 =item type  
   
 Type name for the new entity.  
   
 =item values  
2437    
2438  Hash containing additional values that might be needed by the data generation methods (optional).  Name of the relation to drop. If it does not exist, this method will have
2439    no effect.
2440    
2441  =back  =back
2442    
2443  =cut  =cut
2444    
2445  sub GenerateEntity {  sub DropRelation {
2446      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2447      my ($self, $id, $type, $values) = @_;      my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
2448      # Create the return hash.      # Get the database handle.
2449      my $this = { id => $id };      my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
2450      # Get the metadata structure.      # Drop the relation. The method used here has no effect if the relation
2451      my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};      # does not exist.
2452      # Get this entity's list of fields.      Trace("Invoking DB Kernel to drop $relationName.") if T(3);
2453      if (!exists $metadata->{Entities}->{$type}) {      $dbh->drop_table(tbl => $relationName);
         Confess("Unrecognized entity type $type in GenerateEntity.");  
     } else {  
         my $entity = $metadata->{Entities}->{$type};  
         my $fields = $entity->{Fields};  
         # Generate data from the fields.  
         _GenerateFields($this, $fields, $type, $values);  
     }  
     # Return the hash created.  
     return $this;  
2454  }  }
2455    
2456  =head3 GetEntity  =head3 GetEntity
# Line 2452  Line 2784 
2784      return $objectData->{Fields};      return $objectData->{Fields};
2785  }  }
2786    
2787  =head2 Data Mining Methods  =head3 SplitKeywords
2788    
2789  =head3 GetUsefulCrossValues  C<< my @keywords = ERDB::SplitKeywords($keywordString); >>
2790    
2791  C<< my @attrNames = $sprout->GetUsefulCrossValues($sourceEntity, $relationship); >>  This method returns a list of the positive keywords in the specified
2792    keyword string. All of the operators will have been stripped off,
2793    and if the keyword is preceded by a minus operator (C<->), it will
2794    not be in the list returned. The idea here is to get a list of the
2795    keywords the user wants to see. The list will be processed to remove
2796    duplicates.
2797    
2798  Return a list of the useful attributes that would be returned by a B<Cross> call  It is possible to create a string that confuses this method. For example
 from an entity of the source entity type through the specified relationship. This  
 means it will return the fields of the target entity type and the intersection data  
 fields in the relationship. Only primary table fields are returned. In other words,  
 the field names returned will be for fields where there is always one and only one  
 value.  
2799    
2800  =over 4      frog toad -frog
2801    
2802  =item sourceEntity  would return both C<frog> and C<toad>. If this is a problem we can deal
2803    with it later.
2804    
2805  Name of the entity from which the relationship crossing will start.  =over 4
2806    
2807  =item relationship  =item keywordString
2808    
2809  Name of the relationship being crossed.  The keyword string to be parsed.
2810    
2811  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2812    
2813  Returns a list of field names in Sprout field format (I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.  Returns a list of the words in the keyword string the user wants to
2814    see.
2815    
2816  =back  =back
2817    
2818  =cut  =cut
2819  #: Return Type @;  
2820  sub GetUsefulCrossValues {  sub SplitKeywords {
2821      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2822      my ($self, $sourceEntity, $relationship) = @_;      my ($keywordString) = @_;
2823      # Declare the return variable.      # Make a safety copy of the string. (This helps during debugging.)
2824      my @retVal = ();      my $workString = $keywordString;
2825      # Determine the target entity for the relationship. This is whichever entity is not      # Convert operators we don't care about to spaces.
2826      # the source entity. So, if the source entity is the FROM, we'll get the name of      $workString =~ tr/+"()<>/ /;
2827      # the TO, and vice versa.      # Split the rest of the string along space boundaries. Note that we
2828      my $relStructure = $self->_GetStructure($relationship);      # eliminate any words that are zero length or begin with a minus sign.
2829      my $targetEntityType = ($relStructure->{from} eq $sourceEntity ? "to" : "from");      my @wordList = grep { $_ && substr($_, 0, 1) ne "-" } split /\s+/, $workString;
2830      my $targetEntity = $relStructure->{$targetEntityType};      # Use a hash to remove duplicates.
2831      # Get the field table for the entity.      my %words = map { $_ => 1 } @wordList;
     my $entityFields = $self->GetFieldTable($targetEntity);  
     # The field table is a hash. The hash key is the field name. The hash value is a structure.  
     # For the entity fields, the key aspect of the target structure is that the {relation} value  
     # must match the entity name.  
     my @fieldList = map { "$targetEntity($_)" } grep { $entityFields->{$_}->{relation} eq $targetEntity }  
                         keys %{$entityFields};  
     # Push the fields found onto the return variable.  
     push @retVal, sort @fieldList;  
     # Get the field table for the relationship.  
     my $relationshipFields = $self->GetFieldTable($relationship);  
     # Here we have a different rule. We want all the fields other than "from-link" and "to-link".  
     # This may end up being an empty set.  
     my @fieldList2 = map { "$relationship($_)" } grep { $_ ne "from-link" && $_ ne "to-link" }  
                         keys %{$relationshipFields};  
     # Push these onto the return list.  
     push @retVal, sort @fieldList2;  
2832      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2833      return @retVal;      return sort keys %words;
2834  }  }
2835    
2836  =head3 FindColumn  =head3 ValidateFieldName
2837    
2838  C<< my $colIndex = ERDB::FindColumn($headerLine, $columnIdentifier); >>  C<< my $okFlag = ERDB::ValidateFieldName($fieldName); >>
2839    
2840  Return the location a desired column in a data mining header line. The data  Return TRUE if the specified field name is valid, else FALSE. Valid field names must
2841  mining header line is a tab-separated list of column names. The column  be hyphenated words subject to certain restrictions.
 identifier is either the numerical index of a column or the actual column  
 name.  
2842    
2843  =over 4  =over 4
2844    
2845  =item headerLine  =item fieldName
   
