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revision 1.38, Fri Mar 17 22:02:03 2006 UTC revision 1.46, Thu Jun 8 19:42:06 2006 UTC
# Line 9  Line 9 
9      use DBObject;      use DBObject;
10      use Stats;      use Stats;
11      use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);      use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);
12        use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_base64);
13      use FIG;      use FIG;
14    
15  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package  =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package
# Line 109  Line 110 
110  compatability with certain database packages), but the only values supported are  compatability with certain database packages), but the only values supported are
111  0 and 1.  0 and 1.
112    
113    =item id-string
114    
115    variable-length string, maximum 25 characters
116    
117  =item key-string  =item key-string
118    
119  variable-length string, maximum 40 characters  variable-length string, maximum 40 characters
# Line 125  Line 130 
130    
131  variable-length string, maximum 255 characters  variable-length string, maximum 255 characters
132    
133    =item hash-string
134    
135    variable-length string, maximum 22 characters
136    
137  =back  =back
138    
139    The hash-string data type has a special meaning. The actual key passed into the loader will
140    be a string, but it will be digested into a 22-character MD5 code to save space. Although the
141    MD5 algorithm is not perfect, it is extremely unlikely two strings will have the same
142    digest. Therefore, it is presumed the keys will be unique. When the database is actually
143    in use, the hashed keys will be presented rather than the original values. For this reason,
144    they should not be used for entities where the key is meaningful.
145    
146  =head3 Global Tags  =head3 Global Tags
147    
148  The entire database definition must be inside a B<Database> tag. The display name of  The entire database definition must be inside a B<Database> tag. The display name of
# Line 310  Line 326 
326                    date =>    { sqlType => 'BIGINT',             maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },                    date =>    { sqlType => 'BIGINT',             maxLen => 80,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },
327                    float =>   { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',   maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },                    float =>   { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION',   maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>   8, dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },
328                    boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',           maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },                    boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT',           maxLen => 1,            avgLen =>   1, dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },
329                     'hash-string' =>
330                                 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(22)',        maxLen => 22,           avgLen =>  22, dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },
331                     'id-string' =>
332                                 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(25)',        maxLen => 25,           avgLen =>  25, dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },
333                   'key-string' =>                   'key-string' =>
334                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',        maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>  10, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },                               { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)',        maxLen => 40,           avgLen =>  10, dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },
335                   'name-string' =>                   'name-string' =>
# Line 402  Line 422 
422      # Write the HTML heading stuff.      # Write the HTML heading stuff.
423      print HTMLOUT "<html>\n<head>\n<title>$title</title>\n";      print HTMLOUT "<html>\n<head>\n<title>$title</title>\n";
424      print HTMLOUT "</head>\n<body>\n";      print HTMLOUT "</head>\n<body>\n";
425        # Write the documentation.
426        print HTMLOUT $self->DisplayMetaData();
427        # Close the document.
428        print HTMLOUT "</body>\n</html>\n";
429        # Close the file.
430        close HTMLOUT;
431    }
432    
433    =head3 DisplayMetaData
434    
435    C<< my $html = $erdb->DisplayMetaData(); >>
436    
437    Return an HTML description of the database. This description can be used to help users create
438    the data to be loaded into the relations and form queries. The output is raw includable HTML
439    without any HEAD or BODY tags.
440    
441    =over 4
442    
443    =item filename
444    
445    The name of the output file.
446    
447    =back
448    
449    =cut
450    
451    sub DisplayMetaData {
452        # Get the parameters.
453        my ($self) = @_;
454        # Get the metadata and the title string.
455        my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};
456        # Get the title string.
457        my $title = $metadata->{Title};
458        # Get the entity and relationship lists.
459        my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};
460        my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};
461        # Declare the return variable.
462        my $retVal = "";
463        # Open the output file.
464        Trace("Building MetaData table of contents.") if T(4);
465      # Here we do the table of contents. It starts as an unordered list of section names. Each      # Here we do the table of contents. It starts as an unordered list of section names. Each
466      # section contains an ordered list of entity or relationship subsections.      # section contains an ordered list of entity or relationship subsections.
467      print HTMLOUT "<ul>\n<li><a href=\"#EntitiesSection\">Entities</a>\n<ol>\n";      $retVal .= "<ul>\n<li><a href=\"#EntitiesSection\">Entities</a>\n<ol>\n";
468      # Loop through the Entities, displaying a list item for each.      # Loop through the Entities, displaying a list item for each.
469      foreach my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {      foreach my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {
470          # Display this item.          # Display this item.
471          print HTMLOUT "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$key</a></li>\n";          $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$key</a></li>\n";
472      }      }
473      # Close off the entity section and start the relationship section.      # Close off the entity section and start the relationship section.
474      print HTMLOUT "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#RelationshipsSection\">Relationships</a>\n<ol>\n";      $retVal .= "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#RelationshipsSection\">Relationships</a>\n<ol>\n";
475      # Loop through the Relationships.      # Loop through the Relationships.
476      foreach my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {      foreach my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
477          # Display this item.          # Display this item.
478          my $relationshipTitle = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($key, $relationshipList->{$key});          my $relationshipTitle = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($key, $relationshipList->{$key});
479          print HTMLOUT "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$relationshipTitle</a></li>\n";          $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$relationshipTitle</a></li>\n";
480      }      }
481      # Close off the relationship section and list the join table section.      # Close off the relationship section and list the join table section.
482      print HTMLOUT "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#JoinTable\">Join Table</a></li>\n";      $retVal .= "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#JoinTable\">Join Table</a></li>\n";
483      # Close off the table of contents itself.      # Close off the table of contents itself.
484      print HTMLOUT "</ul>\n";      $retVal .=  "</ul>\n";
485      # Now we start with the actual data. Denote we're starting the entity section.      # Now we start with the actual data. Denote we're starting the entity section.
486      print HTMLOUT "<a name=\"EntitiesSection\"></a><h2>Entities</h2>\n";      $retVal .= "<a name=\"EntitiesSection\"></a><h2>Entities</h2>\n";
487      # Loop through the entities.      # Loop through the entities.
