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1 : parrello 1.1 package ERDB;
2 :    
3 : parrello 1.10 use strict;
4 :     use Tracer;
5 : olson 1.14 use DBrtns;
6 : parrello 1.10 use Data::Dumper;
7 :     use XML::Simple;
8 :     use DBQuery;
9 :     use DBObject;
10 :     use Stats;
11 :     use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday);
12 : parrello 1.42 use Digest::MD5 qw(md5_base64);
13 : parrello 1.19 use FIG;
14 : parrello 1.1
15 :     =head1 Entity-Relationship Database Package
16 :    
17 :     =head2 Introduction
18 :    
19 :     The Entity-Relationship Database Package allows the client to create an easily-configurable
20 :     database of Entities connected by Relationships. Each entity is represented by one or more
21 :     relations in an underlying SQL database. Each relationship is represented by a single
22 :     relation that connects two entities.
23 :    
24 :     Although this package is designed for general use, all examples are derived from the
25 :     Sprout database, which is the first database implemented using this package.
26 :    
27 :     Each entity has at least one relation, the I<primary relation>, that has the same name as
28 :     the entity. The primary relation contains a field named C<id> that contains the unique
29 :     identifier of each entity instance. An entity may have additional relations that contain
30 :     fields which are optional or can occur more than once. For example, the B<FEATURE> entity
31 :     has a B<feature-type> attribute that occurs exactly once for each feature. This attribute
32 :     is implemented by a C<feature_type> column in the primary relation C<Feature>. In addition,
33 :     however, a feature may have zero or more aliases. These are implemented using a C<FeatureAlias>
34 :     relation that contains two fields-- the feature ID (C<id>) and the alias name (C<alias>).
35 :     The B<FEATURE> entity also contains an optional virulence number. This is implemented
36 :     as a separate relation C<FeatureVirulence> which contains an ID (C<id>) and a virulence number
37 : parrello 1.8 (C<virulence>). If the virulence of a feature I<ABC> is known to be 6, there will be one row in
38 :     the C<FeatureVirulence> relation possessing the value I<ABC> as its ID and 6 as its virulence
39 :     number. If the virulence of I<ABC> is not known, there will not be any rows for it in
40 :     C<FeatureVirulence>.
41 : parrello 1.1
42 :     Entities are connected by binary relationships implemented using single relations possessing the
43 :     same name as the relationship itself and that has an I<arity> of 1-to-1 (C<11>), 1-to-many (C<1M>),
44 :     or many-to-many (C<MM>). Each relationship's relation contains a C<from-link> field that contains the
45 :     ID of the source entity and a C<to-link> field that contains the ID of the target entity. The name
46 :     of the relationship is generally a verb phrase with the source entity as the subject and the
47 :     target entity as the object. So, for example, the B<ComesFrom> relationship connects the B<GENOME>
48 :     and B<SOURCE> entities, and indicates that a particular source organization participated in the
49 :     mapping of the genome. A source organization frequently participates in the mapping
50 :     of many genomes, and many source organizations can cooperate in the mapping of a single genome, so
51 :     this relationship has an arity of many-to-many (C<MM>). The relation that implements the B<ComesFrom>
52 :     relationship is called C<ComesFrom> and contains two fields-- C<from-link>, which contains a genome ID,
53 :     and C<to-link>, which contains a source ID.
54 :    
55 :     A relationship may itself have attributes. These attributes, known as I<intersection data attributes>,
56 :     are implemented as additional fields in the relationship's relation. So, for example, the
57 :     B<IsMadeUpOf> relationship connects the B<Contig> entity to the B<Sequence> entity, and is used
58 :     to determine which sequences make up a contig. The relationship has as an attribute the
59 :     B<start-position>, which indicates where in the contig that the sequence begins. This attribute
60 :     is implemented as the C<start_position> field in the C<IsMadeUpOf> relation.
61 :    
62 :     The database itself is described by an XML file using the F<ERDatabase.xsd> schema. In addition to
63 :     all the data required to define the entities, relationships, and attributes, the schema provides
64 :     space for notes describing the data and what it means. These notes are used by L</ShowMetaData>
65 :     to generate documentation for the database.
66 :    
67 :     Finally, every entity and relationship object has a flag indicating if it is new or old. The object
68 :     is considered I<old> if it was loaded by the L</LoadTables> method. It is considered I<new> if it
69 :     was inserted by the L</InsertObject> method.
70 :    
71 :     To facilitate testing, the ERDB module supports automatic generation of test data. This process
72 : parrello 1.5 is described in the L</GenerateEntity> and L</GenerateConnection> methods, though it is not yet
73 :     fully implemented.
74 : parrello 1.1
75 : parrello 1.8 =head2 XML Database Description
76 :    
77 :     =head3 Data Types
78 :    
79 :     The ERDB system supports the following data types. Note that there are numerous string
80 :     types depending on the maximum length. Some database packages limit the total number of
81 :     characters you have in an index key; to insure the database works in all environments,
82 :     the type of string should be the shortest one possible that supports all the known values.
83 :    
84 :     =over 4
85 :    
86 :     =item char
87 :    
88 :     single ASCII character
89 :    
90 :     =item int
91 :    
92 :     32-bit signed integer
93 :    
94 : parrello 1.60 =item counter
95 :    
96 :     32-bit unsigned integer
97 :    
98 : parrello 1.8 =item date
99 :    
100 :     64-bit unsigned integer, representing a PERL date/time value
101 :    
102 :     =item text
103 :    
104 :     long string; Text fields cannot be used in indexes or sorting and do not support the
105 :     normal syntax of filter clauses, but can be up to a billion character in length
106 :    
107 :     =item float
108 :    
109 :     double-precision floating-point number
110 :    
111 :     =item boolean
112 :    
113 :     single-bit numeric value; The value is stored as a 16-bit signed integer (for
114 :     compatability with certain database packages), but the only values supported are
115 :     0 and 1.
116 :    
117 : parrello 1.44 =item id-string
118 :    
119 :     variable-length string, maximum 25 characters
120 :    
121 : parrello 1.8 =item key-string
122 :    
123 :     variable-length string, maximum 40 characters
124 :    
125 :     =item name-string
126 :    
127 :     variable-length string, maximum 80 characters
128 :    
129 :     =item medium-string
130 :    
131 :     variable-length string, maximum 160 characters
132 :    
133 :     =item string
134 :    
135 :     variable-length string, maximum 255 characters
136 :    
137 : parrello 1.42 =item hash-string
138 :    
139 :     variable-length string, maximum 22 characters
140 :    
141 : parrello 1.8 =back
142 :    
143 : parrello 1.42 The hash-string data type has a special meaning. The actual key passed into the loader will
144 :     be a string, but it will be digested into a 22-character MD5 code to save space. Although the
145 :     MD5 algorithm is not perfect, it is extremely unlikely two strings will have the same
146 :     digest. Therefore, it is presumed the keys will be unique. When the database is actually
147 :     in use, the hashed keys will be presented rather than the original values. For this reason,
148 :     they should not be used for entities where the key is meaningful.
149 :    
150 : parrello 1.8 =head3 Global Tags
151 :    
152 :     The entire database definition must be inside a B<Database> tag. The display name of
153 :     the database is given by the text associated with the B<Title> tag. The display name
154 :     is only used in the automated documentation. It has no other effect. The entities and
155 :     relationships are listed inside the B<Entities> and B<Relationships> tags,
156 :     respectively. None of these tags have attributes.
157 :    
158 : parrello 1.10 <Database>
159 :     <Title>... display title here...</Title>
160 :     <Entities>
161 :     ... entity definitions here ...
162 :     </Entities>
163 :     <Relationships>
164 :     ... relationship definitions here...
165 :     </Relationships>
166 :     </Database>
167 : parrello 1.8
168 :     Entities, relationships, indexes, and fields all allow a text tag called B<Notes>.
169 :     The text inside the B<Notes> tag contains comments that will appear when the database
170 :     documentation is generated. Within a B<Notes> tag, you may use C<[i]> and C<[/i]> for
171 :     italics, C<[b]> and C<[/b]> for bold, and C<[p]> for a new paragraph.
172 :    
173 :     =head3 Fields
174 :    
175 :     Both entities and relationships have fields described by B<Field> tags. A B<Field>
176 :     tag can have B<Notes> associated with it. The complete set of B<Field> tags for an
177 :     object mus be inside B<Fields> tags.
178 :    
179 : parrello 1.10 <Entity ... >
180 :     <Fields>
181 :     ... Field tags ...
182 :     </Fields>
183 :     </Entity>
184 : parrello 1.8
185 :     The attributes for the B<Field> tag are as follows.
186 :    
187 :     =over 4
188 :    
189 :     =item name
190 :    
191 :     Name of the field. The field name should contain only letters, digits, and hyphens (C<->),
192 :     and the first character should be a letter. Most underlying databases are case-insensitive
193 :     with the respect to field names, so a best practice is to use lower-case letters only.
194 :    
195 :     =item type
196 :    
197 :     Data type of the field. The legal data types are given above.
198 :    
199 :     =item relation
200 :    
201 :     Name of the relation containing the field. This should only be specified for entity
202 :     fields. The ERDB system does not support optional fields or multi-occurring fields
203 :     in the primary relation of an entity. Instead, they are put into secondary relations.
204 :     So, for example, in the C<Genome> entity, the C<group-name> field indicates a special
205 :     grouping used to select a subset of the genomes. A given genome may not be in any
206 :     groups or may be in multiple groups. Therefore, C<group-name> specifies a relation
207 :     value. The relation name specified must be a valid table name. By convention, it is
208 :     usually the entity name followed by a qualifying word (e.g. C<GenomeGroup>). In an
209 :     entity, the fields without a relation attribute are said to belong to the
210 :     I<primary relation>. This relation has the same name as the entity itself.
211 :    
212 :     =back
213 :    
214 :     =head3 Indexes
215 :    
216 :     An entity can have multiple alternate indexes associated with it. The fields must
217 :     be from the primary relation. The alternate indexes assist in ordering results
218 :     from a query. A relationship can have up to two indexes-- a I<to-index> and a
219 :     I<from-index>. These order the results when crossing the relationship. For
220 :     example, in the relationship C<HasContig> from C<Genome> to C<Contig>, the
221 :     from-index would order the contigs of a ganome, and the to-index would order
222 :     the genomes of a contig. A relationship's index must specify only fields in
223 :     the relationship.
224 :    
225 :     The indexes for an entity must be listed inside the B<Indexes> tag. The from-index
226 :     of a relationship is specified using the B<FromIndex> tag; the to-index is specified
227 :     using the B<ToIndex> tag.
228 :    
229 :     Each index can contain a B<Notes> tag. In addition, it will have an B<IndexFields>
230 :     tag containing the B<IndexField> tags. These specify, in order, the fields used in
231 :     the index. The attributes of an B<IndexField> tag are as follows.
232 :    
233 :     =over 4
234 :    
235 :     =item name
236 :    
237 :     Name of the field.
238 :    
239 :     =item order
240 :    
241 :     Sort order of the field-- C<ascending> or C<descending>.
242 :    
243 :     =back
244 :    
245 :     The B<Index>, B<FromIndex>, and B<ToIndex> tags themselves have no attributes.
246 :    
247 :     =head3 Object and Field Names
248 :    
249 :     By convention entity and relationship names use capital casing (e.g. C<Genome> or
250 :     C<HasRegionsIn>. Most underlying databases, however, are aggressively case-insensitive
251 :     with respect to relation names, converting them internally to all-upper case or
252 :     all-lower case.
253 :    
254 :     If syntax or parsing errors occur when you try to load or use an ERDB database, the
255 :     most likely reason is that one of your objects has an SQL reserved word as its name.
256 :     The list of SQL reserved words keeps increasing; however, most are unlikely to show
257 :     up as a noun or declarative verb phrase. The exceptions are C<Group>, C<User>,
258 :     C<Table>, C<Index>, C<Object>, C<Date>, C<Number>, C<Update>, C<Time>, C<Percent>,
259 :     C<Memo>, C<Order>, and C<Sum>. This problem can crop up in field names as well.
260 :    
261 :     Every entity has a field called C<id> that acts as its primary key. Every relationship
262 :     has fields called C<from-link> and C<to-link> that contain copies of the relevant
263 :     entity IDs. These are essentially ERDB's reserved words, and should not be used
264 :     for user-defined field names.
265 :    
266 :     =head3 Entities
267 :    
268 :     An entity is described by the B<Entity> tag. The entity can contain B<Notes>, an
269 :     B<Indexes> tag containing one or more secondary indexes, and a B<Fields> tag
270 :     containing one or more fields. The attributes of the B<Entity> tag are as follows.
271 :    
272 :     =over 4
273 :    
274 :     =item name
275 :    
276 :     Name of the entity. The entity name, by convention, uses capital casing (e.g. C<Genome>
277 :     or C<GroupBlock>) and should be a noun or noun phrase.
278 :    
279 :     =item keyType
280 :    
281 :     Data type of the primary key. The primary key is always named C<id>.
282 :    
283 :     =back
284 :    
285 :     =head3 Relationships
286 :    
287 :     A relationship is described by the C<Relationship> tag. Within a relationship,
288 :     there can be a C<Notes> tag, a C<Fields> tag containing the intersection data
289 :     fields, a C<FromIndex> tag containing the from-index, and a C<ToIndex> tag containing
290 :     the to-index.
291 :    
292 :     The C<Relationship> tag has the following attributes.
293 :    
294 :     =over 4
295 :    
296 :     =item name
297 :    
298 :     Name of the relationship. The relationship name, by convention, uses capital casing
299 :     (e.g. C<ContainsRegionIn> or C<HasContig>), and should be a declarative verb
300 :     phrase, designed to fit between the from-entity and the to-entity (e.g.
301 :     Block C<ContainsRegionIn> Genome).
302 :    
303 :     =item from
304 :    
305 :     Name of the entity from which the relationship starts.
306 :    
307 :     =item to
308 :    
309 :     Name of the entity to which the relationship proceeds.
310 :    
311 :     =item arity
312 :    
313 :     Relationship type: C<1M> for one-to-many and C<MM> for many-to-many.
314 :    
315 :     =back
316 :    
317 : parrello 1.1 =cut
318 :    
319 :     # GLOBALS
320 :    
321 :     # Table of information about our datatypes. "sqlType" is the corresponding SQL datatype string.
322 :     # "maxLen" is the maximum permissible length of the incoming string data used to populate a field
323 :     # of the specified type. "dataGen" is PERL string that will be evaluated if no test data generation
324 : parrello 1.18 # string is specified in the field definition. "avgLen" is the average byte length for estimating
325 : parrello 1.60 # record sizes. "sort" is the key modifier for the sort command.
326 :     my %TypeTable = ( char => { sqlType => 'CHAR(1)', maxLen => 1, avgLen => 1, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen('A')" },
327 :     int => { sqlType => 'INTEGER', maxLen => 20, avgLen => 4, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },
328 :     counter => { sqlType => 'INTEGER UNSIGNED', maxLen => 20, avgLen => 4, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 99999999)" },
329 :     string => { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(255)', maxLen => 255, avgLen => 100, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,250))" },
330 :     text => { sqlType => 'TEXT', maxLen => 1000000000, avgLen => 500, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(80,1000))" },
331 :     date => { sqlType => 'BIGINT', maxLen => 80, avgLen => 8, sort => "n", dataGen => "DateGen(-7, 7, IntGen(0,1400))" },
332 :     float => { sqlType => 'DOUBLE PRECISION', maxLen => 40, avgLen => 8, sort => "g", dataGen => "FloatGen(0.0, 100.0)" },
333 :     boolean => { sqlType => 'SMALLINT', maxLen => 1, avgLen => 1, sort => "n", dataGen => "IntGen(0, 1)" },
334 : parrello 1.42 'hash-string' =>
335 : parrello 1.60 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(22)', maxLen => 22, avgLen => 22, sort => "", dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },
336 : parrello 1.44 'id-string' =>
337 : parrello 1.60 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(25)', maxLen => 25, avgLen => 25, sort => "", dataGen => "SringGen(22)" },
338 : parrello 1.10 'key-string' =>
339 : parrello 1.60 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(40)', maxLen => 40, avgLen => 10, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,40))" },
340 : parrello 1.10 'name-string' =>
341 : parrello 1.60 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(80)', maxLen => 80, avgLen => 40, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,80))" },
342 : parrello 1.10 'medium-string' =>
343 : parrello 1.60 { sqlType => 'VARCHAR(160)', maxLen => 160, avgLen => 40, sort => "", dataGen => "StringGen(IntGen(10,160))" },
344 : parrello 1.10 );
345 : parrello 1.1
346 :     # Table translating arities into natural language.
347 :     my %ArityTable = ( '11' => 'one-to-one',
348 : parrello 1.10 '1M' => 'one-to-many',
349 :     'MM' => 'many-to-many'
350 :     );
351 : parrello 1.1
352 :     # Table for interpreting string patterns.
353 :    
354 :     my %PictureTable = ( 'A' => "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz",
355 : parrello 1.10 '9' => "0123456789",
356 :     'X' => "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789",
357 :     'V' => "aeiou",
358 :     'K' => "bcdfghjklmnoprstvwxyz"
359 :     );
360 : parrello 1.1
361 :     =head2 Public Methods
362 :    
363 :     =head3 new
364 :    
365 : parrello 1.5 C<< my $database = ERDB->new($dbh, $metaFileName); >>
366 : parrello 1.1
367 :     Create a new ERDB object.
368 :    
369 :     =over 4
370 :    
371 :     =item dbh
372 :    
373 :     DBKernel database object for the target database.
374 :    
375 :     =item metaFileName
376 :    
377 :     Name of the XML file containing the metadata.
378 :    
379 :     =back
380 :    
381 :     =cut
382 :    
383 :     sub new {
384 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
385 :     my ($class, $dbh, $metaFileName, $options) = @_;
386 :     # Load the meta-data.
387 :     my $metaData = _LoadMetaData($metaFileName);
388 :     # Create the object.
389 :     my $self = { _dbh => $dbh,
390 :     _metaData => $metaData
391 :     };
392 :     # Bless and return it.
393 :     bless $self, $class;
394 :     return $self;
395 : parrello 1.1 }
396 :    
397 :     =head3 ShowMetaData
398 :    
399 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->ShowMetaData($fileName); >>
400 : parrello 1.1
401 :     This method outputs a description of the database. This description can be used to help users create
402 :     the data to be loaded into the relations.
403 :    
404 :     =over 4
405 :    
406 :     =item filename
407 :    
408 :     The name of the output file.
409 :    
410 :     =back
411 :    
412 :     =cut
413 :    
414 :     sub ShowMetaData {
415 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
416 :     my ($self, $filename) = @_;
417 :     # Get the metadata and the title string.
418 :     my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};
419 :     # Get the title string.
420 :     my $title = $metadata->{Title};
421 :     # Get the entity and relationship lists.
422 :     my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};
423 :     my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};
424 :     # Open the output file.
425 :     open(HTMLOUT, ">$filename") || Confess("Could not open MetaData display file $filename: $!");
426 :     Trace("Building MetaData table of contents.") if T(4);
427 :     # Write the HTML heading stuff.
428 :     print HTMLOUT "<html>\n<head>\n<title>$title</title>\n";
429 :     print HTMLOUT "</head>\n<body>\n";
430 : parrello 1.45 # Write the documentation.
431 :     print HTMLOUT $self->DisplayMetaData();
432 :     # Close the document.
433 :     print HTMLOUT "</body>\n</html>\n";
434 :     # Close the file.
435 :     close HTMLOUT;
436 :     }
437 :    
438 :     =head3 DisplayMetaData
439 :    
440 :     C<< my $html = $erdb->DisplayMetaData(); >>
441 :    
442 :     Return an HTML description of the database. This description can be used to help users create
443 :     the data to be loaded into the relations and form queries. The output is raw includable HTML
444 :     without any HEAD or BODY tags.
445 :    
446 :     =over 4
447 :    
448 :     =item filename
449 :    
450 :     The name of the output file.
451 :    
452 :     =back
453 :    
454 :     =cut
455 :    
456 :     sub DisplayMetaData {
457 :     # Get the parameters.
458 :     my ($self) = @_;
459 :     # Get the metadata and the title string.
460 :     my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};
461 :     # Get the title string.
462 :     my $title = $metadata->{Title};
463 :     # Get the entity and relationship lists.
464 :     my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};
465 :     my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};
466 :     # Declare the return variable.
467 :     my $retVal = "";
468 :     # Open the output file.
469 :     Trace("Building MetaData table of contents.") if T(4);
470 : parrello 1.10 # Here we do the table of contents. It starts as an unordered list of section names. Each
471 :     # section contains an ordered list of entity or relationship subsections.
472 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<ul>\n<li><a href=\"#EntitiesSection\">Entities</a>\n<ol>\n";
473 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the Entities, displaying a list item for each.
474 :     foreach my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {
475 :     # Display this item.
476 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$key</a></li>\n";
477 : parrello 1.10 }
478 :     # Close off the entity section and start the relationship section.
479 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#RelationshipsSection\">Relationships</a>\n<ol>\n";
480 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the Relationships.
481 :     foreach my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
482 :     # Display this item.
483 :     my $relationshipTitle = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($key, $relationshipList->{$key});
484 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$key\">$relationshipTitle</a></li>\n";
485 : parrello 1.10 }
486 :     # Close off the relationship section and list the join table section.
487 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "</ol></li>\n<li><a href=\"#JoinTable\">Join Table</a></li>\n";
488 : parrello 1.10 # Close off the table of contents itself.
489 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "</ul>\n";
490 : parrello 1.10 # Now we start with the actual data. Denote we're starting the entity section.
491 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<a name=\"EntitiesSection\"></a><h2>Entities</h2>\n";
492 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the entities.
493 :     for my $key (sort keys %{$entityList}) {
494 :     Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key entity.") if T(4);
495 :     # Create the entity header. It contains a bookmark and the entity name.
496 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<a name=\"$key\"></a><h3>$key</h3>\n";
497 : parrello 1.10 # Get the entity data.
498 :     my $entityData = $entityList->{$key};
499 :     # If there's descriptive text, display it.
500 :     if (my $notes = $entityData->{Notes}) {
501 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
502 : parrello 1.10 }
503 :     # Now we want a list of the entity's relationships. First, we set up the relationship subsection.
504 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<h4>Relationships for <b>$key</b></h4>\n<ul>\n";
505 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the relationships.
506 :     for my $relationship (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
507 :     # Get the relationship data.
