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revision 1.5, Tue Apr 5 05:17:01 2005 UTC revision 1.23, Thu Sep 15 01:46:56 2005 UTC
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1  package ERDB;  package ERDB;
2    
3          use strict;          use strict;
         use Carp;  
4          use Tracer;          use Tracer;
5          use DBKernel;      use DBrtns;
6          use Data::Dumper;          use Data::Dumper;
7          use XML::Simple;          use XML::Simple;
8          use DBQuery;          use DBQuery;
9          use DBObject;          use DBObject;
10          use Stats;          use Stats;
11          use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);          use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);
12        use FIG;
13    
14  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package
15    
# Line 33  Line 33 
33  relation that contains two fields-- the feature ID (C<id>) and the alias name (C<alias>).  relation that contains two fields-- the feature ID (C<id>) and the alias name (C<alias>).
34  The B<FEATURE> entity also contains an optional virulence number. This is implemented  The B<FEATURE> entity also contains an optional virulence number. This is implemented
35  as a separate relation C<FeatureVirulence> which contains an ID (C<id>) and a virulence number  as a separate relation C<FeatureVirulence> which contains an ID (C<id>) and a virulence number
36  (C<virulence>). If the virulence of a feature I<ABC> is known to be 6, there will be one row in the  (C<virulence>). If the virulence of a feature I<ABC> is known to be 6, there will be one row in
37  C<FeatureVirulence> relation possessing the value I<ABC> as its ID and 6 as its virulence number.  the C<FeatureVirulence> relation possessing the value I<ABC> as its ID and 6 as its virulence
38  If the virulence of I<ABC> is not known, there will not be any rows for it in C<FeatureVirulence>.  number. If the virulence of I<ABC> is not known, there will not be any rows for it in
39    C<FeatureVirulence>.
40    
41  Entities are connected by binary relationships implemented using single relations possessing the  Entities are connected by binary relationships implemented using single relations possessing the
42  same name as the relationship itself and that has an I<arity> of 1-to-1 (C<11>), 1-to-many (C<1M>),  same name as the relationship itself and that has an I<arity> of 1-to-1 (C<11>), 1-to-many (C<1M>),
# Line 70  Line 71 
71  is described in the L</GenerateEntity> and L</GenerateConnection> methods, though it is not yet  is described in the L</GenerateEntity> and L</GenerateConnection> methods, though it is not yet
72  fully implemented.  fully implemented.
73    
74    =head2 XML Database Description
75    
76    =head3 Data Types
77    
78    The ERDB system supports the following data types. Note that there are numerous string
79    types depending on the maximum length. Some database packages limit the total number of
80    characters you have in an index key; to insure the database works in all environments,
81    the type of string should be the shortest one possible that supports all the known values.
82    
83    =over 4
84    
85    =item char
86    
87    single ASCII character
88    
89    =item int
90    
91    32-bit signed integer
92    
93    =item date
94    
95    64-bit unsigned integer, representing a PERL date/time value
96    
97    =item text
98    
99    long string; Text fields cannot be used in indexes or sorting and do not support the
100    normal syntax of filter clauses, but can be up to a billion character in length
101    
102    =item float
103    
104    double-precision floating-point number
105    
106    =item boolean
107    
108    single-bit numeric value; The value is stored as a 16-bit signed integer (for
109    compatability with certain database packages), but the only values supported are
110    0 and 1.
111    
112    =item key-string
113    
114    variable-length string, maximum 40 characters
115    
116    =item name-string
117    
118    variable-length string, maximum 80 characters
119    
120    =item medium-string
121    
122    variable-length string, maximum 160 characters
123    
124    =item string
125    
126    variable-length string, maximum 255 characters
127    
128    =back
129    
130    =head3 Global Tags
131    
132    The entire database definition must be inside a B<Database> tag. The display name of
133    the database is given by the text associated with the B<Title> tag. The display name
134    is only used in the automated documentation. It has no other effect. The entities and
135    relationships are listed inside the B<Entities> and B<Relationships> tags,
136    respectively. None of these tags have attributes.
137    
138        <Database>
139            <Title>... display title here...</Title>
140            <Entities>
141                ... entity definitions here ...
142            </Entities>
143            <Relationships>
144                ... relationship definitions here...
145            </Relationships>
146        </Database>
147    
148    Entities, relationships, indexes, and fields all allow a text tag called B<Notes>.
149    The text inside the B<Notes> tag contains comments that will appear when the database
150    documentation is generated. Within a B<Notes> tag, you may use C<[i]> and C<[/i]> for
151    italics, C<[b]> and C<[/b]> for bold, and C<[p]> for a new paragraph.
152    
153    =head3 Fields
154    
155    Both entities and relationships have fields described by B<Field> tags. A B<Field>
156    tag can have B<Notes> associated with it. The complete set of B<Field> tags for an
157    object mus be inside B<Fields> tags.
158    
159        <Entity ... >
160            <Fields>
161                ... Field tags ...
162            </Fields>
163        </Entity>
164    
165    The attributes for the B<Field> tag are as follows.
166    
167    =over 4
168    
169    =item name
170    
171    Name of the field. The field name should contain only letters, digits, and hyphens (C<->),
172    and the first character should be a letter. Most underlying databases are case-insensitive
173    with the respect to field names, so a best practice is to use lower-case letters only.
174    
175    =item type
176    
177    Data type of the field. The legal data types are given above.
178    
179    =item relation
180    
181    Name of the relation containing the field. This should only be specified for entity
182    fields. The ERDB system does not support optional fields or multi-occurring fields
183    in the primary relation of an entity. Instead, they are put into secondary relations.
184    So, for example, in the C<Genome> entity, the C<group-name> field indicates a special
185    grouping used to select a subset of the genomes. A given genome may not be in any
186    groups or may be in multiple groups. Therefore, C<group-name> specifies a relation
187    value. The relation name specified must be a valid table name. By convention, it is
188    usually the entity name followed by a qualifying word (e.g. C<GenomeGroup>). In an
189    entity, the fields without a relation attribute are said to belong to the
190    I<primary relation>. This relation has the same name as the entity itself.
191    
192    =back
193    
194    =head3 Indexes
195    
196    An entity can have multiple alternate indexes associated with it. The fields must
197    be from the primary relation. The alternate indexes assist in ordering results
198    from a query. A relationship can have up to two indexes-- a I<to-index> and a
199    I<from-index>. These order the results when crossing the relationship. For
200    example, in the relationship C<HasContig> from C<Genome> to C<Contig>, the
201    from-index would order the contigs of a ganome, and the to-index would order
202    the genomes of a contig. A relationship's index must specify only fields in
203    the relationship.
204    
205    The indexes for an entity must be listed inside the B<Indexes> tag. The from-index
206    of a relationship is specified using the B<FromIndex> tag; the to-index is specified
207    using the B<ToIndex> tag.
208    
209    Each index can contain a B<Notes> tag. In addition, it will have an B<IndexFields>
210    tag containing the B<IndexField> tags. These specify, in order, the fields used in
211    the index. The attributes of an B<IndexField> tag are as follows.
212    
213    =over 4
214    
215    =item name
216    
217    Name of the field.
218    
219    =item order
220    
221    Sort order of the field-- C<ascending> or C<descending>.
222    
223    =back
224    
225    The B<Index>, B<FromIndex>, and B<ToIndex> tags themselves have no attributes.
226    
227    =head3 Object and Field Names
228    
229    By convention entity and relationship names use capital casing (e.g. C<Genome> or
230    C<HasRegionsIn>. Most underlying databases, however, are aggressively case-insensitive
231    with respect to relation names, converting them internally to all-upper case or
232    all-lower case.