 The header line from a data mining command, which consists of a tab-separated  
 list of column names.  
   
 =item columnIdentifier  
2846    
2847  Either the ordinal number of the desired column (1-based), or the name of the  Field name to be validated.
 desired column.  
2848    
2849  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2850    
2851  Returns the array index (0-based) of the desired column.  Returns TRUE if the field name is valid, else FALSE.
2852    
2853  =back  =back
2854    
2855  =cut  =cut
2856    
2857  sub FindColumn {  sub ValidateFieldName {
2858      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2859      my ($headerLine, $columnIdentifier) = @_;      my ($fieldName) = @_;
2860      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable. The field name is valid until we hear
2861      my $retVal;      # differently.
2862      # Split the header line into column names.      my $retVal = 1;
2863      my @headers = ParseColumns($headerLine);      # Look for bad stuff in the name.
2864      # Determine whether we have a number or a name.      if ($fieldName =~ /--/) {
2865      if ($columnIdentifier =~ /^\d+$/) {          # Here we have a doubled minus sign.
2866          # Here we have a number. Subtract 1 and validate the result.          Trace("Field name $fieldName has a doubled hyphen.") if T(1);
2867            $retVal = 0;
2868        } elsif ($fieldName !~ /^[A-Za-z]/) {
2869            # Here the field name is missing the initial letter.
2870            Trace("Field name $fieldName does not begin with a letter.") if T(1);
2871            $retVal = 0;
2872        } else {
2873            # Strip out the minus signs. Everything remaining must be a letter,
2874            # underscore, or digit.
2875            my $strippedName = $fieldName;
2876            $strippedName =~ s/-//g;
2877            if ($strippedName !~ /^(\w|\d)+$/) {
2878                Trace("Field name $fieldName contains illegal characters.") if T(1);
2879                $retVal = 0;
2880            }
2881        }
2882        # Return the result.
2883        return $retVal;
2884    }
2885    
2886    =head3 ReadMetaXML
2887    
2888    C<< my $rawMetaData = ERDB::ReadDBD($fileName); >>
2889    
2890    This method reads a raw database definition XML file and returns it.
2891    Normally, the metadata used by the ERDB system has been processed and
2892    modified to make it easier to load and retrieve the data; however,
2893    this method can be used to get the data in its raw form.
2894    
2895    =over 4
2896    
2897    =item fileName
2898    
2899    Name of the XML file to read.
2900    
2901    =item RETURN
2902    
2903    Returns a hash reference containing the raw XML data from the specified file.
2904    
2905    =back
2906    
2907    =cut
2908    
2909    sub ReadMetaXML {
2910        # Get the parameters.
2911        my ($fileName) = @_;
2912        # Read the XML.
2913        my $retVal = XML::Simple::XMLin($fileName, %XmlOptions, %XmlInOpts);
2914        Trace("XML metadata loaded from file $fileName.") if T(1);
2915        # Return the result.
2916        return $retVal;
2917    }
2918    
2919    =head3 GetEntityFieldHash
2920    
2921    C<< my $fieldHashRef = ERDB::GetEntityFieldHash($structure, $entityName); >>
2922    
2923    Get the field hash of the named entity in the specified raw XML structure.
2924    The field hash may not exist, in which case we need to create it.
2925    
2926    =over 4
2927    
2928    =item structure
2929    
2930    Raw XML structure defininng the database. This is not the run-time XML used by
2931    an ERDB object, since that has all sorts of optimizations built-in.
2932    
2933    =item entityName
2934    
2935    Name of the entity whose field structure is desired.
2936    
2937    =item RETURN
2938    
2939    Returns the field hash used to define the entity's fields.
2940    
2941    =back
2942    
2943    =cut
2944    
2945    sub GetEntityFieldHash {
2946        # Get the parameters.
2947        my ($structure, $entityName) = @_;
2948        # Get the entity structure.
2949        my $entityData = $structure->{Entities}->{$entityName};
2950        # Look for a field structure.
2951        my $retVal = $entityData->{Fields};
2952        # If it doesn't exist, create it.
2953        if (! defined($retVal)) {
2954            $entityData->{Fields} = {};
2955            $retVal = $entityData->{Fields};
2956        }
2957        # Return the result.
2958        return $retVal;
2959    }
2960    
2961    =head3 WriteMetaXML
2962    
2963    C<< ERDB::WriteMetaXML($structure, $fileName); >>
2964    
2965    Write the metadata XML to a file. This method is the reverse of L</ReadMetaXML>, and is
2966    used to update the database definition. It must be used with care, however, since it
2967    will only work on a raw structure, not on the processed structure created by an ERDB
2968    constructor.
2969    
2970    =over 4
2971    
2972    =item structure
2973    
2974    XML structure to be written to the file.
2975    
2976    =item fileName
2977    
2978    Name of the output file to which the updated XML should be stored.
2979    
2980    =back
2981    
2982    =cut
2983    
2984    sub WriteMetaXML {
2985        # Get the parameters.
2986        my ($structure, $fileName) = @_;
2987        # Compute the output.
2988        my $fileString = XML::Simple::XMLout($structure, %XmlOptions, %XmlOutOpts);
2989        # Write it to the file.
2990        my $xmlOut = Open(undef, ">$fileName");
2991        print $xmlOut $fileString;
2992    }
2993    
2994    
2995    =head3 HTMLNote
2996    
2997    Convert a note or comment to HTML by replacing some bulletin-board codes with HTML. The codes
2998    supported are C<[b]> for B<bold>, C<[i]> for I<italics>, and C<[p]> for a new paragraph.
2999    Except for C<[p]>, all the codes are closed by slash-codes. So, for
3000    example, C<[b]Feature[/b]> displays the string C<Feature> in boldface.
3001    
3002    C<< my $realHtml = ERDB::HTMLNote($dataString); >>
3003    
3004    =over 4
3005    
3006    =item dataString
3007    
3008    String to convert to HTML.
3009    
3010    =item RETURN
3011    
3012    An HTML string derived from the input string.
3013    
3014    =back
3015    
3016    =cut
3017    
3018    sub HTMLNote {
3019        # Get the parameter.
3020        my ($dataString) = @_;