508 :     my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$relationship};
509 :     # Only use the relationship if if has this entity in its FROM or TO fields.
510 :     if ($relationshipStructure->{from} eq $key || $relationshipStructure->{to} eq $key) {
511 :     # Get the relationship sentence and append the arity.
512 :     my $relationshipDescription = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($relationship, $relationshipStructure);
513 :     # Display the relationship data.
514 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<li><a href=\"#$relationship\">$relationshipDescription</a></li>\n";
515 : parrello 1.10 }
516 :     }
517 :     # Close off the relationship list.
518 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "</ul>\n";
519 : parrello 1.10 # Get the entity's relations.
520 :     my $relationList = $entityData->{Relations};
521 :     # Create a header for the relation subsection.
522 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<h4>Relations for <b>$key</b></h4>\n";
523 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the relations, displaying them.
524 :     for my $relation (sort keys %{$relationList}) {
525 :     my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($relation, $relationList->{$relation});
526 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= $htmlString;
527 : parrello 1.10 }
528 :     }
529 :     # Denote we're starting the relationship section.
530 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<a name=\"RelationshipsSection\"></a><h2>Relationships</h2>\n";
531 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the relationships.
532 :     for my $key (sort keys %{$relationshipList}) {
533 :     Trace("Building MetaData entry for $key relationship.") if T(4);
534 :     # Get the relationship's structure.
535 :     my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$key};
536 :     # Create the relationship header.
537 :     my $headerText = _ComputeRelationshipHeading($key, $relationshipStructure);
538 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<h3><a name=\"$key\"></a>$headerText</h3>\n";
539 : parrello 1.10 # Get the entity names.
540 :     my $fromEntity = $relationshipStructure->{from};
541 :     my $toEntity = $relationshipStructure->{to};
542 :     # Describe the relationship arity. Note there's a bit of trickiness involving recursive
543 :     # many-to-many relationships. In a normal many-to-many we use two sentences to describe
544 :     # the arity (one for each direction). This is a bad idea for a recursive relationship,
545 :     # since both sentences will say the same thing.
546 :     my $arity = $relationshipStructure->{arity};
547 :     if ($arity eq "11") {
548 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to at most one <b>$toEntity</b>.\n";
549 : parrello 1.10 } else {
550 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<p>Each <b>$fromEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$toEntity</b>s.\n";
551 : parrello 1.10 if ($arity eq "MM" && $fromEntity ne $toEntity) {
552 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "Each <b>$toEntity</b> relates to multiple <b>$fromEntity</b>s.\n";
553 : parrello 1.10 }
554 :     }
555 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "</p>\n";
556 : parrello 1.10 # If there are notes on this relationship, display them.
557 :     if (my $notes = $relationshipStructure->{Notes}) {
558 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<p>" . _HTMLNote($notes->{content}) . "</p>\n";
559 : parrello 1.10 }
560 :     # Generate the relationship's relation table.
561 :     my $htmlString = _ShowRelationTable($key, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$key});
562 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= $htmlString;
563 : parrello 1.10 }
564 :     Trace("Building MetaData join table.") if T(4);
565 :     # Denote we're starting the join table.
566 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<a name=\"JoinTable\"></a><h3>Join Table</h3>\n";
567 : parrello 1.10 # Create a table header.
568 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= _OpenTable("Join Table", "Source", "Target", "Join Condition");
569 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the joins.
570 :     my $joinTable = $metadata->{Joins};
571 :     my @joinKeys = keys %{$joinTable};
572 :     for my $joinKey (sort @joinKeys) {
573 :     # Separate out the source, the target, and the join clause.
574 :     $joinKey =~ m!^([^/]+)/(.+)$!;
575 :     my ($sourceRelation, $targetRelation) = ($1, $2);
576 : parrello 1.30 Trace("Join with key $joinKey is from $sourceRelation to $targetRelation.") if T(Joins => 4);
577 : parrello 1.10 my $source = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($sourceRelation);
578 :     my $target = $self->ComputeObjectSentence($targetRelation);
579 :     my $clause = $joinTable->{$joinKey};
580 :     # Display them in a table row.
581 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= "<tr><td>$source</td><td>$target</td><td>$clause</td></tr>\n";
582 : parrello 1.10 }
583 :     # Close the table.
584 : parrello 1.45 $retVal .= _CloseTable();
585 :     Trace("Built MetaData HTML.") if T(3);
586 :     # Return the HTML.
587 :     return $retVal;
588 : parrello 1.1 }
589 :    
590 :     =head3 DumpMetaData
591 :    
592 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->DumpMetaData(); >>
593 : parrello 1.1
594 :     Return a dump of the metadata structure.
595 :    
596 :     =cut
597 :    
598 :     sub DumpMetaData {
599 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
600 :     my ($self) = @_;
601 :     # Dump the meta-data.
602 :     return Data::Dumper::Dumper($self->{_metaData});
603 : parrello 1.1 }
604 :    
605 :     =head3 CreateTables
606 :    
607 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->CreateTables(); >>
608 : parrello 1.1
609 :     This method creates the tables for the database from the metadata structure loaded by the
610 :     constructor. It is expected this function will only be used on rare occasions, when the
611 : parrello 1.2 user needs to start with an empty database. Otherwise, the L</LoadTables> method can be
612 : parrello 1.1 used by itself with the truncate flag turned on.
613 :    
614 :     =cut
615 :    
616 :     sub CreateTables {
617 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
618 :     my ($self) = @_;
619 : parrello 1.23 # Get the relation names.
620 :     my @relNames = $self->GetTableNames();
621 :     # Loop through the relations.
622 :     for my $relationName (@relNames) {
623 :     # Create a table for this relation.
624 :     $self->CreateTable($relationName);
625 :     Trace("Relation $relationName created.") if T(2);
626 : parrello 1.10 }
627 : parrello 1.1 }
628 :    
629 :     =head3 CreateTable
630 :    
631 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->CreateTable($tableName, $indexFlag, $estimatedRows); >>
632 : parrello 1.1
633 :     Create the table for a relation and optionally create its indexes.
634 :    
635 :     =over 4
636 :    
637 :     =item relationName
638 :    
639 :     Name of the relation (which will also be the table name).
640 :    
641 : parrello 1.18 =item indexFlag
642 : parrello 1.1
643 :     TRUE if the indexes for the relation should be created, else FALSE. If FALSE,
644 :     L</CreateIndexes> must be called later to bring the indexes into existence.
645 :    
646 : parrello 1.18 =item estimatedRows (optional)
647 :    
648 :     If specified, the estimated maximum number of rows for the relation. This
649 :     information allows the creation of tables using storage engines that are
650 :     faster but require size estimates, such as MyISAM.
651 :    
652 : parrello 1.1 =back
653 :    
654 :     =cut
655 :    
656 :     sub CreateTable {
657 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
658 : parrello 1.18 my ($self, $relationName, $indexFlag, $estimatedRows) = @_;
659 : parrello 1.10 # Get the database handle.
660 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
661 :     # Get the relation data and determine whether or not the relation is primary.
662 :     my $relationData = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);
663 :     my $rootFlag = $self->_IsPrimary($relationName);
664 :     # Create a list of the field data.
665 :     my @fieldList;
666 :     for my $fieldData (@{$relationData->{Fields}}) {
667 :     # Assemble the field name and type.
668 :     my $fieldName = _FixName($fieldData->{name});
669 :     my $fieldString = "$fieldName $TypeTable{$fieldData->{type}}->{sqlType} NOT NULL ";
670 :     # Push the result into the field list.
671 :     push @fieldList, $fieldString;
672 :     }
673 :     # If this is a root table, add the "new_record" flag. It defaults to 0, so
674 :     if ($rootFlag) {
675 :     push @fieldList, "new_record $TypeTable{boolean}->{sqlType} NOT NULL DEFAULT 0";
676 :     }
677 :     # Convert the field list into a comma-delimited string.
678 :     my $fieldThing = join(', ', @fieldList);
679 :     # Insure the table is not already there.
680 :     $dbh->drop_table(tbl => $relationName);
681 :     Trace("Table $relationName dropped.") if T(2);
682 : parrello 1.18 # If there are estimated rows, create an estimate so we can take advantage of
683 :     # faster DB technologies.
684 :     my $estimation = undef;
685 :     if ($estimatedRows) {
686 :     $estimation = [$self->EstimateRowSize($relationName), $estimatedRows];
687 :     }
688 : parrello 1.10 # Create the table.
689 :     Trace("Creating table $relationName: $fieldThing") if T(2);
690 : parrello 1.18 $dbh->create_table(tbl => $relationName, flds => $fieldThing, estimates => $estimation);
691 : parrello 1.10 Trace("Relation $relationName created in database.") if T(2);
692 :     # If we want to build the indexes, we do it here.
693 :     if ($indexFlag) {
694 :     $self->CreateIndex($relationName);
695 :     }
696 : parrello 1.1 }
697 :    
698 : parrello 1.31 =head3 VerifyFields
699 :    
700 :     C<< my $count = $erdb->VerifyFields($relName, \@fieldList); >>
701 :    
702 :     Run through the list of proposed field values, insuring that all the character fields are
703 :     below the maximum length. If any fields are too long, they will be truncated in place.
704 :    
705 :     =over 4
706 :    
707 :     =item relName
708 :    
709 :     Name of the relation for which the specified fields are destined.
710 :    
711 :     =item fieldList
712 :    
713 :     Reference to a list, in order, of the fields to be put into the relation.
714 :    
715 :     =item RETURN
716 :    
717 :     Returns the number of fields truncated.
718 :    
719 :     =back
720 :    
721 :     =cut
722 :    
723 :     sub VerifyFields {
724 :     # Get the parameters.
725 :     my ($self, $relName, $fieldList) = @_;
726 :     # Initialize the return value.
727 :     my $retVal = 0;
728 :     # Get the relation definition.
729 :     my $relData = $self->_FindRelation($relName);
730 :     # Get the list of field descriptors.
731 :     my $fieldTypes = $relData->{Fields};
732 :     my $fieldCount = scalar @{$fieldTypes};
733 :     # Loop through the two lists.
734 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $fieldCount; $i++) {
735 :     # Get the type of the current field.
736 :     my $fieldType = $fieldTypes->[$i]->{type};
737 :     # If it's a character field, verify the length.
738 :     if ($fieldType =~ /string/) {
739 :     my $maxLen = $TypeTable{$fieldType}->{maxLen};
740 :     my $oldString = $fieldList->[$i];
741 :     if (length($oldString) > $maxLen) {
742 :     # Here it's too big, so we truncate it.
743 :     Trace("Truncating field $i in relation $relName to $maxLen characters from \"$oldString\".") if T(1);
744 :     $fieldList->[$i] = substr $oldString, 0, $maxLen;
745 :     $retVal++;
746 :     }
747 :     }
748 :     }
749 :     # Return the truncation count.
750 :     return $retVal;
751 :     }
752 :    
753 : parrello 1.42 =head3 DigestFields
754 :    
755 :     C<< $erdb->DigestFields($relName, $fieldList); >>
756 :    
757 :     Digest the strings in the field list that correspond to data type C<hash-string> in the
758 :     specified relation.
759 :    
760 :     =over 4
761 :    
762 :     =item relName
763 :    
764 :     Name of the relation to which the fields belong.
765 :    
766 :     =item fieldList
767 :    
768 :     List of field contents to be loaded into the relation.
769 :    
770 :     =back
771 :    
772 :     =cut
773 :     #: Return Type ;
774 :     sub DigestFields {
775 :     # Get the parameters.
776 :     my ($self, $relName, $fieldList) = @_;
777 :     # Get the relation definition.
778 :     my $relData = $self->_FindRelation($relName);
779 :     # Get the list of field descriptors.
780 :     my $fieldTypes = $relData->{Fields};
781 :     my $fieldCount = scalar @{$fieldTypes};
782 :     # Loop through the two lists.
783 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $fieldCount; $i++) {
784 :     # Get the type of the current field.
785 :     my $fieldType = $fieldTypes->[$i]->{type};
786 :     # If it's a hash string, digest it in place.
787 :     if ($fieldType eq 'hash-string') {
788 : parrello 1.46 $fieldList->[$i] = $self->DigestKey($fieldList->[$i]);
789 : parrello 1.42 }
790 :     }
791 :     }
792 :    
793 : parrello 1.46 =head3 DigestKey
794 :    
795 :     C<< my $digested = $erdb->DigestKey($keyValue); >>
796 :    
797 :     Return the digested value of a symbolic key. The digested value can then be plugged into a
798 :     key-based search into a table with key-type hash-string.
799 :    
800 :     Currently the digesting process is independent of the database structure, but that may not
801 :     always be the case, so this is an instance method instead of a static method.
802 :    
803 :     =over 4
804 :    
805 :     =item keyValue
806 :    
807 :     Key value to digest.
808 :    
809 :     =item RETURN
810 :    
811 : parrello 1.56 Digested value of the key.
812 : parrello 1.46
813 :     =back
814 :    
815 :     =cut
816 :    
817 :     sub DigestKey {
818 :     # Get the parameters.
819 :     my ($self, $keyValue) = @_;
820 :     # Compute the digest.
821 :     my $retVal = md5_base64($keyValue);
822 :     # Return the result.
823 :     return $retVal;
824 :     }
825 :    
826 : parrello 1.1 =head3 CreateIndex
827 :    
828 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->CreateIndex($relationName); >>
829 : parrello 1.1
830 :     Create the indexes for a relation. If a table is being loaded from a large source file (as
831 : parrello 1.12 is the case in L</LoadTable>), it is sometimes best to create the indexes after the load.
832 :     If that is the case, then L</CreateTable> should be called with the index flag set to
833 :     FALSE, and this method used after the load to create the indexes for the table.
834 : parrello 1.1
835 :     =cut
836 :    
837 :     sub CreateIndex {
838 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
839 :     my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
840 :     # Get the relation's descriptor.
841 :     my $relationData = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);
842 :     # Get the database handle.
843 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
844 :     # Now we need to create this relation's indexes. We do this by looping through its index table.
845 :     my $indexHash = $relationData->{Indexes};
846 :     for my $indexName (keys %{$indexHash}) {
847 :     my $indexData = $indexHash->{$indexName};
848 :     # Get the index's field list.
849 :     my @fieldList = _FixNames(@{$indexData->{IndexFields}});
850 :     my $flds = join(', ', @fieldList);
851 :     # Get the index's uniqueness flag.
852 :     my $unique = (exists $indexData->{Unique} ? $indexData->{Unique} : 'false');
853 :     # Create the index.
854 : parrello 1.24 my $rv = $dbh->create_index(idx => $indexName, tbl => $relationName,
855 :     flds => $flds, unique => $unique);
856 :     if ($rv) {
857 :     Trace("Index created: $indexName for $relationName ($flds)") if T(1);
858 :     } else {
859 :     Confess("Error creating index $indexName for $relationName using ($flds): " . $dbh->error_message());
860 :     }
861 : parrello 1.10 }
862 : parrello 1.1 }
863 :    
864 :     =head3 LoadTables
865 :    
866 : parrello 1.18 C<< my $stats = $erdb->LoadTables($directoryName, $rebuild); >>
867 : parrello 1.1
868 :     This method will load the database tables from a directory. The tables must already have been created
869 :     in the database. (This can be done by calling L</CreateTables>.) The caller passes in a directory name;
870 :     all of the relations to be loaded must have a file in the directory with the same name as the relation
871 :     (optionally with a suffix of C<.dtx>). Each file must be a tab-delimited table of field values. Each
872 :     line of the file will be loaded as a row of the target relation table. The field values should be in
873 :     the same order as the fields in the relation tables generated by L</ShowMetaData>. The old data is
874 :     erased before the new data is loaded in.
875 :    
876 :     A certain amount of translation automatically takes place. Ctrl-M characters are deleted, and
877 :     tab and new-line characters inside a field are escaped as C<\t> and C<\n>, respectively. Dates must
878 :     be entered as a Unix timestamp, that is, as an integer number of seconds since the base epoch.
879 :    
880 :     =over 4
881 :    
882 :     =item directoryName
883 :    
884 :     Name of the directory containing the relation files to be loaded.
885 :    
886 :     =item rebuild
887 :    
888 :     TRUE if the tables should be dropped and rebuilt, else FALSE. This is, unfortunately, the
889 :     only way to erase existing data in the tables, since the TRUNCATE command is not supported
890 :     by all of the DB engines we use.
891 :    
892 :     =item RETURN
893 :    
894 :     Returns a statistical object describing the number of records read and a list of the error messages.
895 :    
896 :     =back
897 :    
898 :     =cut
899 :    
900 :     sub LoadTables {
901 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
902 :     my ($self, $directoryName, $rebuild) = @_;
903 :     # Start the timer.
904 :     my $startTime = gettimeofday;
905 :     # Clean any trailing slash from the directory name.
906 :     $directoryName =~ s!/\\$!!;
907 :     # Declare the return variable.
908 :     my $retVal = Stats->new();
909 : parrello 1.23 # Get the relation names.
910 :     my @relNames = $self->GetTableNames();
911 :     for my $relationName (@relNames) {
912 :     # Try to load this relation.
913 :     my $result = $self->_LoadRelation($directoryName, $relationName, $rebuild);
914 : parrello 1.10 # Accumulate the statistics.
915 :     $retVal->Accumulate($result);
916 :     }
917 :     # Add the duration of the load to the statistical object.
918 :     $retVal->Add('duration', gettimeofday - $startTime);
919 :     # Return the accumulated statistics.
920 :     return $retVal;
921 : parrello 1.1 }
922 :    
923 : parrello 1.23
924 : parrello 1.1 =head3 GetTableNames
925 :    
926 : parrello 1.18 C<< my @names = $erdb->GetTableNames; >>
927 : parrello 1.1
928 :     Return a list of the relations required to implement this database.
929 :    
930 :     =cut
931 :    
932 :     sub GetTableNames {
933 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
934 :     my ($self) = @_;
935 :     # Get the relation list from the metadata.
936 :     my $relationTable = $self->{_metaData}->{RelationTable};
937 :     # Return the relation names.
938 :     return keys %{$relationTable};
939 : parrello 1.1 }
940 :    
941 :     =head3 GetEntityTypes
942 :    
943 : parrello 1.18 C<< my @names = $erdb->GetEntityTypes; >>
944 : parrello 1.1
945 :     Return a list of the entity type names.
946 :    
947 :     =cut
948 :    
949 :     sub GetEntityTypes {
950 : parrello 1.10 # Get the database object.
951 :     my ($self) = @_;
952 :     # Get the entity list from the metadata object.
953 :     my $entityList = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities};
954 :     # Return the list of entity names in alphabetical order.
955 :     return sort keys %{$entityList};
956 : parrello 1.1 }
957 :    
958 : parrello 1.20 =head3 IsEntity
959 :    
960 :     C<< my $flag = $erdb->IsEntity($entityName); >>
961 :    
962 :     Return TRUE if the parameter is an entity name, else FALSE.
963 :    
964 :     =over 4
965 :    
966 :     =item entityName
967 :    
968 :     Object name to be tested.
969 :    
970 :     =item RETURN
971 :    
972 :     Returns TRUE if the specified string is an entity name, else FALSE.
973 :    
974 :     =back
975 :    
976 :     =cut
977 :    
978 :     sub IsEntity {
979 :     # Get the parameters.
980 :     my ($self, $entityName) = @_;
981 :     # Test to see if it's an entity.
982 :     return exists $self->{_metaData}->{Entities}->{$entityName};
983 :     }
984 :    
985 : parrello 1.1 =head3 Get
986 :    
987 : parrello 1.45 C<< my $query = $erdb->Get(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@params); >>
988 : parrello 1.1
989 :     This method returns a query object for entities of a specified type using a specified filter.
990 :     The filter is a standard WHERE/ORDER BY clause with question marks as parameter markers and each
991 :     field name represented in the form B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. For example, the
992 :     following call requests all B<Genome> objects for the genus specified in the variable
993 :     $genus.
994 :    
995 : parrello 1.45 C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = ?", [$genus]); >>
996 : parrello 1.1
997 :     The WHERE clause contains a single question mark, so there is a single additional
998 :     parameter representing the parameter value. It would also be possible to code
999 :    
1000 : parrello 1.18 C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome'], "Genome(genus) = \'$genus\'"); >>
1001 : parrello 1.1
1002 :     however, this version of the call would generate a syntax error if there were any quote
1003 :     characters inside the variable C<$genus>.
1004 :    
1005 :     The use of the strange parenthesized notation for field names enables us to distinguish
1006 :     hyphens contained within field names from minus signs that participate in the computation
1007 :     of the WHERE clause. All of the methods that manipulate fields will use this same notation.
1008 :    
1009 :     It is possible to specify multiple entity and relationship names in order to retrieve more than
1010 :     one object's data at the same time, which allows highly complex joined queries. For example,
1011 :    
1012 : parrello 1.45 C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['Genome', 'ComesFrom', 'Source'], "Genome(genus) = ?", [$genus]); >>
1013 : parrello 1.1
1014 :     If multiple names are specified, then the query processor will automatically determine a
1015 :     join path between the entities and relationships. The algorithm used is very simplistic.
1016 : parrello 1.39 In particular, if a relationship is recursive, the path is determined by the order in which
1017 :     the entity and the relationship appear. For example, consider a recursive relationship
1018 :     B<IsParentOf> which relates B<People> objects to other B<People> objects. If the join path is
1019 : parrello 1.1 coded as C<['People', 'IsParentOf']>, then the people returned will be parents. If, however,
1020 :     the join path is C<['IsParentOf', 'People']>, then the people returned will be children.
1021 :    
1022 : parrello 1.39 If an entity or relationship is mentioned twice, the name for the second occurrence will
1023 :     be suffixed with C<2>, the third occurrence will be suffixed with C<3>, and so forth. So,
1024 :     for example, if we have C<['Feature', 'HasContig', 'Contig', 'HasContig']>, then the
1025 :     B<to-link> field of the first B<HasContig> is specified as C<HasContig(to-link)>, while
1026 :     the B<to-link> field of the second B<HasContig> is specified as C<HasContig2(to-link)>.
1027 :    
1028 : parrello 1.1 =over 4
1029 :    
1030 :     =item objectNames
1031 :    
1032 :     List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1033 :    
1034 :     =item filterClause
1035 :    
1036 :     WHERE clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1037 :     be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used in the WHERE clause must be
1038 :     specified in the standard form B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified
1039 :     in the filter clause should be added to the parameter list as additional parameters. The
1040 :     fields in a filter clause can come from primary entity relations, relationship relations,
1041 :     or secondary entity relations; however, all of the entities and relationships involved must
1042 :     be included in the list of object names.