488      for my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {      for my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {
489          Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key entity.") if T(4);          Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key entity.") if T(4);
490          # Create the entity header. It contains a bookmark and the entity name.          # Create the entity header. It contains a bookmark and the entity name.
491          print HTMLOUT "<a name=\"$key\"></a><h3>$key</h3>\n";          $retVal .= "<a name=\"$key\"></a><h3>$key</h3>\n";
492          # Get the entity data.          # Get the entity data.
493          my $entityData = $entityList->{$key};          my $entityData = $entityList->{$key};
494          # If there's descriptive text, display it.          # If there's descriptive text, display it.
495          if (my $notes = $entityData->{Notes}) {          if (my $notes = $entityData->{Notes}) {
496              print HTMLOUT "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";              $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
497          }          }
498          # Now we want a list of the entity's relationships. First, we set up the relationship subsection.          # Now we want a list of the entity's relationships. First, we set up the relationship subsection.
499          print HTMLOUT "<h4>Relationships for <b>$key</b></h4>\n<ul>\n";          $retVal .= "<h4>Relationships for <b>$key</b></h4>\n<ul>\n";
500          # Loop through the relationships.          # Loop through the relationships.
501          for my $relationship (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {          for my $relationship (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
502              # Get the relationship data.              # Get the relationship data.
# Line 446  Line 506 
506                  # Get the relationship sentence and append the arity.                  # Get the relationship sentence and append the arity.
507                  my $relationshipDescription = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($relationship, $relationshipStructure);                  my $relationshipDescription = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($relationship, $relationshipStructure);
508                  # Display the relationship data.                  # Display the relationship data.
509                  print HTMLOUT "<li><a href=\"#$relationship\">$relationshipDescription</a></li>\n";                  $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$relationship\">$relationshipDescription</a></li>\n";
510              }              }
511          }          }
512          # Close off the relationship list.          # Close off the relationship list.
513          print HTMLOUT "</ul>\n";          $retVal .= "</ul>\n";
514          # Get the entity's relations.          # Get the entity's relations.
515          my $relationList = $entityData->{Relations};          my $relationList = $entityData->{Relations};
516          # Create a header for the relation subsection.          # Create a header for the relation subsection.
517          print HTMLOUT "<h4>Relations for <b>$key</b></h4>\n";          $retVal .= "<h4>Relations for <b>$key</b></h4>\n";
518          # Loop through the relations, displaying them.          # Loop through the relations, displaying them.
519          for my $relation (sort keys %{$relationList}) {          for my $relation (sort keys %{$relationList}) {
520              my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($relation, $relationList->{$relation});              my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($relation, $relationList->{$relation});
521              print HTMLOUT $htmlString;              $retVal .= $htmlString;
522          }          }
523      }      }
524      # Denote we're starting the relationship section.      # Denote we're starting the relationship section.
525      print HTMLOUT "<a name=\"RelationshipsSection\"></a><h2>Relationships</h2>\n";      $retVal .= "<a name=\"RelationshipsSection\"></a><h2>Relationships</h2>\n";
526      # Loop through the relationships.      # Loop through the relationships.
527      for my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {      for my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
528          Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key relationship.") if T(4);          Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key relationship.") if T(4);
# Line 470  Line 530 
530          my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$key};          my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$key};
531          # Create the relationship header.          # Create the relationship header.
532          my $headerText = _ComputeRelationshipHeading($key, $relationshipStructure);          my $headerText = _ComputeRelationshipHeading($key, $relationshipStructure);
533          print HTMLOUT "<h3><a name=\"$key\"></a>$headerText</h3>\n";          $retVal .= "<h3><a name=\"$key\"></a>$headerText</h3>\n";
534          # Get the entity names.          # Get the entity names.
535          my $fromEntity = $relationshipStructure->{from};          my $fromEntity = $relationshipStructure->{from};
536          my $toEntity = $relationshipStructure->{to};          my $toEntity = $relationshipStructure->{to};
# Line 480  Line 540 
540          # since both sentences will say the same thing.          # since both sentences will say the same thing.
541          my $arity = $relationshipStructure->{arity};          my $arity = $relationshipStructure->{arity};
542          if ($arity eq "11") {          if ($arity eq "11") {
543              print HTMLOUT "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to at most one <b>$toEntity</b>.\n";              $retVal .= "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to at most one <b>$toEntity</b>.\n";
544          } else {          } else {
545              print HTMLOUT "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$toEntity</b>s.\n";              $retVal .= "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$toEntity</b>s.\n";
546              if ($arity eq "MM" && $fromEntity ne $toEntity) {              if ($arity eq "MM" && $fromEntity ne $toEntity) {
547                  print HTMLOUT "Each <b>$toEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$fromEntity</b>s.\n";                  $retVal .= "Each <b>$toEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$fromEntity</b>s.\n";
548              }              }
549          }          }
550          print HTMLOUT "</p>\n";          $retVal .= "</p>\n";
551          # If there are notes on this relationship, display them.          # If there are notes on this relationship, display them.
552          if (my $notes = $relationshipStructure->{Notes}) {          if (my $notes = $relationshipStructure->{Notes}) {
553              print HTMLOUT "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";              $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
554          }          }
555          # Generate the relationship's relation table.          # Generate the relationship's relation table.
556          my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($key, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$key});          my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($key, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$key});
557          print HTMLOUT $htmlString;          $retVal .= $htmlString;
558      }      }
559      Trace("Building MetaData join table.") if T(4);      Trace("Building MetaData join table.") if T(4);
560      # Denote we're starting the join table.      # Denote we're starting the join table.
561      print HTMLOUT "<a name=\"JoinTable\"></a><h3>Join Table</h3>\n";      $retVal .= "<a name=\"JoinTable\"></a><h3>Join Table</h3>\n";
562      # Create a table header.      # Create a table header.