233    
234    If syntax or parsing errors occur when you try to load or use an ERDB database, the
235    most likely reason is that one of your objects has an SQL reserved word as its name.
236    The list of SQL reserved words keeps increasing; however, most are unlikely to show
237    up as a noun or declarative verb phrase. The exceptions are C<Group>, C<User>,
238    C<Table>, C<Index>, C<Object>, C<Date>, C<Number>, C<Update>, C<Time>, C<Percent>,
239    C<Memo>, C<Order>, and C<Sum>. This problem can crop up in field names as well.
240    
241    Every entity has a field called C<id> that acts as its primary key. Every relationship
242    has fields called C<from-link> and C<to-link> that contain copies of the relevant
243    entity IDs. These are essentially ERDB's reserved words, and should not be used
244    for user-defined field names.
245    
246    =head3 Entities
247    
248    An entity is described by the B<Entity> tag. The entity can contain B<Notes>, an
249    B<Indexes> tag containing one or more secondary indexes, and a B<Fields> tag
250    containing one or more fields. The attributes of the B<Entity> tag are as follows.
251    
252    =over 4
253    
254    =item name
255    
256    Name of the entity. The entity name, by convention, uses capital casing (e.g. C<Genome>
257    or C<GroupBlock>) and should be a noun or noun phrase.
258    
259    =item keyType
260    
261    Data type of the primary key. The primary key is always named C<id>.
262    
263    =back
264    
265    =head3 Relationships
266    
267    A relationship is described by the C<Relationship> tag. Within a relationship,
268    there can be a C<Notes> tag, a C<Fields> tag containing the intersection data
269    fields, a C<FromIndex> tag containing the from-index, and a C<ToIndex> tag containing
270    the to-index.
271    
272    The C<Relationship> tag has the following attributes.
273    
274    =over 4
275    
276    =item name
277    
278    Name of the relationship. The relationship name, by convention, uses capital casing
279    (e.g. C<ContainsRegionIn> or C<HasContig>), and should be a declarative verb
280    phrase, designed to fit between the from-entity and the to-entity (e.g.
281    Block C<ContainsRegionIn> Genome).
282    
283    =item from
284    
285    Name of the entity from which the relationship starts.
286    
287    =item to
288    
289    Name of the entity to which the relationship proceeds.
290    
291    =item arity
292    
293    Relationship type: C<1M> for one-to-many and C<MM> for many-to-many.
294    
295    =back
296    
297  =cut  =cut
298    
299  # GLOBALS  # GLOBALS
# Line 77  Line 301 
301  # Table of information about our datatypes. "sqlType" is the corresponding SQL datatype string.  # Table of information about our datatypes. "sqlType" is the corresponding SQL datatype string.
302  # "maxLen" is the maximum permissible length of the incoming string data used to populate a field  # "maxLen" is the maximum permissible length of the incoming string data used to populate a field
303  # of the specified type. "dataGen" is PERL string that will be evaluated if no test data generation  # of the specified type. "dataGen" is PERL string that will be evaluated if no test data generation
304   #string is specified in the field definition.  # string is specified in the field definition. "avgLen" is the average byte length for estimating
305  my %TypeTable = ( char =>        { sqlType => 'CHAR(1)',                        maxLen => 1,                    dataGen => "StringGen('A')" },  # record sizes.
306                                    int =>         { sqlType => 'INTEGER',                        maxLen => 20,                   dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },  my %TypeTable = ( char =>    { sqlType => 'CHAR(1)',            maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, dataGen => "StringGen('A')" },
307                                    string =>  { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(255)',               maxLen => 255,                  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,250))" },                    int =>     { sqlType => 'INTEGER',            maxLen => 20,           avgLen =>   4, dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },
308                                    text =>        { sqlType => 'TEXT',                           maxLen => 1000000000,   dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(80,1000))" },                    string =>  { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(255)',       maxLen => 255,          avgLen => 100, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,250))" },
309                                    date =>        { sqlType => 'BIGINT',                         maxLen => 80,                   dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },                    text =>    { sqlType => 'TEXT',               maxLen => 1000000000,   avgLen => 500, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(80,1000))" },
310                                    float =>       { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',       maxLen => 40,                   dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },                    date =>    { sqlType => 'BIGINT',             maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },
311                                    boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',                   maxLen => 1,                    dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },                    float =>   { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',   maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },
312                      boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',           maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   2, dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },
313                               'key-string' =>                               'key-string' =>
314                                                           { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',            maxLen => 40,                   dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',        maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>  10, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },
315                                   'name-string' =>                                   'name-string' =>
316                                                           { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(80)',            maxLen => 80,                   dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,80))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(80)',        maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>  40, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,80))" },
317                                   'medium-string' =>                                   'medium-string' =>
318                                                           { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(160)',           maxLen => 160,                  dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,160))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(160)',       maxLen => 160,          avgLen =>  40, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,160))" },
319                                  );                                  );
320    
321  # Table translating arities into natural language.  # Table translating arities into natural language.
# Line 140  Line 365 
365                                   _metaData => $metaData                                   _metaData => $metaData
366                             };                             };
367          # Bless and return it.          # Bless and return it.
368          bless $self;      bless $self, $class;
369          return $self;          return $self;
370  }  }
371    
372  =head3 ShowMetaData  =head3 ShowMetaData
373    
374  C<< $database->ShowMetaData($fileName); >>  C<< $erdb->ShowMetaData($fileName); >>
375    
376  This method outputs a description of the database. This description can be used to help users create  This method outputs a description of the database. This description can be used to help users create
377  the data to be loaded into the relations.  the data to be loaded into the relations.
# Line 278  Line 503 
503          print HTMLOUT _OpenTable("Join Table", "Source", "Target", "Join Condition");          print HTMLOUT _OpenTable("Join Table", "Source", "Target", "Join Condition");
504          # Loop through the joins.          # Loop through the joins.
505          my $joinTable = $metadata->{Joins};          my $joinTable = $metadata->{Joins};
506          for my $joinKey (sort keys %{$joinTable}) {      my @joinKeys = keys %{$joinTable};
507        for my $joinKey (sort @joinKeys) {
508                  # Separate out the source, the target, and the join clause.                  # Separate out the source, the target, and the join clause.
509                  $joinKey =~ m!([^/]*)/(.*)$!;          $joinKey =~ m!^([^/]+)/(.+)$!;
510                  my ($source, $target, $clause) = ($self->ComputeObjectSentence($1),          my ($sourceRelation, $targetRelation) = ($1, $2);
511                                                                                    $self->ComputeObjectSentence($2),          Trace("Join with key $joinKey is from $sourceRelation to $targetRelation.") if T(4);
512                                                                                    $joinTable->{$joinKey});          my $source = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($sourceRelation);
513            my $target = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($targetRelation);
514            my $clause = $joinTable->{$joinKey};
515                  # Display them in a table row.                  # Display them in a table row.