1043 :    
1044 :     The filter clause can also specify a sort order. To do this, simply follow the filter string
1045 :     with an ORDER BY clause. For example, the following filter string gets all genomes for a
1046 :     particular genus and sorts them by species name.
1047 :    
1048 :     C<< "Genome(genus) = ? ORDER BY Genome(species)" >>
1049 :    
1050 : parrello 1.30 Note that the case is important. Only an uppercase "ORDER BY" with a single space will
1051 :     be processed. The idea is to make it less likely to find the verb by accident.
1052 :    
1053 : parrello 1.1 The rules for field references in a sort order are the same as those for field references in the
1054 :     filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary
1055 :     relation.
1056 :    
1057 : parrello 1.39 Finally, you can limit the number of rows returned by adding a LIMIT clause. The LIMIT must
1058 :     be the last thing in the filter clause, and it contains only the word "LIMIT" followed by
1059 :     a positive number. So, for example
1060 :    
1061 :     C<< "Genome(genus) = ? ORDER BY Genome(species) LIMIT 10" >>
1062 :    
1063 :     will only return the first ten genomes for the specified genus. The ORDER BY clause is not
1064 :     required. For example, to just get the first 10 genomes in the B<Genome> table, you could
1065 :     use
1066 :    
1067 :     C<< "LIMIT 10" >>
1068 :    
1069 : parrello 1.45 =item params
1070 : parrello 1.1
1071 : parrello 1.45 Reference to a list of parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.
1072 : parrello 1.1
1073 :     =item RETURN
1074 :    
1075 :     Returns a B<DBQuery> that can be used to iterate through all of the results.
1076 :    
1077 :     =back
1078 :    
1079 :     =cut
1080 :    
1081 :     sub Get {
1082 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1083 : parrello 1.45 my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;
1084 :     # Process the SQL stuff.
1085 :     my ($suffix, $mappedNameListRef, $mappedNameHashRef) =
1086 :     $self->_SetupSQL($objectNames, $filterClause);
1087 :     # Create the query.
1088 :     my $command = "SELECT DISTINCT " . join(".*, ", @{$mappedNameListRef}) .
1089 :     ".* $suffix";
1090 :     my $sth = $self->_GetStatementHandle($command, $params);
1091 : parrello 1.39 # Now we create the relation map, which enables DBQuery to determine the order, name
1092 :     # and mapped name for each object in the query.
1093 :     my @relationMap = ();
1094 : parrello 1.45 for my $mappedName (@{$mappedNameListRef}) {
1095 :     push @relationMap, [$mappedName, $mappedNameHashRef->{$mappedName}];
1096 : parrello 1.39 }
1097 : parrello 1.10 # Return the statement object.
1098 : parrello 1.39 my $retVal = DBQuery::_new($self, $sth, \@relationMap);
1099 : parrello 1.10 return $retVal;
1100 : parrello 1.1 }
1101 :    
1102 : parrello 1.45 =head3 GetFlat
1103 :    
1104 :     C<< my @list = $erdb->GetFlat(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@parameterList, $field); >>
1105 :    
1106 :     This is a variation of L</GetAll> that asks for only a single field per record and
1107 :     returns a single flattened list.
1108 :    
1109 :     =over 4
1110 :    
1111 :     =item objectNames
1112 :    
1113 :     List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1114 :    
1115 :     =item filterClause
1116 :    
1117 :     WHERE/ORDER BY clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1118 :     be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used must be specified in the standard form
1119 :     B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified in the filter clause should be added to the
1120 :     parameter list as additional parameters. The fields in a filter clause can come from primary
1121 :     entity relations, relationship relations, or secondary entity relations; however, all of the
1122 :     entities and relationships involved must be included in the list of object names.
1123 :    
1124 :     =item parameterList
1125 :    
1126 :     List of the parameters to be substituted in for the parameters marks in the filter clause.
1127 :    
1128 :     =item field
1129 :    
1130 :     Name of the field to be used to get the elements of the list returned.
1131 :    
1132 :     =item RETURN
1133 :    
1134 :     Returns a list of values.
1135 :    
1136 :     =back
1137 :    
1138 :     =cut
1139 :     #: Return Type @;
1140 :     sub GetFlat {
1141 :     # Get the parameters.
1142 :     my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList, $field) = @_;
1143 :     # Construct the query.
1144 :     my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList);
1145 :     # Create the result list.
1146 :     my @retVal = ();
1147 :     # Loop through the records, adding the field values found to the result list.
1148 :     while (my $row = $query->Fetch()) {
1149 :     push @retVal, $row->Value($field);
1150 :     }
1151 :     # Return the list created.
1152 :     return @retVal;
1153 :     }
1154 :    
1155 : parrello 1.32 =head3 Delete
1156 :    
1157 :     C<< my $stats = $erdb->Delete($entityName, $objectID); >>
1158 :    
1159 :     Delete an entity instance from the database. The instance is deleted along with all entity and
1160 :     relationship instances dependent on it. The idea of dependence here is recursive. An object is
1161 :     always dependent on itself. An object is dependent if it is a 1-to-many or many-to-many
1162 :     relationship connected to a dependent entity or the "to" entity connected to a 1-to-many
1163 :     dependent relationship.
1164 :    
1165 :     =over 4
1166 :    
1167 :     =item entityName
1168 :    
1169 :     Name of the entity type for the instance being deleted.
1170 :    
1171 :     =item objectID
1172 :    
1173 :     ID of the entity instance to be deleted. If the ID contains a wild card character (C<%>),
1174 :     then it is presumed to by a LIKE pattern.
1175 :    
1176 :     =item testFlag
1177 :    
1178 :     If TRUE, the delete statements will be traced without being executed.
1179 :    
1180 :     =item RETURN
1181 :    
1182 :     Returns a statistics object indicating how many records of each particular table were
1183 :     deleted.
1184 :    
1185 :     =back
1186 :    
1187 :     =cut
1188 :     #: Return Type $%;
1189 :     sub Delete {
1190 :     # Get the parameters.
1191 :     my ($self, $entityName, $objectID, $testFlag) = @_;
1192 :     # Declare the return variable.
1193 :     my $retVal = Stats->new();
1194 :     # Get the DBKernel object.
1195 :     my $db = $self->{_dbh};
1196 :     # We're going to generate all the paths branching out from the starting entity. One of
1197 :     # the things we have to be careful about is preventing loops. We'll use a hash to
1198 :     # determine if we've hit a loop.
1199 :     my %alreadyFound = ();
1200 : parrello 1.33 # These next lists will serve as our result stack. We start by pushing object lists onto
1201 : parrello 1.32 # the stack, and then popping them off to do the deletes. This means the deletes will
1202 :     # start with the longer paths before getting to the shorter ones. That, in turn, makes
1203 :     # sure we don't delete records that might be needed to forge relationships back to the
1204 : parrello 1.33 # original item. We have two lists-- one for TO-relationships, and one for
1205 :     # FROM-relationships and entities.
1206 :     my @fromPathList = ();
1207 :     my @toPathList = ();
1208 : parrello 1.32 # This final hash is used to remember what work still needs to be done. We push paths
1209 :     # onto the list, then pop them off to extend the paths. We prime it with the starting
1210 :     # point. Note that we will work hard to insure that the last item on a path in the
1211 :     # TODO list is always an entity.
1212 :     my @todoList = ([$entityName]);
1213 :     while (@todoList) {
1214 :     # Get the current path.
1215 :     my $current = pop @todoList;
1216 :     # Copy it into a list.
1217 :     my @stackedPath = @{$current};
1218 :     # Pull off the last item on the path. It will always be an entity.
1219 :     my $entityName = pop @stackedPath;
1220 :     # Add it to the alreadyFound list.
1221 :     $alreadyFound{$entityName} = 1;
1222 :     # Get the entity data.
1223 :     my $entityData = $self->_GetStructure($entityName);
1224 :     # The first task is to loop through the entity's relation. A DELETE command will
1225 :     # be needed for each of them.
1226 :     my $relations = $entityData->{Relations};
1227 :     for my $relation (keys %{$relations}) {
1228 :     my @augmentedList = (@stackedPath, $relation);
1229 : parrello 1.33 push @fromPathList, \@augmentedList;
1230 : parrello 1.32 }
1231 :     # Now we need to look for relationships connected to this entity.
1232 :     my $relationshipList = $self->{_metaData}->{Relationships};
1233 :     for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationshipList}) {
1234 :     my $relationship = $relationshipList->{$relationshipName};
1235 :     # Check the FROM field. We're only interested if it's us.
1236 :     if ($relationship->{from} eq $entityName) {
1237 :     # Add the path to this relationship.
1238 :     my @augmentedList = (@stackedPath, $entityName, $relationshipName);
1239 : parrello 1.33 push @fromPathList, \@augmentedList;
1240 : parrello 1.32 # Check the arity. If it's MM we're done. If it's 1M
1241 :     # and the target hasn't been seen yet, we want to
1242 :     # stack the entity for future processing.
1243 :     if ($relationship->{arity} eq '1M') {
1244 :     my $toEntity = $relationship->{to};
1245 :     if (! exists $alreadyFound{$toEntity}) {
1246 :     # Here we have a new entity that's dependent on
1247 :     # the current entity, so we need to stack it.
1248 :     my @stackList = (@augmentedList, $toEntity);
1249 : parrello 1.33 push @fromPathList, \@stackList;
1250 : parrello 1.34 } else {
1251 :     Trace("$toEntity ignored because it occurred previously.") if T(4);
1252 : parrello 1.32 }
1253 :     }
1254 :     }
1255 :     # Now check the TO field. In this case only the relationship needs
1256 : parrello 1.33 # deletion.
1257 : parrello 1.32 if ($relationship->{to} eq $entityName) {
1258 :     my @augmentedList = (@stackedPath, $entityName, $relationshipName);
1259 : parrello 1.33 push @toPathList, \@augmentedList;
1260 : parrello 1.32 }
1261 :     }
1262 :     }
1263 :     # Create the first qualifier for the WHERE clause. This selects the
1264 :     # keys of the primary entity records to be deleted. When we're deleting
1265 :     # from a dependent table, we construct a join page from the first qualifier
1266 :     # to the table containing the dependent records to delete.
1267 :     my $qualifier = ($objectID =~ /%/ ? "LIKE ?" : "= ?");
1268 : parrello 1.33 # We need to make two passes. The first is through the to-list, and
1269 :     # the second through the from-list. The from-list is second because
1270 :     # the to-list may need to pass through some of the entities the
1271 :     # from-list would delete.
1272 :     my %stackList = ( from_link => \@fromPathList, to_link => \@toPathList );
1273 :     # Now it's time to do the deletes. We do it in two passes.
1274 :     for my $keyName ('to_link', 'from_link') {
1275 :     # Get the list for this key.
1276 :     my @pathList = @{$stackList{$keyName}};
1277 : parrello 1.34 Trace(scalar(@pathList) . " entries in path list for $keyName.") if T(3);
1278 : parrello 1.33 # Loop through this list.
1279 :     while (my $path = pop @pathList) {
1280 :     # Get the table whose rows are to be deleted.
1281 :     my @pathTables = @{$path};
1282 : parrello 1.37 # Start the DELETE statement. We need to call DBKernel because the
1283 :     # syntax of a DELETE-USING varies among DBMSs.
1284 : parrello 1.33 my $target = $pathTables[$#pathTables];
1285 : parrello 1.37 my $stmt = $db->SetUsing(@pathTables);
1286 : parrello 1.33 # Now start the WHERE. The first thing is the ID field from the starting table. That
1287 :     # starting table will either be the entity relation or one of the entity's
1288 :     # sub-relations.
1289 :     $stmt .= " WHERE $pathTables[0].id $qualifier";
1290 :     # Now we run through the remaining entities in the path, connecting them up.
1291 :     for (my $i = 1; $i <= $#pathTables; $i += 2) {
1292 :     # Connect the current relationship to the preceding entity.
1293 :     my ($entity, $rel) = @pathTables[$i-1,$i];
1294 :     # The style of connection depends on the direction of the relationship.
1295 : parrello 1.35 $stmt .= " AND $entity.id = $rel.$keyName";
1296 : parrello 1.32 if ($i + 1 <= $#pathTables) {
1297 :     # Here there's a next entity, so connect that to the relationship's
1298 :     # to-link.
1299 :     my $entity2 = $pathTables[$i+1];
1300 : parrello 1.35 $stmt .= " AND $rel.to_link = $entity2.id";
1301 : parrello 1.32 }
1302 :     }
1303 : parrello 1.33 # Now we have our desired DELETE statement.
1304 :     if ($testFlag) {
1305 :     # Here the user wants to trace without executing.
1306 :     Trace($stmt) if T(0);
1307 :     } else {
1308 :     # Here we can delete. Note that the SQL method dies with a confessing
1309 :     # if an error occurs, so we just go ahead and do it.
1310 : parrello 1.36 Trace("Executing delete from $target using '$objectID'.") if T(3);
1311 :     my $rv = $db->SQL($stmt, 0, $objectID);
1312 : parrello 1.33 # Accumulate the statistics for this delete. The only rows deleted
1313 :     # are from the target table, so we use its name to record the
1314 :     # statistic.
1315 :     $retVal->Add($target, $rv);
1316 :     }
1317 : parrello 1.32 }
1318 :     }
1319 :     # Return the result.
1320 :     return $retVal;
1321 :     }
1322 :    
1323 : parrello 1.6 =head3 GetList
1324 :    
1325 : parrello 1.45 C<< my @dbObjects = $erdb->GetList(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@params); >>
1326 : parrello 1.6
1327 :     Return a list of object descriptors for the specified objects as determined by the
1328 :     specified filter clause.
1329 :    
1330 :     This method is essentially the same as L</Get> except it returns a list of objects rather
1331 : parrello 1.7 than a query object that can be used to get the results one record at a time.
1332 : parrello 1.6
1333 :     =over 4
1334 :    
1335 :     =item objectNames
1336 :    
1337 :     List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
1338 :    
1339 :     =item filterClause
1340 :    
1341 :     WHERE clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
1342 :     be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used in the WHERE clause must be
1343 :     specified in the standard form B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified
1344 :     in the filter clause should be added to the parameter list as additional parameters. The
1345 :     fields in a filter clause can come from primary entity relations, relationship relations,
1346 :     or secondary entity relations; however, all of the entities and relationships involved must
1347 :     be included in the list of object names.
1348 :    
1349 :     The filter clause can also specify a sort order. To do this, simply follow the filter string
1350 :     with an ORDER BY clause. For example, the following filter string gets all genomes for a
1351 :     particular genus and sorts them by species name.
1352 :    
1353 :     C<< "Genome(genus) = ? ORDER BY Genome(species)" >>
1354 :    
1355 :     The rules for field references in a sort order are the same as those for field references in the
1356 :     filter clause in general; however, odd things may happen if a sort field is from a secondary
1357 :     relation.
1358 :    
1359 : parrello 1.45 =item params
1360 : parrello 1.6
1361 : parrello 1.45 Reference to a list of parameter values to be substituted into the filter clause.
1362 : parrello 1.6
1363 :     =item RETURN
1364 :    
1365 :     Returns a list of B<DBObject>s that satisfy the query conditions.
1366 :    
1367 :     =back
1368 :    
1369 :     =cut
1370 :     #: Return Type @%
1371 :     sub GetList {
1372 :     # Get the parameters.
1373 : parrello 1.45 my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $params) = @_;
1374 : parrello 1.10 # Declare the return variable.
1375 :     my @retVal = ();
1376 :     # Perform the query.
1377 : parrello 1.45 my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, $params);
1378 : parrello 1.10 # Loop through the results.
1379 :     while (my $object = $query->Fetch) {
1380 :     push @retVal, $object;
1381 :     }
1382 : parrello 1.6 # Return the result.
1383 :     return @retVal;
1384 :     }
1385 :    
1386 : parrello 1.45 =head3 GetCount
1387 :    
1388 :     C<< my $count = $erdb->GetCount(\@objectNames, $filter, \@params); >>
1389 :    
1390 :     Return the number of rows found by a specified query. This method would
1391 :     normally be used to count the records in a single table. For example, in a
1392 :     genetics database
1393 :    
1394 :     my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['Genome'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?', ['homo %']);
1395 :    
1396 :     would return the number of genomes for the genus I<homo>. It is conceivable, however,
1397 :     to use it to return records based on a join. For example,
1398 :    
1399 : parrello 1.47 my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['HasFeature', 'Genome'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?',
1400 : parrello 1.45 ['homo %']);
1401 :    
1402 :     would return the number of features for genomes in the genus I<homo>. Note that
1403 :     only the rows from the first table are counted. If the above command were
1404 :    
1405 :     my $count = $erdb->GetCount(['Genome', 'Feature'], 'Genome(genus-species) LIKE ?',
1406 :     ['homo %']);
1407 :    
1408 :     it would return the number of genomes, not the number of genome/feature pairs.
1409 :    
1410 :     =over 4
1411 :    
1412 :     =item objectNames
1413 :    
1414 :     Reference to a list of the objects (entities and relationships) included in the
1415 :     query.
1416 :    
1417 :     =item filter
1418 :    
1419 :     A filter clause for restricting the query. The rules are the same as for the L</Get>
1420 :     method.
1421 :    
1422 :     =item params
1423 :    
1424 :     Reference to a list of the parameter values to be substituted for the parameter marks
1425 :     in the filter.
1426 :    
1427 :     =item RETURN
1428 :    
1429 :     Returns a count of the number of records in the first table that would satisfy
1430 :     the query.
1431 :    
1432 :     =back
1433 :    
1434 :     =cut
1435 :    
1436 :     sub GetCount {
1437 :     # Get the parameters.
1438 :     my ($self, $objectNames, $filter, $params) = @_;
1439 :     # Declare the return variable.
1440 :     my $retVal;
1441 : parrello 1.47 # Find out if we're counting an entity or a relationship.
1442 :     my $countedField;
1443 :     if ($self->IsEntity($objectNames->[0])) {
1444 :     $countedField = "id";
1445 :     } else {
1446 :     # For a relationship we count the to-link because it's usually more
1447 :     # numerous. Note we're automatically converting to the SQL form
1448 :     # of the field name (to_link vs. to-link).
1449 :     $countedField = "to_link";
1450 :     }
1451 : parrello 1.45 # Create the SQL command suffix to get the desired records.
1452 :     my ($suffix, $mappedNameListRef, $mappedNameHashRef) = $self->_SetupSQL($objectNames,
1453 :     $filter);
1454 :     # Prefix it with text telling it we want a record count.
1455 :     my $firstObject = $mappedNameListRef->[0];
1456 : parrello 1.47 my $command = "SELECT COUNT($firstObject.$countedField) $suffix";
1457 : parrello 1.45 # Prepare and execute the command.
1458 :     my $sth = $self->_GetStatementHandle($command, $params);
1459 :     # Get the count value.
1460 :     ($retVal) = $sth->fetchrow_array();
1461 :     # Check for a problem.
1462 :     if (! defined($retVal)) {
1463 :     if ($sth->err) {
1464 :     # Here we had an SQL error.
1465 :     Confess("Error retrieving row count: " . $sth->errstr());
1466 :     } else {
1467 :     # Here we have no result.
1468 :     Confess("No result attempting to retrieve row count.");
1469 :     }
1470 :     }
1471 :     # Return the result.
1472 :     return $retVal;
1473 :     }
1474 :    
1475 : parrello 1.1 =head3 ComputeObjectSentence
1476 :    
1477 : parrello 1.18 C<< my $sentence = $erdb->ComputeObjectSentence($objectName); >>
1478 : parrello 1.1
1479 :     Check an object name, and if it is a relationship convert it to a relationship sentence.
1480 :    
1481 :     =over 4
1482 :    
1483 :     =item objectName
1484 :    
1485 :     Name of the entity or relationship.
1486 :    
1487 :     =item RETURN
1488 :    
1489 :     Returns a string containing the entity name or a relationship sentence.
1490 :    
1491 :     =back
1492 :    
1493 :     =cut
1494 :    
1495 :     sub ComputeObjectSentence {
1496 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1497 :     my ($self, $objectName) = @_;
1498 :     # Set the default return value.
1499 :     my $retVal = $objectName;
1500 :     # Look for the object as a relationship.
1501 :     my $relTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Relationships};
1502 :     if (exists $relTable->{$objectName}) {
1503 :     # Get the relationship sentence.
1504 :     $retVal = _ComputeRelationshipSentence($objectName, $relTable->{$objectName});
1505 :     }
1506 :     # Return the result.
1507 :     return $retVal;
1508 : parrello 1.1 }
1509 :    
1510 :     =head3 DumpRelations
1511 :    
1512 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->DumpRelations($outputDirectory); >>
1513 : parrello 1.1
1514 :     Write the contents of all the relations to tab-delimited files in the specified directory.
1515 :     Each file will have the same name as the relation dumped, with an extension of DTX.
1516 :    
1517 :     =over 4
1518 :    
1519 :     =item outputDirectory
1520 :    
1521 :     Name of the directory into which the relation files should be dumped.
1522 :    
1523 :     =back
1524 :    
1525 :     =cut
1526 :    
1527 :     sub DumpRelations {
1528 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1529 :     my ($self, $outputDirectory) = @_;
1530 :     # Now we need to run through all the relations. First, we loop through the entities.
1531 :     my $metaData = $self->{_metaData};
1532 :     my $entities = $metaData->{Entities};
1533 :     for my $entityName (keys %{$entities}) {
1534 :     my $entityStructure = $entities->{$entityName};
1535 :     # Get the entity's relations.
1536 :     my $relationList = $entityStructure->{Relations};
1537 :     # Loop through the relations, dumping them.
1538 :     for my $relationName (keys %{$relationList}) {
1539 :     my $relation = $relationList->{$relationName};
1540 :     $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationName, $relation);
1541 :     }
1542 :     }
1543 :     # Next, we loop through the relationships.
1544 :     my $relationships = $metaData->{Relationships};
1545 :     for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationships}) {
1546 :     my $relationshipStructure = $relationships->{$relationshipName};
1547 :     # Dump this relationship's relation.