3021        # HTML-escape the text.
3022        my $retVal = CGI::escapeHTML($dataString);
3023        # Substitute the bulletin board codes.
3024        $retVal =~ s!\[(/?[bi])\]!<$1>!g;
3025        $retVal =~ s!\[p\]!</p><p>!g;
3026        # Return the result.
3027        return $retVal;
3028    }
3029    
3030    
3031    =head2 Data Mining Methods
3032    
3033    =head3 GetUsefulCrossValues
3034    
3035    C<< my @attrNames = $sprout->GetUsefulCrossValues($sourceEntity, $relationship); >>
3036    
3037    Return a list of the useful attributes that would be returned by a B<Cross> call
3038    from an entity of the source entity type through the specified relationship. This
3039    means it will return the fields of the target entity type and the intersection data
3040    fields in the relationship. Only primary table fields are returned. In other words,
3041    the field names returned will be for fields where there is always one and only one
3042    value.
3043    
3044    =over 4
3045    
3046    =item sourceEntity
3047    
3048    Name of the entity from which the relationship crossing will start.
3049    
3050    =item relationship
3051    
3052    Name of the relationship being crossed.
3053    
3054    =item RETURN
3055    
3056    Returns a list of field names in Sprout field format (I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.
3057    
3058    =back
3059    
3060    =cut
3061    #: Return Type @;
3062    sub GetUsefulCrossValues {
3063        # Get the parameters.
3064        my ($self, $sourceEntity, $relationship) = @_;
3065        # Declare the return variable.
3066        my @retVal = ();
3067        # Determine the target entity for the relationship. This is whichever entity is not
3068        # the source entity. So, if the source entity is the FROM, we'll get the name of
3069        # the TO, and vice versa.
3070        my $relStructure = $self->_GetStructure($relationship);
3071        my $targetEntityType = ($relStructure->{from} eq $sourceEntity ? "to" : "from");
3072        my $targetEntity = $relStructure->{$targetEntityType};
3073        # Get the field table for the entity.
3074        my $entityFields = $self->GetFieldTable($targetEntity);
3075        # The field table is a hash. The hash key is the field name. The hash value is a structure.
3076        # For the entity fields, the key aspect of the target structure is that the {relation} value
3077        # must match the entity name.
3078        my @fieldList = map { "$targetEntity($_)" } grep { $entityFields->{$_}->{relation} eq $targetEntity }
3079                            keys %{$entityFields};
3080        # Push the fields found onto the return variable.
3081        push @retVal, sort @fieldList;
3082        # Get the field table for the relationship.
3083        my $relationshipFields = $self->GetFieldTable($relationship);
3084        # Here we have a different rule. We want all the fields other than "from-link" and "to-link".
3085        # This may end up being an empty set.
3086        my @fieldList2 = map { "$relationship($_)" } grep { $_ ne "from-link" && $_ ne "to-link" }
3087                            keys %{$relationshipFields};
3088        # Push these onto the return list.
3089        push @retVal, sort @fieldList2;
3090        # Return the result.
3091        return @retVal;
3092    }
3093    
3094    =head3 FindColumn
3095    
3096    C<< my $colIndex = ERDB::FindColumn($headerLine, $columnIdentifier); >>
3097    
3098    Return the location a desired column in a data mining header line. The data
3099    mining header line is a tab-separated list of column names. The column
3100    identifier is either the numerical index of a column or the actual column
3101    name.
3102    
3103    =over 4
3104    
3105    =item headerLine
3106    
3107    The header line from a data mining command, which consists of a tab-separated
3108    list of column names.
3109    
3110    =item columnIdentifier
3111    
3112    Either the ordinal number of the desired column (1-based), or the name of the
3113    desired column.
3114    
3115    =item RETURN
3116    
3117    Returns the array index (0-based) of the desired column.
3118    
3119    =back
3120    
3121    =cut
3122    
3123    sub FindColumn {
3124        # Get the parameters.
3125        my ($headerLine, $columnIdentifier) = @_;
3126        # Declare the return variable.
3127        my $retVal;
3128        # Split the header line into column names.
3129        my @headers = ParseColumns($headerLine);
3130        # Determine whether we have a number or a name.
3131        if ($columnIdentifier =~ /^\d+$/) {
3132            # Here we have a number. Subtract 1 and validate the result.
3133          $retVal = $columnIdentifier - 1;          $retVal = $columnIdentifier - 1;
3134          if ($retVal < 0 || $retVal > $#headers) {          if ($retVal < 0 || $retVal > $#headers) {
3135              Confess("Invalid column identifer \"$columnIdentifier\": value out of range.");              Confess("Invalid column identifer \"$columnIdentifier\": value out of range.");
# Line 2644  Line 3220 
3220      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3221  }  }
3222    
3223    =head3 GetSourceObject
3224    
3225    C<< my $source = $erdb->GetSourceObject($entityName); >>
3226    
3227    Return the object to be used in loading special attributes of the specified entity. The
3228    algorithm for loading special attributes is stored in the C<DataGen> elements of the
3229    XML
3230    
3231  =head2 Internal Utility Methods  =head2 Internal Utility Methods
3232    
3233  =head3 _RelationMap  =head3 _RelationMap
# Line 2969  Line 3553 
3553      # Prepare the command.      # Prepare the command.
3554      my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);      my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);
3555      # Execute it with the parameters bound in.      # Execute it with the parameters bound in.
3556      $sth->execute(@{$params}) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());      $sth->execute(@{$params}) || Confess("SELECT error:  " . $sth->errstr());
3557      # Return the statement handle.      # Return the statement handle.
3558      return $sth;      return $sth;
3559  }  }
# Line 2986  Line 3570 
3570      return Stats->new();      return Stats->new();
3571  }  }
3572    
 =head3 _GenerateFields  
   