563      print HTMLOUT _OpenTable("Join Table", "Source", "Target", "Join Condition");      $retVal .= _OpenTable("Join Table", "Source", "Target", "Join Condition");
564      # Loop through the joins.      # Loop through the joins.
565      my $joinTable = $metadata->{Joins};      my $joinTable = $metadata->{Joins};
566      my @joinKeys = keys %{$joinTable};      my @joinKeys = keys %{$joinTable};
# Line 513  Line 573 
573          my $target = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($targetRelation);          my $target = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($targetRelation);
574          my $clause = $joinTable->{$joinKey};          my $clause = $joinTable->{$joinKey};
575          # Display them in a table row.          # Display them in a table row.
576          print HTMLOUT "<tr><td>$source</td><td>$target</td><td>$clause</td></tr>\n";          $retVal .= "<tr><td>$source</td><td>$target</td><td>$clause</td></tr>\n";
577      }      }
578      # Close the table.      # Close the table.
579      print HTMLOUT _CloseTable();      $retVal .= _CloseTable();
580      # Close the document.      Trace("Built MetaData HTML.") if T(3);
581      print HTMLOUT "</body>\n</html>\n";      # Return the HTML.
582      # Close the file.      return $retVal;
     close HTMLOUT;  
     Trace("Built MetaData web page.") if T(3);  
583  }  }
584    
585  =head3 DumpMetaData  =head3 DumpMetaData
# Line 687  Line 745 
745      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
746  }  }
747    
748    =head3 DigestFields
749    
750    C<< $erdb->DigestFields($relName, $fieldList); >>
751    
752    Digest the strings in the field list that correspond to data type C<hash-string> in the
753    specified relation.
754    
755    =over 4
756    
757    =item relName
758    
759    Name of the relation to which the fields belong.
760    
761    =item fieldList
762    
763    List of field contents to be loaded into the relation.
764    
765    =back
766    
767    =cut
768    #: Return Type ;
769    sub DigestFields {
770        # Get the parameters.
771        my ($self, $relName, $fieldList) = @_;
772        # Get the relation definition.
773        my $relData = $self->_FindRelation($relName);
774        # Get the list of field descriptors.
775        my $fieldTypes = $relData->{Fields};
776        my $fieldCount = scalar @{$fieldTypes};
777        # Loop through the two lists.
778        for (my $i = 0; $i < $fieldCount; $i++) {
779            # Get the type of the current field.
780            my $fieldType = $fieldTypes->[$i]->{type};
781            # If it's a hash string, digest it in place.
782            if ($fieldType eq 'hash-string') {
783                $fieldList->[$i] = $self->DigestKey($fieldList->[$i]);
784            }
785        }
786    }
787    
788    =head3 DigestKey
789    
790    C<< my $digested = $erdb->DigestKey($keyValue); >>
791    
792    Return the digested value of a symbolic key. The digested value can then be plugged into a
793    key-based search into a table with key-type hash-string.
794    
795    Currently the digesting process is independent of the database structure, but that may not
796    always be the case, so this is an instance method instead of a static method.
797    
798    =over 4
799    
800    =item keyValue
801    
802    Key value to digest.
803    
804    =item RETURN
805    
806    Digested value ofthe key.
807    
808    =back
809    
810    =cut
811    
812    sub DigestKey {
813        # Get the parameters.
814        my ($self, $keyValue) = @_;
815        # Compute the digest.
816        my $retVal = md5_base64($keyValue);
817        # Return the result.
818        return $retVal;
819    }
820    
821  =head3 CreateIndex  =head3 CreateIndex
822    
823  C<< $erdb->CreateIndex($relationName); >>  C<< $erdb->CreateIndex($relationName); >>
# Line 848  Line 979 
979    
980  =head3 Get  =head3 Get
981    
982  C<< my $query = $erdb->Get(\@objectNames, $filterClause, $param1, $param2, ..., $paramN); >>  C<< my $query = $erdb->Get(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@params); >>
983    
984  This method returns a query object for entities of a specified type using a specified filter.  This method returns a query object for entities of a specified type using a specified filter.
985  The filter is a standard WHERE/ORDER BY clause with question marks as parameter markers and each  The filter is a standard WHERE/ORDER BY clause with question marks as parameter markers and each
# Line 856  Line 987 
987  following call requests all B<Genome> objects for the genus specified in the variable  following call requests all B<Genome> objects for the genus specified in the variable
988  $genus.  $genus.
989    
990  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = ?", [$genus]); >>
991    
992  The WHERE clause contains a single question mark, so there is a single additional  The WHERE clause contains a single question mark, so there is a single additional
993  parameter representing the parameter value. It would also be possible to code  parameter representing the parameter value. It would also be possible to code
# Line 873  Line 1004 
1004  It is possible to specify multiple entity and relationship names in order to retrieve more than  It is possible to specify multiple entity and relationship names in order to retrieve more than
1005  one object's data at the same time, which allows highly complex joined queries. For example,  one object's data at the same time, which allows highly complex joined queries. For example,
1006    
1007  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome', 'ComesFrom', 'Source'], "Genome(genus) = ?", $genus); >>  C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome', 'ComesFrom', 'Source'], "Genome(genus) = ?", [$genus]); >>
1008    
1009  If multiple names are specified, then the query processor will automatically determine a  If multiple names are specified, then the query processor will automatically determine a
1010  join path between the entities and relationships. The algorithm used is very simplistic.  join path between the entities and relationships. The algorithm used is very simplistic.
1011  In particular, you can't specify any entity or relationship more than once, and if a  In particular, if a relationship is recursive, the path is determined by the order in which
1012  relationship is recursive, the path is determined by the order in which the entity  the entity and the relationship appear. For example, consider a recursive relationship
1013  and the relationship appear. For example, consider a recursive relationship B<IsParentOf>  B<IsParentOf> which relates B<People> objects to other B<People> objects. If the join path is
 which relates B<People> objects to other B<People> objects. If the join path is  
1014  coded as C<['People', 'IsParentOf']>, then the people returned will be parents. If, however,  coded as C<['People', 'IsParentOf']>, then the people returned will be parents. If, however,
1015  the join path is C<['IsParentOf', 'People']>, then the people returned will be children.  the join path is C<['IsParentOf', 'People']>, then the people returned will be children.