516                  print HTMLOUT "<tr><td>$source</td><td>$target</td><td>$clause</td></tr>\n";                  print HTMLOUT "<tr><td>$source</td><td>$target</td><td>$clause</td></tr>\n";
517          }          }
# Line 298  Line 526 
526    
527  =head3 DumpMetaData  =head3 DumpMetaData
528    
529  C<< $database->DumpMetaData(); >>  C<< $erdb->DumpMetaData(); >>
530    
531  Return a dump of the metadata structure.  Return a dump of the metadata structure.
532    
# Line 313  Line 541 
541    
542  =head3 CreateTables  =head3 CreateTables
543    
544  C<< $datanase->CreateTables(); >>  C<< $erdb->CreateTables(); >>
545    
546  This method creates the tables for the database from the metadata structure loaded by the  This method creates the tables for the database from the metadata structure loaded by the
547  constructor. It is expected this function will only be used on rare occasions, when the  constructor. It is expected this function will only be used on rare occasions, when the
# Line 325  Line 553 
553  sub CreateTables {  sub CreateTables {
554          # Get the parameters.          # Get the parameters.
555          my ($self) = @_;          my ($self) = @_;
556          my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};      # Get the relation names.
557          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};      my @relNames = $self->GetTableNames();
558          # Loop through the entities.      # Loop through the relations.
559          while (my ($entityName, $entityData) = each %{$metadata->{Entities}}) {      for my $relationName (@relNames) {
                 # Tell the user what we're doing.  
                 Trace("Creating relations for entity $entityName.") if T(1);  
                 # Loop through the entity's relations.  
                 for my $relationName (keys %{$entityData->{Relations}}) {  
560                          # Create a table for this relation.                          # Create a table for this relation.
561                          $self->CreateTable($relationName);                          $self->CreateTable($relationName);
562                          Trace("Relation $relationName created.") if T(1);          Trace("Relation $relationName created.") if T(2);
                 }  
         }  
         # Loop through the relationships.  
         my $relationshipTable = $metadata->{Relationships};  
         for my $relationshipName (keys %{$metadata->{Relationships}}) {  
                 # Create a table for this relationship.  
                 Trace("Creating relationship $relationshipName.") if T(1);  
                 $self->CreateTable($relationshipName);  
563          }          }
564  }  }
565    
566  =head3 CreateTable  =head3 CreateTable
567    
568  C<< $database->CreateTable($tableName, $indexFlag); >>  C<< $erdb->CreateTable($tableName, $indexFlag, $estimatedRows); >>
569    
570  Create the table for a relation and optionally create its indexes.  Create the table for a relation and optionally create its indexes.
571    
# Line 359  Line 575 
575    
576  Name of the relation (which will also be the table name).  Name of the relation (which will also be the table name).
577    
578  =item $indexFlag  =item indexFlag
579    
580  TRUE if the indexes for the relation should be created, else FALSE. If FALSE,  TRUE if the indexes for the relation should be created, else FALSE. If FALSE,
581  L</CreateIndexes> must be called later to bring the indexes into existence.  L</CreateIndexes> must be called later to bring the indexes into existence.
582    
583    =item estimatedRows (optional)
584    
585    If specified, the estimated maximum number of rows for the relation. This
586    information allows the creation of tables using storage engines that are
587    faster but require size estimates, such as MyISAM.
588    
589  =back  =back
590    
591  =cut  =cut
592    
593  sub CreateTable {  sub CreateTable {
594          # Get the parameters.          # Get the parameters.
595          my ($self, $relationName, $indexFlag) = @_;      my ($self, $relationName, $indexFlag, $estimatedRows) = @_;
596          # Get the database handle.          # Get the database handle.
597          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
598          # Get the relation data and determine whether or not the relation is primary.          # Get the relation data and determine whether or not the relation is primary.
# Line 394  Line 616 
616          # Insure the table is not already there.          # Insure the table is not already there.
617          $dbh->drop_table(tbl => $relationName);          $dbh->drop_table(tbl => $relationName);
618          Trace("Table $relationName dropped.") if T(2);          Trace("Table $relationName dropped.") if T(2);
619        # If there are estimated rows, create an estimate so we can take advantage of
620        # faster DB technologies.
621        my $estimation = undef;
622        if ($estimatedRows) {
623            $estimation = [$self->EstimateRowSize($relationName), $estimatedRows];
624        }
625          # Create the table.          # Create the table.
626          Trace("Creating table $relationName: $fieldThing") if T(2);          Trace("Creating table $relationName: $fieldThing") if T(2);
627          $dbh->create_table(tbl => $relationName, flds => $fieldThing);      $dbh->create_table(tbl => $relationName, flds => $fieldThing, estimates => $estimation);
628          Trace("Relation $relationName created in database.") if T(2);          Trace("Relation $relationName created in database.") if T(2);
629          # If we want to build the indexes, we do it here.          # If we want to build the indexes, we do it here.
630          if ($indexFlag) {          if ($indexFlag) {
# Line 406  Line 634 
634    
635  =head3 CreateIndex  =head3 CreateIndex
636    
637  C<< $database->CreateIndex($relationName); >>  C<< $erdb->CreateIndex($relationName); >>
638    
639  Create the indexes for a relation. If a table is being loaded from a large source file (as  Create the indexes for a relation. If a table is being loaded from a large source file (as
640  is the case in L</LoadTable>), it is best to create the indexes after the load. If that is  is the case in L</LoadTable>), it is sometimes best to create the indexes after the load.
641  the case, then L</CreateTable> should be called with the index flag set to FALSE, and this  If that is the case, then L</CreateTable> should be called with the index flag set to
642  method used after the load to create the indexes for the table.  FALSE, and this method used after the load to create the indexes for the table.
643    
644  =cut  =cut
645    
# Line 423  Line 651 
651          # Get the database handle.          # Get the database handle.
652          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
653          # Now we need to create this relation's indexes. We do this by looping through its index table.          # Now we need to create this relation's indexes. We do this by looping through its index table.
654          while (my ($indexName, $indexData) = each %{$relationData->{Indexes}}) {      my $indexHash = $relationData->{Indexes};
655        for my $indexName (keys %{$indexHash}) {
656            my $indexData = $indexHash->{$indexName};
657                  # Get the index's field list.                  # Get the index's field list.
658                  my @fieldList = _FixNames(@{$indexData->{IndexFields}});                  my @fieldList = _FixNames(@{$indexData->{IndexFields}});
659                  my $flds = join(', ', @fieldList);                  my $flds = join(', ', @fieldList);
# Line 437  Line 667 
667    
668  =head3 LoadTables  =head3 LoadTables
669    
670  C<< my $stats = $database->LoadTables($directoryName, $rebuild); >>  C<< my $stats = $erdb->LoadTables($directoryName, $rebuild); >>
671    
672  This method will load the database tables from a directory. The tables must already have been created  This method will load the database tables from a directory. The tables must already have been created
673  in the database. (This can be done by calling L</CreateTables>.) The caller passes in a directory name;  in the database. (This can be done by calling L</CreateTables>.) The caller passes in a directory name;
# Line 480  Line 710 
710          $directoryName =~ s!/\\$!!;          $directoryName =~ s!/\\$!!;
711          # Declare the return variable.          # Declare the return variable.
712          my $retVal = Stats->new();          my $retVal = Stats->new();
713          # Get the metadata structure.      # Get the relation names.
714          my $metaData = $self->{_metaData};      my @relNames = $self->GetTableNames();
715          # Loop through the entities.      for my $relationName (@relNames) {
         for my $entity (values %{$metaData->{Entities}}) {  
                 # Loop through the entity's relations.  
                 for my $relationName (keys %{$entity->{Relations}}) {  
716                          # Try to load this relation.                          # Try to load this relation.
717                          my $result = $self->_LoadRelation($directoryName, $relationName, $rebuild);                          my $result = $self->_LoadRelation($directoryName, $relationName, $rebuild);
718                          # Accumulate the statistics.                          # Accumulate the statistics.
