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revision 1.82, Tue Apr 10 03:51:18 2007 UTC revision 1.95, Fri Apr 18 18:06:12 2008 UTC
# Line 1  Line 1 
1  #  # -*- perl -*-
2    ########################################################################
3  # Copyright (c) 2003-2006 University of Chicago and Fellowship  # Copyright (c) 2003-2006 University of Chicago and Fellowship
4  # for Interpretations of Genomes. All Rights Reserved.  # for Interpretations of Genomes. All Rights Reserved.
5  #  #
# Line 13  Line 14 
14  # at info@ci.uchicago.edu or the Fellowship for Interpretation of  # at info@ci.uchicago.edu or the Fellowship for Interpretation of
15  # Genomes at veronika@thefig.info or download a copy from  # Genomes at veronika@thefig.info or download a copy from
16  # http://www.theseed.org/LICENSE.TXT.  # http://www.theseed.org/LICENSE.TXT.
17  #  ########################################################################
18    
19  package Tracer;  package Tracer;
20    
# Line 186  Line 187 
187  using the L</StandardScript> or L</StandardSetup> methods, emergency tracing  using the L</StandardScript> or L</StandardSetup> methods, emergency tracing
188  will be configured automatically.  will be configured automatically.
189    
190    NOTE: to configure emergency tracing from the command line instead of the Debugging
191    Control Panel (see below), use the C<trace.pl> script.
192    
193  =head3 Debugging Control Panel  =head3 Debugging Control Panel
194    
195  The debugging control panel provides several tools to assist in development of  The debugging control panel provides several tools to assist in development of
# Line 281  Line 285 
285    
286  # Declare the configuration variables.  # Declare the configuration variables.
287    
288  my $Destination = "NONE";   # Description of where to send the trace output.  my $Destination = "WARN";   # Description of where to send the trace output.
289  my $TeeFlag = 0;            # TRUE if output is going to a file and to the  my $TeeFlag = 0;            # TRUE if output is going to a file and to the
290                              # standard output                              # standard output
291  my %Categories = ( main => 1 );  my %Categories = ( main => 1 );
# Line 293  Line 297 
297  my $SetupCount = 0;         # number of times TSetup called  my $SetupCount = 0;         # number of times TSetup called
298  my $AllTrace = 0;           # TRUE if we are tracing all categories.  my $AllTrace = 0;           # TRUE if we are tracing all categories.
299    
300  =head2 Public Methods  =head2 Tracing Methods
301    
302    =head3 Setups
303    
304        my $count = Tracer::Setups();
305    
306    Return the number of times L</TSetup> has been called.
307    
308    This method allows for the creation of conditional tracing setups where, for example, we
309    may want to set up tracing if nobody else has done it before us.
310    
311    =cut
312    
313    sub Setups {
314        return $SetupCount;
315    }
316    
317  =head3 TSetup  =head3 TSetup
318    
319  C<< TSetup($categoryList, $target); >>      TSetup($categoryList, $target);
320    
321  This method is used to specify the trace options. The options are stored as package data  This method is used to specify the trace options. The options are stored as package data
322  and interrogated by the L</Trace> and L</T> methods.  and interrogated by the L</Trace> and L</T> methods.
# Line 369  Line 388 
388      $SetupCount++;      $SetupCount++;
389  }  }
390    
391  =head3 StandardSetup  =head3 SetLevel
   
 C<< my ($options, @parameters) = StandardSetup(\@categories, \%options, $parmHelp, @ARGV); >>  
   
 This method performs standard command-line parsing and tracing setup. The return  
 values are a hash of the command-line options and a list of the positional  
 parameters. Tracing is automatically set up and the command-line options are  
 validated.  
   
 This is a complex method that does a lot of grunt work. The parameters can  
 be more easily understood, however, once they are examined individually.  
   
 The I<categories> parameter is the most obtuse. It is a reference to a list of  
 special-purpose tracing categories. Most tracing categories are PERL package  
 names. So, for example, if you wanted to turn on tracing inside the B<Sprout>,  
 B<ERDB>, and B<SproutLoad> packages, you would specify the categories  
392    
393      ["Sprout", "SproutLoad", "ERDB"]      Tracer::SetLevel($newLevel);
394    
395  This would cause trace messages in the specified three packages to appear in  Modify the trace level. A higher trace level will cause more messages to appear.
 the output. There are two special tracing categories that are automatically  
 handled by this method. In other words, if you used L</TSetup> you would need  
 to include these categories manually, but if you use this method they are turned  
 on automatically.  
396    
397  =over 4  =over 4
398    
399  =item SQL  =item newLevel
   
 Traces SQL commands and activity.  
   