1548 :     $self->_DumpRelation($outputDirectory, $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$relationshipName});
1549 :     }
1550 : parrello 1.1 }
1551 :    
1552 : parrello 1.51 =head3 InsertValue
1553 :    
1554 :     C<< $erdb->InsertValue($entityID, $fieldName, $value); >>
1555 :    
1556 :     This method will insert a new value into the database. The value must be one
1557 :     associated with a secondary relation, since primary values cannot be inserted:
1558 :     they occur exactly once. Secondary values, on the other hand, can be missing
1559 :     or multiply-occurring.
1560 :    
1561 :     =over 4
1562 :    
1563 :     =item entityID
1564 :    
1565 :     ID of the object that is to receive the new value.
1566 :    
1567 :     =item fieldName
1568 :    
1569 :     Field name for the new value-- this includes the entity name, since
1570 :     field names are of the format I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.
1571 :    
1572 :     =item value
1573 :    
1574 :     New value to be put in the field.
1575 :    
1576 :     =back
1577 :    
1578 :     =cut
1579 :    
1580 :     sub InsertValue {
1581 :     # Get the parameters.
1582 :     my ($self, $entityID, $fieldName, $value) = @_;
1583 :     # Parse the entity name and the real field name.
1584 :     if ($fieldName =~ /^([^(]+)\(([^)]+)\)/) {
1585 :     my $entityName = $1;
1586 :     my $fieldTitle = $2;
1587 :     # Get its descriptor.
1588 :     if (!$self->IsEntity($entityName)) {
1589 :     Confess("$entityName is not a valid entity.");
1590 :     } else {
1591 :     my $entityData = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities}->{$entityName};
1592 :     # Find the relation containing this field.
1593 :     my $fieldHash = $entityData->{Fields};
1594 : parrello 1.52 if (! exists $fieldHash->{$fieldTitle}) {
1595 : parrello 1.51 Confess("$fieldTitle not found in $entityName.");
1596 :     } else {
1597 :     my $relation = $fieldHash->{$fieldTitle}->{relation};
1598 :     if ($relation eq $entityName) {
1599 :     Confess("Cannot do InsertValue on primary field $fieldTitle of $entityName.");
1600 :     } else {
1601 :     # Now we can create an INSERT statement.
1602 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
1603 :     my $fixedName = _FixName($fieldTitle);
1604 : parrello 1.53 my $statement = "INSERT INTO $relation (id, $fixedName) VALUES(?, ?)";
1605 : parrello 1.51 # Execute the command.
1606 :     $dbh->SQL($statement, 0, $entityID, $value);
1607 :     }
1608 :     }
1609 :     }
1610 :     } else {
1611 :     Confess("$fieldName is not a valid field name.");
1612 :     }
1613 :     }
1614 :    
1615 : parrello 1.1 =head3 InsertObject
1616 :    
1617 : parrello 1.18 C<< my $ok = $erdb->InsertObject($objectType, \%fieldHash); >>
1618 : parrello 1.1
1619 :     Insert an object into the database. The object is defined by a type name and then a hash
1620 :     of field names to values. Field values in the primary relation are represented by scalars.
1621 :     (Note that for relationships, the primary relation is the B<only> relation.)
1622 :     Field values for the other relations comprising the entity are always list references. For
1623 :     example, the following line inserts an inactive PEG feature named C<fig|188.1.peg.1> with aliases
1624 :     C<ZP_00210270.1> and C<gi|46206278>.
1625 :    
1626 : parrello 1.18 C<< $erdb->InsertObject('Feature', { id => 'fig|188.1.peg.1', active => 0, feature-type => 'peg', alias => ['ZP_00210270.1', 'gi|46206278']}); >>
1627 : parrello 1.1
1628 :     The next statement inserts a C<HasProperty> relationship between feature C<fig|158879.1.peg.1> and
1629 :     property C<4> with an evidence URL of C<http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142>.
1630 :    
1631 : parrello 1.57 C<< $erdb->InsertObject('HasProperty', { 'from-link' => 'fig|158879.1.peg.1', 'to-link' => 4, evidence => 'http://seedu.uchicago.edu/query.cgi?article_id=142'}); >>
1632 : parrello 1.1
1633 :     =over 4
1634 :    
1635 :     =item newObjectType
1636 :    
1637 :     Type name of the object to insert.
1638 :    
1639 :     =item fieldHash
1640 :    
1641 :     Hash of field names to values.
1642 :    
1643 :     =item RETURN
1644 :    
1645 :     Returns 1 if successful, 0 if an error occurred.
1646 :    
1647 :     =back
1648 :    
1649 :     =cut
1650 :    
1651 :     sub InsertObject {
1652 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1653 :     my ($self, $newObjectType, $fieldHash) = @_;
1654 :     # Denote that so far we appear successful.
1655 :     my $retVal = 1;
1656 :     # Get the database handle.
1657 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
1658 :     # Get the relation list.
1659 :     my $relationTable = $self->_GetRelationTable($newObjectType);
1660 :     # Loop through the relations. We'll build insert statements for each one. If a relation is
1661 :     # secondary, we may end up generating multiple insert statements. If an error occurs, we
1662 :     # stop the loop.
1663 :     my @relationList = keys %{$relationTable};
1664 :     for (my $i = 0; $retVal && $i <= $#relationList; $i++) {
1665 :     my $relationName = $relationList[$i];
1666 :     my $relationDefinition = $relationTable->{$relationName};
1667 :     # Get the relation's fields. For each field we will collect a value in the corresponding
1668 :     # position of the @valueList array. If one of the fields is missing, we will add it to the
1669 :     # @missing list.
1670 :     my @fieldList = @{$relationDefinition->{Fields}};
1671 :     my @fieldNameList = ();
1672 :     my @valueList = ();
1673 :     my @missing = ();
1674 :     my $recordCount = 1;
1675 :     for my $fieldDescriptor (@fieldList) {
1676 :     # Get the field name and save it. Note we need to fix it up so the hyphens
1677 :     # are converted to underscores.
1678 :     my $fieldName = $fieldDescriptor->{name};
1679 :     push @fieldNameList, _FixName($fieldName);
1680 :     # Look for the named field in the incoming structure. Note that we are looking
1681 :     # for the real field name, not the fixed-up one!
1682 :     if (exists $fieldHash->{$fieldName}) {
1683 :     # Here we found the field. Stash it in the value list.
1684 :     my $value = $fieldHash->{$fieldName};
1685 :     push @valueList, $value;
1686 :     # If the value is a list, we may need to increment the record count.
1687 :     if (ref $value eq "ARRAY") {
1688 :     my $thisCount = @{$value};
1689 :     if ($recordCount == 1) {
1690 :     # Here we have our first list, so we save its count.
1691 :     $recordCount = $thisCount;
1692 :     } elsif ($recordCount != $thisCount) {
1693 :     # Here we have a second list, so its length has to match the
1694 :     # previous lists.
1695 :     Trace("Field $value in new $newObjectType object has an invalid list length $thisCount. Expected $recordCount.") if T(0);
1696 :     $retVal = 0;
1697 :     }
1698 :     }
1699 :     } else {
1700 :     # Here the field is not present. Flag it as missing.
1701 :     push @missing, $fieldName;
1702 :     }
1703 :     }
1704 :     # If we are the primary relation, add the new-record flag.
1705 :     if ($relationName eq $newObjectType) {
1706 :     push @valueList, 1;
1707 :     push @fieldNameList, "new_record";
1708 :     }
1709 :     # Only proceed if there are no missing fields.
1710 :     if (@missing > 0) {
1711 :     Trace("Relation $relationName for $newObjectType skipped due to missing fields: " .
1712 :     join(' ', @missing)) if T(1);
1713 :     } else {
1714 :     # Build the INSERT statement.
1715 :     my $statement = "INSERT INTO $relationName (" . join (', ', @fieldNameList) .
1716 :     ") VALUES (";
1717 :     # Create a marker list of the proper size and put it in the statement.
1718 :     my @markers = ();
1719 :     while (@markers < @fieldNameList) { push @markers, '?'; }
1720 :     $statement .= join(', ', @markers) . ")";
1721 :     # We have the insert statement, so prepare it.
1722 :     my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($statement);
1723 :     Trace("Insert statement prepared: $statement") if T(3);
1724 :     # Now we loop through the values. If a value is scalar, we use it unmodified. If it's
1725 :     # a list, we use the current element. The values are stored in the @parameterList array.
1726 :     my $done = 0;
1727 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $recordCount; $i++) {
1728 :     # Clear the parameter list array.
1729 :     my @parameterList = ();
1730 :     # Loop through the values.
1731 :     for my $value (@valueList) {
1732 :     # Check to see if this is a scalar value.
1733 :     if (ref $value eq "ARRAY") {
1734 :     # Here we have a list value. Pull the current entry.
1735 :     push @parameterList, $value->[$i];
1736 :     } else {
1737 :     # Here we have a scalar value. Use it unmodified.
1738 :     push @parameterList, $value;
1739 :     }
1740 :     }
1741 :     # Execute the INSERT statement with the specified parameter list.
1742 :     $retVal = $sth->execute(@parameterList);
1743 :     if (!$retVal) {
1744 :     my $errorString = $sth->errstr();
1745 :     Trace("Insert error: $errorString.") if T(0);
1746 :     }
1747 :     }
1748 :     }
1749 :     }
1750 :     # Return the success indicator.
1751 :     return $retVal;
1752 : parrello 1.1 }
1753 :    
1754 :     =head3 LoadTable
1755 :    
1756 : parrello 1.18 C<< my %results = $erdb->LoadTable($fileName, $relationName, $truncateFlag); >>
1757 : parrello 1.1
1758 : parrello 1.9 Load data from a tab-delimited file into a specified table, optionally re-creating the table
1759 :     first.
1760 : parrello 1.1
1761 :     =over 4
1762 :    
1763 :     =item fileName
1764 :    
1765 :     Name of the file from which the table data should be loaded.
1766 :    
1767 :     =item relationName
1768 :    
1769 :     Name of the relation to be loaded. This is the same as the table name.
1770 :    
1771 :     =item truncateFlag
1772 :    
1773 :     TRUE if the table should be dropped and re-created, else FALSE
1774 :    
1775 :     =item RETURN
1776 :    
1777 : parrello 1.28 Returns a statistical object containing a list of the error messages.
1778 : parrello 1.1
1779 :     =back
1780 :    
1781 :     =cut
1782 :     sub LoadTable {
1783 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1784 :     my ($self, $fileName, $relationName, $truncateFlag) = @_;
1785 :     # Create the statistical return object.
1786 :     my $retVal = _GetLoadStats();
1787 :     # Trace the fact of the load.
1788 :     Trace("Loading table $relationName from $fileName") if T(2);
1789 :     # Get the database handle.
1790 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
1791 : parrello 1.22 # Get the input file size.
1792 :     my $fileSize = -s $fileName;
1793 : parrello 1.10 # Get the relation data.
1794 :     my $relation = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);
1795 :     # Check the truncation flag.
1796 :     if ($truncateFlag) {
1797 :     Trace("Creating table $relationName") if T(2);
1798 : parrello 1.19 # Compute the row count estimate. We take the size of the load file,
1799 :     # divide it by the estimated row size, and then multiply by 1.5 to
1800 :     # leave extra room. We postulate a minimum row count of 1000 to
1801 :     # prevent problems with incoming empty load files.
1802 :     my $rowSize = $self->EstimateRowSize($relationName);
1803 :     my $estimate = FIG::max($fileSize * 1.5 / $rowSize, 1000);
1804 : parrello 1.10 # Re-create the table without its index.
1805 : parrello 1.19 $self->CreateTable($relationName, 0, $estimate);
1806 : parrello 1.10 # If this is a pre-index DBMS, create the index here.
1807 :     if ($dbh->{_preIndex}) {
1808 :     eval {
1809 :     $self->CreateIndex($relationName);
1810 :     };
1811 :     if ($@) {
1812 :     $retVal->AddMessage($@);
1813 :     }
1814 :     }
1815 :     }
1816 : parrello 1.3 # Load the table.
1817 : parrello 1.10 my $rv;
1818 :     eval {
1819 : parrello 1.20 $rv = $dbh->load_table(file => $fileName, tbl => $relationName);
1820 : parrello 1.10 };
1821 :     if (!defined $rv) {
1822 : parrello 1.3 $retVal->AddMessage($@) if ($@);
1823 : parrello 1.20 $retVal->AddMessage("Table load failed for $relationName using $fileName.");
1824 : parrello 1.10 Trace("Table load failed for $relationName.") if T(1);
1825 :     } else {
1826 : parrello 1.22 # Here we successfully loaded the table.
1827 :     $retVal->Add("tables");
1828 :     my $size = -s $fileName;
1829 :     Trace("$size bytes loaded into $relationName.") if T(2);
1830 : parrello 1.10 # If we're rebuilding, we need to create the table indexes.
1831 :     if ($truncateFlag && ! $dbh->{_preIndex}) {
1832 :     eval {
1833 :     $self->CreateIndex($relationName);
1834 :     };
1835 :     if ($@) {
1836 :     $retVal->AddMessage($@);
1837 :     }
1838 :     }
1839 :     }
1840 : parrello 1.20 # Analyze the table to improve performance.
1841 : parrello 1.61 Trace("Analyzing and compacting $relationName.") if T(3);
1842 : olson 1.16 $dbh->vacuum_it($relationName);
1843 : parrello 1.58 # Flush the database cache.
1844 :     $dbh->flush_tables();
1845 : parrello 1.61 Trace("$relationName load completed.") if T(3);
1846 : parrello 1.10 # Return the statistics.
1847 :     return $retVal;
1848 : parrello 1.1 }
1849 :    
1850 :     =head3 GenerateEntity
1851 :    
1852 : parrello 1.18 C<< my $fieldHash = $erdb->GenerateEntity($id, $type, \%values); >>
1853 : parrello 1.1
1854 :     Generate the data for a new entity instance. This method creates a field hash suitable for
1855 :     passing as a parameter to L</InsertObject>. The ID is specified by the callr, but the rest
1856 :     of the fields are generated using information in the database schema.
1857 :    
1858 :     Each data type has a default algorithm for generating random test data. This can be overridden
1859 :     by including a B<DataGen> element in the field. If this happens, the content of the element is
1860 :     executed as a PERL program in the context of this module. The element may make use of a C<$this>
1861 :     variable which contains the field hash as it has been built up to the current point. If any
1862 :     fields are dependent on other fields, the C<pass> attribute can be used to control the order
1863 :     in which the fields are generated. A field with a high data pass number will be generated after
1864 :     a field with a lower one. If any external values are needed, they should be passed in via the
1865 :     optional third parameter, which will be available to the data generation script under the name
1866 :     C<$value>. Several useful utility methods are provided for generating random values, including
1867 :     L</IntGen>, L</StringGen>, L</FloatGen>, and L</DateGen>. Note that dates are stored and generated
1868 :     in the form of a timestamp number rather than a string.
1869 :    
1870 :     =over 4
1871 :    
1872 :     =item id
1873 :    
1874 :     ID to assign to the new entity.
1875 :    
1876 :     =item type
1877 :    
1878 :     Type name for the new entity.
1879 :    
1880 :     =item values
1881 :    
1882 :     Hash containing additional values that might be needed by the data generation methods (optional).
1883 :    
1884 :     =back
1885 :    
1886 :     =cut
1887 :    
1888 :     sub GenerateEntity {
1889 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1890 :     my ($self, $id, $type, $values) = @_;
1891 :     # Create the return hash.
1892 :     my $this = { id => $id };
1893 :     # Get the metadata structure.
1894 :     my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};
1895 :     # Get this entity's list of fields.
1896 :     if (!exists $metadata->{Entities}->{$type}) {
1897 :     Confess("Unrecognized entity type $type in GenerateEntity.");
1898 :     } else {
1899 :     my $entity = $metadata->{Entities}->{$type};
1900 :     my $fields = $entity->{Fields};
1901 :     # Generate data from the fields.
1902 :     _GenerateFields($this, $fields, $type, $values);
1903 :     }
1904 :     # Return the hash created.
1905 :     return $this;
1906 : parrello 1.1 }
1907 :    
1908 : parrello 1.6 =head3 GetEntity
1909 :    
1910 : parrello 1.18 C<< my $entityObject = $erdb->GetEntity($entityType, $ID); >>
1911 : parrello 1.6
1912 :     Return an object describing the entity instance with a specified ID.
1913 :    
1914 :     =over 4
1915 :    
1916 :     =item entityType
1917 :    
1918 :     Entity type name.
1919 :    
1920 :     =item ID
1921 :    
1922 :     ID of the desired entity.
1923 :    
1924 :     =item RETURN
1925 :    
1926 :     Returns a B<DBObject> representing the desired entity instance, or an undefined value if no
1927 :     instance is found with the specified key.
1928 :    
1929 :     =back
1930 :    
1931 :     =cut
1932 :    
1933 :     sub GetEntity {
1934 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1935 :     my ($self, $entityType, $ID) = @_;
1936 :     # Create a query.
1937 : parrello 1.45 my $query = $self->Get([$entityType], "$entityType(id) = ?", [$ID]);
1938 : parrello 1.10 # Get the first (and only) object.
1939 :     my $retVal = $query->Fetch();
1940 :     # Return the result.
1941 :     return $retVal;
1942 : parrello 1.6 }
1943 :    
1944 :     =head3 GetEntityValues
1945 :    
1946 : parrello 1.18 C<< my @values = $erdb->GetEntityValues($entityType, $ID, \@fields); >>
1947 : parrello 1.6
1948 :     Return a list of values from a specified entity instance.
1949 :    
1950 :     =over 4
1951 :    
1952 :     =item entityType
1953 :    
1954 :     Entity type name.
1955 :    
1956 :     =item ID
1957 :    
1958 :     ID of the desired entity.
1959 :    
1960 :     =item fields
1961 :    
1962 :     List of field names, each of the form I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.
1963 :    
1964 :     =item RETURN
1965 :    
1966 :     Returns a flattened list of the values of the specified fields for the specified entity.
1967 :    
1968 :     =back
1969 :    
1970 :     =cut
1971 :    
1972 :     sub GetEntityValues {
1973 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
1974 :     my ($self, $entityType, $ID, $fields) = @_;
1975 :     # Get the specified entity.
1976 :     my $entity = $self->GetEntity($entityType, $ID);
1977 :     # Declare the return list.
1978 :     my @retVal = ();
1979 :     # If we found the entity, push the values into the return list.
1980 :     if ($entity) {
1981 :     push @retVal, $entity->Values($fields);
1982 :     }
1983 :     # Return the result.
1984 :     return @retVal;
1985 : parrello 1.6 }
1986 : parrello 1.1
1987 : parrello 1.7 =head3 GetAll
1988 :    
1989 : parrello 1.18 C<< my @list = $erdb->GetAll(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@parameters, \@fields, $count); >>
1990 : parrello 1.7
1991 :     Return a list of values taken from the objects returned by a query. The first three
1992 :     parameters correspond to the parameters of the L</Get> method. The final parameter is
1993 :     a list of the fields desired from each record found by the query. The field name
1994 :     syntax is the standard syntax used for fields in the B<ERDB> system--
1995 :     B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>-- where I<objectName> is the name of the relevant entity
1996 :     or relationship and I<fieldName> is the name of the field.
1997 :    
1998 :     The list returned will be a list of lists. Each element of the list will contain
1999 :     the values returned for the fields specified in the fourth parameter. If one of the
2000 :     fields specified returns multiple values, they are flattened in with the rest. For
2001 :     example, the following call will return a list of the features in a particular
2002 :     spreadsheet cell, and each feature will be represented by a list containing the
2003 :     feature ID followed by all of its aliases.
2004 :    
2005 : parrello 1.18 C<< $query = $erdb->Get(['ContainsFeature', 'Feature'], "ContainsFeature(from-link) = ?", [$ssCellID], ['Feature(id)', 'Feature(alias)']); >>
2006 : parrello 1.7
2007 :     =over 4
2008 :    
2009 :     =item objectNames
2010 :    
2011 :     List containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
2012 :    
2013 :     =item filterClause
2014 :    
2015 :     WHERE/ORDER BY clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
2016 :     be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used must be specified in the standard form
2017 :     B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)>. Any parameters specified in the filter clause should be added to the
2018 :     parameter list as additional parameters. The fields in a filter clause can come from primary
2019 :     entity relations, relationship relations, or secondary entity relations; however, all of the
2020 :     entities and relationships involved must be included in the list of object names.
2021 :    
2022 :     =item parameterList
2023 :    
2024 :     List of the parameters to be substituted in for the parameters marks in the filter clause.
2025 :    
2026 :     =item fields
2027 :    
2028 :     List of the fields to be returned in each element of the list returned.
2029 :    
2030 :     =item count
2031 :    
2032 :     Maximum number of records to return. If omitted or 0, all available records will be returned.
2033 :    
2034 :     =item RETURN
2035 :    
2036 :     Returns a list of list references. Each element of the return list contains the values for the
2037 :     fields specified in the B<fields> parameter.
2038 :    
2039 :     =back
2040 :    
2041 :     =cut
2042 :     #: Return Type @@;
2043 :     sub GetAll {
2044 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2045 :     my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause, $parameterList, $fields, $count) = @_;
2046 :     # Translate the parameters from a list reference to a list. If the parameter
2047 :     # list is a scalar we convert it into a singleton list.
2048 :     my @parmList = ();
2049 :     if (ref $parameterList eq "ARRAY") {
2050 : parrello 1.45 Trace("GetAll parm list is an array.") if T(4);
2051 : parrello 1.10 @parmList = @{$parameterList};
2052 :     } else {
2053 : parrello 1.45 Trace("GetAll parm list is a scalar: $parameterList.") if T(4);
2054 : parrello 1.10 push @parmList, $parameterList;
2055 :     }
2056 : parrello 1.30 # Insure the counter has a value.
2057 :     if (!defined $count) {
2058 :     $count = 0;
2059 :     }
2060 :     # Add the row limit to the filter clause.
2061 :     if ($count > 0) {
2062 :     $filterClause .= " LIMIT $count";
2063 :     }
2064 : parrello 1.10 # Create the query.
2065 : parrello 1.45 my $query = $self->Get($objectNames, $filterClause, \@parmList);
2066 : parrello 1.10 # Set up a counter of the number of records read.
2067 :     my $fetched = 0;
2068 :     # Loop through the records returned, extracting the fields. Note that if the
2069 :     # counter is non-zero, we stop when the number of records read hits the count.
2070 :     my @retVal = ();
2071 :     while (($count == 0 || $fetched < $count) && (my $row = $query->Fetch())) {
2072 :     my @rowData = $row->Values($fields);
2073 :     push @retVal, \@rowData;
2074 :     $fetched++;
2075 :     }
2076 : parrello 1.54 Trace("$fetched rows returned in GetAll.") if T(SQL => 4);
2077 : parrello 1.10 # Return the resulting list.