 Generate field values from a field structure and store in a specified table. The field names  
 are first sorted by pass count, certain pre-defined fields are removed from the list, and  
 then we rip through them evaluation the data generation string. Fields in the primary relation  
 are stored as scalars; fields in secondary relations are stored as value lists.  
   
 This is a static method.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item this  
   
 Hash table into which the field values should be placed.  
   
 =item fields  
   
 Field structure from which the field descriptors should be taken.  
   
 =item type  
   
 Type name of the object whose fields are being generated.  
   
 =item values (optional)  
   
 Reference to a value structure from which additional values can be taken.  
   
 =item from (optiona)  
   
 Reference to the source entity instance if relationship data is being generated.  
   
 =item to (optional)  
   
 Reference to the target entity instance if relationship data is being generated.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub _GenerateFields {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($this, $fields, $type, $values, $from, $to) = @_;  
     # Sort the field names by pass number.  
     my @fieldNames = sort { $fields->{$a}->{DataGen}->{pass} <=> $fields->{$b}->{DataGen}->{pass} } keys %{$fields};  
     # Loop through the field names, generating data.  
     for my $name (@fieldNames) {  
         # Only proceed if this field needs to be generated.  
         if (!exists $this->{$name}) {  
             # Get this field's data generation descriptor.  
             my $fieldDescriptor = $fields->{$name};  
             my $data = $fieldDescriptor->{DataGen};  
             # Get the code to generate the field value.  
             my $codeString = $data->{content};  
             # Determine whether or not this field is in the primary relation.  
             if ($fieldDescriptor->{relation} eq $type) {  
                 # Here we have a primary relation field. Store the field value as  
                 # a scalar.  
                 $this->{$name} = eval($codeString);  
             } else {  
                 # Here we have a secondary relation field. Create a null list  
                 # and push the desired number of field values onto it.  
                 my @fieldValues = ();  
                 my $count = IntGen(0,$data->{testCount});  
                 for (my $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {  
                     my $newValue = eval($codeString);  
                     push @fieldValues, $newValue;  
                 }  
                 # Store the value list in the main hash.  
                 $this->{$name} = \@fieldValues;  
             }  
         }  
     }  
 }  
   