1016    
1017    If an entity or relationship is mentioned twice, the name for the second occurrence will
1018    be suffixed with C<2>, the third occurrence will be suffixed with C<3>, and so forth. So,
1019    for example, if we have C<['Feature', 'HasContig', 'Contig', 'HasContig']>, then the
1020    B<to-link> field of the first B<HasContig> is specified as C<HasContig(to-link)>, while
1021    the B<to-link> field of the second B<HasContig> is specified as C<HasContig2(to-link)>.
1022    
1023  =over 4  =over 4
1024    
1025  =item objectNames  =item objectNames
# Line 913  Line 1049 
1049  filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary  filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary
1050  relation.  relation.
1051    
1052  =item param1, param2, ..., paramN  Finally, you can limit the number of rows returned by adding a LIMIT clause. The LIMIT must
1053    be the last thing in the filter clause, and it contains only the word "LIMIT" followed by
1054    a positive number. So, for example
1055    
1056    C<< "Genome(genus) = ? ORDER BY Genome(species) LIMIT 10" >>
1057    
1058    will only return the first ten genomes for the specified genus. The ORDER BY clause is not
1059    required. For example, to just get the first 10 genomes in the B<Genome> table, you could
1060    use
1061    
1062    C<< "LIMIT 10" >>
1063    
1064  Parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.  =item params
1065    
1066    Reference to a list of parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.
1067    
1068  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1069    
# Line 927  Line 1075 
1075    
1076  sub Get {  sub Get {
1077      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1078      my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, @params) = @_;      my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;
1079      # Construct the SELECT statement. The general pattern is      # Process the SQL stuff.
1080      #      my ($suffix, $mappedNameListRef, $mappedNameHashRef) =
1081      # SELECT name1.*, name2.*, ... nameN.* FROM name1, name2, ... nameN          $self->_SetupSQL($objectNames, $filterClause);
1082      #      # Create the query.
1083      my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};      my $command = "SELECT DISTINCT " . join(".*, ", @{$mappedNameListRef}) .
1084      my $command = "SELECT DISTINCT " . join('.*, ', @{$objectNames}) . ".* FROM " .          ".* $suffix";
1085                  join(', ', @{$objectNames});      my $sth = $self->_GetStatementHandle($command, $params);
1086      # Check for a filter clause.      # Now we create the relation map, which enables DBQuery to determine the order, name
1087      if ($filterClause) {      # and mapped name for each object in the query.
1088          # Here we have one, so we convert its field names and add it to the query. First,      my @relationMap = ();
1089          # We create a copy of the filter string we can work with.      for my $mappedName (@{$mappedNameListRef}) {
1090          my $filterString = $filterClause;          push @relationMap, [$mappedName, $mappedNameHashRef->{$mappedName}];
         # Next, we sort the object names by length. This helps protect us from finding  
         # object names inside other object names when we're doing our search and replace.  
         my @sortedNames = sort { length($b) - length($a) } @{$objectNames};  
         # We will also keep a list of conditions to add to the WHERE clause in order to link  
         # entities and relationships as well as primary relations to secondary ones.  
         my @joinWhere = ();  
         # The final preparatory step is to create a hash table of relation names. The  
         # table begins with the relation names already in the SELECT command.  
         my %fromNames = ();  
         for my $objectName (@sortedNames) {  
             $fromNames{$objectName} = 1;  
         }  
         # We are ready to begin. We loop through the object names, replacing each  
         # object name's field references by the corresponding SQL field reference.  
         # Along the way, if we find a secondary relation, we will need to add it  
         # to the FROM clause.  
         for my $objectName (@sortedNames) {  
             # Get the length of the object name plus 2. This is the value we add to the  
             # size of the field name to determine the size of the field reference as a  
             # whole.  
             my $nameLength = 2 + length $objectName;  
             # Get the object's field list.  
             my $fieldList = $self->GetFieldTable($objectName);  
             # Find the field references for this object.  
             while ($filterString =~ m/$objectName\(([^)]*)\)/g) {  
                 # At this point, $1 contains the field name, and the current position  
                 # is set immediately after the final parenthesis. We pull out the name of  
                 # the field and the position and length of the field reference as a whole.  
                 my $fieldName = $1;  
                 my $len = $nameLength + length $fieldName;  
                 my $pos = pos($filterString) - $len;  
                 # Insure the field exists.  
                 if (!exists $fieldList->{$fieldName}) {  
                     Confess("Field $fieldName not found for object $objectName.");  
                 } else {  
                     # Get the field's relation.  
                     my $relationName = $fieldList->{$fieldName}->{relation};  
                     # Insure the relation is in the FROM clause.  
                     if (!exists $fromNames{$relationName}) {  
                         # Add the relation to the FROM clause.  
                         $command .= ", $relationName";  
                         # Create its join sub-clause.  
                         push @joinWhere, "$objectName.id = $relationName.id";  
                         # Denote we have it available for future fields.  
                         $fromNames{$relationName} = 1;  
                     }  
                     # Form an SQL field reference from the relation name and the field name.  
                     my $sqlReference = "$relationName." . _FixName($fieldName);  
                     # Put it into the filter string in place of the old value.  
                     substr($filterString, $pos, $len) = $sqlReference;  
                     # Reposition the search.  
                     pos $filterString = $pos + length $sqlReference;  
                 }  
             }  
         }  
         # The next step is to join the objects together. We only need to do this if there  
         # is more than one object in the object list. We start with the first object and  
         # run through the objects after it. Note also that we make a safety copy of the  
         # list before running through it.  
         my @objectList = @{$objectNames};  
         my $lastObject = shift @objectList;  
         # Get the join table.  
         my $joinTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Joins};  
         # Loop through the object list.  
         for my $thisObject (@objectList) {  
             # Look for a join.  
             my $joinKey = "$lastObject/$thisObject";  