 =item Tracer  
400    
401  Traces error messages and call stacks.  Proposed new trace level.
402    
403  =back  =back
404    
405  C<SQL> is only turned on if the C<-sql> option is specified in the command line.  =cut
 The trace level is specified using the C<-trace> command-line option. For example,  
 the following command line for C<TransactFeatures> turns on SQL tracing and runs  
 all tracing at level 3.  
406    
407      TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql register ../xacts IDs.tbl  sub SetLevel {
408        $TraceLevel = $_[0];
409    }
410    
411  Standard tracing is output to the standard output and echoed to the file  =head3 ParseTraceDate
 C<trace>I<$$>C<.log> in the FIG temporary directory, where I<$$> is the  
 process ID. You can also specify the C<user> parameter to put a user ID  
 instead of a process ID in the trace file name. So, for example  
412    
413  The default trace level is 2. To get all messages, specify a trace level of 4.      my $time = Tracer::ParseTraceDate($dateString);
 For a genome-by-genome update, use 3.  
414    
415      TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql -user=Bruce register ../xacts IDs.tbl  Convert a date from the trace file into a PERL timestamp.
416    
417  would send the trace output to C<traceBruce.log> in the temporary directory.  =over 4
418    
419  The I<options> parameter is a reference to a hash containing the command-line  =item dateString
 options, their default values, and an explanation of what they mean. Command-line  
 options may be in the form of switches or keywords. In the case of a switch, the  
 option value is 1 if it is specified and 0 if it is not specified. In the case  
 of a keyword, the value is separated from the option name by an equal sign. You  
 can see this last in the command-line example above.  
420    
421  You can specify a different default trace level by setting C<$options->{trace}>  The date string from the trace file. The format of the string is determined by the
422  prior to calling this method.  L</Now> method.
423    
424  An example at this point would help. Consider, for example, the command-line utility  =item RETURN
 C<TransactFeatures>. It accepts a list of positional parameters plus the options  
 C<safe>, C<noAlias>, C<start>, and C<tblFiles>. To start up this command, we execute  
 the following code.  
425    
426      my ($options, @parameters) = Tracer::StandardSetup(["DocUtils"],  Returns a PERL time, that is, a number of seconds since the epoch, or C<undef> if
427                          { safe => [0, "use database transactions"],  the time string is invalid.
                           noAlias => [0, "do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions"],  
                           start => [' ', "start with this genome"],  
                           tblFiles => [0, "output TBL files containing the corrected IDs"] },  
                         "command transactionDirectory IDfile",  
                       @ARGV);  
428    
429    =back
430    
431  The call to C<ParseCommand> specifies the default values for the options and  =cut
 stores the actual options in a hash that is returned as C<$options>. The  
 positional parameters are returned in C<@parameters>.  
432    
433  The following is a sample command line for C<TransactFeatures>.  sub ParseTraceDate {
434        # Get the parameters.
435        my ($dateString) = @_;
436        # Declare the return variable.
437        my $retVal;
438        # Parse the date.
439        if ($dateString =~ m#(\d+)/(\d+)/(\d+)\s+(\d+):(\d+):(\d+)#) {
440            # Create a time object. Note we need to convert the day, month,
441            # and year to a different base. Years count from 1900, and
442            # the internal month value is relocated to January = 0.
443            $retVal = timelocal($6, $5, $4, $2, $1 - 1, $3 - 1900);
444        }
445        # Return the result.
446        return $retVal;
447    }
448    
449      TransactFeatures -trace=2 -noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl  =head3 LogErrors
450    
451  In this case, C<register>, C<../xacts>, and C<IDs.tbl> are the positional      Tracer::LogErrors($fileName);
 parameters, and would find themselves in I<@parameters> after executing the  
 above code fragment. The tracing would be set to level 2, and the categories  
 would be C<Tracer>, and <DocUtils>. C<Tracer> is standard,  
 and C<DocUtils> was included because it came in within the first parameter  
 to this method. The I<$options> hash would be  
452    
453      { trace => 2, sql => 0, safe => 0,  Route the standard error output to a log file.
       noAlias => 1, start => ' ', tblFiles => 0 }  
454    
455  Use of C<StandardSetup> in this way provides a simple way of performing  =over 4
 standard tracing setup and command-line parsing. Note that the caller is  
 not even aware of the command-line switches C<-trace> and C<-sql>, which  
 are used by this method to control the tracing. If additional tracing features  
 need to be added in the future, they can be processed by this method without  
 upsetting the command-line utilities.  
456    
457  If the C<background> option is specified on the command line, then the  =item fileName
 standard and error outputs will be directed to files in the temporary  
 directory, using the same suffix as the trace file. So, if the command  
 line specified  
458    
459      -user=Bruce -background  Name of the file to receive the error output.
460    
461  then the trace output would go to C<traceBruce.log>, the standard output to  =back
 C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to  
 simplify starting a command in the background.  
462    
463  The user name is also used as the tracing key for L</Emergency Tracing>.  =cut
 Specifying a value of C<E> for the trace level causes emergency tracing to  
 be used instead of custom tracing. If the user name is not specified,  
 the tracing key is taken from the C<Tracing> environment variable. If there  
 is no value for that variable, the tracing key will be computed from the PID.  
464    
465  Finally, if the special option C<-h> is specified, the option names will  sub LogErrors {
466  be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.      # Get the file name.
467  This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters      my ($fileName) = @_;
468        # Open the file as the standard error output.
469        open STDERR, '>', $fileName;
470    }
471    
472      TransactFeatures -h  =head3 Trace
473    
474  he would see the following output.      Trace($message);
475    
476      TransactFeatures [options] command transactionDirectory IDfile  Write a trace message to the target location specified in L</TSetup>. If there has not been
477          -trace    tracing level (default E)  any prior call to B<TSetup>.
         -sql      trace SQL commands  
         -safe     use database transactions  
         -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions  
         -start    start with this genome  
         -tblFiles output TBL files containing the corrected IDs  
478    
479  The caller has the option of modifying the tracing scheme by placing a value  =over 4
 for C<trace> in the incoming options hash. The default value can be overridden,  
 or the tracing to the standard output can be turned off by suffixing a minus  
 sign to the trace level. So, for example,  
480    
481      { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],  =item message
        ...  
482    
483  would set the default trace level to 0 instead of E, while  Message to write.
484    
485      { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],  =back
        ...  
486    
487  would set the default to 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the  =cut
 standard output.  
488    
489  The parameters to this method are as follows.  sub Trace {
490        # Get the parameters.
491        my ($message) = @_;
492        # Get the timestamp.
493        my $timeStamp = Now();
494        # Format the message. Note we strip off any line terminators at the end.
495        my $prefix = "[$timeStamp] <$LastCategory>: ";
496        my $formatted = $prefix . Strip($message);
497        # Process according to the destination.
498        if ($Destination eq "TEXT") {
499            # Write the message to the standard output.
500            print "$formatted\n";
501        } elsif ($Destination eq "ERROR") {
502            # Write the message to the error output.
503            print STDERR "$formatted\n";
504        } elsif ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {
505            # Push the message into the queue.
506            push @Queue, "$formatted";
507        } elsif ($Destination eq "HTML") {
508            # Convert the message to HTML and write it to the standard output.
509            my $escapedMessage = CGI::escapeHTML($message);
510            print "<p>$timeStamp $LastCategory: $escapedMessage</p>\n";
511        } elsif ($Destination eq "WARN") {
512           # Emit the message as a warning.
513           carp $message;
514        } elsif ($Destination =~ m/^>>/) {
515            # Write the trace message to an output file.
516            (open TRACING, $Destination) || die "Tracing open for \"$Destination\" failed: $!";
517            print TRACING "$formatted\n";
518            close TRACING;
519            # If the Tee flag is on, echo it to the standard output.
520            if ($TeeFlag) {
521                print "$formatted\n";
522            }
523        }
524    }
525    
526  =over 4  =head3 T
527    
528  =item categories      my $switch = T($category, $traceLevel);
529    
530  Reference to a list of tracing category names. These should be names of      or
 packages whose internal workings will need to be debugged to get the  
 command working.  
531    
532  =item options      my $switch = T($traceLevel);
533    
534  Reference to a hash containing the legal options for the current command mapped  Return TRUE if the trace level is at or above a specified value and the specified category
535  to their default values and descriptions. The user can override the defaults  is active, else FALSE. If no category is specified, the caller's package name is used.
 by specifying the options as command-line switches prefixed by a hyphen.  
 Tracing-related options may be added to this hash. If the C<-h> option is  
 specified on the command line, the option descriptions will be used to  
 explain the options. To turn off tracing to the standard output, add a  
 minus sign to the value for C<trace> (see above).  
536    
537  =item parmHelp  =over 4
538    
539  A string that vaguely describes the positional parameters. This is used  =item category
 if the user specifies the C<-h> option.  
540    
541  =item argv  Category to which the message belongs. If not specified, the caller's package name is
542    used.
543    
544  List of command line parameters, including the option switches, which must  =item traceLevel
545  precede the positional parameters and be prefixed by a hyphen.  
546    Relevant tracing level.
547    
548  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
549    
550  Returns a list. The first element of the list is the reference to a hash that  TRUE if a message at the specified trace level would appear in the trace, else FALSE.
 maps the command-line option switches to their values. These will either be the  
 default values or overrides specified on the command line. The remaining  
 elements of the list are the position parameters, in order.  
551    
552  =back  =back
553    
554  =cut  =cut
555    
556  sub StandardSetup {  sub T {
557        # Declare the return variable.
558        my $retVal = 0;
559        # Only proceed if tracing is turned on.
560        if ($Destination ne "NONE") {
561      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
562      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;          my ($category, $traceLevel) = @_;
563      # Get the default tracing key.          if (!defined $traceLevel) {
564      my $tkey = EmergencyKey();              # Here we have no category, so we need to get the calling package.
565      # Add the tracing options.              # The calling package is normally the first parameter. If it is
566      if (! exists $options->{trace}) {              # omitted, the first parameter will be the tracelevel. So, the
567          $options->{trace} = ['E', "tracing level (E for emergency tracing)"];              # first thing we do is shift the so-called category into the
568      }              # $traceLevel variable where it belongs.
569      $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];              $traceLevel = $category;
570      $options->{h} = [0, "display command-line options"];              my ($package, $fileName, $line) = caller;
571      $options->{user} = [$tkey, "tracing key"];              # If there is no calling package, we default to "main".
572      $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];              if (!$package) {
573      # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash                  $category = "main";
     # contains the default values rather than the default value  
     # and the description. While we're at it, we'll memorize the  
     # length of the longest option name.  
     my $longestName = 0;  
     my %parseOptions = ();  
     for my $key (keys %{$options}) {  
         if (length $key > $longestName) {  
             $longestName = length $key;  
         }  
         $parseOptions{$key} = $options->{$key}->[0];  
     }  
     # Parse the command line.  
     my ($retOptions, @retParameters) = ParseCommand(\%parseOptions, @argv);  
     # Get the logfile suffix.  
     my $suffix = $retOptions->{user};  
     # Check for background mode.  
     if ($retOptions->{background}) {  
         my $outFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/out$suffix.log";  
         my $errFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/err$suffix.log";  
         open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";  
         open STDERR, ">$errFileName";  
     }  
     # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if the user  
     # wants emergency tracing.  
     if ($retOptions->{trace} eq 'E') {  
         ETracing($retOptions->{user});  
     } else {  
         # Here the tracing is controlled from the command line.  
         my @cats = @{$categories};  
         if ($retOptions->{sql}) {  
             push @cats, "SQL";  
         }  
         # Add the default categories.  
         push @cats, "Tracer";  
         # Next, we create the category string by joining the categories.  
         my $cats = join(" ", @cats);  
         # Check to determine whether or not the caller wants to turn off tracing  
         # to the standard output.  
         my $traceLevel = $retOptions->{trace};  
         my $textOKFlag = 1;  
         if ($traceLevel =~ /^(.)-/) {  
             $traceLevel = $1;  
             $textOKFlag = 0;  
         }  
         # Now we set up the trace mode.  
         my $traceMode;  
         # Verify that we can open a file in the FIG temporary directory.  
         my $traceFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$suffix.log";  
         if (open TESTTRACE, ">$traceFileName") {  
             # Here we can trace to a file.  
             $traceMode = ">$traceFileName";  
             if ($textOKFlag) {  
                 # Echo to standard output if the text-OK flag is set.  
                 $traceMode = "+$traceMode";  
             }  
             # Close the test file.  
             close TESTTRACE;  
         } else {  
             # Here we can't trace to a file. We trace to the standard output if it's  
             # okay, and the error log otherwise.  
             if ($textOKFlag) {  
                 $traceMode = "TEXT";  
574              } else {              } else {
575                  $traceMode = "WARN";                  my @cats = split /::/, $package;
576              }                  $category = $cats[$#cats];
         }  
         # Now set up the tracing.  
         TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);  
577      }      }
     # Check for the "h" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line  
     # options and exit the program.  
     if ($retOptions->{h}) {  
         $0 =~ m#[/\\](\w+)(\.pl)?$#i;  
         print "$1 [options] $parmHelp\n";  
         for my $key (sort keys %{$options}) {  
             my $name = Pad($key, $longestName, 0, ' ');  
             my $desc = $options->{$key}->[1];  
             if ($options->{$key}->[0]) {  
                 $desc .= " (default " . $options->{$key}->[0] . ")";  
578              }              }
579              print "  $name $desc\n";          # Save the category name.
580            $LastCategory = $category;
581            # Convert it to lower case before we hash it.
582            $category = lc $category;
583            # Use the category and tracelevel to compute the result.
584            if (ref $traceLevel) {
585                Confess("Bad trace level.");
586            } elsif (ref $TraceLevel) {
587                Confess("Bad trace config.");
588          }          }
589          exit(0);          $retVal = ($traceLevel <= $TraceLevel && ($AllTrace || exists $Categories{$category}));
590      }      }
591      # Return the parsed parameters.      # Return the computed result.
592      return ($retOptions, @retParameters);      return $retVal;
593  }  }
594    
595  =head3 Setups  =head3 QTrace
596    
597  C<< my $count = Tracer::Setups(); >>      my $data = QTrace($format);
598    
599  Return the number of times L</TSetup> has been called.  Return the queued trace data in the specified format.
600    
601  This method allows for the creation of conditional tracing setups where, for example, we  =over 4
602  may want to set up tracing if nobody else has done it before us.  
603    =item format
604    
605    C<html> to format the data as an HTML list, C<text> to format it as straight text.
606    
607    =back
608    
609  =cut  =cut
610    
611  sub Setups {  sub QTrace {
612      return $SetupCount;      # Get the parameter.
613        my ($format) = @_;
614        # Create the return variable.
615        my $retVal = "";
616        # Only proceed if there is an actual queue.
617        if (@Queue) {
618            # Process according to the format.
619            if ($format =~ m/^HTML$/i) {
620                # Convert the queue into an HTML list.
621                $retVal = "<ul>\n";
622                for my $line (@Queue) {
623                    my $escapedLine = CGI::escapeHTML($line);
624                    $retVal .= "<li>$escapedLine</li>\n";
625                }
626                $retVal .= "</ul>\n";
627            } elsif ($format =~ m/^TEXT$/i) {
628                # Convert the queue into a list of text lines.
629                $retVal = join("\n", @Queue) . "\n";
630            }
631            # Clear the queue.
632            @Queue = ();
633        }
634        # Return the formatted list.
635        return $retVal;
636  }  }
637    
638  =head3 Open  =head3 Confess
639    
640  C<< my $handle = Open($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message); >>      Confess($message);
641    
642  Open a file.  Trace the call stack and abort the program with the specified message. When used with
643    the OR operator and the L</Assert> method, B<Confess> can function as a debugging assert.
644    So, for example
645    
646  The I<$fileSpec> is essentially the second argument of the PERL C<open>      Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum.");
 function. The mode is specified using Unix-like shell information. So, for  
 example,  
647    
648      Open(\*LOGFILE, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");  Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.
649    
650  would open for output appended to the specified file, and  =over 4
651    
652      Open(\*DATASTREAM, "| sort -u >$outputFile", "Could not open $outputFile.");  =item message
653    
654  would open a pipe that sorts the records written and removes duplicates. Note  Message to include in the trace.
 the use of file handle syntax in the Open call. To use anonymous file handles,  
 code as follows.  
655    
656      my $logFile = Open(undef, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");  =back
657    
658  The I<$message> parameter is used if the open fails. If it is set to C<0>, then  =cut
 the open returns TRUE if successful and FALSE if an error occurred. Otherwise, a  
 failed open will throw an exception and the third parameter will be used to construct  
 an error message. If the parameter is omitted, a standard message is constructed  
 using the file spec.  
659    
660      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog"  sub Confess {
661        # Get the parameters.
662        my ($message) = @_;
663        if (! defined($FIG_Config::no_tool_hdr)) {
664            # Here we have a tool header. Display its length so that the user can adjust the line numbers.
665            my $toolHeaderFile = "$FIG_Config::fig_disk/dist/releases/current/$FIG_Config::arch/tool_hdr";
666            # Only proceed if the tool header file is actually present.
667            if (-f $toolHeaderFile) {
668                my @lines = GetFile($toolHeaderFile);
669                Trace("Tool header has " . scalar(@lines) . " lines.");
670            }
671        }
672        # Trace the call stack.
673        Cluck($message);
674        # Abort the program.
675        croak(">>> $message");
676    }
677    
678  Note that the mode characters are automatically cleaned from the file name.  =head3 Assert
 The actual error message from the file system will be captured and appended to the  
 message in any case.  
679    
680      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": file not found.      Assert($condition1, $condition2, ... $conditionN);
681    
682  In some versions of PERL the only error message we get is a number, which  Return TRUE if all the conditions are true. This method can be used in conjunction with
683  corresponds to the C++ C<errno> value.  the OR operator and the L</Confess> method as a debugging assert.
684    So, for example
685    
686      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": 6.      Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum.");
687    
688  =over 4  Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.
689    
690  =item fileHandle  =cut
691    sub Assert {
692        my $retVal = 1;
693        LOOP: for my $condition (@_) {
694            if (! $condition) {
695                $retVal = 0;
696                last LOOP;
697            }
698        }
699        return $retVal;
700    }
701    
702  File handle. If this parameter is C<undef>, a file handle will be generated  =head3 Cluck
 and returned as the value of this method.  
703    
704  =item fileSpec      Cluck($message);
705    
706  File name and mode, as per the PERL C<open> function.  Trace the call stack. Note that for best results, you should qualify the call with a
707    trace condition. For example,
708    
709  =item message (optional)      Cluck("Starting record parse.") if T(3);
710    
711  Error message to use if the open fails. If omitted, a standard error message  will only trace the stack if the trace level for the package is 3 or more.
 will be generated. In either case, the error information from the file system  
 is appended to the message. To specify a conditional open that does not throw  
 an error if it fails, use C<0>.  
712    
713  =item RETURN  =over 4
714    
715  Returns the name of the file handle assigned to the file, or C<undef> if the  =item message
716  open failed.  
717    Message to include in the trace.
718    
719  =back  =back
720    
721  =cut  =cut
722    
723  sub Open {  sub Cluck {
724      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
725      my ($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message) = @_;      my ($message) = @_;
726      # Attempt to open the file.      # Trace what's happening.
727      my $rv = open $fileHandle, $fileSpec;      Trace("Stack trace for event: $message");
728      # If the open failed, generate an error message.      my $confession = longmess($message);
729      if (! $rv) {      # Convert the confession to a series of trace messages. Note we skip any
730          # Save the system error message.      # messages relating to calls into Tracer.
731          my $sysMessage = $!;      for my $line (split /\s*\n/, $confession) {
732          # See if we need a default message.          Trace($line) if ($line !~ /Tracer\.pm/);
733          if (!$message) {      }
             # Clean any obvious mode characters and leading spaces from the  
             # filename.  
             my ($fileName) = FindNamePart($fileSpec);  
             $message = "Could not open \"$fileName\"";  
         }  
         # Terminate with an error using the supplied message and the  
         # error message from the file system.  
         Confess("$message: $!");  
     }  
     # Return the file handle.  
     return $fileHandle;  
734  }  }
735    
736  =head3 FindNamePart  =head3 ScriptSetup
   