3573  =head3 _DumpRelation  =head3 _DumpRelation
3574    
3575  Dump the specified relation's to the specified output file in tab-delimited format.  Dump the specified relation to the specified output file in tab-delimited format.
3576    
3577  This is an instance method.  This is an instance method.
3578    
# Line 3207  Line 3717 
3717          for my $object (values %{$metadata->{$section}}) {          for my $object (values %{$metadata->{$section}}) {
3718              # Loop through the object's fields.              # Loop through the object's fields.
3719              for my $fieldName (keys %{$object->{Fields}}) {              for my $fieldName (keys %{$object->{Fields}}) {
3720                  # Now we make some initial validations.                  # If this field name is invalid, set the return value to zero
3721                  if ($fieldName =~ /--/) {                  # so we know we encountered an error.
3722                      # Here we have a doubled minus sign.                  if (! ValidateFieldName($fieldName)) {
                     print STDERR "Field name $fieldName has a doubled hyphen.\n";  
                     $retVal = 0;  
                 } elsif ($fieldName !~ /^[A-Za-z]/) {  
                     # Here the field name is missing the initial letter.  
                     print STDERR "Field name $fieldName does not begin with a letter.\n";  
                     $retVal = 0;  
                 } else {  
                     # Strip out the minus signs. Everything remaining must be a letter  
                     # or digit.  
                     my $strippedName = $fieldName;  
                     $strippedName =~ s/-//g;  
                     if ($strippedName !~ /^[A-Za-z0-9]+$/) {  
                         print STDERR "Field name $fieldName contains illegal characters.\n";  
3723                          $retVal = 0;                          $retVal = 0;
3724                      }                      }
3725                  }                  }
3726              }              }
3727          }          }
     }  
3728      # If an error was found, fail.      # If an error was found, fail.
3729      if ($retVal  == 0) {      if ($retVal  == 0) {
3730          Confess("Errors found in field names.");          Confess("Errors found in field names.");
# Line 3295  Line 3791 
3791      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3792  }  }
3793    
3794    
3795  =head3 _LoadMetaData  =head3 _LoadMetaData
3796    
3797  This method loads the data describing this database from an XML file into a metadata structure.  This method loads the data describing this database from an XML file into a metadata structure.
# Line 3320  Line 3817 
3817  sub _LoadMetaData {  sub _LoadMetaData {
3818      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3819      my ($filename) = @_;      my ($filename) = @_;
3820      Trace("Reading Sprout DBD from $filename.") if T(2);      Trace("Reading DBD from $filename.") if T(2);
3821      # Slurp the XML file into a variable. Extensive use of options is used to insure we      # Slurp the XML file into a variable. Extensive use of options is used to insure we
3822      # get the exact structure we want.      # get the exact structure we want.
3823      my $metadata = XML::Simple::XMLin($filename,      my $metadata = ReadMetaXML($filename);
                                       GroupTags => { Relationships => 'Relationship',  
                                                      Entities => 'Entity',  
                                                      Fields => 'Field',  
                                                      Indexes => 'Index',  
                                                      IndexFields => 'IndexField'},  
                                       KeyAttr => { Relationship => 'name',  
                                                    Entity => 'name',  
                                                    Field => 'name'},  
                                       ForceArray => ['Field', 'Index', 'IndexField'],  
                                       ForceContent => 1,  
                                       NormalizeSpace => 2  
                                       );  
     Trace("XML metadata loaded from file $filename.") if T(1);  
3824      # Before we go any farther, we need to validate the field and object names. If an error is found,      # Before we go any farther, we need to validate the field and object names. If an error is found,
3825      # the method below will fail.      # the method below will fail.