719                          $retVal->Accumulate($result);                          $retVal->Accumulate($result);
720                  }                  }
         }  
         # Loop through the relationships.  
         for my $relationshipName (keys %{$metaData->{Relationships}}) {  
                 # Try to load this relationship's relation.  
                 my $result = $self->_LoadRelation($directoryName, $relationshipName, $rebuild);  
                 # Accumulate the statistics.  
                 $retVal->Accumulate($result);  
         }  
721          # Add the duration of the load to the statistical object.          # Add the duration of the load to the statistical object.
722          $retVal->Add('duration', gettimeofday - $startTime);          $retVal->Add('duration', gettimeofday - $startTime);
723          # Return the accumulated statistics.          # Return the accumulated statistics.
724          return $retVal;          return $retVal;
725  }  }
726    
727    
728  =head3 GetTableNames  =head3 GetTableNames
729    
730  C<< my @names = $database->GetTableNames; >>  C<< my @names = $erdb->GetTableNames; >>
731    
732  Return a list of the relations required to implement this database.  Return a list of the relations required to implement this database.
733    
# Line 524  Line 744 
744    
745  =head3 GetEntityTypes  =head3 GetEntityTypes
746    
747  C<< my @names = $database->GetEntityTypes; >>  C<< my @names = $erdb->GetEntityTypes; >>
748    
749  Return a list of the entity type names.  Return a list of the entity type names.
750    
# Line 539  Line 759 
759          return sort keys %{$entityList};          return sort keys %{$entityList};
760  }  }
761    
762    =head3 IsEntity
763    
764    C<< my $flag = $erdb->IsEntity($entityName); >>
765    
766    Return TRUE if the parameter is an entity name, else FALSE.
767    
768    =over 4
769    
770    =item entityName
771    
772    Object name to be tested.
773    
774    =item RETURN
775    
776    Returns TRUE if the specified string is an entity name, else FALSE.
777    
778    =back
779    
780    =cut
781    
782    sub IsEntity {
783        # Get the parameters.
784        my ($self, $entityName) = @_;
785        # Test to see if it's an entity.
786        return exists $self->{_metaData}->{Entities}->{$entityName};
787    }
788    
789  =head3 Get  =head3 Get
790    
791  C<< my $query = $database->Get(\@objectNames, $filterClause, $param1, $param2, ..., $paramN); >>  C<< my $query = $erdb->Get(\@objectNames, $filterClause, $param1, $param2, ..., $paramN); >>
792    
793  This method returns a query object for entities of a specified type using a specified filter.  This method returns a query object for entities of a specified type using a specified filter.
794  The filter is a standard WHERE/ORDER BY clause with question marks as parameter markers and each  The filter is a standard WHERE/ORDER BY clause with question marks as parameter markers and each
# Line 549  Line 796 
796  following call requests all B<Genome> objects for the genus specified in the variable  following call requests all B<Genome> objects for the genus specified in the variable
797  $genus.  $genus.
798    
799  C<< $query = $sprout->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>
800    
801  The WHERE clause contains a single question mark, so there is a single additional  The WHERE clause contains a single question mark, so there is a single additional
802  parameter representing the parameter value. It would also be possible to code  parameter representing the parameter value. It would also be possible to code
803    
804  C<< $query = $sprout->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = \'$genus\'"); >>  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = \'$genus\'"); >>
805    
806  however, this version of the call would generate a syntax error if there were any quote  however, this version of the call would generate a syntax error if there were any quote
807  characters inside the variable C<$genus>.  characters inside the variable C<$genus>.
# Line 566  Line 813 
813  It is possible to specify multiple entity and relationship names in order to retrieve more than  It is possible to specify multiple entity and relationship names in order to retrieve more than
814  one object's data at the same time, which allows highly complex joined queries. For example,  one object's data at the same time, which allows highly complex joined queries. For example,
815    
816  C<< $query = $sprout->Get(['Genome', 'ComesFrom', 'Source'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome', 'ComesFrom', 'Source'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>
817    
818  If multiple names are specified, then the query processor will automatically determine a  If multiple names are specified, then the query processor will automatically determine a
819  join path between the entities and relationships. The algorithm used is very simplistic.  join path between the entities and relationships. The algorithm used is very simplistic.
# Line 729  Line 976 
976                          $command .= " ORDER BY $orderClause";                          $command .= " ORDER BY $orderClause";
977                  }                  }
978          }          }
979          Trace("SQL query: $command") if T(2);      Trace("SQL query: $command") if T(3);
980          Trace("PARMS: '" . (join "', '", @params) . "'") if (T(3) && (@params > 0));      Trace("PARMS: '" . (join "', '", @params) . "'") if (T(4) && (@params > 0));
981          my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);          my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);
982          # Execute it with the parameters bound in.          # Execute it with the parameters bound in.
983          $sth->execute(@params) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());          $sth->execute(@params) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());
# Line 739  Line 986 
986          return $retVal;          return $retVal;
987  }  }
988    
989    =head3 GetList
990    
991    C<< my @dbObjects = $erdb->GetList(\@objectNames, $filterClause, $param1, $param2, ..., $paramN); >>
992    
993    Return a list of object descriptors for the specified objects as determined by the
994    specified filter clause.
995    
996    This method is essentially the same as L</Get> except it returns a list of objects rather
997    than a query object that can be used to get the results one record at a time.
998    
999    =over 4
1000    
1001    =item objectNames
1002    
1003    List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1004    
1005    =item filterClause
1006    
1007    WHERE clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1008    be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used in the WHERE clause must be
1009    specified in the standard form B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified
1010    in the filter clause should be added to the parameter list as additional parameters. The
1011    fields in a filter clause can come from primary entity relations, relationship relations,
1012    or secondary entity relations; however, all of the entities and relationships involved must
1013    be included in the list of object names.
1014    
1015    The filter clause can also specify a sort order. To do this, simply follow the filter string
1016    with an ORDER BY clause. For example, the following filter string gets all genomes for a
1017    particular genus and sorts them by species name.
1018    
1019    C<< "Genome(genus) = ? ORDER BY Genome(species)" >>
1020    
1021    The rules for field references in a sort order are the same as those for field references in the
1022    filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary
1023    relation.
1024    
1025    =item param1, param2, ..., paramN
1026    
1027    Parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.
1028    
1029    =item RETURN
1030    
1031    Returns a list of B<DBObject>s that satisfy the query conditions.
1032    
1033    =back
1034    
1035    =cut
1036    #: Return Type @%
1037    sub GetList {
1038        # Get the parameters.
1039        my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, @params) = @_;
1040        # Declare the return variable.
1041        my @retVal = ();
1042        # Perform the query.
1043        my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, @params);
1044        # Loop through the results.
1045        while (my $object = $query->Fetch) {
1046            push @retVal, $object;
1047        }
1048        # Return the result.
1049        return @retVal;
1050    }
1051    
1052  =head3 ComputeObjectSentence  =head3 ComputeObjectSentence
1053    
1054  C<< my $sentence = $database->ComputeObjectSentence($objectName); >>  C<< my $sentence = $erdb->ComputeObjectSentence($objectName); >>
1055    
1056  Check an object name, and if it is a relationship convert it to a relationship sentence.  Check an object name, and if it is a relationship convert it to a relationship sentence.
1057    
# Line 776  Line 1086 
1086    
1087  =head3 DumpRelations  =head3 DumpRelations
1088    
1089  C<< $database->DumpRelations($outputDirectory); >>  C<< $erdb->DumpRelations($outputDirectory); >>
1090    
1091  Write the contents of all the relations to tab-delimited files in the specified directory.  Write the contents of all the relations to tab-delimited files in the specified directory.