 C<< my ($fileName, $start, $len) = Tracer::FindNamePart($fileSpec); >>  
   
 Extract the portion of a file specification that contains the file name.  
737    
738  A file specification is the string passed to an C<open> call. It specifies the file      my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup($noTrace);
 mode and name. In a truly complex situation, it can specify a pipe sequence. This  
 method assumes that the file name is whatever follows the first angle bracket  
 sequence.  So, for example, in the following strings the file name is  
 C</usr/fig/myfile.txt>.  
739    
740      >>/usr/fig/myfile.txt  Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is
741      </usr/fig/myfile.txt  the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash. At the end of the script,
742      | sort -u > /usr/fig/myfile.txt  the client should call L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.
743    
744  If the method cannot find a file name using its normal methods, it will return the  This method calls L</ETracing> to configure tracing, which allows the tracing
745  whole incoming string.  to be configured via the emergency tracing form on the debugging control panel.
746    Tracing will then be turned on automatically for all programs that use the L</ETracing>
747    method, which includes every program that uses this method or L</StandardSetup>.
748    
749  =over 4  =over 4
750    
751  =item fileSpec  =item noTrace (optional)
752    
753  File specification string from which the file name is to be extracted.  If specified, tracing will be suppressed. This is useful if the script wants to set up
754    tracing manually.
755    
756  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
757    
758  Returns a three-element list. The first element contains the file name portion of  Returns a two-element list consisting of a CGI query object and a variable hash for
759  the specified string, or the whole string if a file name cannot be found via normal  the output page.
 methods. The second element contains the start position of the file name portion and  
 the third element contains the length.  
760    
761  =back  =back
762    
763  =cut  =cut
764  #: Return Type $;  
765  sub FindNamePart {  sub ScriptSetup {
766      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
767      my ($fileSpec) = @_;      my ($noTrace) = @_;
768      # Default to the whole input string.      # Get the CGI query object.
769      my ($retVal, $pos, $len) = ($fileSpec, 0, length $fileSpec);      my $cgi = CGI->new();
770      # Parse out the file name if we can.      # Set up tracing if it's not suppressed.
771      if ($fileSpec =~ m/(<|>>?)(.+?)(\s*)$/) {      ETracing($cgi) unless $noTrace;
772          $retVal = $2;      # Create the variable hash.
773          $len = length $retVal;      my $varHash = { results => '' };
774          $pos = (length $fileSpec) - (length $3) - $len;      # Return the query object and variable hash.
775      }      return ($cgi, $varHash);
     # Return the result.  
     return ($retVal, $pos, $len);  
776  }  }
777    
778  =head3 OpenDir  =head3 ETracing
779    
780  C<< my @files = OpenDir($dirName, $filtered, $flag); >>      ETracing($parameter);
781    
782  Open a directory and return all the file names. This function essentially performs  Set up emergency tracing. Emergency tracing is tracing that is turned
783  the functions of an C<opendir> and C<readdir>. If the I<$filtered> parameter is  on automatically for any program that calls this method. The emergency
784  set to TRUE, all filenames beginning with a period (C<.>), dollar sign (C<$>),  tracing parameters are stored in a a file identified by a tracing key.
785  or pound sign (C<#>) and all filenames ending with a tilde C<~>) will be  If this method is called with a CGI object, then the tracing key is
786  filtered out of the return list. If the directory does not open and I<$flag> is not  taken from a cookie. If it is called with no parameters, then the tracing
787  set, an exception is thrown. So, for example,  key is taken from an environment variable. If it is called with a string,
788    the tracing key is that string.
789    
790      my @files = OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/contigs", 1);  =over 4
791    
792  is effectively the same as  =item parameter
793    
794      opendir(TMP, "/Volumes/fig/contigs") || Confess("Could not open /Volumes/fig/contigs.");  A parameter from which the tracing key is computed. If it is a scalar,
795      my @files = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir(TMP);  that scalar is used as the tracing key. If it is a CGI object, the
796    tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. If it is omitted, the
797    tracing key is taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. If it
798    is a CGI object and emergency tracing is not on, the C<Trace> and
799    C<TF> parameters will be used to determine the type of tracing.
800    
801  Similarly, the following code  =back
802    
803      my @files = grep { $_ =~ /^\d/ } OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/orgs", 0, 1);  =cut
804    
805  Returns the names of all files in C</Volumes/fig/orgs> that begin with digits and  sub ETracing {
806  automatically returns an empty list if the directory fails to open.      # Get the parameter.
807        my ($parameter) = @_;
808        # Check for CGI mode.
809        my $cgi = (ref $parameter eq 'CGI' ? $parameter : undef);
810        # Default to no tracing except errors.
811        my ($tracing, $dest) = ("0", "WARN");
812        # Check for emergency tracing.
813        my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);
814        my $emergencyFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
815        if (-e $emergencyFile) {
816            # We have the file. Read in the data.
817            my @tracing = GetFile($emergencyFile);
818            # Pull off the time limit.
819            my $expire = shift @tracing;
820            # Convert it to seconds.
821            $expire *= 3600;
822            # Check the file data.
823            my $stat = stat($emergencyFile);
824            my ($now) = gettimeofday;
825            if ($now - $stat->mtime > $expire) {
826                # Delete the expired file.
827                unlink $emergencyFile;
828            } else {
829                # Emergency tracing is on. Pull off the destination and
830                # the trace level;
831                $dest = shift @tracing;
832                my $level = shift @tracing;
833                # Convert the destination to a real tracing destination.
834                # temp directory.
835                $dest = EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $dest);
836                # Insure Tracer is specified.
837                my %moduleHash = map { $_ => 1 } @tracing;
838                $moduleHash{Tracer} = 1;
839                # Set the trace parameter.
840                $tracing = join(" ", $level, sort keys %moduleHash);
841            }
842        } elsif (defined $cgi) {
843            # There's no emergency tracing, but we have a CGI object, so check
844            # for tracing from the form parameters.
845            if ($cgi->param('Trace')) {
846                # Here the user has requested tracing via a form.
847                $dest = ($cgi->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");
848                $tracing = $cgi->param('Trace') . " Tracer";
849            }
850        }
851        # Setup the tracing we've determined from all the stuff above.
852        TSetup($tracing, $dest);
853        # Check to see if we're a web script.
854        if (defined $cgi) {
855            # Yes we are. Trace the form and environment data.
856            TraceParms($cgi);
857            # Check for RAW mode. In raw mode, we print a fake header so that we see everything
858            # emitted by the script in its raw form.
859            if (T(Raw => 3)) {
860                print CGI::header(-type => 'text/plain', -tracing => 'Raw');
861            }
862        }
863    }
864    
865  =over 4  =head3 EmergencyFileName
866    
867  =item dirName      my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileName($tkey);
868    
869  Name of the directory to open.  Return the emergency tracing file name. This is the file that specifies
870    the tracing information.
871    
872  =item filtered  =over 4
873    
874  TRUE if files whose names begin with a period (C<.>) should be automatically removed  =item tkey
 from the list, else FALSE.  
875    
876  =item flag  Tracing key for the current program.
877    
878  TRUE if a failure to open is okay, else FALSE  =item RETURN
879    
880    Returns the name of the file to contain the emergency tracing information.
881    
882  =back  =back
883    
884  =cut  =cut
885  #: Return Type @;  
886  sub OpenDir {  sub EmergencyFileName {
887      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
888      my ($dirName, $filtered, $flag) = @_;      my ($tkey) = @_;
889      # Declare the return variable.      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
890      my @retVal = ();      return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$tkey.txt";
     # Open the directory.  
     if (opendir(my $dirHandle, $dirName)) {  
         # The directory opened successfully. Get the appropriate list according to the  
         # strictures of the filter parameter.  
         if ($filtered) {  
             @retVal = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir $dirHandle;  
         } else {  
             @retVal = readdir $dirHandle;  
         }  
     } elsif (! $flag) {  
         # Here the directory would not open and it's considered an error.  
         Confess("Could not open directory $dirName.");  
     }  
     # Return the result.  
     return @retVal;  
891  }  }
892    
893  =head3 SetLevel  =head3 EmergencyFileTarget
894    
895  C<< Tracer::SetLevel($newLevel); >>      my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
896    
897  Modify the trace level. A higher trace level will cause more messages to appear.  Return the emergency tracing target file name. This is the file that receives
898    the tracing output for file-based tracing.
899    
900  =over 4  =over 4
901    
902  =item newLevel  =item tkey
   
 Proposed new trace level.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
903    
904  sub SetLevel {  Tracing key for the current program.
     $TraceLevel = $_[0];  
 }  
905    
906  =head3 Now  =item RETURN
907    
908  C<< my $string = Tracer::Now(); >>  Returns the name of the file to contain the trace output.
909    
910  Return a displayable time stamp containing the local time.  =back
911    
912  =cut  =cut
913    
914  sub Now {  sub EmergencyFileTarget {
915      my ($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year,$wday,$yday,$isdst) = localtime(time);      # Get the parameters.
916      my $retVal = _p2($mon+1) . "/" . _p2($mday) . "/" . ($year + 1900) . " " .      my ($tkey) = @_;
917                   _p2($hour) . ":" . _p2($min) . ":" . _p2($sec);      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
918      return $retVal;      return "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$tkey.log";
 }  
   
 # Pad a number to 2 digits.  
 sub _p2 {  
     my ($value) = @_;  
     $value = "0$value" if ($value < 10);  
     return $value;  
919  }  }
920    
921  =head3 ParseTraceDate  =head3 EmergencyTracingDest
922    
923  C<< my $time = Tracer::ParseTraceDate($dateString); >>      my $dest = Tracer::EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $myDest);
924    
925  Convert a date from the trace file into a PERL timestamp.  This method converts an emergency tracing destination to a real
926    tracing destination. The main difference is that if the
927    destination is C<FILE> or C<APPEND>, we convert it to file
928    output. If the destination is C<DUAL>, we convert it to file
929    and standard output.
930    
931  =over 4  =over 4
932    
933  =item dateString  =item tkey
934    
935  The date string from the trace file. The format of the string is determined by the  Tracing key for this environment.
936  L</Now> method.  
937    =item myDest
938    
939    Destination from the emergency tracing file.
940    
941  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
942    
943  Returns a PERL time, that is, a number of seconds since the epoch, or C<undef> if  Returns a destination that can be passed into L</TSetup>.
 the time string is invalid.  
944    
945  =back  =back
946    
947  =cut  =cut
948    
949  sub ParseTraceDate {  sub EmergencyTracingDest {
950      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
951      my ($dateString) = @_;      my ($tkey, $myDest) = @_;
952      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
953      my $retVal;      my $retVal = $myDest;
954      # Parse the date.      # Process according to the destination value.
955      if ($dateString =~ m#(\d+)/(\d+)/(\d+)\s+(\d+):(\d+):(\d+)#) {      if ($myDest eq 'FILE') {
956          # Create a time object. Note we need to convert the day, month,          $retVal = ">" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
957          # and year to a different base. Years count from 1900, and      } elsif ($myDest eq 'APPEND') {
958          # the internal month value is relocated to January = 0.          $retVal = ">>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
959          $retVal = timelocal($6, $5, $4, $2, $1 - 1, $3 - 1900);      } elsif ($myDest eq 'DUAL') {
960            $retVal = "+>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
961      }      }
962      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
963      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
964  }  }
965    
966  =head3 LogErrors  =head3 Emergency
967    
968  C<< Tracer::LogErrors($fileName); >>      Emergency($key, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules);
969    
970  Route the standard error output to a log file.  Turn on emergency tracing. This method is normally invoked over the web from
971    a debugging console, but it can also be called by the C<trace.pl> script.
972    The caller specifies the duration of the emergency in hours, the desired tracing
973    destination, the trace level, and a list of the trace modules to activate.
974    For the length of the duration, when a program in an environment with the
975    specified tracing key active invokes a Sprout CGI script, tracing will be
976    turned on automatically. See L</TSetup> for more about tracing setup and
977    L</ETracing> for more about emergency tracing.
978    
979  =over 4  =over 4
980    
981  =item fileName  =item tkey
   
 Name of the file to receive the error output.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub LogErrors {  
     # Get the file name.  
     my ($fileName) = @_;  
     # Open the file as the standard error output.  
     open STDERR, '>', $fileName;  
 }  
   
 =head3 ReadOptions  
982    
983  C<< my %options = Tracer::ReadOptions($fileName); >>  The tracing key. This is used to identify the control file and the trace file.
984    
985  Read a set of options from a file. Each option is encoded in a line of text that has the  =item hours
 format  
986    
987  I<optionName>C<=>I<optionValue>C<; >I<comment>  Number of hours to keep emergency tracing alive.
988    
989  The option name must consist entirely of letters, digits, and the punctuation characters  =item dest
 C<.> and C<_>, and is case sensitive. Blank lines and lines in which the first nonblank  
 character is a semi-colon will be ignored. The return hash will map each option name to  
 the corresponding option value.  
990    
991  =over 4  Tracing destination. If no path information is specified for a file
992    destination, it is put in the FIG temporary directory.
993    
994  =item fileName  =item level
995    
996  Name of the file containing the option data.  Tracing level. A higher level means more trace messages.
997    
998  =item RETURN  =item modules
999    
1000  Returns a hash mapping the option names specified in the file to their corresponding option  A list of the tracing modules to activate.
 value.  
1001    
1002  =back  =back
1003    
1004  =cut  =cut
1005    
1006  sub ReadOptions {  sub Emergency {
1007      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1008      my ($fileName) = @_;      my ($tkey, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules) = @_;
1009      # Open the file.      # Create the emergency file.
1010      (open CONFIGFILE, "<$fileName") || Confess("Could not open option file $fileName.");      my $specFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
1011      # Count the number of records read.      my $outHandle = Open(undef, ">$specFile");
1012      my ($records, $comments) = 0;      print $outHandle join("\n", $hours, $dest, $level, @modules, "");
     # Create the return hash.  
     my %retVal = ();  
     # Loop through the file, accumulating key-value pairs.  
     while (my $line = <CONFIGFILE>) {  
         # Denote we've read a line.  
         $records++;  
         # Determine the line type.  
         if ($line =~ /^\s*[\n\r]/) {  
             # A blank line is a comment.  
             $comments++;  
         } elsif ($line =~ /^\s*([A-Za-z0-9_\.]+)=([^;]*);/) {  
             # Here we have an option assignment.  
             retVal{$1} = $2;  
         } elsif ($line =~ /^\s*;/) {  
             # Here we have a text comment.  
             $comments++;  
         } else {  
             # Here we have an invalid line.  
             Trace("Invalid option statement in record $records.") if T(0);  
         }  
     }  
     # Return the hash created.  
     return %retVal;  
1013  }  }
1014    
1015  =head3 GetOptions  =head3 EmergencyKey
   
 C<< Tracer::GetOptions(\%defaults, \%options); >>  
   
 Merge a specified set of options into a table of defaults. This method takes two hash references  
 as input and uses the data from the second to update the first. If the second does not exist,  
 there will be no effect. An error will be thrown if one of the entries in the second hash does not  
 exist in the first.  
   
 Consider the following example.  
   
 C<< my $optionTable = GetOptions({ dbType => 'mySQL', trace => 0 }, $options); >>  
   
 In this example, the variable B<$options> is expected to contain at most two options-- B<dbType> and  
 B<trace>. The default database type is C<mySQL> and the default trace level is C<0>. If the value of  
 B<$options> is C<< {dbType => 'Oracle'} >>, then the database type will be changed to C<Oracle> and  
 the trace level will remain at 0. If B<$options> is undefined, then the database type and trace level  
 will remain C<mySQL> and C<0>. If, on the other hand, B<$options> is defined as  
1016    
1017  C<< {databaseType => 'Oracle'} >>      my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);
1018    
1019  an error will occur because the B<databaseType> option does not exist.  Return the Key to be used for emergency tracing. This could be an IP address,
1020     a session ID, or a user name, depending on the environment.
1021    
1022  =over 4  =over 4
1023    
1024  =item defaults  =item parameter
   
 Table of default option values.  
   