3826      _ValidateFieldNames($metadata);      _ValidateFieldNames($metadata);
# Line 3466  Line 3950 
3950              my $count = 0;              my $count = 0;
3951              for my $index (@{$indexList}) {              for my $index (@{$indexList}) {
3952                  # Add this index to the index table.                  # Add this index to the index table.
3953                  _AddIndex("idx$relationName$count", $relation, $index);                  _AddIndex("idx$count", $relation, $index);
3954                  # Increment the counter so that the next index has a different name.                  # Increment the counter so that the next index has a different name.
3955                  $count++;                  $count++;
3956              }              }
# Line 3664  Line 4148 
4148          $newIndex->{Unique} = 'true';          $newIndex->{Unique} = 'true';
4149      }      }
4150      # Add the index to the relation.      # Add the index to the relation.
4151      _AddIndex("idx$relationshipName$indexKey", $relationStructure, $newIndex);      _AddIndex("idx$indexKey", $relationStructure, $newIndex);
4152  }  }
4153    
4154  =head3 _AddIndex  =head3 _AddIndex
# Line 3763  Line 4247 
4247              my $type = $fieldData->{type};              my $type = $fieldData->{type};
4248              # Plug in a relation name if it is needed.              # Plug in a relation name if it is needed.
4249              Tracer::MergeOptions($fieldData, { relation => $defaultRelationName });              Tracer::MergeOptions($fieldData, { relation => $defaultRelationName });
             # Plug in a data generator if we need one.  
             if (!exists $fieldData->{DataGen}) {  
                 # The data generator will use the default for the field's type.  
                 $fieldData->{DataGen} = { content => $TypeTable{$type}->{dataGen} };  
             }  
4250              # Check for searchability.              # Check for searchability.
4251              if ($fieldData->{searchable}) {              if ($fieldData->{searchable}) {
4252                  # Only allow this for a primary relation.                  # Only allow this for a primary relation.
# Line 3777  Line 4256 
4256                      push @textFields, $fieldName;                      push @textFields, $fieldName;
4257                  }                  }
4258              }              }
             # Plug in the defaults for the optional data generation parameters.  
             Tracer::MergeOptions($fieldData->{DataGen}, { testCount => 1, pass => 0 });  
4259              # Add the PrettySortValue.              # Add the PrettySortValue.
4260              $fieldData->{PrettySort} = (($type eq "text") ? $textPrettySortValue : $prettySortValue);              $fieldData->{PrettySort} = (($type eq "text") ? $textPrettySortValue : $prettySortValue);
4261          }          }
# Line 4137  Line 4614 
4614          $htmlString .= "<li><b>Index $fullName</b>\n<ul>\n";          $htmlString .= "<li><b>Index $fullName</b>\n<ul>\n";
4615          # Add any note text.          # Add any note text.
4616          if (my $note = $indexData->{Notes}) {          if (my $note = $indexData->{Notes}) {
4617              $htmlString .= "<li>" . _HTMLNote($note->{content}) . "</li>\n";              $htmlString .= "<li>" . HTMLNote($note->{content}) . "</li>\n";
4618          }          }
4619          # Add the fiield list.          # Add the fiield list.
4620          $htmlString .= "<li><i>" . join(', ', @{$indexData->{IndexFields}}) . "</i></li>\n";          $htmlString .= "<li><i>" . join(', ', @{$indexData->{IndexFields}}) . "</i></li>\n";
# Line 4252  Line 4729 
4729      my $htmlString = "<tr><th align=\"left\">$fieldData->{name}</th><td>$fieldData->{type}</td>";      my $htmlString = "<tr><th align=\"left\">$fieldData->{name}</th><td>$fieldData->{type}</td>";
4730      # If we have content, add it as a third column.      # If we have content, add it as a third column.
4731      if (exists $fieldData->{Notes}) {      if (exists $fieldData->{Notes}) {
4732          $htmlString .= "<td>" . _HTMLNote($fieldData->{Notes}->{content}) . "</td>";          $htmlString .= "<td>" . HTMLNote($fieldData->{Notes}->{content}) . "</td>";
4733      }      }
4734      # Close off the row.      # Close off the row.
4735      $htmlString .= "</tr>\n";      $htmlString .= "</tr>\n";
# Line 4260  Line 4737 
4737      return $htmlString;      return $htmlString;
4738  }  }
4739    
 =head3 _HTMLNote  
   