1092  Each file will have the same name as the relation dumped, with an extension of DTX.  Each file will have the same name as the relation dumped, with an extension of DTX.
# Line 797  Line 1107 
1107          # Now we need to run through all the relations. First, we loop through the entities.          # Now we need to run through all the relations. First, we loop through the entities.
1108          my $metaData = $self->{_metaData};          my $metaData = $self->{_metaData};
1109          my $entities = $metaData->{Entities};          my $entities = $metaData->{Entities};
1110          while (my ($entityName, $entityStructure) = each %{$entities}) {      for my $entityName (keys %{$entities}) {
1111            my $entityStructure = $entities->{$entityName};
1112                  # Get the entity's relations.                  # Get the entity's relations.
1113                  my $relationList = $entityStructure->{Relations};                  my $relationList = $entityStructure->{Relations};
1114                  # Loop through the relations, dumping them.                  # Loop through the relations, dumping them.
1115                  while (my ($relationName, $relation) = each %{$relationList}) {          for my $relationName (keys %{$relationList}) {
1116                my $relation = $relationList->{$relationName};
1117                          $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationName, $relation);                          $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationName, $relation);
1118                  }                  }
1119          }          }
1120          # Next, we loop through the relationships.          # Next, we loop through the relationships.
1121          my $relationships = $metaData->{Relationships};          my $relationships = $metaData->{Relationships};
1122          while (my ($relationshipName, $relationshipStructure) = each %{$relationships}) {      for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationships}) {
1123            my $relationshipStructure = $relationships->{$relationshipName};
1124                  # Dump this relationship's relation.                  # Dump this relationship's relation.
1125                  $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$relationshipName});                  $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$relationshipName});
1126          }          }
# Line 815  Line 1128 
1128    
1129  =head3 InsertObject  =head3 InsertObject
1130    
1131  C<< my $ok = $database->InsertObject($objectType, \%fieldHash); >>  C<< my $ok = $erdb->InsertObject($objectType, \%fieldHash); >>
1132    
1133  Insert an object into the database. The object is defined by a type name and then a hash  Insert an object into the database. The object is defined by a type name and then a hash
1134  of field names to values. Field values in the primary relation are represented by scalars.  of field names to values. Field values in the primary relation are represented by scalars.
# Line 824  Line 1137 
1137  example, the following line inserts an inactive PEG feature named C<fig|188.1.peg.1> with aliases  example, the following line inserts an inactive PEG feature named C<fig|188.1.peg.1> with aliases
1138  C<ZP_00210270.1> and C<gi|46206278>.  C<ZP_00210270.1> and C<gi|46206278>.
1139    
1140  C<< $database->InsertObject('Feature', { id => 'fig|188.1.peg.1', active => 0, feature-type => 'peg', alias => ['ZP_00210270.1', 'gi|46206278']}); >>  C<< $erdb->InsertObject('Feature', { id => 'fig|188.1.peg.1', active => 0, feature-type => 'peg', alias => ['ZP_00210270.1', 'gi|46206278']}); >>
1141    
1142  The next statement inserts a C<HasProperty> relationship between feature C<fig|158879.1.peg.1> and  The next statement inserts a C<HasProperty> relationship between feature C<fig|158879.1.peg.1> and
1143  property C<4> with an evidence URL of C<http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142>.  property C<4> with an evidence URL of C<http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142>.
1144    
1145  C<< $database->InsertObject('HasProperty', { 'from-link' => 'fig|158879.1.peg.1', 'to-link' => 4, evidence = 'http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142'}); >>  C<< $erdb->InsertObject('HasProperty', { 'from-link' => 'fig|158879.1.peg.1', 'to-link' => 4, evidence = 'http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142'}); >>
1146    
1147  =over 4  =over 4
1148    
# Line 861  Line 1174 
1174          # Loop through the relations. We'll build insert statements for each one. If a relation is          # Loop through the relations. We'll build insert statements for each one. If a relation is
1175          # secondary, we may end up generating multiple insert statements. If an error occurs, we          # secondary, we may end up generating multiple insert statements. If an error occurs, we
1176          # stop the loop.          # stop the loop.
1177          while ($retVal && (my ($relationName, $relationDefinition) = each %{$relationTable})) {      my @relationList = keys %{$relationTable};
1178        for (my $i = 0; $retVal && $i <= $#relationList; $i++) {
1179            my $relationName = $relationList[$i];
1180            my $relationDefinition = $relationTable->{$relationName};
1181                  # Get the relation's fields. For each field we will collect a value in the corresponding                  # Get the relation's fields. For each field we will collect a value in the corresponding
1182                  # position of the @valueList array. If one of the fields is missing, we will add it to the                  # position of the @valueList array. If one of the fields is missing, we will add it to the
1183                  # @missing list.                  # @missing list.
# Line 951  Line 1267 
1267    
1268  =head3 LoadTable  =head3 LoadTable
1269    
1270  C<< my %results = $database->LoadTable($fileName, $relationName, $truncateFlag); >>  C<< my %results = $erdb->LoadTable($fileName, $relationName, $truncateFlag); >>
1271    
1272  Load data from a tab-delimited file into a specified table, optionally re-creating the table first.  Load data from a tab-delimited file into a specified table, optionally re-creating the table
1273    first.
1274    
1275  =over 4  =over 4
1276    
# Line 971  Line 1288 
1288    
1289  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1290    
1291  Returns a statistical object containing the number of records read and a list of the error messages.  Returns a statistical object containing the number of records read and a list of
1292    the error messages.
1293    
1294  =back  =back
1295    
# Line 982  Line 1300 
1300          # Create the statistical return object.          # Create the statistical return object.
1301          my $retVal = _GetLoadStats();          my $retVal = _GetLoadStats();
1302          # Trace the fact of the load.          # Trace the fact of the load.
1303          Trace("Loading table $relationName from $fileName") if T(1);      Trace("Loading table $relationName from $fileName") if T(2);
1304          # Get the database handle.          # Get the database handle.
1305          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};          my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
1306        # Get the input file size.
1307        my $fileSize = -s $fileName;
1308          # Get the relation data.          # Get the relation data.
1309          my $relation = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);          my $relation = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);
1310          # Check the truncation flag.          # Check the truncation flag.
1311          if ($truncateFlag) {          if ($truncateFlag) {
1312                  Trace("Creating table $relationName") if T(1);          Trace("Creating table $relationName") if T(2);
1313            # Compute the row count estimate. We take the size of the load file,
1314            # divide it by the estimated row size, and then multiply by 1.5 to
1315            # leave extra room. We postulate a minimum row count of 1000 to
1316            # prevent problems with incoming empty load files.
1317            my $rowSize = $self->EstimateRowSize($relationName);
1318            my $estimate = FIG::max($fileSize * 1.5 / $rowSize, 1000);
1319                  # Re-create the table without its index.                  # Re-create the table without its index.
1320                  $self->CreateTable($relationName, 0);          $self->CreateTable($relationName, 0, $estimate);
1321            # If this is a pre-index DBMS, create the index here.