 =item options  
1025    
1026  Table of overrides, if any.  Parameter defining the method for finding the tracing key. If it is a scalar,
1027    then it is presumed to be the tracing key itself. If it is a CGI object, then
1028    the tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. Otherwise, the tracing key is
1029    taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable.
1030    
1031  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1032    
1033  Returns a reference to the default table passed in as the first parameter.  Returns the key to be used for labels in emergency tracing.
1034    
1035  =back  =back
1036    
1037  =cut  =cut
1038    
1039  sub GetOptions {  sub EmergencyKey {
1040      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1041      my ($defaults, $options) = @_;      my ($parameter) = @_;
1042      # Check for overrides.      # Declare the return variable.
1043      if ($options) {      my $retVal;
1044          # Loop through the overrides.      # Determine the parameter type.
1045          while (my ($option, $setting) = each %{$options}) {      if (! defined $parameter) {
1046              # Insure this override exists.          # Here we're supposed to check the environment.
1047              if (!exists $defaults->{$option}) {          $retVal = $ENV{TRACING};
                 croak "Unrecognized option $option encountered.";  
1048              } else {              } else {
1049                  # Apply the override.          my $ptype = ref $parameter;
1050                  $defaults->{$option} = $setting;          if ($ptype eq 'CGI') {
1051                # Here we were invoked from a web page. Look for a cookie.
1052                $retVal = $parameter->cookie('IP');
1053            } elsif (! $ptype) {
1054                # Here the key was passed in.
1055                $retVal = $parameter;
1056              }              }
1057          }          }
1058        # If no luck finding a key, use the PID.
1059        if (! defined $retVal) {
1060            $retVal = $$;
1061      }      }
1062      # Return the merged table.      # Return the result.
1063      return $defaults;      return $retVal;
1064  }  }
1065    
 =head3 MergeOptions  
   
 C<< Tracer::MergeOptions(\%table, \%defaults); >>  
1066    
1067  Merge default values into a hash table. This method looks at the key-value pairs in the  =head3 TraceParms
 second (default) hash, and if a matching key is not found in the first hash, the default  
 pair is copied in. The process is similar to L</GetOptions>, but there is no error-  
 checking and no return value.  
1068    
1069  =over 4      Tracer::TraceParms($cgi);
1070    
1071  =item table  Trace the CGI parameters at trace level CGI => 3 and the environment variables
1072    at level CGI => 4. A self-referencing URL is traced at level CGI => 2.
1073    
1074  Hash table to be updated with the default values.  =over 4
1075    
1076  =item defaults  =item cgi
1077    
1078  Default values to be merged into the first hash table if they are not already present.  CGI query object containing the parameters to trace.
1079    
1080  =back  =back
1081    
1082  =cut  =cut
1083    
1084  sub MergeOptions {  sub TraceParms {
1085      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1086      my ($table, $defaults) = @_;      my ($cgi) = @_;
1087      # Loop through the defaults.      if (T(CGI => 2)) {
1088      while (my ($key, $value) = each %{$defaults}) {          # Here we trace the GET-style URL for the script.
1089          if (!exists $table->{$key}) {          Trace("URL: " . $cgi->url(-relative => 1, -query => 1));
1090              $table->{$key} = $value;      }
1091        if (T(CGI => 3)) {
1092            # Here we want to trace the parameter data.
1093            my @names = $cgi->param;
1094            for my $parmName (sort @names) {
1095                # Note we skip the Trace parameters, which are for our use only.
1096                if ($parmName ne 'Trace' && $parmName ne 'TF') {
1097                    my @values = $cgi->param($parmName);
1098                    Trace("CGI: $parmName = " . join(", ", @values));
1099                }
1100            }
1101            # Display the request method.
1102            my $method = $cgi->request_method();
1103            Trace("Method: $method");
1104        }
1105        if (T(CGI => 4)) {
1106            # Here we want the environment data too.
1107            for my $envName (sort keys %ENV) {
1108                Trace("ENV: $envName = $ENV{$envName}");
1109          }          }
1110      }      }
1111  }  }
1112    
1113  =head3 Trace  =head3 TraceImages
1114    
1115  C<< Trace($message); >>      Tracer::TraceImages($htmlString);
1116    
1117  Write a trace message to the target location specified in L</TSetup>. If there has not been  Trace information about all of an html document's images. The tracing
1118  any prior call to B<TSetup>.  will be for type "IMG" at level 3. The image's source string
1119    will be displayed. This is generally either the URL of the image or
1120    raw data for the image itself. If the source is too long, only the first 300
1121    characters will be shown at trace level 3. The entire source will be shown,
1122    however, at trace level 4. This method is not very smart, and might catch
1123    Javascript code, but it is still useful when debugging the arcane
1124    behavior of images in multiple browser environments.
1125    
1126  =over 4  =over 4
1127    
1128  =item message  =item htmlString
1129    
1130  Message to write.  HTML text for an outgoing web page.
1131    
1132  =back  =back
1133    
1134  =cut  =cut
1135    
1136  sub Trace {  sub TraceImages {
1137      # Get the parameters.      # Only proceed if we're at the proper trace level.
1138      my ($message) = @_;      if (T(IMG => 3)) {
1139      # Get the timestamp.          # For performance reasons we're manipulating $_[0] instead of retrieving the string
1140      my $timeStamp = Now();          # into a variable called "$htmlString". This is because we expect html strings to be
1141      # Format the message. Note we strip off any line terminators at the end.          # long, and don't want to copy them any more than we have to.
1142      my $formatted = "[$timeStamp] <$LastCategory>: " . Strip($message);          Trace(length($_[0]) . " characters in web page.");
1143      # Process according to the destination.          # Loop through the HTML, culling image tags.
1144      if ($Destination eq "TEXT") {          while ($_[0] =~ /<img\s+[^>]+?src="([^"]+)"/sgi) {
1145          # Write the message to the standard output.              # Extract the source string and determine whether or not it's too long.
1146          print "$formatted\n";              my $srcString = $1;
1147      } elsif ($Destination eq "ERROR") {              my $pos = pos($_[0]) - length($srcString);
1148          # Write the message to the error output.              my $excess = length($srcString) - 300;
1149          print STDERR "$formatted\n";              # We'll put the display string in here.
1150      } elsif ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {              my $srcDisplay = $srcString;
1151          # Push the message into the queue.              # If it's a data string, split it at the comma.
1152          push @Queue, "$formatted";              $srcDisplay =~ s/^(data[^,]+,)/$1\n/;
1153      } elsif ($Destination eq "HTML") {              # If there's no excess or we're at trace level 4, we're done. At level 3 with
1154          # Convert the message to HTML and write it to the standard output.              # a long string, however, we only show the first 300 characters.
1155          my $escapedMessage = CGI::escapeHTML($message);              if ($excess > 0 && ! T(IMG => 4)) {
1156          print "<p>$formatted</p>\n";                  $srcDisplay = substr($srcDisplay,0,300) . "\nplus $excess characters.";
1157      } elsif ($Destination eq "WARN") {              }
1158         # Emit the message as a warning.              # Output the trace message.
1159         warn $message;              Trace("Image tag at position $pos:\n$srcDisplay");
     } elsif ($Destination =~ m/^>>/) {  
         # Write the trace message to an output file.  
         (open TRACING, $Destination) || die "Tracing open for \"$Destination\" failed: $!";  
         print TRACING "$formatted\n";  
         close TRACING;  
         # If the Tee flag is on, echo it to the standard output.  
         if ($TeeFlag) {  
             print "$formatted\n";  
1160          }          }
1161      }      }
1162  }  }
1163    
 =head3 T  
   
 C<< my $switch = T($category, $traceLevel); >>  
   
     or  
1164    
1165  C<< my $switch = T($traceLevel); >>  =head3 ScriptFinish
1166    
1167  Return TRUE if the trace level is at or above a specified value and the specified category      ScriptFinish($webData, $varHash);
 is active, else FALSE. If no category is specified, the caller's package name is used.  
1168    
1169  =over 4  Output a web page at the end of a script. Either the string to be output or the
1170    name of a template file can be specified. If the second parameter is omitted,
1171    it is assumed we have a string to be output; otherwise, it is assumed we have the
1172    name of a template file. The template should have the variable C<DebugData>
1173    specified in any form that invokes a standard script. If debugging mode is turned
1174    on, a form field will be put in that allows the user to enter tracing data.
1175    Trace messages will be placed immediately before the terminal C<BODY> tag in
1176    the output, formatted as a list.
1177    
1178  =item category  A typical standard script would loook like the following.
1179    
1180  Category to which the message belongs. If not specified, the caller's package name is      BEGIN {
1181  used.          # Print the HTML header.
1182            print "CONTENT-TYPE: text/html\n\n";
1183        }
1184        use Tracer;
1185        use CGI;
1186        use FIG;
1187        # ... more uses ...
1188    
1189  =item traceLevel      my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup();
1190        eval {
1191            # ... get data from $cgi, put it in $varHash ...
1192        };
1193        if ($@) {
1194            Trace("Script Error: $@") if T(0);
1195        }
1196        ScriptFinish("Html/MyTemplate.html", $varHash);
1197    
1198  Relevant tracing level.  The idea here is that even if the script fails, you'll see trace messages and
1199    useful output.
1200    
1201  =item RETURN  =over 4
1202    
1203  TRUE if a message at the specified trace level would appear in the trace, else FALSE.  =item webData
1204    
1205    A string containing either the full web page to be written to the output or the
1206    name of a template file from which the page is to be constructed. If the name
1207    of a template file is specified, then the second parameter must be present;
1208    otherwise, it must be absent.
1209    
1210    =item varHash (optional)
1211    
1212    If specified, then a reference to a hash mapping variable names for a template
1213    to their values. The template file will be read into memory, and variable markers
1214    will be replaced by data in this hash reference.
1215    
1216  =back  =back
1217    
1218  =cut  =cut
1219    
1220  sub T {  sub ScriptFinish {
     # Declare the return variable.  
     my $retVal = 0;  
     # Only proceed if tracing is turned on.  
     if ($Destination ne "NONE") {  
1221          # Get the parameters.          # Get the parameters.
1222          my ($category, $traceLevel) = @_;      my ($webData, $varHash) = @_;
1223          if (!defined $traceLevel) {      # Check for a template file situation.
1224              # Here we have no category, so we need to get the calling package.      my $outputString;
1225              # The calling package is normally the first parameter. If it is      if (defined $varHash) {
1226              # omitted, the first parameter will be the tracelevel. So, the          # Here we have a template file. We need to determine the template type.
1227              # first thing we do is shift the so-called category into the          my $template;
1228              # $traceLevel variable where it belongs.          if ($FIG_Config::template_url && $webData =~ /\.php$/) {
1229              $traceLevel = $category;              $template = "$FIG_Config::template_url/$webData";
             my ($package, $fileName, $line) = caller;  
             # If there is no calling package, we default to "main".  
             if (!$package) {  
                 $category = "main";  
1230              } else {              } else {
1231                  $category = $package;              $template = "<<$webData";
1232              }              }
1233            $outputString = PageBuilder::Build($template, $varHash, "Html");
1234        } else {
1235            # Here the user gave us a raw string.
1236            $outputString = $webData;
1237          }          }
1238          # Save the category name.      # Check for trace messages.
1239          $LastCategory = $category;      if ($Destination ne "NONE" && $TraceLevel > 0) {
1240          # Convert it to lower case before we hash it.          # We have trace messages, so we want to put them at the end of the body. This
1241          $category = lc $category;          # is either at the end of the whole string or at the beginning of the BODY
1242          # Use the category and tracelevel to compute the result.          # end-tag.
1243          if (ref $traceLevel) {          my $pos = length $outputString;
1244              Confess("Bad trace level.");          if ($outputString =~ m#</body>#gi) {
1245          } elsif (ref $TraceLevel) {              $pos = (pos $outputString) - 7;
             Confess("Bad trace config.");  
1246          }          }
1247          $retVal = ($traceLevel <= $TraceLevel && ($AllTrace || exists $Categories{$category}));          # If the trace messages were queued, we unroll them. Otherwise, we display the
1248            # destination.
1249            my $traceHtml;
1250            if ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {
1251                $traceHtml = QTrace('Html');
1252            } elsif ($Destination =~ /^>>(.+)$/) {
1253                # Here the tracing output it to a file. We code it as a hyperlink so the user
1254                # can copy the file name into the clipboard easily.
1255                my $actualDest = $1;
1256                $traceHtml = "<p>Tracing output to $actualDest.</p>\n";
1257            } else {
1258                # Here we have one of the special destinations.
1259                $traceHtml = "<P>Tracing output type is $Destination.</p>\n";
1260      }      }
1261      # Return the computed result.          substr $outputString, $pos, 0, $traceHtml;
1262      return $retVal;      }
1263        # Write the output string.
1264        print $outputString;
1265  }  }
1266    
1267  =head3 ParseCommand  =head2 Command-Line Utility Methods
   
 C<< my ($options, @arguments) = Tracer::ParseCommand(\%optionTable, @inputList); >>  
   
 Parse a command line consisting of a list of parameters. The initial parameters may be option  
 specifiers of the form C<->I<option> or C<->I<option>C<=>I<value>. The options are stripped  
 off and merged into a table of default options. The remainder of the command line is  
 returned as a list of positional arguments. For example, consider the following invocation.  
   