2078 :     return @retVal;
2079 : parrello 1.7 }
2080 :    
2081 : parrello 1.55 =head3 Exists
2082 :    
2083 :     C<< my $found = $sprout->Exists($entityName, $entityID); >>
2084 :    
2085 :     Return TRUE if an entity exists, else FALSE.
2086 :    
2087 :     =over 4
2088 :    
2089 :     =item entityName
2090 :    
2091 :     Name of the entity type (e.g. C<Feature>) relevant to the existence check.
2092 :    
2093 :     =item entityID
2094 :    
2095 :     ID of the entity instance whose existence is to be checked.
2096 :    
2097 :     =item RETURN
2098 :    
2099 :     Returns TRUE if the entity instance exists, else FALSE.
2100 :    
2101 :     =back
2102 :    
2103 :     =cut
2104 :     #: Return Type $;
2105 :     sub Exists {
2106 :     # Get the parameters.
2107 :     my ($self, $entityName, $entityID) = @_;
2108 :     # Check for the entity instance.
2109 :     Trace("Checking existence of $entityName with ID=$entityID.") if T(4);
2110 :     my $testInstance = $self->GetEntity($entityName, $entityID);
2111 :     # Return an existence indicator.
2112 :     my $retVal = ($testInstance ? 1 : 0);
2113 :     return $retVal;
2114 :     }
2115 :    
2116 : parrello 1.18 =head3 EstimateRowSize
2117 :    
2118 :     C<< my $rowSize = $erdb->EstimateRowSize($relName); >>
2119 :    
2120 :     Estimate the row size of the specified relation. The estimated row size is computed by adding
2121 :     up the average length for each data type.
2122 :    
2123 :     =over 4
2124 :    
2125 :     =item relName
2126 :    
2127 :     Name of the relation whose estimated row size is desired.
2128 :    
2129 :     =item RETURN
2130 :    
2131 :     Returns an estimate of the row size for the specified relation.
2132 :    
2133 :     =back
2134 :    
2135 :     =cut
2136 :     #: Return Type $;
2137 :     sub EstimateRowSize {
2138 :     # Get the parameters.
2139 :     my ($self, $relName) = @_;
2140 :     # Declare the return variable.
2141 :     my $retVal = 0;
2142 :     # Find the relation descriptor.
2143 :     my $relation = $self->_FindRelation($relName);
2144 :     # Get the list of fields.
2145 :     for my $fieldData (@{$relation->{Fields}}) {
2146 :     # Get the field type and add its length.
2147 :     my $fieldLen = $TypeTable{$fieldData->{type}}->{avgLen};
2148 :     $retVal += $fieldLen;
2149 :     }
2150 :     # Return the result.
2151 :     return $retVal;
2152 :     }
2153 :    
2154 : parrello 1.38 =head3 GetFieldTable
2155 :    
2156 :     C<< my $fieldHash = $self->GetFieldTable($objectnName); >>
2157 :    
2158 :     Get the field structure for a specified entity or relationship.
2159 :    
2160 :     =over 4
2161 :    
2162 :     =item objectName
2163 :    
2164 :     Name of the desired entity or relationship.
2165 :    
2166 :     =item RETURN
2167 :    
2168 :     The table containing the field descriptors for the specified object.
2169 :    
2170 :     =back
2171 :    
2172 :     =cut
2173 :    
2174 :     sub GetFieldTable {
2175 :     # Get the parameters.
2176 :     my ($self, $objectName) = @_;
2177 :     # Get the descriptor from the metadata.
2178 :     my $objectData = $self->_GetStructure($objectName);
2179 :     # Return the object's field table.
2180 :     return $objectData->{Fields};
2181 :     }
2182 :    
2183 : parrello 1.48 =head2 Data Mining Methods
2184 :    
2185 : parrello 1.38 =head3 GetUsefulCrossValues
2186 :    
2187 :     C<< my @attrNames = $sprout->GetUsefulCrossValues($sourceEntity, $relationship); >>
2188 :    
2189 :     Return a list of the useful attributes that would be returned by a B<Cross> call
2190 :     from an entity of the source entity type through the specified relationship. This
2191 :     means it will return the fields of the target entity type and the intersection data
2192 :     fields in the relationship. Only primary table fields are returned. In other words,
2193 :     the field names returned will be for fields where there is always one and only one
2194 :     value.
2195 :    
2196 :     =over 4
2197 :    
2198 :     =item sourceEntity
2199 :    
2200 :     Name of the entity from which the relationship crossing will start.
2201 :    
2202 :     =item relationship
2203 :    
2204 :     Name of the relationship being crossed.
2205 :    
2206 :     =item RETURN
2207 :    
2208 :     Returns a list of field names in Sprout field format (I<objectName>C<(>I<fieldName>C<)>.
2209 :    
2210 :     =back
2211 :    
2212 :     =cut
2213 :     #: Return Type @;
2214 :     sub GetUsefulCrossValues {
2215 :     # Get the parameters.
2216 :     my ($self, $sourceEntity, $relationship) = @_;
2217 :     # Declare the return variable.
2218 :     my @retVal = ();
2219 :     # Determine the target entity for the relationship. This is whichever entity is not
2220 :     # the source entity. So, if the source entity is the FROM, we'll get the name of
2221 :     # the TO, and vice versa.
2222 :     my $relStructure = $self->_GetStructure($relationship);
2223 :     my $targetEntityType = ($relStructure->{from} eq $sourceEntity ? "to" : "from");
2224 :     my $targetEntity = $relStructure->{$targetEntityType};
2225 :     # Get the field table for the entity.
2226 :     my $entityFields = $self->GetFieldTable($targetEntity);
2227 :     # The field table is a hash. The hash key is the field name. The hash value is a structure.
2228 :     # For the entity fields, the key aspect of the target structure is that the {relation} value
2229 :     # must match the entity name.
2230 :     my @fieldList = map { "$targetEntity($_)" } grep { $entityFields->{$_}->{relation} eq $targetEntity }
2231 :     keys %{$entityFields};
2232 :     # Push the fields found onto the return variable.
2233 :     push @retVal, sort @fieldList;
2234 :     # Get the field table for the relationship.
2235 :     my $relationshipFields = $self->GetFieldTable($relationship);
2236 :     # Here we have a different rule. We want all the fields other than "from-link" and "to-link".
2237 :     # This may end up being an empty set.
2238 :     my @fieldList2 = map { "$relationship($_)" } grep { $_ ne "from-link" && $_ ne "to-link" }
2239 :     keys %{$relationshipFields};
2240 :     # Push these onto the return list.
2241 :     push @retVal, sort @fieldList2;
2242 :     # Return the result.
2243 :     return @retVal;
2244 :     }
2245 :    
2246 : parrello 1.48 =head3 FindColumn
2247 :    
2248 :     C<< my $colIndex = ERDB::FindColumn($headerLine, $columnIdentifier); >>
2249 :    
2250 :     Return the location a desired column in a data mining header line. The data
2251 :     mining header line is a tab-separated list of column names. The column
2252 :     identifier is either the numerical index of a column or the actual column
2253 :     name.
2254 :    
2255 :     =over 4
2256 :    
2257 :     =item headerLine
2258 :    
2259 :     The header line from a data mining command, which consists of a tab-separated
2260 :     list of column names.
2261 :    
2262 :     =item columnIdentifier
2263 :    
2264 :     Either the ordinal number of the desired column (1-based), or the name of the
2265 :     desired column.
2266 :    
2267 :     =item RETURN
2268 :    
2269 :     Returns the array index (0-based) of the desired column.
2270 :    
2271 :     =back
2272 :    
2273 :     =cut
2274 :    
2275 :     sub FindColumn {
2276 :     # Get the parameters.
2277 :     my ($headerLine, $columnIdentifier) = @_;
2278 :     # Declare the return variable.
2279 :     my $retVal;
2280 :     # Split the header line into column names.
2281 :     my @headers = ParseColumns($headerLine);
2282 :     # Determine whether we have a number or a name.
2283 :     if ($columnIdentifier =~ /^\d+$/) {
2284 :     # Here we have a number. Subtract 1 and validate the result.
2285 :     $retVal = $columnIdentifier - 1;
2286 :     if ($retVal < 0 || $retVal > $#headers) {
2287 :     Confess("Invalid column identifer \"$columnIdentifier\": value out of range.");
2288 :     }
2289 :     } else {
2290 :     # Here we have a name. We need to find it in the list.
2291 :     for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#headers && ! defined($retVal); $i++) {
2292 :     if ($headers[$i] eq $columnIdentifier) {
2293 :     $retVal = $i;
2294 :     }
2295 :     }
2296 :     if (! defined($retVal)) {
2297 :     Confess("Invalid column identifier \"$columnIdentifier\": value not found.");
2298 :     }
2299 :     }
2300 :     # Return the result.
2301 :     return $retVal;
2302 :     }
2303 :    
2304 :     =head3 ParseColumns
2305 :    
2306 : parrello 1.50 C<< my @columns = ERDB::ParseColumns($line); >>
2307 : parrello 1.48
2308 :     Convert the specified data line to a list of columns.
2309 :    
2310 :     =over 4
2311 :    
2312 :     =item line
2313 :    
2314 :     A data mining input, consisting of a tab-separated list of columns terminated by a
2315 :     new-line.
2316 :    
2317 :     =item RETURN
2318 :    
2319 :     Returns a list consisting of the column values.
2320 :    
2321 :     =back
2322 :    
2323 :     =cut
2324 :    
2325 :     sub ParseColumns {
2326 :     # Get the parameters.
2327 : parrello 1.50 my ($line) = @_;
2328 : parrello 1.48 # Chop off the line-end.
2329 :     chomp $line;
2330 :     # Split it into a list.
2331 :     my @retVal = split(/\t/, $line);
2332 :     # Return the result.
2333 :     return @retVal;
2334 :     }
2335 :    
2336 : parrello 1.1 =head2 Internal Utility Methods
2337 :    
2338 : parrello 1.45 =head3 SetupSQL
2339 :    
2340 :     Process a list of object names and a filter clause so that they can be used to
2341 :     build an SQL statement. This method takes in a reference to a list of object names
2342 :     and a filter clause. It will return a corrected filter clause, a list of mapped
2343 :     names and the mapped name hash.
2344 :    
2345 :     This is an instance method.
2346 :    
2347 :     =over 4
2348 :    
2349 :     =item objectNames
2350 :    
2351 :     Reference to a list of the object names to be included in the query.
2352 :    
2353 :     =item filterClause
2354 :    
2355 :     A string containing the WHERE clause for the query (without the C<WHERE>) and also
2356 :     optionally the C<ORDER BY> and C<LIMIT> clauses.
2357 :    
2358 :     =item RETURN
2359 :    
2360 :     Returns a three-element list. The first element is the SQL statement suffix, beginning
2361 :     with the FROM clause. The second element is a reference to a list of the names to be
2362 :     used in retrieving the fields. The third element is a hash mapping the names to the
2363 :     objects they represent.
2364 :    
2365 :     =back
2366 :    
2367 :     =cut
2368 :    
2369 :     sub _SetupSQL {
2370 :     my ($self, $objectNames, $filterClause) = @_;
2371 :     # Adjust the list of object names to account for multiple occurrences of the
2372 :     # same object. We start with a hash table keyed on object name that will
2373 :     # return the object suffix. The first time an object is encountered it will
2374 :     # not be found in the hash. The next time the hash will map the object name
2375 :     # to 2, then 3, and so forth.
2376 :     my %objectHash = ();
2377 :     # This list will contain the object names as they are to appear in the
2378 :     # FROM list.
2379 :     my @fromList = ();
2380 :     # This list contains the suffixed object name for each object. It is exactly
2381 :     # parallel to the list in the $objectNames parameter.
2382 :     my @mappedNameList = ();
2383 :     # Finally, this hash translates from a mapped name to its original object name.
2384 :     my %mappedNameHash = ();
2385 :     # Now we create the lists. Note that for every single name we push something into
2386 :     # @fromList and @mappedNameList. This insures that those two arrays are exactly
2387 :     # parallel to $objectNames.
2388 :     for my $objectName (@{$objectNames}) {
2389 :     # Get the next suffix for this object.
2390 :     my $suffix = $objectHash{$objectName};
2391 :     if (! $suffix) {
2392 :     # Here we are seeing the object for the first time. The object name
2393 :     # is used as is.
2394 :     push @mappedNameList, $objectName;
2395 :     push @fromList, $objectName;
2396 :     $mappedNameHash{$objectName} = $objectName;
2397 :     # Denote the next suffix will be 2.
2398 :     $objectHash{$objectName} = 2;
2399 :     } else {
2400 :     # Here we've seen the object before. We construct a new name using
2401 :     # the suffix from the hash and update the hash.
2402 :     my $mappedName = "$objectName$suffix";
2403 :     $objectHash{$objectName} = $suffix + 1;
2404 :     # The FROM list has the object name followed by the mapped name. This
2405 :     # tells SQL it's still the same table, but we're using a different name
2406 :     # for it to avoid confusion.
2407 :     push @fromList, "$objectName $mappedName";
2408 :     # The mapped-name list contains the real mapped name.
2409 :     push @mappedNameList, $mappedName;
2410 :     # Finally, enable us to get back from the mapped name to the object name.
2411 :     $mappedNameHash{$mappedName} = $objectName;
2412 :     }
2413 :     }
2414 :     # Begin the SELECT suffix. It starts with
2415 :     #
2416 :     # FROM name1, name2, ... nameN
2417 :     #
2418 :     my $suffix = "FROM " . join(', ', @fromList);
2419 :     # Check for a filter clause.
2420 :     if ($filterClause) {
2421 :     # Here we have one, so we convert its field names and add it to the query. First,
2422 :     # We create a copy of the filter string we can work with.
2423 :     my $filterString = $filterClause;
2424 :     # Next, we sort the object names by length. This helps protect us from finding
2425 :     # object names inside other object names when we're doing our search and replace.
2426 :     my @sortedNames = sort { length($b) - length($a) } @mappedNameList;
2427 :     # We will also keep a list of conditions to add to the WHERE clause in order to link
2428 :     # entities and relationships as well as primary relations to secondary ones.
2429 :     my @joinWhere = ();
2430 :     # The final preparatory step is to create a hash table of relation names. The
2431 :     # table begins with the relation names already in the SELECT command. We may
2432 :     # need to add relations later if there is filtering on a field in a secondary
2433 :     # relation. The secondary relations are the ones that contain multiply-
2434 :     # occurring or optional fields.
2435 :     my %fromNames = map { $_ => 1 } @sortedNames;
2436 :     # We are ready to begin. We loop through the object names, replacing each
2437 :     # object name's field references by the corresponding SQL field reference.
2438 :     # Along the way, if we find a secondary relation, we will need to add it
2439 :     # to the FROM clause.
2440 :     for my $mappedName (@sortedNames) {
2441 :     # Get the length of the object name plus 2. This is the value we add to the
2442 :     # size of the field name to determine the size of the field reference as a
2443 :     # whole.
2444 :     my $nameLength = 2 + length $mappedName;
2445 :     # Get the real object name for this mapped name.
2446 :     my $objectName = $mappedNameHash{$mappedName};
2447 :     Trace("Processing $mappedName for object $objectName.") if T(4);
2448 :     # Get the object's field list.
2449 :     my $fieldList = $self->GetFieldTable($objectName);
2450 :     # Find the field references for this object.
2451 :     while ($filterString =~ m/$mappedName\(([^)]*)\)/g) {
2452 :     # At this point, $1 contains the field name, and the current position
2453 :     # is set immediately after the final parenthesis. We pull out the name of
2454 :     # the field and the position and length of the field reference as a whole.
2455 :     my $fieldName = $1;
2456 :     my $len = $nameLength + length $fieldName;
2457 :     my $pos = pos($filterString) - $len;
2458 :     # Insure the field exists.
2459 :     if (!exists $fieldList->{$fieldName}) {
2460 :     Confess("Field $fieldName not found for object $objectName.");
2461 :     } else {
2462 :     Trace("Processing $fieldName at position $pos.") if T(4);
2463 :     # Get the field's relation.
2464 :     my $relationName = $fieldList->{$fieldName}->{relation};
2465 :     # Now we have a secondary relation. We need to insure it matches the
2466 :     # mapped name of the primary relation. First we peel off the suffix
2467 :     # from the mapped name.
2468 :     my $mappingSuffix = substr $mappedName, length($objectName);
2469 :     # Put the mapping suffix onto the relation name to get the
2470 :     # mapped relation name.
2471 :     my $mappedRelationName = "$relationName$mappingSuffix";
2472 :     # Insure the relation is in the FROM clause.
2473 :     if (!exists $fromNames{$mappedRelationName}) {
2474 :     # Add the relation to the FROM clause.
2475 :     if ($mappedRelationName eq $relationName) {
2476 :     # The name is un-mapped, so we add it without
2477 :     # any frills.
2478 :     $suffix .= ", $relationName";
2479 :     push @joinWhere, "$objectName.id = $relationName.id";
2480 :     } else {
2481 :     # Here we have a mapping situation.
2482 :     $suffix .= ", $relationName $mappedRelationName";
2483 :     push @joinWhere, "$mappedRelationName.id = $mappedName.id";
2484 :     }
2485 :     # Denote we have this relation available for future fields.
2486 :     $fromNames{$mappedRelationName} = 1;
2487 :     }
2488 :     # Form an SQL field reference from the relation name and the field name.
2489 :     my $sqlReference = "$mappedRelationName." . _FixName($fieldName);
2490 :     # Put it into the filter string in place of the old value.
2491 :     substr($filterString, $pos, $len) = $sqlReference;
2492 :     # Reposition the search.
2493 :     pos $filterString = $pos + length $sqlReference;
2494 :     }
2495 :     }
2496 :     }
2497 :     # The next step is to join the objects together. We only need to do this if there
2498 :     # is more than one object in the object list. We start with the first object and
2499 :     # run through the objects after it. Note also that we make a safety copy of the
2500 :     # list before running through it.
2501 :     my @mappedObjectList = @mappedNameList;
2502 :     my $lastMappedObject = shift @mappedObjectList;
2503 :     # Get the join table.
2504 :     my $joinTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Joins};
2505 :     # Loop through the object list.
2506 :     for my $thisMappedObject (@mappedObjectList) {
2507 :     # Look for a join using the real object names.
2508 :     my $lastObject = $mappedNameHash{$lastMappedObject};
2509 :     my $thisObject = $mappedNameHash{$thisMappedObject};
2510 :     my $joinKey = "$lastObject/$thisObject";
2511 :     if (!exists $joinTable->{$joinKey}) {
2512 :     # Here there's no join, so we throw an error.
2513 :     Confess("No join exists to connect from $lastMappedObject to $thisMappedObject.");
2514 :     } else {
2515 :     # Get the join clause.
2516 :     my $unMappedJoin = $joinTable->{$joinKey};
2517 :     # Fix the names.
2518 :     $unMappedJoin =~ s/$lastObject/$lastMappedObject/;
2519 :     $unMappedJoin =~ s/$thisObject/$thisMappedObject/;
2520 :     push @joinWhere, $unMappedJoin;
2521 :     # Save this object as the last object for the next iteration.
2522 :     $lastMappedObject = $thisMappedObject;
2523 :     }
2524 :     }
2525 :     # Now we need to handle the whole ORDER BY / LIMIT thing. The important part
2526 :     # here is we want the filter clause to be empty if there's no WHERE filter.
2527 :     # We'll put the ORDER BY / LIMIT clauses in the following variable.
2528 :     my $orderClause = "";
2529 :     # Locate the ORDER BY or LIMIT verbs (if any). We use a non-greedy
2530 :     # operator so that we find the first occurrence of either verb.
2531 :     if ($filterString =~ m/^(.*?)\s*(ORDER BY|LIMIT)/g) {
2532 :     # Here we have an ORDER BY or LIMIT verb. Split it off of the filter string.
2533 :     my $pos = pos $filterString;
2534 :     $orderClause = $2 . substr($filterString, $pos);
2535 :     $filterString = $1;
2536 :     }
2537 :     # Add the filter and the join clauses (if any) to the SELECT command.
2538 :     if ($filterString) {
2539 :     Trace("Filter string is \"$filterString\".") if T(4);
2540 :     push @joinWhere, "($filterString)";
2541 :     }
2542 :     if (@joinWhere) {
2543 :     $suffix .= " WHERE " . join(' AND ', @joinWhere);
2544 :     }
2545 :     # Add the sort or limit clause (if any) to the SELECT command.
2546 :     if ($orderClause) {
2547 :     $suffix .= " $orderClause";
2548 :     }
2549 :     }
2550 :     # Return the suffix, the mapped name list, and the mapped name hash.
2551 :     return ($suffix, \@mappedNameList, \%mappedNameHash);
2552 :     }
2553 :    
2554 :     =head3 GetStatementHandle
2555 :    
2556 :     This method will prepare and execute an SQL query, returning the statement handle.
2557 :     The main reason for doing this here is so that everybody who does SQL queries gets
2558 :     the benefit of tracing.
2559 :    
2560 :     This is an instance method.
2561 :    
2562 :     =over 4
2563 :    
2564 :     =item command
2565 :    
2566 :     Command to prepare and execute.
2567 :    
2568 :     =item params
2569 :    
2570 :     Reference to a list of the values to be substituted in for the parameter marks.
2571 :    
2572 :     =item RETURN
2573 :    
2574 :     Returns a prepared and executed statement handle from which the caller can extract
2575 :     results.
2576 :    
2577 :     =back
2578 :    
2579 :     =cut
2580 :    
2581 :     sub _GetStatementHandle {
2582 :     # Get the parameters.
2583 :     my ($self, $command, $params) = @_;
2584 :     # Trace the query.
2585 :     Trace("SQL query: $command") if T(SQL => 3);
2586 :     Trace("PARMS: '" . (join "', '", @{$params}) . "'") if (T(SQL => 4) && (@{$params} > 0));
2587 :     # Get the database handle.
2588 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
2589 :     # Prepare the command.
2590 :     my $sth = $dbh->prepare_command($command);
2591 :     # Execute it with the parameters bound in.
2592 :     $sth->execute(@{$params}) || Confess("SELECT error" . $sth->errstr());
2593 :     # Return the statement handle.