             if (!exists $joinTable->{$joinKey}) {  
                 # Here there's no join, so we throw an error.  
                 Confess("No join exists to connect from $lastObject to $thisObject.");  
             } else {  
                 # Get the join clause and add it to the WHERE list.  
                 push @joinWhere, $joinTable->{$joinKey};  
                 # Save this object as the last object for the next iteration.  
                 $lastObject = $thisObject;  
             }  
         }  
         # Now we need to handle the whole ORDER BY / LIMIT thing. The important part  
         # here is we want the filter clause to be empty if there's no WHERE filter.  
         # We'll put the ORDER BY / LIMIT clauses in the following variable.  
         my $orderClause = "";  
         # Locate the ORDER BY or LIMIT verbs (if any). We use a non-greedy  
         # operator so that we find the first occurrence of either verb.  
         if ($filterString =~ m/^(.*?)\s*(ORDER BY|LIMIT)/g) {  
             # Here we have an ORDER BY or LIMIT verb. Split it off of the filter string.  
             my $pos = pos $filterString;  
             $orderClause = $2 . substr($filterString, $pos);  
             $filterString = $1;  
         }  
         # Add the filter and the join clauses (if any) to the SELECT command.  
         if ($filterString) {  
             push @joinWhere, "($filterString)";  
         }  
         if (@joinWhere) {  
             $command .= " WHERE " . join(' AND ', @joinWhere);  
         }  
         # Add the sort or limit clause (if any) to the SELECT command.  
         if ($orderClause) {  
             $command .= " $orderClause";  
         }  
1091      }      }
     Trace("SQL query: $command") if T(SQL => 4);  
     Trace("PARMS: '" . (join "', '", @params) . "'") if (T(SQL => 4) && (@params > 0));  
     my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);  
     # Execute it with the parameters bound in.  
     $sth->execute(@params) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());  
1092      # Return the statement object.      # Return the statement object.
1093      my $retVal = DBQuery::_new($self, $sth, @{$objectNames});      my $retVal = DBQuery::_new($self, $sth, \@relationMap);
1094      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
1095  }  }
1096    
1097    =head3 GetFlat
1098    
1099    C<< my @list = $erdb->GetFlat(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@parameterList, $field); >>
1100    
1101    This is a variation of L</GetAll> that asks for only a single field per record and
1102    returns a single flattened list.
1103    
1104    =over 4
1105    
1106    =item objectNames
1107    
1108    List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1109    
1110    =item filterClause
1111    
1112    WHERE/ORDER BY clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1113    be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used must be specified in the standard form
1114    B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified in the filter clause should be added to the
1115    parameter list as additional parameters. The fields in a filter clause can come from primary
1116    entity relations, relationship relations, or secondary entity relations; however, all of the
1117    entities and relationships involved must be included in the list of object names.
1118    
1119    =item parameterList
1120    
1121    List of the parameters to be substituted in for the parameters marks in the filter clause.
1122    
1123    =item field
1124    
1125    Name of the field to be used to get the elements of the list returned.
1126    
1127    =item RETURN
1128    
1129    Returns a list of values.
1130    
1131    =back
1132    
1133    =cut
1134    #: Return Type @;
1135    sub GetFlat {
1136        # Get the parameters.
1137        my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList, $field) = @_;
1138        # Construct the query.
1139        my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList);
1140        # Create the result list.
1141        my @retVal = ();
1142        # Loop through the records, adding the field values found to the result list.
1143        while (my $row = $query->Fetch()) {
1144            push @retVal, $row->Value($field);
1145        }
1146        # Return the list created.
1147        return @retVal;
1148    }
1149    
1150  =head3 Delete  =head3 Delete
1151    
1152  C<< my $stats = $erdb->Delete($entityName, $objectID); >>  C<< my $stats = $erdb->Delete($entityName, $objectID); >>
# Line 1221  Line 1317 
1317    
1318  =head3 GetList  =head3 GetList
1319    
1320  C<< my @dbObjects = $erdb->GetList(\@objectNames, $filterClause, $param1, $param2, ..., $paramN); >>  C<< my @dbObjects = $erdb->GetList(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@params); >>
1321    
1322  Return a list of object descriptors for the specified objects as determined by the  Return a list of object descriptors for the specified objects as determined by the
1323  specified filter clause.  specified filter clause.
# Line 1255  Line 1351 
1351  filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary  filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary
1352  relation.  relation.
1353    
1354  =item param1, param2, ..., paramN  =item params
1355    
1356  Parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.  Reference to a list of parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.
1357    
1358  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1359    
# Line 1269  Line 1365 
1365  #: Return Type @%  #: Return Type @%
1366  sub GetList {  sub GetList {
1367      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1368      my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, @params) = @_;      my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;
1369      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
1370      my @retVal = ();      my @retVal = ();
1371      # Perform the query.      # Perform the query.
1372      my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, @params);      my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, $params);
1373      # Loop through the results.      # Loop through the results.
1374      while (my $object = $query->Fetch) {      while (my $object = $query->Fetch) {
1375          push @retVal, $object;          push @retVal, $object;
# Line 1282  Line 1378 
1378      return @retVal;      return @retVal;
1379  }  }
1380    
1381    =head3 GetCount
1382    
1383    C<< my $count = $erdb->GetCount(\@objectNames, $filter, \@params); >>
1384    
1385    Return the number of rows found by a specified query. This method would
1386    normally be used to count the records in a single table. For example, in a
1387    genetics database
1388    
1389        my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['Genome'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?', ['homo %']);
1390    
1391    would return the number of genomes for the genus I<homo>. It is conceivable, however,
1392    to use it to return records based on a join. For example,
1393    
1394        my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['Feature', 'Genome'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?',
1395                                    ['homo %']);
1396    
1397    would return the number of features for genomes in the genus I<homo>. Note that
1398    only the rows from the first table are counted. If the above command were
1399    
1400        my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['Genome', 'Feature'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?',
1401                                    ['homo %']);
1402    
1403    it would return the number of genomes, not the number of genome/feature pairs.