 C<< my ($options, @arguments) = ParseCommand({ errors => 0, logFile => 'trace.log'}, @words); >>  
1268    
1269  In this case, the list @words will be treated as a command line. There are two options available,  =head3 SendSMS
 B<errors> and B<logFile>. If @words has the following format  
1270    
1271  C<< -logFile=error.log apple orange rutabaga >>      my $msgID = Tracer::SendSMS($phoneNumber, $msg);
1272    
1273  then at the end of the invocation, C<$options> will be  Send a text message to a phone number using Clickatell. The FIG_Config file must contain the
1274    user name, password, and API ID for the relevant account in the hash reference variable
1275  C<< { errors => 0, logFile => 'error.log' } >>  I<$FIG_Config::phone>, using the keys C<user>, C<password>, and C<api_id>. For
1276    example, if the user name is C<BruceTheHumanPet>, the password is C<silly>, and the API ID
1277    is C<2561022>, then the FIG_Config file must contain
1278    
1279  and C<@arguments> will contain      $phone =  { user => 'BruceTheHumanPet',
1280                    password => 'silly',
1281                    api_id => '2561022' };
1282    
1283  C<< apple orange rutabaga >>  The original purpose of this method was to insure Bruce would be notified immediately when the
1284    Sprout Load terminates. Care should be taken if you do not wish Bruce to be notified immediately
1285    when you call this method.
1286    
1287  The parser allows for some escape sequences. See L</UnEscape> for a description. There is no  The message ID will be returned if successful, and C<undef> if an error occurs.
 support for quote characters.  
1288    
1289  =over 4  =over 4
1290    
1291  =item optionTable  =item phoneNumber
1292    
1293  Table of default options.  Phone number to receive the message, in international format. A United States phone number
1294    would be prefixed by "1". A British phone number would be prefixed by "44".
1295    
1296  =item inputList  =item msg
1297    
1298  List of words on the command line.  Message to send to the specified phone.
1299    
1300  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1301    
1302  Returns a reference to the option table and a list of the positional arguments.  Returns the message ID if successful, and C<undef> if the message could not be sent.
1303    
1304  =back  =back
1305    
1306  =cut  =cut
1307    
1308  sub ParseCommand {  sub SendSMS {
1309      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1310      my ($optionTable, @inputList) = @_;      my ($phoneNumber, $msg) = @_;
1311      # Process any options in the input list.      # Declare the return variable. If we do not change it, C<undef> will be returned.
1312      my %overrides = ();      my $retVal;
1313      while ((@inputList > 0) && ($inputList[0] =~ /^-/)) {      # Only proceed if we have phone support.
1314          # Get the current option.      if (! defined $FIG_Config::phone) {
1315          my $arg = shift @inputList;          Trace("Phone support not present in FIG_Config.") if T(1);
         # Pull out the option name.  
         $arg =~ /^-([^=]*)/g;  
         my $name = $1;  
         # Check for an option value.  
         if ($arg =~ /\G=(.*)$/g) {  
             # Here we have a value for the option.  
             $overrides{$name} = UnEscape($1);  
1316          } else {          } else {
1317              # Here there is no value, so we use 1.          # Get the phone data.
1318              $overrides{$name} = 1;          my $parms = $FIG_Config::phone;
1319            # Get the Clickatell URL.
1320            my $url = "http://api.clickatell.com/http/";
1321            # Create the user agent.
1322            my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
1323            # Request a Clickatell session.
1324            my $resp = $ua->post("$url/sendmsg", { user => $parms->{user},
1325                                         password => $parms->{password},
1326                                         api_id => $parms->{api_id},
1327                                         to => $phoneNumber,
1328                                         text => $msg});
1329            # Check for an error.
1330            if (! $resp->is_success) {
1331                Trace("Alert failed.") if T(1);
1332            } else {
1333                # Get the message ID.
1334                my $rstring = $resp->content;
1335                if ($rstring =~ /^ID:\s+(.*)$/) {
1336                    $retVal = $1;
1337                } else {
1338                    Trace("Phone attempt failed with $rstring") if T(1);
1339          }          }
1340      }      }
     # Merge the options into the defaults.  
     GetOptions($optionTable, \%overrides);  
     # Translate the remaining parameters.  
     my @retVal = ();  
     for my $inputParm (@inputList) {  
         push @retVal, UnEscape($inputParm);  
1341      }      }
1342      # Return the results.      # Return the result.
1343      return ($optionTable, @retVal);      return $retVal;
1344  }  }
1345    
1346  =head3 Escape  =head3 StandardSetup
1347    
1348  C<< my $codedString = Tracer::Escape($realString); >>      my ($options, @parameters) = StandardSetup(\@categories, \%options, $parmHelp, @ARGV);
1349    
1350  Escape a string for use in a command length. Tabs will be replaced by C<\t>, new-lines  This method performs standard command-line parsing and tracing setup. The return
1351  replaced by C<\n>, carriage returns will be deleted, and backslashes will be doubled. The  values are a hash of the command-line options and a list of the positional
1352  result is to reverse the effect of L</UnEscape>.  parameters. Tracing is automatically set up and the command-line options are
1353    validated.
1354    
1355    This is a complex method that does a lot of grunt work. The parameters can
1356    be more easily understood, however, once they are examined individually.
1357    
1358    The I<categories> parameter is the most obtuse. It is a reference to a list of
1359    special-purpose tracing categories. Most tracing categories are PERL package
1360    names. So, for example, if you wanted to turn on tracing inside the B<Sprout>,
1361    B<ERDB>, and B<SproutLoad> packages, you would specify the categories
1362    
1363        ["Sprout", "SproutLoad", "ERDB"]
1364    
1365    This would cause trace messages in the specified three packages to appear in
1366    the output. There are two special tracing categories that are automatically
1367    handled by this method. In other words, if you used L</TSetup> you would need
1368    to include these categories manually, but if you use this method they are turned
1369    on automatically.
1370    
1371  =over 4  =over 4
1372    
1373  =item realString  =item SQL
1374    
1375  String to escape.  Traces SQL commands and activity.
1376    
1377    =item Tracer
1378    
1379    Traces error messages and call stacks.
1380    
1381    =back
1382    
1383    C<SQL> is only turned on if the C<-sql> option is specified in the command line.
1384    The trace level is specified using the C<-trace> command-line option. For example,
1385    the following command line for C<TransactFeatures> turns on SQL tracing and runs
1386    all tracing at level 3.
1387    
1388        TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1389    
1390    Standard tracing is output to the standard output and echoed to the file
1391    C<trace>I<$$>C<.log> in the FIG temporary directory, where I<$$> is the
1392    process ID. You can also specify the C<user> parameter to put a user ID
1393    instead of a process ID in the trace file name. So, for example
1394    
1395    The default trace level is 2. To get all messages, specify a trace level of 4.
1396    For a genome-by-genome update, use 3.
1397    
1398        TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql -user=Bruce register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1399    
1400    would send the trace output to C<traceBruce.log> in the temporary directory.
1401    
1402    The I<options> parameter is a reference to a hash containing the command-line
1403    options, their default values, and an explanation of what they mean. Command-line
1404    options may be in the form of switches or keywords. In the case of a switch, the
1405    option value is 1 if it is specified and 0 if it is not specified. In the case
1406    of a keyword, the value is separated from the option name by an equal sign. You
1407    can see this last in the command-line example above.
1408    
1409    You can specify a different default trace level by setting C<$options->{trace}>
1410    prior to calling this method.
1411    
1412    An example at this point would help. Consider, for example, the command-line utility
1413    C<TransactFeatures>. It accepts a list of positional parameters plus the options
1414    C<safe>, C<noAlias>, C<start>, and C<tblFiles>. To start up this command, we execute
1415    the following code.
1416    
1417        my ($options, @parameters) = Tracer::StandardSetup(["DocUtils"],
1418                            { safe => [0, "use database transactions"],
1419                              noAlias => [0, "do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions"],
1420                              start => [' ', "start with this genome"],
1421                              tblFiles => [0, "output TBL files containing the corrected IDs"] },
1422                            "<command> <transactionDirectory> <IDfile>",
1423                          @ARGV);
1424    
1425    
1426    The call to C<ParseCommand> specifies the default values for the options and
1427    stores the actual options in a hash that is returned as C<$options>. The
1428    positional parameters are returned in C<@parameters>.
1429    
1430    The following is a sample command line for C<TransactFeatures>.
1431    
1432        TransactFeatures -trace=2 -noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1433    
1434    Single and double hyphens are equivalent. So, you could also code the
1435    above command as
1436    
1437        TransactFeatures --trace=2 --noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1438    
1439    In this case, C<register>, C<../xacts>, and C<IDs.tbl> are the positional
1440    parameters, and would find themselves in I<@parameters> after executing the
1441    above code fragment. The tracing would be set to level 2, and the categories
1442    would be C<Tracer>, and <DocUtils>. C<Tracer> is standard,
1443    and C<DocUtils> was included because it came in within the first parameter
1444    to this method. The I<$options> hash would be
1445    
1446        { trace => 2, sql => 0, safe => 0,
1447          noAlias => 1, start => ' ', tblFiles => 0 }
1448    
1449    Use of C<StandardSetup> in this way provides a simple way of performing
1450    standard tracing setup and command-line parsing. Note that the caller is
1451    not even aware of the command-line switches C<-trace> and C<-sql>, which
1452    are used by this method to control the tracing. If additional tracing features
1453    need to be added in the future, they can be processed by this method without
1454    upsetting the command-line utilities.
1455    
1456    If the C<background> option is specified on the command line, then the
1457    standard and error outputs will be directed to files in the temporary
1458    directory, using the same suffix as the trace file. So, if the command
1459    line specified
1460    
1461        -user=Bruce -background
1462    
1463    then the trace output would go to C<traceBruce.log>, the standard output to
1464    C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to
1465    simplify starting a command in the background.
1466    
1467    The user name is also used as the tracing key for L</Emergency Tracing>.
1468    Specifying a value of C<E> for the trace level causes emergency tracing to
1469    be used instead of custom tracing. If the user name is not specified,
1470    the tracing key is taken from the C<Tracing> environment variable. If there
1471    is no value for that variable, the tracing key will be computed from the PID.
1472    
1473    Finally, if the special option C<-help> is specified, the option
1474    names will be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.
1475    This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters
1476    
1477        TransactFeatures -help
1478    
1479    he would see the following output.
1480    
1481        TransactFeatures [options] <command> <transactionDirectory> <IDfile>
1482            -trace    tracing level (default E)
1483            -sql      trace SQL commands
1484            -safe     use database transactions
1485            -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions
1486            -start    start with this genome
1487            -tblFiles output TBL files containing the corrected IDs
1488    
1489    The caller has the option of modifying the tracing scheme by placing a value
1490    for C<trace> in the incoming options hash. The default value can be overridden,
1491    or the tracing to the standard output can be turned off by suffixing a minus
1492    sign to the trace level. So, for example,
1493    
1494        { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],
1495           ...
1496    
1497    would set the default trace level to 0 instead of E, while
1498    
1499        { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],
1500           ...
1501    
1502    would set the default to 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the
1503    standard output.
1504    
1505    The parameters to this method are as follows.
1506    
1507    =over 4
1508    
1509    =item categories
1510    
1511    Reference to a list of tracing category names. These should be names of
1512    packages whose internal workings will need to be debugged to get the
1513    command working.
1514    
1515    =item options
1516    
1517    Reference to a hash containing the legal options for the current command mapped
1518    to their default values and descriptions. The user can override the defaults
1519    by specifying the options as command-line switches prefixed by a hyphen.
1520    Tracing-related options may be added to this hash. If the C<-h> option is
1521    specified on the command line, the option descriptions will be used to
1522    explain the options. To turn off tracing to the standard output, add a
1523    minus sign to the value for C<trace> (see above).
1524    
1525    =item parmHelp
1526    
1527    A string that vaguely describes the positional parameters. This is used
1528    if the user specifies the C<-h> option.
1529    
1530    =item argv
1531    
1532    List of command line parameters, including the option switches, which must
1533    precede the positional parameters and be prefixed by a hyphen.
1534    
1535  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1536    
1537  Escaped equivalent of the real string.  Returns a list. The first element of the list is the reference to a hash that
1538    maps the command-line option switches to their values. These will either be the
1539    default values or overrides specified on the command line. The remaining
1540    elements of the list are the position parameters, in order.
1541    
1542  =back  =back
1543    
1544  =cut  =cut
1545    
1546  sub Escape {  sub StandardSetup {
1547      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameters.
1548      my ($realString) = @_;      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;
1549      # Initialize the return variable.      # Get the default tracing key.
1550      my $retVal = "";      my $tkey = EmergencyKey();
1551      # Loop through the parameter string, looking for sequences to escape.      # Add the tracing options.
1552      while (length $realString > 0) {      if (! exists $options->{trace}) {
1553          # Look for the first sequence to escape.          $options->{trace} = ['2', "tracing level (E for emergency tracing)"];
1554          if ($realString =~ /^(.*?)([\n\t\r\\])/) {      }
1555              # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence      $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];
1556              # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.      $options->{help} = [0, "display command-line options"];
1557              $retVal .= $1;      $options->{user} = [$tkey, "tracing key"];
1558              # Strip the processed section off the real string.      $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];
1559              $realString = substr $realString, (length $2) + (length $1);      # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash
1560              # Get the matched character.      # contains the default values rather than the default value
1561              my $char = $2;      # and the description. While we're at it, we'll memorize the
1562              # If we have a CR, we are done.      # length of the longest option name.
1563              if ($char ne "\r") {      my $longestName = 0;
1564                  # It's not a CR, so encode the escape sequence.      my %parseOptions = ();
1565                  $char =~ tr/\t\n/tn/;      for my $key (keys %{$options}) {
1566                  $retVal .= "\\" . $char;          if (length $key > $longestName) {
1567                $longestName = length $key;
1568            }
1569            $parseOptions{$key} = $options->{$key}->[0];
1570        }
1571        # Parse the command line.
1572        my ($retOptions, @retParameters) = ParseCommand(\%parseOptions, @argv);
1573        # Get the logfile suffix.
1574        my $suffix = $retOptions->{user};
1575        # Check for background mode.
1576        if ($retOptions->{background}) {
1577            my $outFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/out$suffix.log";
1578            my $errFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/err$suffix.log";
1579            open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";
1580            open STDERR, ">$errFileName";
1581            # Check for phone support. If we have phone support and a phone number,
1582            # we want to turn it on.
1583            if ($ENV{PHONE} && defined($FIG_Config::phone)) {
1584                $retOptions->{phone} = $ENV{PHONE};
1585            }
1586        }
1587        # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if the user
1588        # wants emergency tracing.
1589        if ($retOptions->{trace} eq 'E') {
1590            ETracing($retOptions->{user});
1591        } else {
1592            # Here the tracing is controlled from the command line.
1593            my @cats = @{$categories};
1594            if ($retOptions->{sql}) {
1595                push @cats, "SQL";
1596            }
1597            # Add the default categories.
1598            push @cats, "Tracer";
1599            # Next, we create the category string by joining the categories.
1600            my $cats = join(" ", @cats);
1601            # Check to determine whether or not the caller wants to turn off tracing
1602            # to the standard output.
1603            my $traceLevel = $retOptions->{trace};
1604            my $textOKFlag = 1;
1605            if ($traceLevel =~ /^(.)-/) {
1606                $traceLevel = $1;
1607                $textOKFlag = 0;
1608            }
1609            # Now we set up the trace mode.
1610            my $traceMode;
1611            # Verify that we can open a file in the FIG temporary directory.
1612            my $traceFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$suffix.log";
1613            if (open TESTTRACE, ">$traceFileName") {
1614                # Here we can trace to a file.
1615                $traceMode = ">$traceFileName";
1616                if ($textOKFlag) {
1617                    # Echo to standard output if the text-OK flag is set.
1618                    $traceMode = "+$traceMode";
1619                }
1620                # Close the test file.
1621                close TESTTRACE;
1622            } else {
1623                # Here we can't trace to a file. We trace to the standard output if it's
1624                # okay, and the error log otherwise.
1625                if ($textOKFlag) {
1626                    $traceMode = "TEXT";
1627                } else {
1628                    $traceMode = "WARN";
1629                }
1630            }
1631            # Now set up the tracing.
1632            TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);