 Convert a note or comment to HTML by replacing some bulletin-board codes with HTML. The codes  
 supported are C<[b]> for B<bold>, C<[i]> for I<italics>, and C<[p]> for a new paragraph.  
 Except for C<[p]>, all the codes are closed by slash-codes. So, for  
 example, C<[b]Feature[/b]> displays the string C<Feature> in boldface.  
   
 This is a static method.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item dataString  
   
 String to convert to HTML.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 An HTML string derived from the input string.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub _HTMLNote {  
     # Get the parameter.  
     my ($dataString) = @_;  
     # Substitute the codes.  
     $dataString =~ s!\[(/?[bi])\]!<$1>!g;  
     $dataString =~ s!\[p\]!</p><p>!g;  
     # Return the result.  
     return $dataString;  
 }  
   
 =head2 Data Generation Utilities  
   
 =head3 IntGen  
   
 C<< my $integer = IntGen($min, $max); >>  
   
 Returns a random number between the specified minimum and maximum (inclusive).  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item min  
   
 Minimum permissible return value.  
   
 =item max  
   
 Maximum permissible return value.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a value no lower than the minimum and no greater than the maximum.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub IntGen {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($min, $max) = @_;  
     # Determine the range of possible values. Note we put some space well above the  
     # maximum value to give it a fighting chance of apppearing in the list.  
     my $span = $max + 0.99 - $min;  
     # Create an integer in the range.  
     my $retVal = $min + int(rand($span));  
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 RandChar  
   
 C<< my $char = RandChar($sourceString); >>  
   
 Select a random character from a string.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item sourceString  
   
 String from which the random character should be selected.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a single character from the incoming string.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub RandChar {  
     # Get the parameter.  
     my ($sourceString) = @_;  
     # Select a random character.  
     my $retVal = IntGen(0, (length $sourceString) - 1);  
     # Return it.  
     return substr($sourceString, $retVal, 1);  
 }  
   
 =head3 RandChars  
   
 C<< my $string = RandChars($sourceString, $length); >>  
   
 Create a string from characters taken from a source string.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item sourceString  
   
 String from which the random characters should be selected.  
   
 =item length  
   
 Number of characters to put in the output string.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a string of the specified length consisting of characters taken from the  
 source string.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub RandChars {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($sourceString, $length) = @_;  
     # Call RandChar repeatedly to generate the string.  
     my $retVal = "";  
     for (my $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {  
         $retVal .= RandChar($sourceString);  
     }  
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 RandParam  
   
 C<< my $value = RandParam($parm1, $parm2, ... $parmN); >>  
   
 Return a randomly-selected value from the parameter list.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item parm1, parm2, ... parmN  
   
 List of values of which one will be selected.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a randomly-chosen value from the specified list.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub RandParam {  
     # Get the parameter.  
     my @parms = @_;  
     # Choose a random parameter from the list.  
     my $chosenIndex = IntGen(0, $#parms);  
     return $parms[$chosenIndex];  
 }  
   
 =head3 StringGen  
   
 C<< my $string = StringGen($pattern1, $pattern2, ... $patternN); >>  
   
 Returns a random string derived from a randomly-chosen format pattern. The pattern  
 can either be a number (indicating the number of characters desired, or the letter  
 C<P> followed by a picture. The picture should contain C<A> when a letter is desired,  
 C<9> when a digit is desired, C<V> when a vowel is desired, C<K> when a consonant is  
 desired, and C<X> when a letter or a digit is desired. Any other character will be  
 translated as a literal.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item pattern1, pattern2, ... patternN  
   