1322            if ($dbh->{_preIndex}) {
1323                eval {
1324                    $self->CreateIndex($relationName);
1325                };
1326                if ($@) {
1327                    $retVal->AddMessage($@);
1328                }
1329            }
1330          }          }
         # Determine whether or not this is a primary relation. Primary relations have an extra  
         # field indicating whether or not a given object is new or was loaded from the flat files.  
         my $primary = $self->_IsPrimary($relationName);  
         # Get the number of fields in this relation.  
         my @fieldList = @{$relation->{Fields}};  
         my $fieldCount = @fieldList;  
         # Record the number of expected fields.  
         my $expectedFields = $fieldCount + ($primary ? 1 : 0);  
         # Start a database transaction.  
         $dbh->begin_tran;  
         # Open the relation file. We need to create a cleaned-up copy before loading.  
         open TABLEIN, '<', $fileName;  
         my $tempName = "$fileName.tbl";  
         open TABLEOUT, '>', $tempName;  
         # Loop through the file.  
         while (<TABLEIN>) {  
                 # Chop off the new-line character.  
                 my $record = $_;  
                 chomp $record;  
         # Only proceed if the record is non-blank.  
         if ($record) {  
             # Escape all the backslashes found in the line.  
             $record =~ s/\\/\\\\/g;  
             # Eliminate any trailing tabs.  
             chop $record while substr($record, -1) eq "\t";  
             # If this is a primary relation, add a 0 for the new-record flag (indicating that  
             # this record is not new, but part of the original load).  
             if ($primary) {  
                 $record .= "\t0";  
             }  
             # Write the record.  
             print TABLEOUT "$record\n";  
             # Count the record read.  
             my $count = $retVal->Add('records');  
             my $len = length $record;  
             Trace("Record $count written with $len characters.") if T(4);  
         }  
         }  
         # Close the files.  
         close TABLEIN;  
         close TABLEOUT;  
     Trace("Temporary file $tempName created.") if T(4);  
1331      # Load the table.      # Load the table.
1332          my $rv;          my $rv;
1333          eval {          eval {
1334                  $rv = $dbh->load_table(file => $tempName, tbl => $relationName);          $rv = $dbh->load_table(file => $fileName, tbl => $relationName);
1335          };          };
1336          if (!defined $rv) {          if (!defined $rv) {
1337          $retVal->AddMessage($@) if ($@);          $retVal->AddMessage($@) if ($@);
1338          $retVal->AddMessage("Table load failed for $relationName using $tempName.");          $retVal->AddMessage("Table load failed for $relationName using $fileName.");
1339                  Trace("Table load failed for $relationName.") if T(1);                  Trace("Table load failed for $relationName.") if T(1);
1340          } else {          } else {
1341                  # Here we successfully loaded the table. Trace the number of records loaded.          # Here we successfully loaded the table.
1342                  Trace("$retVal->{records} records read for $relationName.") if T(1);          $retVal->Add("tables");
1343            my $size = -s $fileName;
1344            Trace("$size bytes loaded into $relationName.") if T(2);
1345                  # If we're rebuilding, we need to create the table indexes.                  # If we're rebuilding, we need to create the table indexes.
1346                  if ($truncateFlag) {          if ($truncateFlag && ! $dbh->{_preIndex}) {
1347                          eval {                          eval {
1348                                  $self->CreateIndex($relationName);                                  $self->CreateIndex($relationName);
1349                          };                          };
# Line 1059  Line 1354 
1354          }          }
1355          # Commit the database changes.          # Commit the database changes.
1356          $dbh->commit_tran;          $dbh->commit_tran;
1357          # Delete the temporary file.      # Analyze the table to improve performance.
1358          unlink $tempName;      $dbh->vacuum_it($relationName);
1359          # Return the statistics.          # Return the statistics.
1360          return $retVal;          return $retVal;
1361  }  }
1362    
1363  =head3 GenerateEntity  =head3 GenerateEntity
1364    
1365  C<< my $fieldHash = $database->GenerateEntity($id, $type, \%values); >>  C<< my $fieldHash = $erdb->GenerateEntity($id, $type, \%values); >>
1366    
1367  Generate the data for a new entity instance. This method creates a field hash suitable for  Generate the data for a new entity instance. This method creates a field hash suitable for
1368  passing as a parameter to L</InsertObject>. The ID is specified by the callr, but the rest  passing as a parameter to L</InsertObject>. The ID is specified by the callr, but the rest
# Line 1123  Line 1418 
1418          return $this;          return $this;
1419  }  }
1420    
1421    =head3 GetEntity
1422    
1423    C<< my $entityObject = $erdb->GetEntity($entityType, $ID); >>
1424    
1425    Return an object describing the entity instance with a specified ID.
1426    
1427    =over 4
1428    
1429    =item entityType
1430    
1431    Entity type name.
1432    
1433    =item ID
1434    
1435    ID of the desired entity.
1436    
1437    =item RETURN
1438    
1439    Returns a B<DBObject> representing the desired entity instance, or an undefined value if no
1440    instance is found with the specified key.
1441    
1442    =back
1443    
1444    =cut
1445    
1446    sub GetEntity {
1447        # Get the parameters.
1448        my ($self, $entityType, $ID) = @_;
1449        # Create a query.
1450        my $query = $self->Get([$entityType], "$entityType(id) = ?", $ID);
1451        # Get the first (and only) object.
1452        my $retVal = $query->Fetch();
1453        # Return the result.
1454        return $retVal;
1455    }
1456    
1457    =head3 GetEntityValues
1458    
1459    C<< my @values = $erdb->GetEntityValues($entityType, $ID, \@fields); >>
1460    
1461    Return a list of values from a specified entity instance.
1462    
1463    =over 4
1464    
1465    =item entityType
1466    
1467    Entity type name.
1468    
1469    =item ID
1470    
1471    ID of the desired entity.
1472    
1473    =item fields
1474    
1475    List of field names, each of the form I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.
1476    
1477    =item RETURN
1478    
1479    Returns a flattened list of the values of the specified fields for the specified entity.
1480    
1481    =back
1482    
1483    =cut
1484    
1485    sub GetEntityValues {
1486        # Get the parameters.
1487        my ($self, $entityType, $ID, $fields) = @_;
1488        # Get the specified entity.
1489        my $entity = $self->GetEntity($entityType, $ID);
1490        # Declare the return list.
1491        my @retVal = ();
1492        # If we found the entity, push the values into the return list.
1493        if ($entity) {
1494            push @retVal, $entity->Values($fields);
1495        }
1496        # Return the result.
1497        return @retVal;
1498    }
1499    
1500    =head3 GetAll
1501    
1502    C<< my @list = $erdb->GetAll(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@parameters, \@fields, $count); >>
1503    
1504    Return a list of values taken from the objects returned by a query. The first three
1505    parameters correspond to the parameters of the L</Get> method. The final parameter is
1506    a list of the fields desired from each record found by the query. The field name
1507    syntax is the standard syntax used for fields in the B<ERDB> system--
1508    B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>-- where I<objectName> is the name of the relevant entity
1509    or relationship and I<fieldName> is the name of the field.
1510    
1511    The list returned will be a list of lists. Each element of the list will contain
1512    the values returned for the fields specified in the fourth parameter. If one of the
1513    fields specified returns multiple values, they are flattened in with the rest. For
1514    example, the following call will return a list of the features in a particular
1515    spreadsheet cell, and each feature will be represented by a list containing the
1516    feature ID followed by all of its aliases.
1517    
1518    C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['ContainsFeature', 'Feature'], "ContainsFeature(from-link) = ?", [$ssCellID], ['Feature(id)', 'Feature(alias)']); >>
1519    
1520    =over 4
1521    
1522    =item objectNames
1523    
1524    List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1525    
1526    =item filterClause
1527    
1528    WHERE/ORDER BY clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1529    be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used must be specified in the standard form
1530    B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified in the filter clause should be added to the
1531    parameter list as additional parameters. The fields in a filter clause can come from primary
1532    entity relations, relationship relations, or secondary entity relations; however, all of the
1533    entities and relationships involved must be included in the list of object names.