1633        }
1634        # Check for the "help" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line
1635        # options and exit the program.
1636        if ($retOptions->{help}) {
1637            $0 =~ m#[/\\](\w+)(\.pl)?$#i;
1638            print "$1 [options] $parmHelp\n";
1639            for my $key (sort keys %{$options}) {
1640                my $name = Pad($key, $longestName, 0, ' ');
1641                my $desc = $options->{$key}->[1];
1642                if ($options->{$key}->[0]) {
1643                    $desc .= " (default " . $options->{$key}->[0] . ")";
1644              }              }
1645          } else {              print "  $name $desc\n";
             # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is  
             # transferred unmodified.  
             $retVal .= $realString;  
             $realString = "";  
1646          }          }
1647            exit(0);
1648      }      }
1649      # Return the result.      # Trace the options, if applicable.
1650      return $retVal;      if (T(3)) {
1651            my @parms = grep { $retOptions->{$_} } keys %{$retOptions};
1652            Trace("Selected options: " . join(", ", sort @parms) . ".");
1653        }
1654        # Return the parsed parameters.
1655        return ($retOptions, @retParameters);
1656  }  }
1657    
1658  =head3 UnEscape  =head3 ReadOptions
1659    
1660  C<< my $realString = Tracer::UnEscape($codedString); >>      my %options = Tracer::ReadOptions($fileName);
1661    
1662  Replace escape sequences with their actual equivalents. C<\t> will be replaced by  Read a set of options from a file. Each option is encoded in a line of text that has the
1663  a tab, C<\n> by a new-line character, and C<\\> by a backslash. C<\r> codes will  format
1664  be deleted.  
1665    I<optionName>C<=>I<optionValue>C<; >I<comment>
1666    
1667    The option name must consist entirely of letters, digits, and the punctuation characters
1668    C<.> and C<_>, and is case sensitive. Blank lines and lines in which the first nonblank
1669    character is a semi-colon will be ignored. The return hash will map each option name to
1670    the corresponding option value.
1671    
1672  =over 4  =over 4
1673    
1674  =item codedString  =item fileName
1675    
1676  String to un-escape.  Name of the file containing the option data.
1677    
1678  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1679    
1680  Returns a copy of the original string with the escape sequences converted to their actual  Returns a hash mapping the option names specified in the file to their corresponding option
1681  values.  value.
1682    
1683  =back  =back
1684    
1685  =cut  =cut
1686    
1687  sub UnEscape {  sub ReadOptions {
1688      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameters.
1689      my ($codedString) = @_;      my ($fileName) = @_;
1690      # Initialize the return variable.      # Open the file.
1691      my $retVal = "";      (open CONFIGFILE, "<$fileName") || Confess("Could not open option file $fileName.");
1692      # Only proceed if the incoming string is nonempty.      # Count the number of records read.
1693      if (defined $codedString) {      my ($records, $comments) = 0;
1694          # Loop through the parameter string, looking for escape sequences. We can't do      # Create the return hash.
1695          # translating because it causes problems with the escaped slash. ("\\t" becomes      my %retVal = ();
1696          # "\<tab>" no matter what we do.)      # Loop through the file, accumulating key-value pairs.
1697          while (length $codedString > 0) {      while (my $line = <CONFIGFILE>) {
1698              # Look for the first escape sequence.          # Denote we've read a line.
1699              if ($codedString =~ /^(.*?)\\(\\|n|t|r)/) {          $records++;
1700                  # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence          # Determine the line type.
1701                  # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.          if ($line =~ /^\s*[\n\r]/) {
1702                  $retVal .= $1;              # A blank line is a comment.
1703                  $codedString = substr $codedString, (2 + length $1);              $comments++;
1704                  # Get the escape value.          } elsif ($line =~ /^\s*([A-Za-z0-9_\.]+)=([^;]*);/) {
1705                  my $char = $2;              # Here we have an option assignment.
1706                  # If we have a "\r", we are done.              retVal{$1} = $2;
1707                  if ($char ne 'r') {          } elsif ($line =~ /^\s*;/) {
1708                      # Here it's not an 'r', so we convert it.              # Here we have a text comment.
1709                      $char =~ tr/\\tn/\\\t\n/;              $comments++;
                     $retVal .= $char;  
                 }  
1710              } else {              } else {
1711                  # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is              # Here we have an invalid line.
1712                  # transferred unmodified.              Trace("Invalid option statement in record $records.") if T(0);
                 $retVal .= $codedString;  
                 $codedString = "";  
             }  
1713          }          }
1714      }      }
1715      # Return the result.      # Return the hash created.
1716      return $retVal;      return %retVal;
1717  }  }
1718    
1719  =head3 ParseRecord  =head3 GetOptions
1720    
1721  C<< my @fields = Tracer::ParseRecord($line); >>      Tracer::GetOptions(\%defaults, \%options);
1722    
1723  Parse a tab-delimited data line. The data line is split into field values. Embedded tab  Merge a specified set of options into a table of defaults. This method takes two hash references
1724  and new-line characters in the data line must be represented as C<\t> and C<\n>, respectively.  as input and uses the data from the second to update the first. If the second does not exist,
1725  These will automatically be converted.  there will be no effect. An error will be thrown if one of the entries in the second hash does not
1726    exist in the first.
1727    
1728    Consider the following example.
1729    
1730        my $optionTable = GetOptions({ dbType => 'mySQL', trace => 0 }, $options);
1731    
1732    In this example, the variable B<$options> is expected to contain at most two options-- B<dbType> and
1733    B<trace>. The default database type is C<mySQL> and the default trace level is C<0>. If the value of
1734    B<$options> is C<< {dbType => 'Oracle'} >>, then the database type will be changed to C<Oracle> and
1735    the trace level will remain at 0. If B<$options> is undefined, then the database type and trace level
1736    will remain C<mySQL> and C<0>. If, on the other hand, B<$options> is defined as
1737    
1738        {databaseType => 'Oracle'}
1739    
1740    an error will occur because the B<databaseType> option does not exist.
1741    
1742  =over 4  =over 4
1743    
1744  =item line  =item defaults
1745    
1746  Line of data containing the tab-delimited fields.  Table of default option values.
1747    
1748    =item options
1749    
1750    Table of overrides, if any.
1751    
1752  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1753    
1754  Returns a list of the fields found in the data line.  Returns a reference to the default table passed in as the first parameter.
1755    
1756  =back  =back
1757    
1758  =cut  =cut
1759    
1760  sub ParseRecord {  sub GetOptions {
1761      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameters.
1762      my ($line) = @_;      my ($defaults, $options) = @_;
1763      # Remove the trailing new-line, if any.      # Check for overrides.
1764      chomp $line;      if ($options) {
1765      # Split the line read into pieces using the tab character.          # Loop through the overrides.
1766      my @retVal = split /\t/, $line;          while (my ($option, $setting) = each %{$options}) {
1767      # Trim and fix the escapes in each piece.              # Insure this override exists.
1768      for my $value (@retVal) {              if (!exists $defaults->{$option}) {
1769          # Trim leading whitespace.                  croak "Unrecognized option $option encountered.";
1770          $value =~ s/^\s+//;              } else {
1771          # Trim trailing whitespace.                  # Apply the override.
1772          $value =~ s/\s+$//;                  $defaults->{$option} = $setting;
1773          # Delete the carriage returns.              }
         $value =~ s/\r//g;  
         # Convert the escapes into their real values.  
         $value =~ s/\\t/"\t"/ge;  
         $value =~ s/\\n/"\n"/ge;  
1774      }      }
1775      # Return the result.      }
1776      return @retVal;      # Return the merged table.
1777        return $defaults;
1778  }  }
1779    
1780  =head3 Merge  =head3 MergeOptions
1781    
1782  C<< my @mergedList = Tracer::Merge(@inputList); >>      Tracer::MergeOptions(\%table, \%defaults);
1783    
1784  Sort a list of strings and remove duplicates.  Merge default values into a hash table. This method looks at the key-value pairs in the
1785    second (default) hash, and if a matching key is not found in the first hash, the default
1786    pair is copied in. The process is similar to L</GetOptions>, but there is no error-
1787    checking and no return value.
1788    
1789  =over 4  =over 4
1790    
1791  =item inputList  =item table
1792    
1793  List of scalars to sort and merge.  Hash table to be updated with the default values.
1794    
1795  =item RETURN  =item defaults
1796    
1797  Returns a list containing the same elements sorted in ascending order with duplicates  Default values to be merged into the first hash table if they are not already present.
 removed.  
1798    
1799  =back  =back
1800    
1801  =cut  =cut
1802    
1803  sub Merge {  sub MergeOptions {
1804      # Get the input list in sort order.      # Get the parameters.
1805      my @inputList = sort @_;      my ($table, $defaults) = @_;
1806      # Only proceed if the list has at least two elements.      # Loop through the defaults.
1807      if (@inputList > 1) {      while (my ($key, $value) = each %{$defaults}) {
1808          # Now we want to move through the list splicing out duplicates.          if (!exists $table->{$key}) {
1809          my $i = 0;              $table->{$key} = $value;
         while ($i < @inputList) {  
             # Get the current entry.  
             my $thisEntry = $inputList[$i];  
             # Find out how many elements duplicate the current entry.  
             my $j = $i + 1;  
             my $dup1 = $i + 1;  
             while ($j < @inputList && $inputList[$j] eq $thisEntry) { $j++; };  
             # If the number is nonzero, splice out the duplicates found.  
             if ($j > $dup1) {  
                 splice @inputList, $dup1, $j - $dup1;  
             }  
             # Now the element at position $dup1 is different from the element before it  
             # at position $i. We push $i forward one position and start again.  
             $i++;  
1810          }          }
1811      }      }
     # Return the merged list.  
     return @inputList;  
1812  }  }
1813    
1814  =head3 Percent  =head3 ParseCommand
1815    
1816  C<< my $percent = Tracer::Percent($number, $base); >>      my ($options, @arguments) = Tracer::ParseCommand(\%optionTable, @inputList);
1817    
1818  Returns the percent of the base represented by the given number. If the base  Parse a command line consisting of a list of parameters. The initial parameters may be option
1819  is zero, returns zero.  specifiers of the form C<->I<option> or C<->I<option>C<=>I<value>. The options are stripped
1820    off and merged into a table of default options. The remainder of the command line is
1821    returned as a list of positional arguments. For example, consider the following invocation.
1822    
1823        my ($options, @arguments) = ParseCommand({ errors => 0, logFile => 'trace.log'}, @words);
1824    
1825    In this case, the list @words will be treated as a command line and there are two options available,
1826    B<errors> and B<logFile>. If @words has the following format
1827    
1828        -logFile=error.log apple orange rutabaga
1829    
1830    then at the end of the invocation, C<$options> will be
1831    
1832        { errors => 0, logFile => 'error.log' }
1833    
1834    and C<@arguments> will contain
1835    
1836        apple orange rutabaga
1837    
1838    The parser allows for some escape sequences. See L</UnEscape> for a description. There is no
1839    support for quote characters. Options can be specified with single or double hyphens.
1840    
1841  =over 4  =over 4
1842    
1843  =item number  =item optionTable
1844    
1845  Percent numerator.  Table of default options.
1846    
1847  =item base  =item inputList
1848    
1849  Percent base.  List of words on the command line.
1850    
1851  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
1852    
1853  Returns the percentage of the base represented by the numerator.  Returns a reference to the option table and a list of the positional arguments.
1854    
1855  =back  =back
1856    
1857  =cut  =cut
1858    
1859  sub Percent {  sub ParseCommand {
1860      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1861      my ($number, $base) = @_;      my ($optionTable, @inputList) = @_;
1862      # Declare the return variable.      # Process any options in the input list.
1863      my $retVal = 0;      my %overrides = ();
1864      # Compute the percent.      while ((@inputList > 0) && ($inputList[0] =~ /^--?/)) {
1865      if ($base != 0) {          # Get the current option.
1866          $retVal = $number * 100 / $base;          my $arg = shift @inputList;
1867            # Pull out the option name.
1868            $arg =~ /^--?([^=]*)/g;
1869            my $name = $1;
1870            # Check for an option value.
1871            if ($arg =~ /\G=(.*)$/g) {
1872                # Here we have a value for the option.
1873                $overrides{$name} = UnEscape($1);
1874            } else {
1875                # Here there is no value, so we use 1.
1876                $overrides{$name} = 1;
1877      }      }
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
1878  }  }
1879        # Merge the options into the defaults.
1880        GetOptions($optionTable, \%overrides);
1881        # Translate the remaining parameters.
1882        my @retVal = ();
1883        for my $inputParm (@inputList) {
1884            push @retVal, UnEscape($inputParm);
1885        }
1886        # Return the results.
1887        return ($optionTable, @retVal);
1888    }
1889    
1890    
1891    =head2 File Utility Methods
1892    
1893  =head3 GetFile  =head3 GetFile
1894    
1895  C<< my @fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName); >>      my @fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName);
1896    
1897      or      or
1898    
1899  C<< my $fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName); >>      my $fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName);
1900    
1901  Return the entire contents of a file. In list context, line-ends are removed and  Return the entire contents of a file. In list context, line-ends are removed and
1902  each line is a list element. In scalar context, line-ends are replaced by C<\n>.  each line is a list element. In scalar context, line-ends are replaced by C<\n>.
# Line 1648  Line 1946 
1946    
1947  =head3 PutFile  =head3 PutFile
1948    
1949  C<< Tracer::PutFile($fileName, \@lines); >>      Tracer::PutFile($fileName, \@lines);
1950    
1951  Write out a file from a list of lines of text.  Write out a file from a list of lines of text.
1952    
# Line 1691  Line 1989 
1989      close $handle;      close $handle;
1990  }  }
1991    
1992  =head3 QTrace  =head3 ParseRecord
1993    
1994  C<< my $data = QTrace($format); >>      my @fields = Tracer::ParseRecord($line);
1995    
1996  Return the queued trace data in the specified format.  Parse a tab-delimited data line. The data line is split into field values. Embedded tab
1997    and new-line characters in the data line must be represented as C<\t> and C<\n>, respectively.
1998    These will automatically be converted.
1999    
2000  =over 4  =over 4
2001    
2002  =item format  =item line
2003    
2004  C<html> to format the data as an HTML list, C<text> to format it as straight text.  Line of data containing the tab-delimited fields.
2005    
2006    =item RETURN
2007    
2008    Returns a list of the fields found in the data line.
2009    
2010  =back  =back
2011    
2012  =cut  =cut
2013    
2014  sub QTrace {  sub ParseRecord {
2015      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameter.
2016      my ($format) = @_;      my ($line) = @_;
2017      # Create the return variable.      # Remove the trailing new-line, if any.
2018      my $retVal = "";      chomp $line;
2019      # Only proceed if there is an actual queue.      # Split the line read into pieces using the tab character.
2020      if (@Queue) {      my @retVal = split /\t/, $line;
2021          # Process according to the format.      # Trim and fix the escapes in each piece.
2022          if ($format =~ m/^HTML$/i) {      for my $value (@retVal) {
2023              # Convert the queue into an HTML list.          # Trim leading whitespace.
2024              $retVal = "<ul>\n";          $value =~ s/^\s+//;
2025              for my $line (@Queue) {          # Trim trailing whitespace.
2026                  my $escapedLine = CGI::escapeHTML($line);          $value =~ s/\s+$//;
2027                  $retVal .= "<li>$escapedLine</li>\n";          # Delete the carriage returns.
2028              }          $value =~ s/\r//g;
2029              $retVal .= "</ul>\n";          # Convert the escapes into their real values.
2030          } elsif ($format =~ m/^TEXT$/i) {          $value =~ s/\\t/"\t"/ge;
2031              # Convert the queue into a list of text lines.          $value =~ s/\\n/"\n"/ge;
             $retVal = join("\n", @Queue) . "\n";  
         }  
         # Clear the queue.  
         @Queue = ();  
2032      }      }
2033      # Return the formatted list.      # Return the result.
2034      return $retVal;      return @retVal;
2035  }  }
2036    
2037  =head3 Confess  =head3 Merge
2038    
2039  C<< Confess($message); >>      my @mergedList = Tracer::Merge(@inputList);
2040    
2041  Trace the call stack and abort the program with the specified message. When used with  Sort a list of strings and remove duplicates.
 the OR operator and the L</Assert> method, B<Confess> can function as a debugging assert.  
 So, for example  
2042    
2043  C<< Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum."); >>  =over 4
2044    
2045  Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.  =item inputList
2046    
2047  =over 4  List of scalars to sort and merge.
2048    
2049  =item message  =item RETURN
2050    
2051  Message to include in the trace.  Returns a list containing the same elements sorted in ascending order with duplicates
2052    removed.
2053    
2054  =back  =back
2055    
2056  =cut  =cut
2057    
2058  sub Confess {  sub Merge {
2059      # Get the parameters.      # Get the input list in sort order.
2060      my ($message) = @_;      my @inputList = sort @_;
2061      # Trace the call stack.      # Only proceed if the list has at least two elements.
2062      Cluck($message);      if (@inputList > 1) {
2063      # Abort the program.          # Now we want to move through the list splicing out duplicates.
2064      croak(">>> $message");          my $i = 0;
2065            while ($i < @inputList) {
2066                # Get the current entry.
2067                my $thisEntry = $inputList[$i];
2068                # Find out how many elements duplicate the current entry.
2069                my $j = $i + 1;
2070                my $dup1 = $i + 1;
2071                while ($j < @inputList && $inputList[$j] eq $thisEntry) { $j++; };
2072                # If the number is nonzero, splice out the duplicates found.
2073                if ($j > $dup1) {
2074                    splice @inputList, $dup1, $j - $dup1;
2075  }  }
2076                # Now the element at position $dup1 is different from the element before it
2077  =head3 Assert              # at position $i. We push $i forward one position and start again.
2078                $i++;
 C<< Assert($condition1, $condition2, ... $conditionN); >>  
   