1404    
1405    =over 4
1406    
1407    =item objectNames
1408    
1409    Reference to a list of the objects (entities and relationships) included in the
1410    query.
1411    
1412    =item filter
1413    
1414    A filter clause for restricting the query. The rules are the same as for the L</Get>
1415    method.
1416    
1417    =item params
1418    
1419    Reference to a list of the parameter values to be substituted for the parameter marks
1420    in the filter.
1421    
1422    =item RETURN
1423    
1424    Returns a count of the number of records in the first table that would satisfy
1425    the query.
1426    
1427    =back
1428    
1429    =cut
1430    
1431    sub GetCount {
1432        # Get the parameters.
1433        my ($self, $objectNames, $filter, $params) = @_;
1434        # Declare the return variable.
1435        my $retVal;
1436        # Create the SQL command suffix to get the desired records.
1437        my ($suffix, $mappedNameListRef, $mappedNameHashRef) = $self->_SetupSQL($objectNames,
1438                                                                                $filter);
1439        # Prefix it with text telling it we want a record count.
1440        my $firstObject = $mappedNameListRef->[0];
1441        my $command = "SELECT COUNT($firstObject.id) $suffix";
1442        # Prepare and execute the command.
1443        my $sth = $self->_GetStatementHandle($command, $params);
1444        # Get the count value.
1445        ($retVal) = $sth->fetchrow_array();
1446        # Check for a problem.
1447        if (! defined($retVal)) {
1448            if ($sth->err) {
1449                # Here we had an SQL error.
1450                Confess("Error retrieving row count: " . $sth->errstr());
1451            } else {
1452                # Here we have no result.
1453                Confess("No result attempting to retrieve row count.");
1454            }
1455        }
1456        # Return the result.
1457        return $retVal;
1458    }
1459    
1460  =head3 ComputeObjectSentence  =head3 ComputeObjectSentence
1461    
1462  C<< my $sentence = $erdb->ComputeObjectSentence($objectName); >>  C<< my $sentence = $erdb->ComputeObjectSentence($objectName); >>
# Line 1677  Line 1852 
1852      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1853      my ($self, $entityType, $ID) = @_;      my ($self, $entityType, $ID) = @_;
1854      # Create a query.      # Create a query.
1855      my $query = $self->Get([$entityType], "$entityType(id) = ?", $ID);      my $query = $self->Get([$entityType], "$entityType(id) = ?", [$ID]);
1856      # Get the first (and only) object.      # Get the first (and only) object.
1857      my $retVal = $query->Fetch();      my $retVal = $query->Fetch();
1858      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
# Line 1790  Line 1965 
1965      # list is a scalar we convert it into a singleton list.      # list is a scalar we convert it into a singleton list.
1966      my @parmList = ();      my @parmList = ();
1967      if (ref $parameterList eq "ARRAY") {      if (ref $parameterList eq "ARRAY") {
1968            Trace("GetAll parm list is an array.") if T(4);
1969          @parmList = @{$parameterList};          @parmList = @{$parameterList};
1970      } else {      } else {
1971            Trace("GetAll parm list is a scalar: $parameterList.") if T(4);
1972          push @parmList, $parameterList;          push @parmList, $parameterList;
1973      }      }
1974      # Insure the counter has a value.      # Insure the counter has a value.
# Line 1803  Line 1980 
1980          $filterClause .= " LIMIT $count";          $filterClause .= " LIMIT $count";
1981      }      }
1982      # Create the query.      # Create the query.
1983      my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, @parmList);      my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, \@parmList);
1984      # Set up a counter of the number of records read.      # Set up a counter of the number of records read.
1985      my $fetched = 0;      my $fetched = 0;
1986      # Loop through the records returned, extracting the fields. Note that if the      # Loop through the records returned, extracting the fields. Note that if the
# Line 1948  Line 2125 
2125    
2126  =head2 Internal Utility Methods  =head2 Internal Utility Methods
2127    
2128    =head3 SetupSQL
2129    
2130    Process a list of object names and a filter clause so that they can be used to
2131    build an SQL statement. This method takes in a reference to a list of object names
2132    and a filter clause. It will return a corrected filter clause, a list of mapped
2133    names and the mapped name hash.
2134    
2135    This is an instance method.
2136    
2137    =over 4
2138    
2139    =item objectNames
2140    
2141    Reference to a list of the object names to be included in the query.
2142    
2143    =item filterClause
2144    
2145    A string containing the WHERE clause for the query (without the C<WHERE>) and also
2146    optionally the C<ORDER BY> and C<LIMIT> clauses.
2147    
2148    =item RETURN
2149    
2150    Returns a three-element list. The first element is the SQL statement suffix, beginning
2151    with the FROM clause. The second element is a reference to a list of the names to be
2152    used in retrieving the fields. The third element is a hash mapping the names to the
2153    objects they represent.
2154    
2155    =back
2156    
2157    =cut
2158    
2159    sub _SetupSQL {
2160        my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause) = @_;
2161        # Adjust the list of object names to account for multiple occurrences of the
2162        # same object. We start with a hash table keyed on object name that will
2163        # return the object suffix. The first time an object is encountered it will
2164        # not be found in the hash. The next time the hash will map the object name
2165        # to 2, then 3, and so forth.
2166        my %objectHash = ();
2167        # This list will contain the object names as they are to appear in the
2168        # FROM list.
2169        my @fromList = ();
2170        # This list contains the suffixed object name for each object. It is exactly
2171        # parallel to the list in the $objectNames parameter.
2172        my @mappedNameList = ();
2173        # Finally, this hash translates from a mapped name to its original object name.
2174        my %mappedNameHash = ();
2175        # Now we create the lists. Note that for every single name we push something into
2176        # @fromList and @mappedNameList. This insures that those two arrays are exactly
2177        # parallel to $objectNames.
2178        for my $objectName (@{$objectNames}) {
2179            # Get the next suffix for this object.