2594 :     return $sth;
2595 :     }
2596 :    
2597 : parrello 1.1 =head3 GetLoadStats
2598 :    
2599 :     Return a blank statistics object for use by the load methods.
2600 :    
2601 :     This is a static method.
2602 :    
2603 :     =cut
2604 :    
2605 : parrello 1.29 sub _GetLoadStats{
2606 : parrello 1.28 return Stats->new();
2607 : parrello 1.1 }
2608 :    
2609 :     =head3 GenerateFields
2610 :    
2611 :     Generate field values from a field structure and store in a specified table. The field names
2612 :     are first sorted by pass count, certain pre-defined fields are removed from the list, and
2613 :     then we rip through them evaluation the data generation string. Fields in the primary relation
2614 :     are stored as scalars; fields in secondary relations are stored as value lists.
2615 :    
2616 :     This is a static method.
2617 :    
2618 :     =over 4
2619 :    
2620 :     =item this
2621 :    
2622 :     Hash table into which the field values should be placed.
2623 :    
2624 :     =item fields
2625 :    
2626 :     Field structure from which the field descriptors should be taken.
2627 :    
2628 :     =item type
2629 :    
2630 :     Type name of the object whose fields are being generated.
2631 :    
2632 :     =item values (optional)
2633 :    
2634 :     Reference to a value structure from which additional values can be taken.
2635 :    
2636 :     =item from (optiona)
2637 :    
2638 :     Reference to the source entity instance if relationship data is being generated.
2639 :    
2640 :     =item to (optional)
2641 :    
2642 :     Reference to the target entity instance if relationship data is being generated.
2643 :    
2644 :     =back
2645 :    
2646 :     =cut
2647 :    
2648 :     sub _GenerateFields {
2649 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2650 :     my ($this, $fields, $type, $values, $from, $to) = @_;
2651 :     # Sort the field names by pass number.
2652 :     my @fieldNames = sort { $fields->{$a}->{DataGen}->{pass} <=> $fields->{$b}->{DataGen}->{pass} } keys %{$fields};
2653 :     # Loop through the field names, generating data.
2654 :     for my $name (@fieldNames) {
2655 :     # Only proceed if this field needs to be generated.
2656 :     if (!exists $this->{$name}) {
2657 :     # Get this field's data generation descriptor.
2658 :     my $fieldDescriptor = $fields->{$name};
2659 :     my $data = $fieldDescriptor->{DataGen};
2660 :     # Get the code to generate the field value.
2661 :     my $codeString = $data->{content};
2662 :     # Determine whether or not this field is in the primary relation.
2663 :     if ($fieldDescriptor->{relation} eq $type) {
2664 :     # Here we have a primary relation field. Store the field value as
2665 :     # a scalar.
2666 :     $this->{$name} = eval($codeString);
2667 :     } else {
2668 :     # Here we have a secondary relation field. Create a null list
2669 :     # and push the desired number of field values onto it.
2670 :     my @fieldValues = ();
2671 :     my $count = IntGen(0,$data->{testCount});
2672 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
2673 :     my $newValue = eval($codeString);
2674 :     push @fieldValues, $newValue;
2675 :     }
2676 :     # Store the value list in the main hash.
2677 :     $this->{$name} = \@fieldValues;
2678 :     }
2679 :     }
2680 :     }
2681 : parrello 1.1 }
2682 :    
2683 :     =head3 DumpRelation
2684 :    
2685 :     Dump the specified relation's to the specified output file in tab-delimited format.
2686 :    
2687 :     This is an instance method.
2688 :    
2689 :     =over 4
2690 :    
2691 :     =item outputDirectory
2692 :    
2693 :     Directory to contain the output file.
2694 :    
2695 :     =item relationName
2696 :    
2697 :     Name of the relation to dump.
2698 :    
2699 :     =item relation
2700 :    
2701 :     Structure describing the relation to be dumped.
2702 :    
2703 :     =back
2704 :    
2705 :     =cut
2706 :    
2707 :     sub _DumpRelation {
2708 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2709 :     my ($self, $outputDirectory, $relationName, $relation) = @_;
2710 :     # Open the output file.
2711 :     my $fileName = "$outputDirectory/$relationName.dtx";
2712 :     open(DTXOUT, ">$fileName") || Confess("Could not open dump file $fileName: $!");
2713 :     # Create a query for the specified relation.
2714 :     my $dbh = $self->{_dbh};
2715 :     my $query = $dbh->prepare_command("SELECT * FROM $relationName");
2716 :     # Execute the query.
2717 :     $query->execute() || Confess("SELECT error dumping $relationName.");
2718 :     # Loop through the results.
2719 :     while (my @row = $query->fetchrow) {
2720 :     # Escape any tabs or new-lines in the row text.
2721 :     for my $field (@row) {
2722 :     $field =~ s/\n/\\n/g;
2723 :     $field =~ s/\t/\\t/g;
2724 :     }
2725 :     # Tab-join the row and write it to the output file.
2726 :     my $rowText = join("\t", @row);
2727 :     print DTXOUT "$rowText\n";
2728 :     }
2729 :     # Close the output file.
2730 :     close DTXOUT;
2731 : parrello 1.1 }
2732 :    
2733 :     =head3 GetStructure
2734 :    
2735 :     Get the data structure for a specified entity or relationship.
2736 :    
2737 :     This is an instance method.
2738 :    
2739 :     =over 4
2740 :    
2741 :     =item objectName
2742 :    
2743 :     Name of the desired entity or relationship.
2744 :    
2745 :     =item RETURN
2746 :    
2747 :     The descriptor for the specified object.
2748 :    
2749 :     =back
2750 :    
2751 :     =cut
2752 :    
2753 :     sub _GetStructure {
2754 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2755 :     my ($self, $objectName) = @_;
2756 :     # Get the metadata structure.
2757 :     my $metadata = $self->{_metaData};
2758 :     # Declare the variable to receive the descriptor.
2759 :     my $retVal;
2760 :     # Get the descriptor from the metadata.
2761 :     if (exists $metadata->{Entities}->{$objectName}) {
2762 :     $retVal = $metadata->{Entities}->{$objectName};
2763 :     } elsif (exists $metadata->{Relationships}->{$objectName}) {
2764 :     $retVal = $metadata->{Relationships}->{$objectName};
2765 :     } else {
2766 :     Confess("Object $objectName not found in database.");
2767 :     }
2768 :     # Return the descriptor.
2769 :     return $retVal;
2770 : parrello 1.1 }
2771 :    
2772 :     =head3 GetRelationTable
2773 :    
2774 :     Get the list of relations for a specified entity or relationship.
2775 :    
2776 :     This is an instance method.
2777 :    
2778 :     =over 4
2779 :    
2780 :     =item objectName
2781 :    
2782 :     Name of the desired entity or relationship.
2783 :    
2784 :     =item RETURN
2785 :    
2786 :     A table containing the relations for the specified object.
2787 :    
2788 :     =back
2789 :    
2790 :     =cut
2791 :    
2792 :     sub _GetRelationTable {
2793 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2794 :     my ($self, $objectName) = @_;
2795 :     # Get the descriptor from the metadata.
2796 :     my $objectData = $self->_GetStructure($objectName);
2797 :     # Return the object's relation list.
2798 :     return $objectData->{Relations};
2799 : parrello 1.1 }
2800 :    
2801 :     =head3 ValidateFieldNames
2802 :    
2803 :     Determine whether or not the field names are valid. A description of the problems with the names
2804 :     will be written to the standard error output. If there is an error, this method will abort. This is
2805 :     a static method.
2806 :    
2807 :     =over 4
2808 :    
2809 :     =item metadata
2810 :    
2811 :     Metadata structure loaded from the XML data definition.
2812 :    
2813 :     =back
2814 :    
2815 :     =cut
2816 :    
2817 :     sub _ValidateFieldNames {
2818 : parrello 1.10 # Get the object.
2819 :     my ($metadata) = @_;
2820 :     # Declare the return value. We assume success.
2821 :     my $retVal = 1;
2822 :     # Loop through the sections of the database definition.
2823 :     for my $section ('Entities', 'Relationships') {
2824 :     # Loop through the objects in this section.
2825 :     for my $object (values %{$metadata->{$section}}) {
2826 :     # Loop through the object's fields.
2827 :     for my $fieldName (keys %{$object->{Fields}}) {
2828 :     # Now we make some initial validations.
2829 :     if ($fieldName =~ /--/) {
2830 :     # Here we have a doubled minus sign.
2831 :     print STDERR "Field name $fieldName has a doubled hyphen.\n";
2832 :     $retVal = 0;
2833 :     } elsif ($fieldName !~ /^[A-Za-z]/) {
2834 :     # Here the field name is missing the initial letter.
2835 :     print STDERR "Field name $fieldName does not begin with a letter.\n";
2836 :     $retVal = 0;
2837 :     } else {
2838 :     # Strip out the minus signs. Everything remaining must be a letter
2839 :     # or digit.
2840 :     my $strippedName = $fieldName;
2841 :     $strippedName =~ s/-//g;
2842 :     if ($strippedName !~ /^[A-Za-z0-9]+$/) {
2843 :     print STDERR "Field name $fieldName contains illegal characters.\n";
2844 :     $retVal = 0;
2845 :     }
2846 :     }
2847 :     }
2848 :     }
2849 :     }
2850 :     # If an error was found, fail.
2851 :     if ($retVal == 0) {
2852 :     Confess("Errors found in field names.");
2853 :     }
2854 : parrello 1.1 }
2855 :    
2856 :     =head3 LoadRelation
2857 :    
2858 :     Load a relation from the data in a tab-delimited disk file. The load will only take place if a disk
2859 :     file with the same name as the relation exists in the specified directory.
2860 :    
2861 :     This is an instance method.
2862 :    
2863 :     =over 4
2864 :    
2865 :     =item dbh
2866 :    
2867 :     DBKernel object for accessing the database.
2868 :    
2869 :     =item directoryName
2870 :    
2871 :     Name of the directory containing the tab-delimited data files.
2872 :    
2873 :     =item relationName
2874 :    
2875 :     Name of the relation to load.
2876 :    
2877 :     =item rebuild
2878 :    
2879 :     TRUE if the table should be dropped and re-created before loading.
2880 :    
2881 :     =item RETURN
2882 :    
2883 :     Returns a statistical object describing the number of records read and a list of error messages.
2884 :    
2885 :     =back
2886 :    
2887 :     =cut
2888 :    
2889 :     sub _LoadRelation {
2890 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2891 :     my ($self, $directoryName, $relationName, $rebuild) = @_;
2892 :     # Create the file name.
2893 :     my $fileName = "$directoryName/$relationName";
2894 :     # If the file doesn't exist, try adding the .dtx suffix.
2895 :     if (! -e $fileName) {
2896 :     $fileName .= ".dtx";
2897 :     if (! -e $fileName) {
2898 :     $fileName = "";
2899 :     }
2900 :     }
2901 :     # Create the return object.
2902 :     my $retVal = _GetLoadStats();
2903 :     # If a file exists to load the table, its name will be in $fileName. Otherwise, $fileName will
2904 :     # be a null string.
2905 :     if ($fileName ne "") {
2906 :     # Load the relation from the file.
2907 :     $retVal = $self->LoadTable($fileName, $relationName, $rebuild);
2908 :     } elsif ($rebuild) {
2909 :     # Here we are rebuilding, but no file exists, so we just re-create the table.
2910 :     $self->CreateTable($relationName, 1);
2911 :     }
2912 :     # Return the statistics from the load.
2913 :     return $retVal;
2914 : parrello 1.1 }
2915 :    
2916 :     =head3 LoadMetaData
2917 :    
2918 :     This method loads the data describing this database from an XML file into a metadata structure.
2919 :     The resulting structure is a set of nested hash tables containing all the information needed to
2920 :     load or use the database. The schema for the XML file is F<ERDatabase.xml>.
2921 :    
2922 :     This is a static method.
2923 :    
2924 :     =over 4
2925 :    
2926 :     =item filename
2927 :    
2928 :     Name of the file containing the database definition.
2929 :    
2930 :     =item RETURN
2931 :    
2932 :     Returns a structure describing the database.
2933 :    
2934 :     =back
2935 :    
2936 :     =cut
2937 :    
2938 :     sub _LoadMetaData {
2939 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
2940 :     my ($filename) = @_;
2941 : parrello 1.15 Trace("Reading Sprout DBD from $filename.") if T(2);
2942 : parrello 1.10 # Slurp the XML file into a variable. Extensive use of options is used to insure we
2943 :     # get the exact structure we want.
2944 :     my $metadata = XML::Simple::XMLin($filename,
2945 :     GroupTags => { Relationships => 'Relationship',
2946 :     Entities => 'Entity',
2947 :     Fields => 'Field',
2948 :     Indexes => 'Index',
2949 :     IndexFields => 'IndexField'},
2950 :     KeyAttr => { Relationship => 'name',
2951 :     Entity => 'name',
2952 :     Field => 'name'},
2953 :     ForceArray => ['Field', 'Index', 'IndexField'],
2954 :     ForceContent => 1,
2955 :     NormalizeSpace => 2
2956 :     );
2957 :     Trace("XML metadata loaded from file $filename.") if T(1);
2958 :     # Before we go any farther, we need to validate the field and object names. If an error is found,
2959 :     # the method below will fail.
2960 :     _ValidateFieldNames($metadata);
2961 :     # Next we need to create a hash table for finding relations. The entities and relationships are
2962 :     # implemented as one or more database relations.
2963 :     my %masterRelationTable = ();
2964 :     # Loop through the entities.
2965 :     my $entityList = $metadata->{Entities};
2966 :     for my $entityName (keys %{$entityList}) {
2967 :     my $entityStructure = $entityList->{$entityName};
2968 :     #
2969 : parrello 1.12 # The first step is to create all the entity's default values. For C<Field> elements,
2970 : parrello 1.10 # the relation name must be added where it is not specified. For relationships,
2971 :     # the B<from-link> and B<to-link> fields must be inserted, and for entities an B<id>
2972 :     # field must be added to each relation. Finally, each field will have a C<PrettySort> attribute
2973 :     # added that can be used to pull the implicit fields to the top when displaying the field
2974 :     # documentation. The PrettySort values are 1-based and indicate in which pass through a
2975 :     # relation's data the field should be displayed-- 1 for the first pass, 2 for the second,
2976 :     # and so on.
2977 :     #
2978 :     # Fix up this entity.
2979 :     _FixupFields($entityStructure, $entityName, 2, 3);
2980 :     # Add the ID field.
2981 :     _AddField($entityStructure, 'id', { type => $entityStructure->{keyType},
2982 :     relation => $entityName,
2983 :     Notes => { content => "Unique identifier for this \[b\]$entityName\[/b\]." },
2984 :     PrettySort => 1});
2985 :     #
2986 :     # The current field list enables us to quickly find the relation containing a particular field.
2987 :     # We also need a list that tells us the fields in each relation. We do this by creating a
2988 :     # Relations structure in the entity structure and collating the fields into it based on their
2989 :     # C<relation> property. There is one tricky bit, which is that every relation has to have the
2990 :     # C<id> field in it. Note also that the field list is put into a C<Fields> member of the
2991 :     # relation's structure so that it looks more like the entity and relationship structures.
2992 :     #
2993 :     # First we need to create the relations list.
2994 :     my $relationTable = { };
2995 :     # Loop through the fields. We use a list of field names to prevent a problem with
2996 :     # the hash table cursor losing its place during the loop.
2997 :     my $fieldList = $entityStructure->{Fields};
2998 :     my @fieldNames = keys %{$fieldList};
2999 :     for my $fieldName (@fieldNames) {
3000 :     my $fieldData = $fieldList->{$fieldName};
3001 :     # Get the current field's relation name.
3002 :     my $relationName = $fieldData->{relation};
3003 :     # Insure the relation exists.
3004 :     if (!exists $relationTable->{$relationName}) {
3005 :     $relationTable->{$relationName} = { Fields => { } };
3006 :     }
3007 :     # Add the field to the relation's field structure.
3008 :     $relationTable->{$relationName}->{Fields}->{$fieldName} = $fieldData;
3009 :     }
3010 :     # Now that we've organized all our fields by relation name we need to do some serious
3011 :     # housekeeping. We must add the C<id> field to every relation and convert each relation
3012 :     # to a list of fields. First, we need the ID field itself.
3013 :     my $idField = $fieldList->{id};
3014 :     # Loop through the relations.
3015 :     for my $relationName (keys %{$relationTable}) {
3016 :     my $relation = $relationTable->{$relationName};
3017 :     # Get the relation's field list.
3018 :     my $relationFieldList = $relation->{Fields};
3019 :     # Add the ID field to it. If the field's already there, it will not make any
3020 :     # difference.
3021 :     $relationFieldList->{id} = $idField;
3022 :     # Convert the field set from a hash into a list using the pretty-sort number.
3023 :     $relation->{Fields} = _ReOrderRelationTable($relationFieldList);
3024 :     # Add the relation to the master table.
3025 :     $masterRelationTable{$relationName} = $relation;
3026 :     }
3027 :     # The indexes come next. The primary relation will have a unique-keyed index based on the ID field.
3028 :     # The other relations must have at least one index that begins with the ID field. In addition, the
3029 :     # metadata may require alternate indexes. We do those alternate indexes first. To begin, we need to
3030 :     # get the entity's field list and index list.
3031 :     my $indexList = $entityStructure->{Indexes};
3032 :     # Loop through the indexes.
3033 :     for my $indexData (@{$indexList}) {
3034 :     # We need to find this index's fields. All of them should belong to the same relation.
3035 :     # The ID field is an exception, since it's in all relations.
3036 :     my $relationName = '0';
3037 :     for my $fieldDescriptor (@{$indexData->{IndexFields}}) {
3038 :     # Get this field's name.
3039 :     my $fieldName = $fieldDescriptor->{name};
3040 :     # Only proceed if it is NOT the ID field.
3041 :     if ($fieldName ne 'id') {
3042 :     # Find the relation containing the current index field.
3043 :     my $thisName = $fieldList->{$fieldName}->{relation};
3044 :     if ($relationName eq '0') {
3045 :     # Here we're looking at the first field, so we save its relation name.
3046 :     $relationName = $thisName;
3047 :     } elsif ($relationName ne $thisName) {
3048 :     # Here we have a field mismatch.
3049 :     Confess("Mixed index: field $fieldName does not belong to relation $relationName.");
3050 :     }
3051 :     }
3052 :     }
3053 :     # Now $relationName is the name of the relation that contains this index. Add the index structure
3054 :     # to the relation.
3055 :     push @{$relationTable->{$relationName}->{Indexes}}, $indexData;
3056 :     }
3057 :     # Now each index has been put in a relation. We need to add the primary index for the primary
3058 :     # relation.
3059 :     push @{$relationTable->{$entityName}->{Indexes}},
3060 :     { IndexFields => [ {name => 'id', order => 'ascending'} ], Unique => 'true',
3061 :     Notes => { content => "Primary index for $entityName." }
3062 :     };
3063 :     # The next step is to insure that each relation has at least one index that begins with the ID field.
3064 :     # After that, we convert each relation's index list to an index table. We first need to loop through
3065 :     # the relations.
3066 :     for my $relationName (keys %{$relationTable}) {
3067 :     my $relation = $relationTable->{$relationName};
3068 :     # Get the relation's index list.
3069 :     my $indexList = $relation->{Indexes};
3070 :     # Insure this relation has an ID index.
3071 :     my $found = 0;
3072 :     for my $index (@{$indexList}) {
3073 :     if ($index->{IndexFields}->[0]->{name} eq "id") {
3074 :     $found = 1;
3075 :     }
3076 :     }
3077 :     if ($found == 0) {
3078 :     push @{$indexList}, { IndexFields => [ {name => 'id', order => 'ascending'} ] };
3079 :     }
3080 :     # Now we need to convert the relation's index list to an index table. We begin by creating
3081 :     # an empty table in the relation structure.
3082 :     $relation->{Indexes} = { };
3083 :     # Loop through the indexes.
3084 :     my $count = 0;
3085 :     for my $index (@{$indexList}) {
3086 :     # Add this index to the index table.
3087 :     _AddIndex("idx$relationName$count", $relation, $index);
3088 :     # Increment the counter so that the next index has a different name.
3089 :     $count++;
3090 :     }
3091 :     }
3092 :     # Finally, we add the relation structure to the entity.
3093 :     $entityStructure->{Relations} = $relationTable;
3094 :     }
3095 :     # Loop through the relationships. Relationships actually turn out to be much simpler than entities.
3096 :     # For one thing, there is only a single constituent relation.
3097 :     my $relationshipList = $metadata->{Relationships};
3098 :     for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationshipList}) {
3099 :     my $relationshipStructure = $relationshipList->{$relationshipName};
3100 :     # Fix up this relationship.
3101 :     _FixupFields($relationshipStructure, $relationshipName, 2, 3);
3102 :     # Format a description for the FROM field.
3103 :     my $fromEntity = $relationshipStructure->{from};
3104 :     my $fromComment = "<b>id</b> of the source <b><a href=\"#$fromEntity\">$fromEntity</a></b>.";
3105 :     # Get the FROM entity's key type.
3106 :     my $fromType = $entityList->{$fromEntity}->{keyType};
3107 :     # Add the FROM field.
3108 :     _AddField($relationshipStructure, 'from-link', { type => $fromType,
3109 :     relation => $relationshipName,
3110 :     Notes => { content => $fromComment },
3111 :     PrettySort => 1});
3112 :     # Format a description for the TO field.
3113 :     my $toEntity = $relationshipStructure->{to};
3114 :     my $toComment = "<b>id</b> of the target <b><a href=\"#$toEntity\">$toEntity</a></b>.";
3115 :     # Get the TO entity's key type.
3116 :     my $toType = $entityList->{$toEntity}->{keyType};
3117 :     # Add the TO field.
3118 :     _AddField($relationshipStructure, 'to-link', { type=> $toType,
3119 :     relation => $relationshipName,
3120 :     Notes => { content => $toComment },
3121 :     PrettySort => 1});
3122 :     # Create an index-free relation from the fields.
3123 :     my $thisRelation = { Fields => _ReOrderRelationTable($relationshipStructure->{Fields}),
3124 :     Indexes => { } };
3125 :     $relationshipStructure->{Relations} = { $relationshipName => $thisRelation };
3126 :     # Create the FROM and TO indexes.
3127 :     _CreateRelationshipIndex("From", $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure);
3128 :     _CreateRelationshipIndex("To", $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure);
3129 :     # Add the relation to the master table.