 Return TRUE if all the conditions are true. This method can be used in conjunction with  
 the OR operator and the L</Confess> method as a debugging assert.  
 So, for example  
   
 C<< Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum."); >>  
   
 Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.  
   
 =cut  
 sub Assert {  
     my $retVal = 1;  
     LOOP: for my $condition (@_) {  
         if (! $condition) {  
             $retVal = 0;  
             last LOOP;  
2079          }          }
2080      }      }
2081      return $retVal;      # Return the merged list.
2082        return @inputList;
2083  }  }
2084    
2085  =head3 Cluck  =head3 Open
   
 C<< Cluck($message); >>  
   
 Trace the call stack. Note that for best results, you should qualify the call with a  
 trace condition. For example,  
   
 C<< Cluck("Starting record parse.") if T(3); >>  
   
 will only trace the stack if the trace level for the package is 3 or more.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item message  
2086    
2087  Message to include in the trace.      my $handle = Open($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message);
2088    
2089  =back  Open a file.
2090    
2091  =cut  The I<$fileSpec> is essentially the second argument of the PERL C<open>
2092    function. The mode is specified using Unix-like shell information. So, for
2093    example,
2094    
2095  sub Cluck {      Open(\*LOGFILE, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($message) = @_;  
     # Trace what's happening.  
     Trace("Stack trace for event: $message");  
     my $confession = longmess($message);  
     # Convert the confession to a series of trace messages. Note we skip any  
     # messages relating to calls into Tracer.  
     for my $line (split /\s*\n/, $confession) {  
         Trace($line) if ($line !~ /Tracer\.pm/);  
     }  
 }  
2096    
2097  =head3 Min  would open for output appended to the specified file, and
2098    
2099  C<< my $min = Min($value1, $value2, ... $valueN); >>      Open(\*DATASTREAM, "| sort -u >$outputFile", "Could not open $outputFile.");
2100    
2101  Return the minimum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.  would open a pipe that sorts the records written and removes duplicates. Note
2102    the use of file handle syntax in the Open call. To use anonymous file handles,
2103    code as follows.
2104    
2105  =over 4      my $logFile = Open(undef, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");
2106    
2107  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN  The I<$message> parameter is used if the open fails. If it is set to C<0>, then
2108    the open returns TRUE if successful and FALSE if an error occurred. Otherwise, a
2109    failed open will throw an exception and the third parameter will be used to construct
2110    an error message. If the parameter is omitted, a standard message is constructed
2111    using the file spec.
2112    
2113  List of numbers to compare.      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog"
2114    
2115  =item RETURN  Note that the mode characters are automatically cleaned from the file name.
2116    The actual error message from the file system will be captured and appended to the
2117    message in any case.
2118    
2119  Returns the lowest number in the list.      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": file not found.
2120    
2121  =back  In some versions of PERL the only error message we get is a number, which
2122    corresponds to the C++ C<errno> value.
2123    
2124  =cut      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": 6.
2125    
2126  sub Min {  =over 4
     # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.  
     my ($retVal, @values) = @_;  
     # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the lowest.  
     for my $value (@values) {  
         if ($value < $retVal) {  
             $retVal = $value;  
         }  
     }  
     # Return the minimum found.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
2127    
2128  =head3 Max  =item fileHandle
2129    
2130  C<< my $max = Max($value1, $value2, ... $valueN); >>  File handle. If this parameter is C<undef>, a file handle will be generated
2131    and returned as the value of this method.
2132    
2133  Return the maximum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.  =item fileSpec
2134    
2135  =over 4  File name and mode, as per the PERL C<open> function.
2136    
2137  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN  =item message (optional)
2138    
2139  List of numbers to compare.  Error message to use if the open fails. If omitted, a standard error message
2140    will be generated. In either case, the error information from the file system
2141    is appended to the message. To specify a conditional open that does not throw
2142    an error if it fails, use C<0>.
2143    
2144  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2145    
2146  Returns the highest number in the list.  Returns the name of the file handle assigned to the file, or C<undef> if the
2147    open failed.
2148    
2149  =back  =back
2150    
2151  =cut  =cut
2152    
2153  sub Max {  sub Open {
2154      # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.      # Get the parameters.
2155      my ($retVal, @values) = @_;      my ($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message) = @_;
2156      # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the highest.      # Attempt to open the file.
2157      for my $value (@values) {      my $rv = open $fileHandle, $fileSpec;
2158          if ($value > $retVal) {      # If the open failed, generate an error message.
2159              $retVal = $value;      if (! $rv) {
2160            # Save the system error message.
2161            my $sysMessage = $!;
2162            # See if we need a default message.
2163            if (!$message) {
2164                # Clean any obvious mode characters and leading spaces from the
2165                # filename.
2166                my ($fileName) = FindNamePart($fileSpec);
2167                $message = "Could not open \"$fileName\"";
2168          }          }
2169            # Terminate with an error using the supplied message and the
2170            # error message from the file system.
2171            Confess("$message: $!");
2172      }      }
2173      # Return the maximum found.      # Return the file handle.
2174      return $retVal;      return $fileHandle;
2175  }  }
2176    
2177  =head3 AddToListMap  =head3 FindNamePart
2178    
2179  C<< Tracer::AddToListMap(\%hash, $key, $value1, $value2, ... valueN); >>      my ($fileName, $start, $len) = Tracer::FindNamePart($fileSpec);
2180    
2181  Add a key-value pair to a hash of lists. If no value exists for the key, a singleton list  Extract the portion of a file specification that contains the file name.
 is created for the key. Otherwise, the new value is pushed onto the list.  
2182    
2183  =over 4  A file specification is the string passed to an C<open> call. It specifies the file
2184    mode and name. In a truly complex situation, it can specify a pipe sequence. This
2185    method assumes that the file name is whatever follows the first angle bracket
2186    sequence.  So, for example, in the following strings the file name is
2187    C</usr/fig/myfile.txt>.
2188    
2189  =item hash      >>/usr/fig/myfile.txt
2190        </usr/fig/myfile.txt
2191        | sort -u > /usr/fig/myfile.txt
2192    
2193    If the method cannot find a file name using its normal methods, it will return the
2194    whole incoming string.
2195    
2196  Reference to the target hash.  =over 4
2197    
2198  =item key  =item fileSpec
2199    
2200  Key for which the value is to be added.  File specification string from which the file name is to be extracted.
2201    
2202  =item value1, value2, ... valueN  =item RETURN
2203    
2204  List of values to add to the key's value list.  Returns a three-element list. The first element contains the file name portion of
2205    the specified string, or the whole string if a file name cannot be found via normal
2206    methods. The second element contains the start position of the file name portion and
2207    the third element contains the length.
2208    
2209  =back  =back
2210    
2211  =cut  =cut
2212    #: Return Type $;
2213  sub AddToListMap {  sub FindNamePart {
2214      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2215      my ($hash, $key, @values) = @_;      my ($fileSpec) = @_;
2216      # Process according to whether or not the key already has a value.      # Default to the whole input string.
2217      if (! exists $hash->{$key}) {      my ($retVal, $pos, $len) = ($fileSpec, 0, length $fileSpec);
2218          $hash->{$key} = [@values];      # Parse out the file name if we can.
2219      } else {      if ($fileSpec =~ m/(<|>>?)(.+?)(\s*)$/) {
2220          push @{$hash->{$key}}, @values;          $retVal = $2;
2221            $len = length $retVal;
2222            $pos = (length $fileSpec) - (length $3) - $len;
2223      }      }
2224        # Return the result.
2225        return ($retVal, $pos, $len);
2226  }  }
2227    
2228  =head3 DebugMode  =head3 OpenDir
2229    
2230  C<< if (Tracer::DebugMode) { ...code... } >>      my @files = OpenDir($dirName, $filtered, $flag);
2231    
2232  Return TRUE if debug mode has been turned on, else abort.  Open a directory and return all the file names. This function essentially performs
2233    the functions of an C<opendir> and C<readdir>. If the I<$filtered> parameter is
2234    set to TRUE, all filenames beginning with a period (C<.>), dollar sign (C<$>),
2235    or pound sign (C<#>) and all filenames ending with a tilde C<~>) will be
2236    filtered out of the return list. If the directory does not open and I<$flag> is not
2237    set, an exception is thrown. So, for example,
2238    
2239  Certain CGI scripts are too dangerous to exist in the production      my @files = OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/contigs", 1);
 environment. This method provides a simple way to prevent them  
 from working unless they are explicitly turned on by creating a password  
 cookie via the B<SetPassword> script.  If debugging mode  
 is not turned on, an error will occur.  
2240    
2241  =cut  is effectively the same as
2242    
2243  sub DebugMode {      opendir(TMP, "/Volumes/fig/contigs") || Confess("Could not open /Volumes/fig/contigs.");
2244      # Declare the return variable.      my @files = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir(TMP);
     my $retVal = 0;  
     # Check the debug configuration.  
     my $password = CGI::cookie("DebugMode");  
     my $encrypted = Digest::MD5::md5_hex($password);  
     if ($encrypted eq "252dec43280e0c0d6a75ffcec486e61d") {  
         $retVal = 1;  
     } else {  
         # Here debug mode is off, so we generate an error.  
         Confess("Cannot use this facility without logging in.");  
     }  
     # Return the determination indicator.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
2245    
2246  =head3 Strip  Similarly, the following code
2247    
2248  C<< my $string = Tracer::Strip($line); >>      my @files = grep { $_ =~ /^\d/ } OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/orgs", 0, 1);
2249    
2250  Strip all line terminators off a string. This is necessary when dealing with files  Returns the names of all files in C</Volumes/fig/orgs> that begin with digits and
2251  that may have been transferred back and forth several times among different  automatically returns an empty list if the directory fails to open.
 operating environments.  
2252    
2253  =over 4  =over 4
2254    
2255  =item line  =item dirName
2256    
2257  Line of text to be stripped.  Name of the directory to open.
2258    
2259  =item RETURN  =item filtered
2260    
2261  The same line of text with all the line-ending characters chopped from the end.  TRUE if files whose names begin with a period (C<.>) should be automatically removed
2262    from the list, else FALSE.
2263    
2264    =item flag
2265    
2266    TRUE if a failure to open is okay, else FALSE
2267    
2268  =back  =back
2269    
2270  =cut  =cut
2271    #: Return Type @;
2272  sub Strip {  sub OpenDir {
2273      # Get a copy of the parameter string.      # Get the parameters.
2274      my ($string) = @_;      my ($dirName, $filtered, $flag) = @_;
2275      my $retVal = (defined $string ? $string : "");      # Declare the return variable.
2276      # Strip the line terminator characters.      my @retVal = ();
2277      $retVal =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//g;      # Open the directory.
2278        if (opendir(my $dirHandle, $dirName)) {
2279            # The directory opened successfully. Get the appropriate list according to the
2280            # strictures of the filter parameter.
2281            if ($filtered) {
2282                @retVal = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir $dirHandle;
2283            } else {
2284                @retVal = readdir $dirHandle;
2285            }
2286        } elsif (! $flag) {
2287            # Here the directory would not open and it's considered an error.
2288            Confess("Could not open directory $dirName.");
2289        }
2290      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2291      return $retVal;      return @retVal;
2292  }  }
2293    
 =head3 Pad  
   