 List of patterns to be used to generate string values.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 A single string generated from a pattern.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub StringGen {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my @patterns = @_;  
     # Choose the appropriate pattern.  
     my $chosenPattern = RandParam(@patterns);  
     # Declare the return variable.  
     my $retVal = "";  
     # Determine whether this is a count or a picture pattern.  
     if ($chosenPattern =~ m/^\d+/) {  
         # Here we have a count. Get the string of source characters.  
         my $letterString = $PictureTable{'X'};  
         my $stringLen = length $letterString;  
         # Save the number of characters we have to generate.  
         my $charsLeft = $chosenPattern;  
         # Loop until the return variable is full.  
         while ($charsLeft > 0) {  
             # Generate a random position in the soruce string.  
             my $stringIndex = IntGen(0, $stringLen - 1);  
             # Compute the number of characters to pull out of the source string.  
             my $chunkSize = $stringLen - $stringIndex;  
             if ($chunkSize > $charsLeft) { $chunkSize = $charsLeft; }  
             # Stuff this chunk into the return value.  
             $retVal .= substr($letterString, $stringIndex, $chunkSize);  
             # Record the data moved.  
             $charsLeft -= $chunkSize;  
         }  
     } elsif ($chosenPattern =~ m/^P/) {  
         # Here we have a picture string. We will move through the picture one  
         # character at a time generating data.  
         for (my $i = 1; $i < length $chosenPattern; $i++) {  
             # Get this picture character.  
             my $chr = substr($chosenPattern, $i, 1);  
             # Check to see if the picture char is one we recognize.  
             if (exists $PictureTable{$chr}) {  
                 # Choose a random character from the available values for this  
                 # picture character.  
                 $retVal .= RandChar($PictureTable{$chr});  
             } else {  
                 # Copy in the picture character as a literal.  
                 $retVal .= $chr;  
             }  
         }  
     } else {  
         # Here we have neither a picture string or a letter count, so we treat  
         # the string as a literal.  
         $retVal = $chosenPattern;  
     }  
     # Return the string formed.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 DateGen  
   
 C<< my $date = DateGen($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset, $minutes); >>  
   
 Return a numeric timestamp within the specified range of days with the specified minute  
 value. The range of days is specified relevant to the current day. Thus, the call  
   
 C<< my $date = DateGen(-1, 5, 720); >>  
   
 will return a timestamp at noon (72 minutes past midnight) sometime during the week that  
 began on the preceding day. If you want a random minute of the day, simply combine with  
 a call to L</IntGen>, as follows.  
   
 C<< my $date = DateGen(-1, 5, IntGen(0, 1439)); >>  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item startDayOffset  
   
 The earliest day that can be returned, relative to the current day.  
   
 =item endDayOffset  
   
 The latest day that can be returned, related to the current day.  
   
 =item minutes  
   
 Number of minutes into the selected day that should be used.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub DateGen {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset, $minutes) = @_;  
     # Get midnight of the current day.  
     my $now = time();  
     my ($sec, $min, $hour) = localtime($now);  
     my $today = $now - (($hour * 60 + $min) * 60 + $sec);  
     # Compute the day we want.  
     my $newDay = IntGen($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset) * 86400 + $today;  
     # Add the minutes.  
     my $retVal = $newDay + $minutes * 60;  
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 FloatGen  
   
 C<< my $number = FloatGen($min, $max); >>  
   
 Return a random floating-point number greater than or equal to the specified minimum and  
 less than the specified maximum.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item min  
   
 Minimum permissible value for the number returned.  
   
 =item max  
   
 Maximum permissible value for the number returned.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a floating-point number anywhere in the specified range.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub FloatGen {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($min, $max) = @_;  
     # Generate the result.  
     my $retVal = rand($max - $min) + $min;  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 ListGen  
   
 C<< my @list = ListGen($pattern, $count); >>  
   
 Return a list containing a fixed number of randomly-generated strings.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item pattern  
   
 A pattern (in the form expected by L</StringGen>) that should be used to generate the  
 strings in the list.  
   
 =item count  
   
 The number of list entries to generate.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a list consisting of the specified number of strings.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub ListGen {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($pattern, $count) = @_;  
     # Generate the list.  
     my @retVal = ();  
     for (my $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {  
         push @retVal, StringGen($pattern);  
     }  
     # Return it.  
     return @retVal;  
 }  
   
4740  1;  1;

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