3130 :     $masterRelationTable{$relationshipName} = $thisRelation;
3131 :     }
3132 :     # Now store the master relation table in the metadata structure.
3133 :     $metadata->{RelationTable} = \%masterRelationTable;
3134 :     # Our final task is to create the join table. The join table is a hash that describes all
3135 :     # the join clauses for traveling through the relationships. The join clause is an equality
3136 :     # condition that can be put into a WHERE clause in order to join two objects. Two relationships
3137 :     # can be joined if they share an entity in common; and an entity can be joined to a relationship
3138 :     # if the entity is at either end of the relationship.
3139 :     my %joinTable = ();
3140 :     # Loop through the entities.
3141 :     for my $entityName (keys %{$entityList}) {
3142 :     # Build three lists of the relationships connected to this entity. One will be
3143 :     # for relationships from the entity, one for relationships to the entity, and
3144 :     # one for recursive relationships.
3145 :     my @fromList = ();
3146 :     my @toList = ();
3147 :     my @bothList = ();
3148 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Join table build for $entityName.") if T(metadata => 4);
3149 : parrello 1.10 for my $relationshipName (keys %{$relationshipList}) {
3150 :     my $relationship = $relationshipList->{$relationshipName};
3151 :     # Determine if this relationship has our entity in one of its link fields.
3152 :     my $fromEntity = $relationship->{from};
3153 :     my $toEntity = $relationship->{to};
3154 : parrello 1.41 Trace("Join check for relationship $relationshipName from $fromEntity to $toEntity.") if T(Joins => 4);
3155 : parrello 1.10 if ($fromEntity eq $entityName) {
3156 :     if ($toEntity eq $entityName) {
3157 :     # Here the relationship is recursive.
3158 :     push @bothList, $relationshipName;
3159 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in both-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
3160 : parrello 1.10 } else {
3161 :     # Here the relationship comes from the entity.
3162 :     push @fromList, $relationshipName;
3163 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in from-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
3164 : parrello 1.10 }
3165 :     } elsif ($toEntity eq $entityName) {
3166 :     # Here the relationship goes to the entity.
3167 :     push @toList, $relationshipName;
3168 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Relationship $relationshipName put in to-list.") if T(metadata => 4);
3169 : parrello 1.10 }
3170 :     }
3171 :     # Create the nonrecursive joins. Note that we build two hashes for running
3172 :     # through the nonrecursive relationships since we'll have an outer loop
3173 :     # and an inner loop, and we can't do two "each" iterations on the same
3174 :     # hash table at the same time.
3175 :     my %directRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );
3176 :     my %otherRelationships = ( from => \@fromList, to => \@toList );
3177 :     for my $linkType (keys %directRelationships) {
3178 :     my $relationships = $directRelationships{$linkType};
3179 :     # Loop through all the relationships.
3180 :     for my $relationshipName (@{$relationships}) {
3181 :     # Create joins between the entity and this relationship.
3182 :     my $linkField = "$relationshipName.${linkType}_link";
3183 :     my $joinClause = "$entityName.id = $linkField";
3184 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Entity join clause is $joinClause for $entityName and $relationshipName.") if T(metadata => 4);
3185 : parrello 1.10 $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} = $joinClause;
3186 :     $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$entityName"} = $joinClause;
3187 :     # Create joins between this relationship and the other relationships.
3188 :     for my $otherType (keys %otherRelationships) {
3189 :     my $otherships = $otherRelationships{$otherType};
3190 :     for my $otherName (@{$otherships}) {
3191 :     # Get the key for this join.
3192 :     my $joinKey = "$otherName/$relationshipName";
3193 :     # Check for a duplicate or a self-join.
3194 :     if (exists $joinTable{$joinKey}) {
3195 :     # Here we have a duplicate, which means that the join
3196 :     # path is ambiguous. We delete the join from the join
3197 :     # table to prevent it from being used.
3198 :     delete $joinTable{$joinKey};
3199 :     Trace("Deleting ambiguous join $joinKey.") if T(4);
3200 :     } elsif ($otherName ne $relationshipName) {
3201 :     # Here we have a valid join. Note that joins between a
3202 :     # relationship and itself are prohibited.
3203 :     my $relJoinClause = "$otherName.${otherType}_link = $linkField";
3204 :     $joinTable{$joinKey} = $relJoinClause;
3205 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Relationship join clause is $relJoinClause for $joinKey.") if T(metadata => 4);
3206 : parrello 1.10 }
3207 :     }
3208 :     }
3209 :     # Create joins between this relationship and the recursive relationships.
3210 :     # We don't need to check for ambiguous joins here, because a recursive
3211 :     # relationship can only be ambiguous with another recursive relationship,
3212 :     # and the incoming relationship from the outer loop is never recursive.
3213 :     for my $otherName (@bothList) {
3214 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Setting up relationship joins to recursive relationship $otherName with $relationshipName.") if T(metadata => 4);
3215 : parrello 1.10 # Join from the left.
3216 :     $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$otherName"} =
3217 :     "$linkField = $otherName.from_link";
3218 :     # Join from the right.
3219 :     $joinTable{"$otherName/$relationshipName"} =
3220 :     "$otherName.to_link = $linkField";
3221 :     }
3222 :     }
3223 :     }
3224 :     # Create entity joins for the recursive relationships. Unlike the non-recursive
3225 :     # joins, the direction makes a difference with the recursive joins. This can give
3226 :     # rise to situations where we can't create the path we want; however, it is always
3227 :     # possible to get the same effect using multiple queries.
3228 :     for my $relationshipName (@bothList) {
3229 : parrello 1.21 Trace("Setting up entity joins to recursive relationship $relationshipName with $entityName.") if T(metadata => 4);
3230 : parrello 1.10 # Join to the entity from each direction.
3231 :     $joinTable{"$entityName/$relationshipName"} =
3232 :     "$entityName.id = $relationshipName.from_link";
3233 :     $joinTable{"$relationshipName/$entityName"} =
3234 :     "$relationshipName.to_link = $entityName.id";
3235 :     }
3236 :     }
3237 :     # Add the join table to the structure.
3238 :     $metadata->{Joins} = \%joinTable;
3239 :     # Return the slurped and fixed-up structure.
3240 :     return $metadata;
3241 : parrello 1.1 }
3242 :    
3243 : parrello 1.42 =head3 SortNeeded
3244 :    
3245 : parrello 1.60 C<< my $parms = $erdb->SortNeeded($relationName); >>
3246 :    
3247 :     Return the pipe command for the sort that should be applied to the specified
3248 :     relation when creating the load file.
3249 :    
3250 :     For example, if the load file should be sorted ascending by the first
3251 :     field with duplicates removed, this method would return
3252 : parrello 1.42
3253 : parrello 1.60 sort -k 1 -u -t "\t"
3254 :    
3255 :     If the first field is numeric and duplicates are okay, the method would
3256 :     return
3257 :    
3258 :     sort -k 1n -t "\t"
3259 : parrello 1.42
3260 :     =over 4
3261 :    
3262 :     =item relationName
3263 :    
3264 :     Name of the relation to be examined.
3265 :    
3266 : parrello 1.60 =item
3267 : parrello 1.42
3268 : parrello 1.60 Returns the sort command to use for sorting the relation, suitable for piping.
3269 : parrello 1.42
3270 :     =back
3271 :    
3272 :     =cut
3273 :     #: Return Type $;
3274 :     sub SortNeeded {
3275 :     # Get the parameters.
3276 :     my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
3277 : parrello 1.60 # Declare a descriptor to hold the names of the key fields.
3278 :     my @keyNames = ();
3279 :     # Declare a flag for indicating uniqueness.
3280 :     my $unique;
3281 :     # Get the relation structure.
3282 :     my $relationData = $self->_FindRelation($relationName);
3283 :     # Find out if the relation is a primary entity relation,
3284 :     # a relationship relation, or a secondary entity relation.
3285 : parrello 1.43 my $entityTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities};
3286 : parrello 1.60 my $relationshipTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Relationships};
3287 : parrello 1.42 if (exists $entityTable->{$relationName}) {
3288 : parrello 1.60 # Here we have a primary entity relation, so we have a unique sort on the
3289 :     # ID field.
3290 :     $unique = "-u ";
3291 :     push @keyNames, "id";
3292 :     } elsif (exists $relationshipTable->{$relationName}) {
3293 :     # Here we have a relationship. We sort using the FROM index.
3294 :     $unique = "";
3295 :     my $relationshipData = $relationshipTable->{$relationName};
3296 :     my $index = $relationData->{Indexes}->{"idx${relationName}From"};
3297 :     push @keyNames, @{$index->{IndexFields}};
3298 :     } else {
3299 :     # Here we have a secondary entity relation, so we have a non-unique sort on
3300 :     # the ID field.
3301 :     $unique = "";
3302 :     push @keyNames, "id";
3303 :     }
3304 :     # Now we parse the key names into sort parameters. First, we prime the return
3305 :     # string.
3306 :     my $retVal = "sort -t \"\t\" $unique";
3307 :     # Get the relation's field list.
3308 :     my @fields = @{$relationData->{Fields}};
3309 :     # Loop through the keys.
3310 :     for my $keyData (@keyNames) {
3311 :     # Get the key and the ordering.
3312 :     my ($keyName, $ordering);
3313 :     if ($keyData =~ /^([^ ]+) DESC/) {
3314 :     ($keyName, $ordering) = ($1, "descending");
3315 :     } else {
3316 :     ($keyName, $ordering) = ($keyData, "ascending");
3317 :     }
3318 :     # Find the key's position and type.
3319 :     my $fieldSpec;
3320 :     for (my $i = 0; $i <= $#fields && ! $fieldSpec; $i++) {
3321 :     my $thisField = $fields[$i];
3322 :     if ($thisField->{name} eq $keyName) {
3323 :     # Get the sort modifier for this field type. The modifier
3324 :     # decides whether we're using a character, numeric, or
3325 :     # floating-point sort.
3326 :     my $modifier = $TypeTable{$thisField->{type}}->{sort};
3327 :     # If the index is descending for this field, denote we want
3328 :     # to reverse the sort order on this field.
3329 :     if ($ordering eq 'descending') {
3330 :     $modifier .= "r";
3331 :     }
3332 :     # Store the position and modifier into the field spec, which
3333 : parrello 1.62 # will stop the inner loop. Note that the field number is
3334 :     # 1-based in the sort command, so we have to increment the
3335 :     # index.
3336 :     $fieldSpec = ($i + 1) . $modifier;
3337 : parrello 1.60 }
3338 :     }
3339 :     # Add this field to the sort command.
3340 :     $retVal .= " -k $fieldSpec";
3341 : parrello 1.42 }
3342 :     # Return the result.
3343 :     return $retVal;
3344 :     }
3345 :    
3346 : parrello 1.1 =head3 CreateRelationshipIndex
3347 :    
3348 :     Create an index for a relationship's relation.
3349 :    
3350 :     This is a static method.
3351 :    
3352 :     =over 4
3353 :    
3354 :     =item indexKey
3355 :    
3356 :     Type of index: either C<"From"> or C<"To">.
3357 :    
3358 :     =item relationshipName
3359 :    
3360 :     Name of the relationship.
3361 :    
3362 :     =item relationshipStructure
3363 :    
3364 :     Structure describing the relationship that the index will sort.
3365 :    
3366 :     =back
3367 :    
3368 :     =cut
3369 :    
3370 :     sub _CreateRelationshipIndex {
3371 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3372 :     my ($indexKey, $relationshipName, $relationshipStructure) = @_;
3373 :     # Get the target relation.
3374 :     my $relationStructure = $relationshipStructure->{Relations}->{$relationshipName};
3375 :     # Create a descriptor for the link field that goes at the beginning of this index.
3376 :     my $firstField = { name => lcfirst $indexKey . '-link', order => 'ascending' };
3377 :     # Get the target index descriptor.
3378 :     my $newIndex = $relationshipStructure->{$indexKey . "Index"};
3379 :     # Add the first field to the index's field list. Due to the craziness of PERL, if the
3380 :     # index descriptor does not exist, it will be created automatically so we can add
3381 :     # the field to it.
3382 :     unshift @{$newIndex->{IndexFields}}, $firstField;
3383 : parrello 1.12 # If this is a one-to-many relationship, the "To" index is unique.
3384 :     if ($relationshipStructure->{arity} eq "1M" && $indexKey eq "To") {
3385 :     $newIndex->{Unique} = 'true';
3386 :     }
3387 : parrello 1.10 # Add the index to the relation.
3388 :     _AddIndex("idx$relationshipName$indexKey", $relationStructure, $newIndex);
3389 : parrello 1.1 }
3390 :    
3391 :     =head3 AddIndex
3392 :    
3393 :     Add an index to a relation structure.
3394 :    
3395 :     This is a static method.
3396 :    
3397 :     =over 4
3398 :    
3399 :     =item indexName
3400 :    
3401 :     Name to give to the new index.
3402 :    
3403 :     =item relationStructure
3404 :    
3405 :     Relation structure to which the new index should be added.
3406 :    
3407 :     =item newIndex
3408 :    
3409 :     New index to add.
3410 :    
3411 :     =back
3412 :    
3413 :     =cut
3414 :    
3415 :     sub _AddIndex {
3416 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3417 :     my ($indexName, $relationStructure, $newIndex) = @_;
3418 :     # We want to re-do the index's field list. Instead of an object for each field,
3419 :     # we want a string consisting of the field name optionally followed by the token DESC.
3420 :     my @fieldList = ( );
3421 :     for my $field (@{$newIndex->{IndexFields}}) {
3422 :     # Create a string containing the field name.
3423 :     my $fieldString = $field->{name};
3424 :     # Add the ordering token if needed.
3425 :     if ($field->{order} eq "descending") {
3426 :     $fieldString .= " DESC";
3427 :     }
3428 :     # Push the result onto the field list.
3429 :     push @fieldList, $fieldString;
3430 :     }
3431 :     # Store the field list just created as the new index field list.
3432 :     $newIndex->{IndexFields} = \@fieldList;
3433 :     # Add the index to the relation's index list.
3434 :     $relationStructure->{Indexes}->{$indexName} = $newIndex;
3435 : parrello 1.1 }
3436 :    
3437 :     =head3 FixupFields
3438 :    
3439 :     This method fixes the field list for an entity or relationship. It will add the caller-specified
3440 :     relation name to fields that do not have a name and set the C<PrettySort> value as specified.
3441 :    
3442 :     This is a static method.
3443 :    
3444 :     =over 4
3445 :    
3446 :     =item structure
3447 :    
3448 :     Entity or relationship structure to be fixed up.
3449 :    
3450 :     =item defaultRelationName
3451 :    
3452 :     Default relation name to be added to the fields.
3453 :    
3454 :     =item prettySortValue
3455 :    
3456 :     C<PrettySort> value for the relation's normal fields.
3457 :    
3458 :     =item textPrettySortValue
3459 :    
3460 :     C<PrettySort> value for the relation's text fields. This value can be set to one greater than the
3461 :     normal pretty sort value so that text fields go at the end of each relation.
3462 :    
3463 :     =back
3464 :    
3465 :     =cut
3466 :    
3467 :     sub _FixupFields {
3468 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3469 :     my ($structure, $defaultRelationName, $prettySortValue, $textPrettySortValue) = @_;
3470 :     # Insure the structure has a field list.
3471 :     if (!exists $structure->{Fields}) {
3472 :     # Here it doesn't, so we create a new one.
3473 :     $structure->{Fields} = { };
3474 :     } else {
3475 :     # Here we have a field list. Loop through its fields.
3476 :     my $fieldStructures = $structure->{Fields};
3477 :     for my $fieldName (keys %{$fieldStructures}) {
3478 : parrello 1.8 Trace("Processing field $fieldName of $defaultRelationName.") if T(4);
3479 : parrello 1.10 my $fieldData = $fieldStructures->{$fieldName};
3480 :     # Get the field type.
3481 :     my $type = $fieldData->{type};
3482 :     # Plug in a relation name if it is needed.
3483 :     Tracer::MergeOptions($fieldData, { relation => $defaultRelationName });
3484 :     # Plug in a data generator if we need one.
3485 :     if (!exists $fieldData->{DataGen}) {
3486 :     # The data generator will use the default for the field's type.
3487 :     $fieldData->{DataGen} = { content => $TypeTable{$type}->{dataGen} };
3488 :     }
3489 :     # Plug in the defaults for the optional data generation parameters.
3490 :     Tracer::MergeOptions($fieldData->{DataGen}, { testCount => 1, pass => 0 });
3491 :     # Add the PrettySortValue.
3492 :     $fieldData->{PrettySort} = (($type eq "text") ? $textPrettySortValue : $prettySortValue);
3493 :     }
3494 :     }
3495 : parrello 1.1 }
3496 :    
3497 :     =head3 FixName
3498 :    
3499 :     Fix the incoming field name so that it is a legal SQL column name.
3500 :    
3501 :     This is a static method.
3502 :    
3503 :     =over 4
3504 :    
3505 :     =item fieldName
3506 :    
3507 :     Field name to fix.
3508 :    
3509 :     =item RETURN
3510 :    
3511 :     Returns the fixed-up field name.
3512 :    
3513 :     =back
3514 :    
3515 :     =cut
3516 :    
3517 :     sub _FixName {
3518 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameter.
3519 :     my ($fieldName) = @_;
3520 :     # Replace its minus signs with underscores.
3521 :     $fieldName =~ s/-/_/g;
3522 :     # Return the result.
3523 :     return $fieldName;
3524 : parrello 1.1 }
3525 :    
3526 :     =head3 FixNames
3527 :    
3528 :     Fix all the field names in a list.
3529 :    
3530 :     This is a static method.
3531 :    
3532 :     =over 4
3533 :    
3534 :     =item field1, field2, field3, ... fieldn
3535 :    
3536 :     List of field names to fix.
3537 :    
3538 :     =item RETURN
3539 :    
3540 :     Returns a list of fixed-up versions of the incoming field names.
3541 :    
3542 :     =back
3543 :    
3544 :     =cut
3545 :    
3546 :     sub _FixNames {
3547 : parrello 1.10 # Create the result list.
3548 :     my @result = ( );
3549 :     # Loop through the incoming parameters.
3550 :     for my $field (@_) {
3551 :     push @result, _FixName($field);
3552 :     }
3553 :     # Return the result.
3554 :     return @result;
3555 : parrello 1.1 }
3556 :    
3557 :     =head3 AddField
3558 :    
3559 :     Add a field to a field list.
3560 :    
3561 :     This is a static method.
3562 :    
3563 :     =over 4
3564 :    
3565 :     =item structure
3566 :    
3567 :     Structure (usually an entity or relationship) that is to contain the field.
3568 :    
3569 :     =item fieldName
3570 :    
3571 :     Name of the new field.
3572 :    
3573 :     =item fieldData
3574 :    
3575 :     Structure containing the data to put in the field.
3576 :    
3577 :     =back
3578 :    
3579 :     =cut
3580 :    
3581 :     sub _AddField {
3582 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3583 :     my ($structure, $fieldName, $fieldData) = @_;
3584 :     # Create the field structure by copying the incoming data.
3585 :     my $fieldStructure = {%{$fieldData}};
3586 :     # Get a reference to the field list itself.
3587 :     my $fieldList = $structure->{Fields};
3588 :     # Add the field to the field list.
3589 :     $fieldList->{$fieldName} = $fieldStructure;
3590 : parrello 1.1 }
3591 :    
3592 :     =head3 ReOrderRelationTable
3593 :    
3594 :     This method will take a relation table and re-sort it according to the implicit ordering of the
3595 :     C<PrettySort> property. Instead of a hash based on field names, it will return a list of fields.
3596 :     This requires creating a new hash that contains the field name in the C<name> property but doesn't
3597 :     have the C<PrettySort> property, and then inserting that new hash into the field list.
3598 :    
3599 :     This is a static method.
3600 :    
3601 :     =over 4
3602 :    
3603 :     =item relationTable
3604 :    
3605 :     Relation hash to be reformatted into a list.
3606 :    
3607 :     =item RETURN
3608 :    
3609 :     A list of field hashes.
3610 :    
3611 :     =back
3612 :    
3613 :     =cut
3614 :    
3615 :     sub _ReOrderRelationTable {
3616 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3617 :     my ($relationTable) = @_;
3618 :     # Create the return list.
3619 :     my @resultList;
3620 :     # Rather than copy all the fields in a single pass, we make multiple passes and only copy
3621 :     # fields whose PrettySort value matches the current pass number. This process continues
3622 :     # until we process all the fields in the relation.
3623 :     my $fieldsLeft = (values %{$relationTable});
3624 :     for (my $sortPass = 1; $fieldsLeft > 0; $sortPass++) {
3625 :     # Loop through the fields. Note that we lexically sort the fields. This makes field name
3626 :     # secondary to pretty-sort number in the final ordering.
3627 :     for my $fieldName (sort keys %{$relationTable}) {
3628 :     # Get this field's data.
3629 :     my $fieldData = $relationTable->{$fieldName};
3630 :     # Verify the sort pass.
3631 :     if ($fieldData->{PrettySort} == $sortPass) {
3632 :     # Here we're in the correct pass. Denote we've found a field.
3633 :     $fieldsLeft--;
3634 :     # The next step is to create the field structure. This done by copying all
3635 :     # of the field elements except PrettySort and adding the name.
3636 :     my %thisField;
3637 :     for my $property (keys %{$fieldData}) {
3638 :     if ($property ne 'PrettySort') {
3639 :     $thisField{$property} = $fieldData->{$property};
3640 :     }
3641 :     }
3642 :     $thisField{name} = $fieldName;
3643 :     # Now we add this field to the end of the result list.
3644 :     push @resultList, \%thisField;
3645 :     }
3646 :     }
3647 :     }
3648 :     # Return a reference to the result list.
3649 :     return \@resultList;
3650 : parrello 1.1
3651 :     }
3652 :    
3653 :     =head3 IsPrimary
3654 :    
3655 :     Return TRUE if a specified relation is a primary relation, else FALSE. A relation is primary
3656 :     if it has the same name as an entity or relationship.
3657 :    
3658 :     This is an instance method.
3659 :    
3660 :     =over 4
3661 :    
3662 :     =item relationName
3663 :    
3664 :     Name of the relevant relation.
3665 :    
3666 :     =item RETURN
3667 :    
3668 :     Returns TRUE for a primary relation, else FALSE.
3669 :    
3670 :     =back
3671 :    
3672 :     =cut
3673 :    
3674 :     sub _IsPrimary {
3675 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3676 :     my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
3677 :     # Check for the relation in the entity table.