1534    
1535    =item parameterList
1536    
1537    List of the parameters to be substituted in for the parameters marks in the filter clause.
1538    
1539    =item fields
1540    
1541    List of the fields to be returned in each element of the list returned.
1542    
1543    =item count
1544    
1545    Maximum number of records to return. If omitted or 0, all available records will be returned.
1546    
1547    =item RETURN
1548    
1549    Returns a list of list references. Each element of the return list contains the values for the
1550    fields specified in the B<fields> parameter.
1551    
1552    =back
1553    
1554    =cut
1555    #: Return Type @@;
1556    sub GetAll {
1557        # Get the parameters.
1558        my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList, $fields, $count) = @_;
1559        # Translate the parameters from a list reference to a list. If the parameter
1560        # list is a scalar we convert it into a singleton list.
1561        my @parmList = ();
1562        if (ref $parameterList eq "ARRAY") {
1563            @parmList = @{$parameterList};
1564        } else {
1565            push @parmList, $parameterList;
1566        }
1567        # Create the query.
1568        my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, @parmList);
1569        # Set up a counter of the number of records read.
1570        my $fetched = 0;
1571        # Insure the counter has a value.
1572        if (!defined $count) {
1573            $count = 0;
1574        }
1575        # Loop through the records returned, extracting the fields. Note that if the
1576        # counter is non-zero, we stop when the number of records read hits the count.
1577        my @retVal = ();
1578        while (($count == 0 || $fetched < $count) && (my $row = $query->Fetch())) {
1579            my @rowData = $row->Values($fields);
1580            push @retVal, \@rowData;
1581            $fetched++;
1582        }
1583        # Return the resulting list.
1584        return @retVal;
1585    }
1586    
1587    =head3 EstimateRowSize
1588    
1589    C<< my $rowSize = $erdb->EstimateRowSize($relName); >>
1590    
1591    Estimate the row size of the specified relation. The estimated row size is computed by adding
1592    up the average length for each data type.
1593    
1594    =over 4
1595    
1596    =item relName
1597    
1598    Name of the relation whose estimated row size is desired.
1599    
1600    =item RETURN
1601    
1602    Returns an estimate of the row size for the specified relation.
1603    
1604    =back
1605    
1606    =cut
1607    #: Return Type $;
1608    sub EstimateRowSize {
1609        # Get the parameters.
1610        my ($self, $relName) = @_;
1611        # Declare the return variable.
1612        my $retVal = 0;
1613        # Find the relation descriptor.
1614        my $relation = $self->_FindRelation($relName);
1615        # Get the list of fields.
1616        for my $fieldData (@{$relation->{Fields}}) {
1617            # Get the field type and add its length.
1618            my $fieldLen = $TypeTable{$fieldData->{type}}->{avgLen};
1619            $retVal += $fieldLen;
1620        }
1621        # Return the result.
1622        return $retVal;
1623    }
1624    
1625  =head2 Internal Utility Methods  =head2 Internal Utility Methods
1626    
# Line 1499  Line 1997 
1997  sub _LoadMetaData {  sub _LoadMetaData {
1998          # Get the parameters.          # Get the parameters.
1999          my ($filename) = @_;          my ($filename) = @_;
2000        Trace("Reading Sprout DBD from $filename.") if T(2);
2001          # Slurp the XML file into a variable. Extensive use of options is used to insure we          # Slurp the XML file into a variable. Extensive use of options is used to insure we
2002          # get the exact structure we want.          # get the exact structure we want.
2003          my $metadata = XML::Simple::XMLin($filename,          my $metadata = XML::Simple::XMLin($filename,
# Line 1523  Line 2022 
2022          my %masterRelationTable = ();          my %masterRelationTable = ();
2023          # Loop through the entities.          # Loop through the entities.
2024          my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};          my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};
2025          while (my ($entityName, $entityStructure) = each %{$entityList}) {      for my $entityName (keys %{$entityList}) {
2026            my $entityStructure = $entityList->{$entityName};
2027                  #                  #
2028                  # The first step is to run creating all the entity's default values. For C<Field> elements,          # The first step is to create all the entity's default values. For C<Field> elements,
2029                  # the relation name must be added where it is not specified. For relationships,                  # the relation name must be added where it is not specified. For relationships,
2030                  # the B<from-link> and B<to-link> fields must be inserted, and for entities an B<id>                  # the B<from-link> and B<to-link> fields must be inserted, and for entities an B<id>
2031                  # field must be added to each relation. Finally, each field will have a C<PrettySort> attribute                  # field must be added to each relation. Finally, each field will have a C<PrettySort> attribute
# Line 1571  Line 2071 
2071                  # to a list of fields. First, we need the ID field itself.                  # to a list of fields. First, we need the ID field itself.
2072                  my $idField = $fieldList->{id};                  my $idField = $fieldList->{id};
2073                  # Loop through the relations.                  # Loop through the relations.
2074                  while (my ($relationName, $relation) = each %{$relationTable}) {          for my $relationName (keys %{$relationTable}) {
2075                my $relation = $relationTable->{$relationName};
2076                          # Get the relation's field list.                          # Get the relation's field list.
2077                          my $relationFieldList = $relation->{Fields};                          my $relationFieldList = $relation->{Fields};
2078                          # Add the ID field to it. If the field's already there, it will not make any                          # Add the ID field to it. If the field's already there, it will not make any
# Line 1621  Line 2122 
2122                  # The next step is to insure that each relation has at least one index that begins with the ID field.                  # The next step is to insure that each relation has at least one index that begins with the ID field.
2123                  # After that, we convert each relation's index list to an index table. We first need to loop through                  # After that, we convert each relation's index list to an index table. We first need to loop through
2124                  # the relations.                  # the relations.
2125                  while (my ($relationName, $relation) = each %{$relationTable}) {          for my $relationName (keys %{$relationTable}) {
2126                my $relation = $relationTable->{$relationName};
2127                          # Get the relation's index list.                          # Get the relation's index list.
2128                          my $indexList = $relation->{Indexes};                          my $indexList = $relation->{Indexes};
2129                          # Insure this relation has an ID index.                          # Insure this relation has an ID index.
# Line 1652  Line 2154 
2154          # Loop through the relationships. Relationships actually turn out to be much simpler than entities.          # Loop through the relationships. Relationships actually turn out to be much simpler than entities.
2155          # For one thing, there is only a single constituent relation.          # For one thing, there is only a single constituent relation.
2156          my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};          my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};
2157          while (my ($relationshipName, $relationshipStructure) = each %{$relationshipList}) {      for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationshipList}) {
2158            my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$relationshipName};
2159                  # Fix up this relationship.                  # Fix up this relationship.
2160                  _FixupFields($relationshipStructure, $relationshipName, 2, 3);                  _FixupFields($relationshipStructure, $relationshipName, 2, 3);
2161                  # Format a description for the FROM field.                  # Format a description for the FROM field.
# Line 1701  Line 2204 
2204                  my @fromList = ();                  my @fromList = ();
2205                  my @toList = ();                  my @toList = ();
2206                  my @bothList = ();                  my @bothList = ();
2207                  while (my ($relationshipName, $relationship) = each %{$relationshipList}) {          Trace("Join table build for $entityName.") if T(metadata => 4);
2208            for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationshipList}) {
2209                my $relationship = $relationshipList->{$relationshipName};
2210                          # Determine if this relationship has our entity in one of its link fields.                          # Determine if this relationship has our entity in one of its link fields.