2180            my $suffix = $objectHash{$objectName};
2181            if (! $suffix) {
2182                # Here we are seeing the object for the first time. The object name
2183                # is used as is.
2184                push @mappedNameList, $objectName;
2185                push @fromList, $objectName;
2186                $mappedNameHash{$objectName} = $objectName;
2187                # Denote the next suffix will be 2.
2188                $objectHash{$objectName} = 2;
2189            } else {
2190                # Here we've seen the object before. We construct a new name using
2191                # the suffix from the hash and update the hash.
2192                my $mappedName = "$objectName$suffix";
2193                $objectHash{$objectName} = $suffix + 1;
2194                # The FROM list has the object name followed by the mapped name. This
2195                # tells SQL it's still the same table, but we're using a different name
2196                # for it to avoid confusion.
2197                push @fromList, "$objectName $mappedName";
2198                # The mapped-name list contains the real mapped name.
2199                push @mappedNameList, $mappedName;
2200                # Finally, enable us to get back from the mapped name to the object name.
2201                $mappedNameHash{$mappedName} = $objectName;
2202            }
2203        }
2204        # Begin the SELECT suffix. It starts with
2205        #
2206        # FROM name1, name2, ... nameN
2207        #
2208        my $suffix = "FROM " . join(', ', @fromList);
2209        # Check for a filter clause.
2210        if ($filterClause) {
2211            # Here we have one, so we convert its field names and add it to the query. First,
2212            # We create a copy of the filter string we can work with.
2213            my $filterString = $filterClause;
2214            # Next, we sort the object names by length. This helps protect us from finding
2215            # object names inside other object names when we're doing our search and replace.
2216            my @sortedNames = sort { length($b) - length($a) } @mappedNameList;
2217            # We will also keep a list of conditions to add to the WHERE clause in order to link
2218            # entities and relationships as well as primary relations to secondary ones.
2219            my @joinWhere = ();
2220            # The final preparatory step is to create a hash table of relation names. The
2221            # table begins with the relation names already in the SELECT command. We may
2222            # need to add relations later if there is filtering on a field in a secondary
2223            # relation. The secondary relations are the ones that contain multiply-
2224            # occurring or optional fields.
2225            my %fromNames = map { $_ => 1 } @sortedNames;
2226            # We are ready to begin. We loop through the object names, replacing each
2227            # object name's field references by the corresponding SQL field reference.
2228            # Along the way, if we find a secondary relation, we will need to add it
2229            # to the FROM clause.
2230            for my $mappedName (@sortedNames) {
2231                # Get the length of the object name plus 2. This is the value we add to the
2232                # size of the field name to determine the size of the field reference as a
2233                # whole.
2234                my $nameLength = 2 + length $mappedName;
2235                # Get the real object name for this mapped name.
2236                my $objectName = $mappedNameHash{$mappedName};
2237                Trace("Processing $mappedName for object $objectName.") if T(4);
2238                # Get the object's field list.
2239                my $fieldList = $self->GetFieldTable($objectName);
2240                # Find the field references for this object.
2241                while ($filterString =~ m/$mappedName\(([^)]*)\)/g) {
2242                    # At this point, $1 contains the field name, and the current position
2243                    # is set immediately after the final parenthesis. We pull out the name of
2244                    # the field and the position and length of the field reference as a whole.
2245                    my $fieldName = $1;
2246                    my $len = $nameLength + length $fieldName;
2247                    my $pos = pos($filterString) - $len;
2248                    # Insure the field exists.
2249                    if (!exists $fieldList->{$fieldName}) {
2250                        Confess("Field $fieldName not found for object $objectName.");
2251                    } else {
2252                        Trace("Processing $fieldName at position $pos.") if T(4);
2253                        # Get the field's relation.
2254                        my $relationName = $fieldList->{$fieldName}->{relation};
2255                        # Now we have a secondary relation. We need to insure it matches the
2256                        # mapped name of the primary relation. First we peel off the suffix
2257                        # from the mapped name.
2258                        my $mappingSuffix = substr $mappedName, length($objectName);
2259                        # Put the mapping suffix onto the relation name to get the
2260                        # mapped relation name.
2261                        my $mappedRelationName = "$relationName$mappingSuffix";
2262                        # Insure the relation is in the FROM clause.
2263                        if (!exists $fromNames{$mappedRelationName}) {
2264                            # Add the relation to the FROM clause.
2265                            if ($mappedRelationName eq $relationName) {
2266                                # The name is un-mapped, so we add it without
2267                                # any frills.
2268                                $suffix .= ", $relationName";
2269                                push @joinWhere, "$objectName.id = $relationName.id";
2270                            } else {
2271                                # Here we have a mapping situation.
2272                                $suffix .= ", $relationName $mappedRelationName";
2273                                push @joinWhere, "$mappedRelationName.id = $mappedName.id";
2274                            }
2275                            # Denote we have this relation available for future fields.
2276                            $fromNames{$mappedRelationName} = 1;
2277                        }
2278                        # Form an SQL field reference from the relation name and the field name.
2279                        my $sqlReference = "$mappedRelationName." . _FixName($fieldName);
2280                        # Put it into the filter string in place of the old value.
2281                        substr($filterString, $pos, $len) = $sqlReference;
2282                        # Reposition the search.
2283                        pos $filterString = $pos + length $sqlReference;
2284                    }
2285                }
2286            }
2287            # The next step is to join the objects together. We only need to do this if there
2288            # is more than one object in the object list. We start with the first object and
2289            # run through the objects after it. Note also that we make a safety copy of the
2290            # list before running through it.
2291            my @mappedObjectList = @mappedNameList;
2292            my $lastMappedObject = shift @mappedObjectList;
2293            # Get the join table.
2294            my $joinTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Joins};
2295            # Loop through the object list.
2296            for my $thisMappedObject (@mappedObjectList) {
2297                # Look for a join using the real object names.