3678 :     my $entityTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Entities};
3679 :     my $retVal = exists $entityTable->{$relationName};
3680 :     if (! $retVal) {
3681 :     # Check for it in the relationship table.
3682 :     my $relationshipTable = $self->{_metaData}->{Relationships};
3683 :     $retVal = exists $relationshipTable->{$relationName};
3684 :     }
3685 :     # Return the determination indicator.
3686 :     return $retVal;
3687 : parrello 1.1 }
3688 :    
3689 :     =head3 FindRelation
3690 :    
3691 :     Return the descriptor for the specified relation.
3692 :    
3693 :     This is an instance method.
3694 :    
3695 :     =over 4
3696 :    
3697 :     =item relationName
3698 :    
3699 :     Name of the relation whose descriptor is to be returned.
3700 :    
3701 :     =item RETURN
3702 :    
3703 :     Returns the object that describes the relation's indexes and fields.
3704 :    
3705 :     =back
3706 :    
3707 :     =cut
3708 :     sub _FindRelation {
3709 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3710 :     my ($self, $relationName) = @_;
3711 :     # Get the relation's structure from the master relation table in the metadata structure.
3712 :     my $metaData = $self->{_metaData};
3713 :     my $retVal = $metaData->{RelationTable}->{$relationName};
3714 :     # Return it to the caller.
3715 :     return $retVal;
3716 : parrello 1.1 }
3717 :    
3718 :     =head2 HTML Documentation Utility Methods
3719 :    
3720 :     =head3 ComputeRelationshipSentence
3721 :    
3722 :     The relationship sentence consists of the relationship name between the names of the
3723 :     two related entities and an arity indicator.
3724 :    
3725 :     This is a static method.
3726 :    
3727 :     =over 4
3728 :    
3729 :     =item relationshipName
3730 :    
3731 :     Name of the relationship.
3732 :    
3733 :     =item relationshipStructure
3734 :    
3735 :     Relationship structure containing the relationship's description and properties.
3736 :    
3737 :     =item RETURN
3738 :    
3739 :     Returns a string containing the entity names on either side of the relationship name and an
3740 :     indicator of the arity.
3741 :    
3742 :     =back
3743 :    
3744 :     =cut
3745 :    
3746 :     sub _ComputeRelationshipSentence {
3747 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3748 :     my ($relationshipName, $relationshipStructure) = @_;
3749 :     # Format the relationship sentence.
3750 :     my $result = "$relationshipStructure->{from} <b>$relationshipName</b> $relationshipStructure->{to}";
3751 :     # Compute the arity.
3752 :     my $arityCode = $relationshipStructure->{arity};
3753 :     my $arity = $ArityTable{$arityCode};
3754 :     $result .= " ($arity)";
3755 :     return $result;
3756 : parrello 1.1 }
3757 :    
3758 :     =head3 ComputeRelationshipHeading
3759 :    
3760 :     The relationship heading is the L<relationship sentence|/ComputeRelationshipSentence> with the entity
3761 :     names hyperlinked to the appropriate entity sections of the document.
3762 :    
3763 :     This is a static method.
3764 :    
3765 :     =over 4
3766 :    
3767 :     =item relationshipName
3768 :    
3769 :     Name of the relationship.
3770 :    
3771 :     =item relationshipStructure
3772 :    
3773 :     Relationship structure containing the relationship's description and properties.
3774 :    
3775 :     =item RETURN
3776 :    
3777 :     Returns a string containing the entity names on either side of the relationship name with the entity
3778 :     names hyperlinked.
3779 :    
3780 :     =back
3781 :    
3782 :     =cut
3783 :    
3784 :     sub _ComputeRelationshipHeading {
3785 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3786 :     my ($relationshipName, $relationshipStructure) = @_;
3787 :     # Get the FROM and TO entity names.
3788 :     my $fromEntity = $relationshipStructure->{from};
3789 :     my $toEntity = $relationshipStructure->{to};
3790 :     # Format a relationship sentence with hyperlinks in it.
3791 :     my $result = "<a href=\"#$fromEntity\">$fromEntity</a> $relationshipName <a href=\"#$toEntity\">$toEntity</a>";
3792 :     return $result;
3793 : parrello 1.1 }
3794 :    
3795 :     =head3 ShowRelationTable
3796 :    
3797 :     Generate the HTML string for a particular relation. The relation's data will be formatted as an HTML
3798 :     table with three columns-- the field name, the field type, and the field description.
3799 :    
3800 :     This is a static method.
3801 :    
3802 :     =over 4
3803 :    
3804 :     =item relationName
3805 :    
3806 :     Name of the relation being formatted.
3807 :    
3808 :     =item relationData
3809 :    
3810 :     Hash containing the relation's fields and indexes.
3811 :    
3812 :     =item RETURN
3813 :    
3814 :     Returns an HTML string that can be used to display the relation name and all of its fields.
3815 :    
3816 :     =back
3817 :    
3818 :     =cut
3819 :    
3820 :     sub _ShowRelationTable {
3821 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3822 :     my ($relationName, $relationData) = @_;
3823 :     # Start the relation's field table.
3824 :     my $htmlString = _OpenFieldTable($relationName);
3825 :     # Loop through the fields.
3826 :     for my $field (@{$relationData->{Fields}}) {
3827 :     $htmlString .= _ShowField($field);
3828 :     }
3829 :     # Close this relation's field table.
3830 :     $htmlString .= &_CloseTable;
3831 :     # Now we show the relation's indexes.
3832 :     $htmlString .= "<ul>\n";
3833 :     my $indexTable = $relationData->{Indexes};
3834 :     for my $indexName (sort keys %{$indexTable}) {
3835 :     my $indexData = $indexTable->{$indexName};
3836 :     # Determine whether or not the index is unique.
3837 :     my $fullName = $indexName;
3838 :     if (exists $indexData->{Unique} && $indexData->{Unique} eq "true") {
3839 :     $fullName .= " (unique)";
3840 :     }
3841 :     # Start an HTML list item for this index.
3842 :     $htmlString .= "<li><b>Index $fullName</b>\n<ul>\n";
3843 :     # Add any note text.
3844 :     if (my $note = $indexData->{Notes}) {
3845 :     $htmlString .= "<li>" . _HTMLNote($note->{content}) . "</li>\n";
3846 :     }
3847 :     # Add the fiield list.
3848 :     $htmlString .= "<li><i>" . join(', ', @{$indexData->{IndexFields}}) . "</i></li>\n";
3849 :     # Close this entry.
3850 :     $htmlString .= "</ul></li>\n";
3851 :     }
3852 :     # Close off the index list.
3853 :     $htmlString .= "</ul>\n";
3854 : parrello 1.1 }
3855 :    
3856 :     =head3 OpenFieldTable
3857 :    
3858 :     This method creates the header string for the field table generated by L</ShowMetaData>.
3859 :    
3860 :     This is a static method.
3861 :    
3862 :     =over 4
3863 :    
3864 :     =item tablename
3865 :    
3866 :     Name of the table whose fields will be displayed.
3867 :    
3868 :     =item RETURN
3869 :    
3870 :     Returns a string containing the HTML for a field table's header.
3871 :    
3872 :     =back
3873 :    
3874 :     =cut
3875 :    
3876 :     sub _OpenFieldTable {
3877 : parrello 1.10 my ($tablename) = @_;
3878 :     return _OpenTable($tablename, 'Field', 'Type', 'Description');
3879 : parrello 1.1 }
3880 :    
3881 :     =head3 OpenTable
3882 :    
3883 :     This method creates the header string for an HTML table.
3884 :    
3885 :     This is a static method.
3886 :    
3887 :     =over 4
3888 :    
3889 :     =item tablename
3890 :    
3891 :     Title of the table.
3892 :    
3893 :     =item colName1, colName2, ..., colNameN
3894 :    
3895 :     List of column names.
3896 :    
3897 :     =item RETURN
3898 :    
3899 :     Returns a string containing the HTML for the desired table's header.
3900 :    
3901 :     =back
3902 :    
3903 :     =cut
3904 :    
3905 :     sub _OpenTable {
3906 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3907 :     my ($tablename, @colNames) = @_;
3908 :     # Compute the number of columns.
3909 :     my $colCount = @colNames;
3910 :     # Generate the title row.
3911 :     my $htmlString = "<p><table border=\"2\"><tr><td colspan=\"$colCount\" align=\"center\">$tablename</td></tr>\n";
3912 :     # Loop through the columns, adding the column header rows.
3913 :     $htmlString .= "<tr>";
3914 :     for my $colName (@colNames) {
3915 :     $htmlString .= "<th>$colName</th>";
3916 :     }
3917 :     $htmlString .= "</tr>\n";
3918 :     return $htmlString;
3919 : parrello 1.1 }
3920 :    
3921 :     =head3 CloseTable
3922 :    
3923 :     This method returns the HTML for closing a table.
3924 :    
3925 :     This is a static method.
3926 :    
3927 :     =cut
3928 :    
3929 :     sub _CloseTable {
3930 : parrello 1.10 return "</table></p>\n";
3931 : parrello 1.1 }
3932 :    
3933 :     =head3 ShowField
3934 :    
3935 :     This method returns the HTML for displaying a row of field information in a field table.
3936 :    
3937 :     This is a static method.
3938 :    
3939 :     =over 4
3940 :    
3941 :     =item fieldData
3942 :    
3943 :     Table of data about the field.
3944 :    
3945 :     =item RETURN
3946 :    
3947 :     Returns an HTML string for a table row that shows the field's name, type, and description.
3948 :    
3949 :     =back
3950 :    
3951 :     =cut
3952 :    
3953 :     sub _ShowField {
3954 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
3955 :     my ($fieldData) = @_;
3956 :     # Create the HTML string.
3957 :     my $htmlString = "<tr><th align=\"left\">$fieldData->{name}</th><td>$fieldData->{type}</td>";
3958 :     # If we have content, add it as a third column.
3959 :     if (exists $fieldData->{Notes}) {
3960 :     $htmlString .= "<td>" . _HTMLNote($fieldData->{Notes}->{content}) . "</td>";
3961 :     }
3962 :     # Close off the row.
3963 :     $htmlString .= "</tr>\n";
3964 :     # Return the result.
3965 :     return $htmlString;
3966 : parrello 1.1 }
3967 :    
3968 :     =head3 HTMLNote
3969 :    
3970 :     Convert a note or comment to HTML by replacing some bulletin-board codes with HTML. The codes
3971 :     supported are C<[b]> for B<bold>, C<[i]> for I<italics>, and C<[p]> for a new paragraph.
3972 :     Except for C<[p]>, all the codes are closed by slash-codes. So, for
3973 :     example, C<[b]Feature[/b]> displays the string C<Feature> in boldface.
3974 :    
3975 :     This is a static method.
3976 :    
3977 :     =over 4
3978 :    
3979 :     =item dataString
3980 :    
3981 :     String to convert to HTML.
3982 :    
3983 :     =item RETURN
3984 :    
3985 :     An HTML string derived from the input string.
3986 :    
3987 :     =back
3988 :    
3989 :     =cut
3990 :    
3991 :     sub _HTMLNote {
3992 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameter.
3993 :     my ($dataString) = @_;
3994 :     # Substitute the codes.
3995 :     $dataString =~ s!\[(/?[bi])\]!<$1>!g;
3996 :     $dataString =~ s!\[p\]!</p><p>!g;
3997 :     # Return the result.
3998 :     return $dataString;
3999 : parrello 1.1 }
4000 :    
4001 :     =head2 Data Generation Utilities
4002 :    
4003 :     =head3 IntGen
4004 :    
4005 :     C<< my $integer = IntGen($min, $max); >>
4006 :    
4007 :     Returns a random number between the specified minimum and maximum (inclusive).
4008 :    
4009 :     =over 4
4010 :    
4011 :     =item min
4012 :    
4013 :     Minimum permissible return value.
4014 :    
4015 :     =item max
4016 :    
4017 :     Maximum permissible return value.
4018 :    
4019 :     =item RETURN
4020 :    
4021 :     Returns a value no lower than the minimum and no greater than the maximum.
4022 :    
4023 :     =back
4024 :    
4025 :     =cut
4026 :    
4027 :     sub IntGen {
4028 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4029 :     my ($min, $max) = @_;
4030 :     # Determine the range of possible values. Note we put some space well above the
4031 :     # maximum value to give it a fighting chance of apppearing in the list.
4032 :     my $span = $max + 0.99 - $min;
4033 :     # Create an integer in the range.
4034 :     my $retVal = $min + int(rand($span));
4035 :     # Return the result.
4036 :     return $retVal;
4037 : parrello 1.1 }
4038 :    
4039 :     =head3 RandChar
4040 :    
4041 :     C<< my $char = RandChar($sourceString); >>
4042 :    
4043 :     Select a random character from a string.
4044 :    
4045 :     =over 4
4046 :    
4047 :     =item sourceString
4048 :    
4049 :     String from which the random character should be selected.
4050 :    
4051 :     =item RETURN
4052 :    
4053 :     Returns a single character from the incoming string.
4054 :    
4055 :     =back
4056 :    
4057 :     =cut
4058 :    
4059 :     sub RandChar {
4060 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameter.
4061 :     my ($sourceString) = @_;
4062 :     # Select a random character.
4063 :     my $retVal = IntGen(0, (length $sourceString) - 1);
4064 :     # Return it.
4065 :     return substr($sourceString, $retVal, 1);
4066 : parrello 1.1 }
4067 :    
4068 :     =head3 RandChars
4069 :    
4070 :     C<< my $string = RandChars($sourceString, $length); >>
4071 :    
4072 :     Create a string from characters taken from a source string.
4073 :    
4074 :     =over 4
4075 :    
4076 :     =item sourceString
4077 :    
4078 :     String from which the random characters should be selected.
4079 :    
4080 :     =item length
4081 :    
4082 :     Number of characters to put in the output string.
4083 :    
4084 :     =item RETURN
4085 :    
4086 :     Returns a string of the specified length consisting of characters taken from the
4087 :     source string.
4088 :    
4089 :     =back
4090 :    
4091 :     =cut
4092 :    
4093 :     sub RandChars {
4094 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4095 :     my ($sourceString, $length) = @_;
4096 :     # Call RandChar repeatedly to generate the string.
4097 :     my $retVal = "";
4098 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
4099 :     $retVal .= RandChar($sourceString);
4100 :     }
4101 :     # Return the result.
4102 :     return $retVal;
4103 : parrello 1.1 }
4104 :    
4105 :     =head3 RandParam
4106 :    
4107 :     C<< my $value = RandParam($parm1, $parm2, ... $parmN); >>
4108 :    
4109 :     Return a randomly-selected value from the parameter list.
4110 :    
4111 :     =over 4
4112 :    
4113 :     =item parm1, parm2, ... parmN
4114 :    
4115 :     List of values of which one will be selected.
4116 :    
4117 :     =item RETURN
4118 :    
4119 :     Returns a randomly-chosen value from the specified list.
4120 :    
4121 :     =back
4122 :    
4123 :     =cut
4124 :    
4125 :     sub RandParam {
4126 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameter.
4127 :     my @parms = @_;
4128 :     # Choose a random parameter from the list.
4129 :     my $chosenIndex = IntGen(0, $#parms);
4130 :     return $parms[$chosenIndex];
4131 : parrello 1.1 }
4132 :    
4133 :     =head3 StringGen
4134 :    
4135 :     C<< my $string = StringGen($pattern1, $pattern2, ... $patternN); >>
4136 :    
4137 :     Returns a random string derived from a randomly-chosen format pattern. The pattern
4138 :     can either be a number (indicating the number of characters desired, or the letter
4139 :     C<P> followed by a picture. The picture should contain C<A> when a letter is desired,
4140 :     C<9> when a digit is desired, C<V> when a vowel is desired, C<K> when a consonant is
4141 :     desired, and C<X> when a letter or a digit is desired. Any other character will be
4142 :     translated as a literal.
4143 :    
4144 :     =over 4
4145 :    
4146 :     =item pattern1, pattern2, ... patternN
4147 :    
4148 :     List of patterns to be used to generate string values.
4149 :    
4150 :     =item RETURN
4151 :    
4152 :     A single string generated from a pattern.
4153 :    
4154 :     =back
4155 :    
4156 :     =cut
4157 :    
4158 :     sub StringGen {
4159 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4160 :     my @patterns = @_;
4161 :     # Choose the appropriate pattern.
4162 :     my $chosenPattern = RandParam(@patterns);
4163 :     # Declare the return variable.
4164 :     my $retVal = "";
4165 :     # Determine whether this is a count or a picture pattern.
4166 :     if ($chosenPattern =~ m/^\d+/) {
4167 :     # Here we have a count. Get the string of source characters.
4168 :     my $letterString = $PictureTable{'X'};
4169 :     my $stringLen = length $letterString;
4170 :     # Save the number of characters we have to generate.
4171 :     my $charsLeft = $chosenPattern;
4172 :     # Loop until the return variable is full.
4173 :     while ($charsLeft > 0) {
4174 :     # Generate a random position in the soruce string.
4175 :     my $stringIndex = IntGen(0, $stringLen - 1);
4176 :     # Compute the number of characters to pull out of the source string.
4177 :     my $chunkSize = $stringLen - $stringIndex;
4178 :     if ($chunkSize > $charsLeft) { $chunkSize = $charsLeft; }
4179 :     # Stuff this chunk into the return value.
4180 :     $retVal .= substr($letterString, $stringIndex, $chunkSize);
4181 :     # Record the data moved.
4182 :     $charsLeft -= $chunkSize;
4183 :     }
4184 :     } elsif ($chosenPattern =~ m/^P/) {
4185 :     # Here we have a picture string. We will move through the picture one
4186 :     # character at a time generating data.
4187 :     for (my $i = 1; $i < length $chosenPattern; $i++) {
4188 :     # Get this picture character.
4189 :     my $chr = substr($chosenPattern, $i, 1);
4190 :     # Check to see if the picture char is one we recognize.
4191 :     if (exists $PictureTable{$chr}) {
4192 :     # Choose a random character from the available values for this
4193 :     # picture character.
4194 :     $retVal .= RandChar($PictureTable{$chr});
4195 :     } else {
4196 :     # Copy in the picture character as a literal.
4197 :     $retVal .= $chr;
4198 :     }
4199 :     }
4200 :     } else {
4201 :     # Here we have neither a picture string or a letter count, so we treat
4202 :     # the string as a literal.
4203 :     $retVal = $chosenPattern;
4204 :     }
4205 :     # Return the string formed.
4206 :     return $retVal;
4207 : parrello 1.1 }
4208 :    
4209 :     =head3 DateGen
4210 :    
4211 :     C<< my $date = DateGen($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset, $minutes); >>
4212 :    
4213 :     Return a numeric timestamp within the specified range of days with the specified minute
4214 :     value. The range of days is specified relevant to the current day. Thus, the call
4215 :    
4216 :     C<< my $date = DateGen(-1, 5, 720); >>
4217 :    
4218 :     will return a timestamp at noon (72 minutes past midnight) sometime during the week that
4219 :     began on the preceding day. If you want a random minute of the day, simply combine with
4220 :     a call to L</IntGen>, as follows.
4221 :    
4222 :     C<< my $date = DateGen(-1, 5, IntGen(0, 1439)); >>
4223 :    
4224 :     =over 4
4225 :    
4226 :     =item startDayOffset
4227 :    
4228 :     The earliest day that can be returned, relative to the current day.
4229 :    
4230 :     =item endDayOffset
4231 :    
4232 :     The latest day that can be returned, related to the current day.
4233 :    
4234 :     =item minutes
4235 :    
4236 :     Number of minutes into the selected day that should be used.
4237 :    
4238 :     =back
4239 :    
4240 :     =cut
4241 :    
4242 :     sub DateGen {
4243 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4244 :     my ($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset, $minutes) = @_;
4245 :     # Get midnight of the current day.
4246 :     my $now = time();
4247 :     my ($sec, $min, $hour) = localtime($now);
4248 :     my $today = $now - (($hour * 60 + $min) * 60 + $sec);
4249 :     # Compute the day we want.
4250 :     my $newDay = IntGen($startDayOffset, $endDayOffset) * 86400 + $today;
4251 :     # Add the minutes.
4252 :     my $retVal = $newDay + $minutes * 60;
4253 :     # Return the result.
4254 :     return $retVal;
4255 : parrello 1.1 }
4256 :    
4257 :     =head3 FloatGen
4258 :    
4259 :     C<< my $number = FloatGen($min, $max); >>
4260 :    
4261 :     Return a random floating-point number greater than or equal to the specified minimum and
4262 :     less than the specified maximum.
4263 :    
4264 :     =over 4
4265 :    
4266 :     =item min
4267 :    
4268 :     Minimum permissible value for the number returned.
4269 :    
4270 :     =item max
4271 :    
4272 :     Maximum permissible value for the number returned.
4273 :    
4274 :     =item RETURN
4275 :    
4276 :     Returns a floating-point number anywhere in the specified range.
4277 :    
4278 :     =back
4279 :    
4280 :     =cut
4281 :    
4282 :     sub FloatGen {
4283 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4284 :     my ($min, $max) = @_;
4285 :     # Generate the result.
4286 :     my $retVal = rand($max - $min) + $min;
4287 :     return $retVal;
4288 : parrello 1.1 }
4289 :    
4290 :     =head3 ListGen
4291 :    
4292 :     C<< my @list = ListGen($pattern, $count); >>
4293 :    
4294 :     Return a list containing a fixed number of randomly-generated strings.
4295 :    
4296 :     =over 4
4297 :    
4298 :     =item pattern
4299 :    
4300 :     A pattern (in the form expected by L</StringGen>) that should be used to generate the
4301 :     strings in the list.
4302 :    
4303 :     =item count
4304 :    
4305 :     The number of list entries to generate.
4306 :    
4307 :     =item RETURN
4308 :    
4309 :     Returns a list consisting of the specified number of strings.
4310 :    
4311 :     =back
4312 :    
4313 :     =cut
4314 :    
4315 :     sub ListGen {
4316 : parrello 1.10 # Get the parameters.
4317 :     my ($pattern, $count) = @_;
4318 :     # Generate the list.
4319 :     my @retVal = ();
4320 :     for (my $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
4321 :     push @retVal, StringGen($pattern);
4322 :     }
4323 :     # Return it.
4324 :     return @retVal;
4325 : parrello 1.1 }
4326 :    
4327 : overbeek 1.11 1;

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