2211                          if ($relationship->{from} eq $entityName) {              my $fromEntity = $relationship->{from};
2212                                  if ($relationship->{to} eq $entityName) {              my $toEntity = $relationship->{to};
2213                Trace("Join check for relationship $relationshipName from $fromEntity to $toEntity.") if T(4);
2214                if ($fromEntity eq $entityName) {
2215                    if ($toEntity eq $entityName) {
2216                                          # Here the relationship is recursive.                                          # Here the relationship is recursive.
2217                                          push @bothList, $relationshipName;                                          push @bothList, $relationshipName;
2218                        Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in both-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
2219                                  } else {                                  } else {
2220                                          # Here the relationship comes from the entity.                                          # Here the relationship comes from the entity.
2221                                          push @fromList, $relationshipName;                                          push @fromList, $relationshipName;
2222                        Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in from-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
2223                                  }                                  }
2224                          } elsif ($relationship->{to} eq $entityName) {              } elsif ($toEntity eq $entityName) {
2225                                  # Here the relationship goes to the entity.                                  # Here the relationship goes to the entity.
2226                                  push @toList, $relationshipName;                                  push @toList, $relationshipName;
2227                    Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in to-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
2228                          }                          }
2229                  }                  }
2230                  # Create the nonrecursive joins. Note that we build two hashes for running                  # Create the nonrecursive joins. Note that we build two hashes for running
# Line 1722  Line 2233 
2233                  # hash table at the same time.                  # hash table at the same time.
2234                  my %directRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );                  my %directRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );
2235                  my %otherRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );                  my %otherRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );
2236                  while (my ($linkType, $relationships) = each %directRelationships) {          for my $linkType (keys %directRelationships) {
2237                my $relationships = $directRelationships{$linkType};
2238                          # Loop through all the relationships.                          # Loop through all the relationships.
2239                          for my $relationshipName (@{$relationships}) {                          for my $relationshipName (@{$relationships}) {
2240                                  # Create joins between the entity and this relationship.                                  # Create joins between the entity and this relationship.
2241                                  my $linkField = "$relationshipName.${linkType}_link";                                  my $linkField = "$relationshipName.${linkType}_link";
2242                                  my $joinClause = "$entityName.id = $linkField";                                  my $joinClause = "$entityName.id = $linkField";
2243                    Trace("Entity join clause is $joinClause for $entityName and $relationshipName.") if T(metadata => 4);
2244                                  $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} = $joinClause;                                  $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} = $joinClause;
2245                                  $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$entityName"} = $joinClause;                                  $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$entityName"} = $joinClause;
2246                                  # Create joins between this relationship and the other relationships.                                  # Create joins between this relationship and the other relationships.
2247                                  while (my ($otherType, $otherships) = each %otherRelationships) {                  for my $otherType (keys %otherRelationships) {
2248                        my $otherships = $otherRelationships{$otherType};
2249                                          for my $otherName (@{$otherships}) {                                          for my $otherName (@{$otherships}) {
2250                                                  # Get the key for this join.                                                  # Get the key for this join.
2251                                                  my $joinKey = "$otherName/$relationshipName";                                                  my $joinKey = "$otherName/$relationshipName";
# Line 1741  Line 2255 
2255                                                          # path is ambiguous. We delete the join from the join                                                          # path is ambiguous. We delete the join from the join
2256                                                          # table to prevent it from being used.                                                          # table to prevent it from being used.
2257                                                          delete $joinTable{$joinKey};                                                          delete $joinTable{$joinKey};
2258                                Trace("Deleting ambiguous join $joinKey.") if T(4);
2259                                                  } elsif ($otherName ne $relationshipName) {                                                  } elsif ($otherName ne $relationshipName) {
2260                                                          # Here we have a valid join. Note that joins between a                                                          # Here we have a valid join. Note that joins between a
2261                                                          # relationship and itself are prohibited.                                                          # relationship and itself are prohibited.
2262                                                          $joinTable{$joinKey} = "$otherName.${otherType}_link = $linkField";                              my $relJoinClause = "$otherName.${otherType}_link = $linkField";
2263                                $joinTable{$joinKey} = $relJoinClause;
2264                                Trace("Relationship join clause is $relJoinClause for $joinKey.") if T(metadata => 4);
2265                                                  }                                                  }
2266                                          }                                          }
2267                                  }                                  }
# Line 1753  Line 2270 
2270                                  # relationship can only be ambiguous with another recursive relationship,                                  # relationship can only be ambiguous with another recursive relationship,
2271                                  # and the incoming relationship from the outer loop is never recursive.                                  # and the incoming relationship from the outer loop is never recursive.
2272                                  for my $otherName (@bothList) {                                  for my $otherName (@bothList) {
2273                        Trace("Setting up relationship joins to recursive relationship $otherName with $relationshipName.") if T(metadata => 4);
2274                                          # Join from the left.                                          # Join from the left.
2275                                          $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$otherName"} =                                          $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$otherName"} =
2276                                                  "$linkField = $otherName.from_link";                                                  "$linkField = $otherName.from_link";
# Line 1767  Line 2285 
2285                  # rise to situations where we can't create the path we want; however, it is always                  # rise to situations where we can't create the path we want; however, it is always
2286                  # possible to get the same effect using multiple queries.                  # possible to get the same effect using multiple queries.
2287                  for my $relationshipName (@bothList) {                  for my $relationshipName (@bothList) {
2288                Trace("Setting up entity joins to recursive relationship $relationshipName with $entityName.") if T(metadata => 4);
2289                          # Join to the entity from each direction.                          # Join to the entity from each direction.
2290                          $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} =                          $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} =
2291                                  "$entityName.id = $relationshipName.from_link";                                  "$entityName.id = $relationshipName.from_link";
# Line 1817  Line 2336 
2336          # index descriptor does not exist, it will be created automatically so we can add          # index descriptor does not exist, it will be created automatically so we can add
2337          # the field to it.          # the field to it.
2338          unshift @{$newIndex->{IndexFields}}, $firstField;          unshift @{$newIndex->{IndexFields}}, $firstField;
2339        # If this is a one-to-many relationship, the "To" index is unique.
2340        if ($relationshipStructure->{arity} eq "1M" && $indexKey eq "To") {
2341            $newIndex->{Unique} = 'true';
2342        }
2343          # Add the index to the relation.          # Add the index to the relation.
2344          _AddIndex("idx$relationshipName$indexKey", $relationStructure, $newIndex);          _AddIndex("idx$relationshipName$indexKey", $relationStructure, $newIndex);
2345  }  }
# Line 1906  Line 2429 
2429                  $structure->{Fields} = { };                  $structure->{Fields} = { };
2430          } else {          } else {
2431                  # Here we have a field list. Loop through its fields.                  # Here we have a field list. Loop through its fields.
2432                  while (my ($fieldName, $fieldData) = each %{$structure->{Fields}}) {          my $fieldStructures = $structure->{Fields};
2433            for my $fieldName (keys %{$fieldStructures}) {
2434                Trace("Processing field $fieldName of $defaultRelationName.") if T(4);
2435                my $fieldData = $fieldStructures->{$fieldName};
2436                          # Get the field type.                          # Get the field type.
2437                          my $type = $fieldData->{type};                          my $type = $fieldData->{type};
2438                          # Plug in a relation name if it is needed.                          # Plug in a relation name if it is needed.

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