2298                my $lastObject = $mappedNameHash{$lastMappedObject};
2299                my $thisObject = $mappedNameHash{$thisMappedObject};
2300                my $joinKey = "$lastObject/$thisObject";
2301                if (!exists $joinTable->{$joinKey}) {
2302                    # Here there's no join, so we throw an error.
2303                    Confess("No join exists to connect from $lastMappedObject to $thisMappedObject.");
2304                } else {
2305                    # Get the join clause.
2306                    my $unMappedJoin = $joinTable->{$joinKey};
2307                    # Fix the names.
2308                    $unMappedJoin =~ s/$lastObject/$lastMappedObject/;
2309                    $unMappedJoin =~ s/$thisObject/$thisMappedObject/;
2310                    push @joinWhere, $unMappedJoin;
2311                    # Save this object as the last object for the next iteration.
2312                    $lastMappedObject = $thisMappedObject;
2313                }
2314            }
2315            # Now we need to handle the whole ORDER BY / LIMIT thing. The important part
2316            # here is we want the filter clause to be empty if there's no WHERE filter.
2317            # We'll put the ORDER BY / LIMIT clauses in the following variable.
2318            my $orderClause = "";
2319            # Locate the ORDER BY or LIMIT verbs (if any). We use a non-greedy
2320            # operator so that we find the first occurrence of either verb.
2321            if ($filterString =~ m/^(.*?)\s*(ORDER BY|LIMIT)/g) {
2322                # Here we have an ORDER BY or LIMIT verb. Split it off of the filter string.
2323                my $pos = pos $filterString;
2324                $orderClause = $2 . substr($filterString, $pos);
2325                $filterString = $1;
2326            }
2327            # Add the filter and the join clauses (if any) to the SELECT command.
2328            if ($filterString) {
2329                Trace("Filter string is \"$filterString\".") if T(4);
2330                push @joinWhere, "($filterString)";
2331            }
2332            if (@joinWhere) {
2333                $suffix .= " WHERE " . join(' AND ', @joinWhere);
2334            }
2335            # Add the sort or limit clause (if any) to the SELECT command.
2336            if ($orderClause) {
2337                $suffix .= " $orderClause";
2338            }
2339        }
2340        # Return the suffix, the mapped name list, and the mapped name hash.
2341        return ($suffix, \@mappedNameList, \%mappedNameHash);
2342    }
2343    
2344    =head3 GetStatementHandle
2345    
2346    This method will prepare and execute an SQL query, returning the statement handle.
2347    The main reason for doing this here is so that everybody who does SQL queries gets
2348    the benefit of tracing.
2349    
2350    This is an instance method.
2351    
2352    =over 4
2353    
2354    =item command
2355    
2356    Command to prepare and execute.
2357    
2358    =item params
2359    
2360    Reference to a list of the values to be substituted in for the parameter marks.
2361    
2362    =item RETURN
2363    
2364    Returns a prepared and executed statement handle from which the caller can extract
2365    results.
2366    
2367    =back
2368    
2369    =cut
2370    
2371    sub _GetStatementHandle {
2372        # Get the parameters.
2373        my ($self, $command, $params) = @_;
2374        # Trace the query.
2375        Trace("SQL query: $command") if T(SQL => 3);
2376        Trace("PARMS: '" . (join "', '", @{$params}) . "'") if (T(SQL => 4) && (@{$params} > 0));
2377        # Get the database handle.
2378        my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
2379        # Prepare the command.
2380        my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);
2381        # Execute it with the parameters bound in.
2382        $sth->execute(@{$params}) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());
2383        # Return the statement handle.
2384        return $sth;
2385    }
2386    
2387  =head3 GetLoadStats  =head3 GetLoadStats
2388    
2389  Return a blank statistics object for use by the load methods.  Return a blank statistics object for use by the load methods.
# Line 2505  Line 2941 
2941              # Determine if this relationship has our entity in one of its link fields.              # Determine if this relationship has our entity in one of its link fields.
2942              my $fromEntity = $relationship->{from};              my $fromEntity = $relationship->{from};
2943              my $toEntity = $relationship->{to};              my $toEntity = $relationship->{to};
2944              Trace("Join check for relationship $relationshipName from $fromEntity to $toEntity.") if T(4);              Trace("Join check for relationship $relationshipName from $fromEntity to $toEntity.") if T(Joins => 4);
2945              if ($fromEntity eq $entityName) {              if ($fromEntity eq $entityName) {
2946                  if ($toEntity eq $entityName) {                  if ($toEntity eq $entityName) {
2947                      # Here the relationship is recursive.                      # Here the relationship is recursive.
# Line 2594  Line 3030 
3030      return $metadata;      return $metadata;
3031  }  }
3032    
3033    =head3 SortNeeded
3034    
3035    C<< my $flag = $erdb->SortNeeded($relationName); >>
3036    
3037    Return TRUE if the specified relation should be sorted during loading to remove duplicate keys,
3038    else FALSE.
3039    
3040    =over 4
3041    
3042    =item relationName
3043    
3044    Name of the relation to be examined.
3045    
3046    =item RETURN
3047    
3048    Returns TRUE if the relation needs a sort, else FALSE.
3049    
3050    =back
3051    
3052    =cut
3053    #: Return Type $;
3054    sub SortNeeded {
3055        # Get the parameters.
3056        my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
3057        # Declare the return variable.
3058        my $retVal = 0;
3059        # Find out if the relation is a primary entity relation.
3060        my $entityTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities};
3061        if (exists $entityTable->{$relationName}) {
3062            my $keyType = $entityTable->{$relationName}->{keyType};
3063            Trace("Relation $relationName found in entity table with key type $keyType.") if T(3);
3064            # If the key is not a hash string, we must do the sort.
3065            if ($keyType ne 'hash-string') {
3066                $retVal = 1;
3067            }
3068        }
3069        # Return the result.
3070        return $retVal;
3071    }
3072    
3073  =head3 CreateRelationshipIndex  =head3 CreateRelationshipIndex
3074    
3075  Create an index for a relationship's relation.  Create an index for a relationship's relation.

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