 C<< my $paddedString = Tracer::Pad($string, $len, $left, $padChar); >>  
   
 Pad a string to a specified length. The pad character will be a  
 space, and the padding will be on the right side unless specified  
 in the third parameter.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item string  
   
 String to be padded.  
2294    
2295  =item len  =head3 Insure
2296    
2297  Desired length of the padded string.      Insure($dirName, $chmod);
2298    
2299  =item left (optional)  Insure a directory is present.
2300    
2301  TRUE if the string is to be left-padded; otherwise it will be padded on the right.  =over 4
2302    
2303  =item padChar (optional)  =item dirName
2304    
2305  Character to use for padding. The default is a space.  Name of the directory to check. If it does not exist, it will be created.
2306    
2307  =item RETURN  =item chmod (optional)
2308    
2309  Returns a copy of the original string with the pad character added to the  Security privileges to be given to the directory if it is created.
 specified end so that it achieves the desired length.  
2310    
2311  =back  =back
2312    
2313  =cut  =cut
2314    
2315  sub Pad {  sub Insure {
2316      # Get the parameters.      my ($dirName, $chmod) = @_;
2317      my ($string, $len, $left, $padChar) = @_;      if (! -d $dirName) {
2318      # Compute the padding character.          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(2);
2319      if (! defined $padChar) {          eval {
2320          $padChar = " ";              mkpath $dirName;
2321      }              # If we have permissions specified, set them here.
2322      # Compute the number of spaces needed.              if (defined($chmod)) {
2323      my $needed = $len - length $string;                  chmod $chmod, $dirName;
     # Copy the string into the return variable.  
     my $retVal = $string;  
     # Only proceed if padding is needed.  
     if ($needed > 0) {  
         # Create the pad string.  
         my $pad = $padChar x $needed;  
         # Affix it to the return value.  
         if ($left) {  
             $retVal = $pad . $retVal;  
         } else {  
             $retVal .= $pad;  
2324          }          }
2325            };
2326            if ($@) {
2327                Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");
2328      }      }
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
2329  }  }
   
 =head3 EOF  
   
 This is a constant that is lexically greater than any useful string.  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub EOF {  
     return "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF";  
2330  }  }
2331    
2332  =head3 TICK  =head3 ChDir
   
 C<< my @results = TICK($commandString); >>  
   
 Perform a back-tick operation on a command. If this is a Windows environment, any leading  
 dot-slash (C<./> will be removed. So, for example, if you were doing  
   
     `./protein.cgi`  
   
 from inside a CGI script, it would work fine in Unix, but would issue an error message  
 in Windows complaining that C<'.'> is not a valid command. If instead you code  
2333    
2334      TICK("./protein.cgi")      ChDir($dirName);
2335    
2336  it will work correctly in both environments.  Change to the specified directory.
2337    
2338  =over 4  =over 4
2339    
2340  =item commandString  =item dirName
   
 The command string to pass to the system.  
   
 =item RETURN  
2341    
2342  Returns the standard output from the specified command, as a list.  Name of the directory to which we want to change.
2343    
2344  =back  =back
2345    
2346  =cut  =cut
2347  #: Return Type @;  
2348  sub TICK {  sub ChDir {
2349      # Get the parameters.      my ($dirName) = @_;
2350      my ($commandString) = @_;      if (! -d $dirName) {
2351      # Chop off the dot-slash if this is Windows.          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");
2352      if ($FIG_Config::win_mode) {      } else {
2353          $commandString =~ s!^\./!!;          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(File => 4);
2354            my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;
2355            if (! $okFlag) {
2356                Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");
2357            }
2358      }      }
     # Activate the command and return the result.  
     return `$commandString`;  
2359  }  }
2360    
2361  =head3 ScriptSetup  =head3 SetPermissions
2362    
2363  C<< my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup($noTrace); >>      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, $group, $mask, %otherMasks);
2364    
2365  Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is  Set the permissions for a directory and all the files and folders inside it.
2366  the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash. At the end of the script,  In addition, the group ownership will be changed to the specified value.
 the client should call L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.  
2367    
2368  This method calls L</ETracing> to configure tracing, which allows the tracing  This method is more vulnerable than most to permission and compatability
2369  to be configured via the emergency tracing form on the debugging control panel.  problems, so it does internal error recovery.
 Tracing will then be turned on automatically for all programs that use the L</ETracing>  
 method, which includes every program that uses this method or L</StandardSetup>.  
2370    
2371  =over 4  =over 4
2372    
2373  =item noTrace (optional)  =item dirName
   
 If specified, tracing will be suppressed. This is useful if the script wants to set up  
 tracing manually.  
   
 =item RETURN  
2374    
2375  Returns a two-element list consisting of a CGI query object and a variable hash for  Name of the directory to process.
 the output page.  
2376    
2377  =back  =item group
2378    
2379  =cut  Name of the group to be assigned.
2380    
2381  sub ScriptSetup {  =item mask
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($noTrace) = @_;  
     # Get the CGI query object.  
     my $cgi = CGI->new();  
     # Set up tracing if it's not suppressed.  
     ETracing($cgi) unless $noTrace;  
     # Create the variable hash.  
     my $varHash = { results => '' };  
     # Return the query object and variable hash.  
     return ($cgi, $varHash);  
 }  
2382    
2383  =head3 ETracing  Permission mask. Bits that are C<1> in this mask will be ORed into the
2384    permission bits of any file or directory that does not already have them
2385    set to 1.
2386    
2387  C<< ETracing($parameter); >>  =item otherMasks
2388    
2389  Set up emergency tracing. Emergency tracing is tracing that is turned  Map of search patterns to permission masks. If a directory name matches
2390  on automatically for any program that calls this method. The emergency  one of the patterns, that directory and all its members and subdirectories
2391  tracing parameters are stored in a a file identified by a tracing key.  will be assigned the new pattern. For example, the following would
2392  If this method is called with a CGI object, then the tracing key is  assign 01664 to most files, but would use 01777 for directories named C<tmp>.
 taken from a cookie. If it is called with no parameters, then the tracing  
 key is taken from an environment variable. If it is called with a string,  
 the tracing key is that string.  
2393    
2394  =over 4      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp$' => 01777);
2395    
2396  =item parameter  The list is ordered, so the following would use 0777 for C<tmp1> and
2397    0666 for C<tmp>, C<tmp2>, or C<tmp3>.
2398    
2399  A parameter from which the tracing key is computed. If it is a scalar,      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp1' => 0777,
2400  that scalar is used as the tracing key. If it is a CGI object, the                                                     '^tmp' => 0666);
2401  tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. If it is omitted, the  
2402  tracing key is taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. If it  Note that the pattern matches are all case-insensitive, and only directory
2403  is a CGI object and emergency tracing is not on, the C<Trace> and  names are matched, not file names.
 C<TF> parameters will be used to determine the type of tracing.  
2404    
2405  =back  =back
2406    
2407  =cut  =cut
2408    
2409  sub ETracing {  sub SetPermissions {
2410      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameters.
2411      my ($parameter) = @_;      my ($dirName, $group, $mask, @otherMasks) = @_;
2412      # Check for CGI mode.      # Set up for error recovery.
2413      my $cgi = (ref $parameter eq 'CGI' ? $parameter : undef);      eval {
2414      # Default to no tracing except errors.          # Switch to the specified directory.
2415      my ($tracing, $dest) = ("0", "WARN");          ChDir($dirName);
2416      # Check for emergency tracing.          # Get the group ID.
2417      my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);          my $gid = getgrnam($group);
2418      my $emergencyFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);          # Get the mask for tracing.
2419      if (-e $emergencyFile) {          my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";
2420          # We have the file. Read in the data.          Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(File => 2);
2421          my @tracing = GetFile($emergencyFile);          my $fixCount = 0;
2422          # Pull off the time limit.          my $lookCount = 0;
2423          my $expire = shift @tracing;          # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.
2424          # Convert it to seconds.          my @dirs = (getcwd());
2425          $expire *= 3600;          while (scalar(@dirs) > 0) {
2426          # Check the file data.              # Get the current directory.
2427          my $stat = stat($emergencyFile);              my $dir = pop @dirs;
2428          my ($now) = gettimeofday;              # Check for a match to one of the specified directory names. To do
2429          if ($now - $stat->mtime > $expire) {              # that, we need to pull the individual part of the name off of the
2430              # Delete the expired file.              # whole path.
2431              unlink $emergencyFile;              my $simpleName = $dir;
2432                if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {
2433                    $simpleName = $1;
2434                }
2435                Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(File => 4);
2436                # Search for a match.
2437                my $match = 0;
2438                my $i;
2439                for ($i = 0; $i < $#otherMasks && ! $match; $i += 2) {
2440                    my $pattern = $otherMasks[$i];
2441                    if ($simpleName =~ /$pattern/i) {
2442                        $match = 1;
2443                    }
2444                }
2445                # Check for a match. Note we use $i-1 because the loop added 2
2446                # before terminating due to the match.
2447                if ($match && $otherMasks[$i-1] != $mask) {
2448                    # This directory matches one of the incoming patterns, and it's
2449                    # a different mask, so we process it recursively with that mask.
2450                    SetPermissions($dir, $group, $otherMasks[$i-1], @otherMasks);
2451          } else {          } else {
2452              # Emergency tracing is on. Pull off the destination and                  # Here we can process normally. Get all of the non-hidden members.
2453              # the trace level;                  my @submems = OpenDir($dir, 1);
2454              $dest = shift @tracing;                  for my $submem (@submems) {
2455              my $level = shift @tracing;                      # Get the full name.
2456              # Convert the destination to a real tracing destination.                      my $thisMem = "$dir/$submem";
2457              # temp directory.                      Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);
2458              $dest = EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $dest);                      $lookCount++;
2459              # Insure Tracer is specified.                      if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {
2460              my %moduleHash = map { $_ => 1 } @tracing;                          Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(File => 3);
2461              $moduleHash{Tracer} = 1;                      }
2462              # Set the trace parameter.                      # Fix the group.
2463              $tracing = join(" ", $level, sort keys %moduleHash);                      chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;
2464                        # Insure this member is not a symlink.
2465                        if (! -l $thisMem) {
2466                            # Get its info.
2467                            my $fileInfo = stat $thisMem;
2468                            # Only proceed if we got the info. Otherwise, it's a hard link
2469                            # and we want to skip it anyway.
2470                            if ($fileInfo) {
2471                                my $fileMode = $fileInfo->mode;
2472                                if (($fileMode & $mask) != $mask) {
2473                                    # Fix this member.
2474                                    $fileMode |= $mask;
2475                                    chmod $fileMode, $thisMem;
2476                                    $fixCount++;
2477                                }
2478                                # If it's a subdirectory, stack it.
2479                                if (-d $thisMem) {
2480                                    push @dirs, $thisMem;
2481                                }
2482                            }
2483          }          }
     } elsif (defined $cgi) {  
         # There's no emergency tracing, but we have a CGI object, so check  
         # for tracing from the form parameters.  
         if ($cgi->param('Trace')) {  
             # Here the user has requested tracing via a form.  
             $dest = ($cgi->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");  
             $tracing = $cgi->param('Trace') . " Tracer";  
2484          }          }
2485      }      }
2486      # Setup the tracing we've determined from all the stuff above.          }
2487      TSetup($tracing, $dest);          Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(File => 2);
2488      # If we're a web script, trace the parameter and environment data.      };
2489      if (defined $cgi) {      # Check for an error.
2490          TraceParms($cgi);      if ($@) {
2491            Confess("SetPermissions error: $@");
2492      }      }
2493  }  }
2494    
2495  =head3 EmergencyFileName  =head3 GetLine
2496    
2497  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileName($tkey); >>      my @data = Tracer::GetLine($handle);
2498    
2499  Return the emergency tracing file name. This is the file that specifies  Read a line of data from a tab-delimited file.
 the tracing information.  
2500    
2501  =over 4  =over 4
2502    
2503  =item tkey  =item handle
2504    
2505  Tracing key for the current program.  Open file handle from which to read.
2506    
2507  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2508    
2509  Returns the name of the file to contain the emergency tracing information.  Returns a list of the fields in the record read. The fields are presumed to be
2510    tab-delimited. If we are at the end of the file, then an empty list will be
2511    returned. If an empty line is read, a single list item consisting of a null
2512    string will be returned.
2513    
2514  =back  =back
2515    
2516  =cut  =cut
2517    
2518  sub EmergencyFileName {  sub GetLine {
2519      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2520      my ($tkey) = @_;      my ($handle) = @_;
2521      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.      # Declare the return variable.
2522      return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$tkey.txt";      my @retVal = ();
2523        Trace("File position is " . tell($handle) . ". EOF flag is " . eof($handle) . ".") if T(File => 4);
2524        # Read from the file.
2525        my $line = <$handle>;
2526        # Only proceed if we found something.
2527        if (defined $line) {
2528            # Remove the new-line. We are a bit over-cautious here because the file may be coming in via an
2529            # upload control and have a nonstandard EOL combination.
2530            $line =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//;
2531            # Here we do some fancy tracing to help in debugging complicated EOL marks.
2532            if (T(File => 4)) {
2533                my $escapedLine = $line;
2534                $escapedLine =~ s/\n/\\n/g;
2535                $escapedLine =~ s/\r/\\r/g;
2536                $escapedLine =~ s/\t/\\t/g;
2537                Trace("Line read: -->$escapedLine<--");
2538            }
2539            # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse
2540            # it into fields.
2541            if ($line eq "") {
2542                push @retVal, "";
2543            } else {
2544                push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;
2545            }
2546        } else {
2547            # Trace the reason the read failed.
2548            Trace("End of file: $!") if T(File => 3);
2549        }
2550        # Return the result.
2551        return @retVal;
2552  }  }
2553    
2554  =head3 EmergencyFileTarget  =head3 PutLine
2555    
2556  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileTarget($tkey); >>      Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields, $eol);
2557    
2558  Return the emergency tracing target file name. This is the file that receives  Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be
2559  the tracing output for file-based tracing.  output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.
2560    
2561  =over 4  =over 4
2562    
2563  =item tkey  =item handle
2564    
2565  Tracing key for the current program.  Output file handle.
2566    
2567  =item RETURN  =item fields
2568    
2569  Returns the name of the file to contain the trace output.  List of field values.
2570    
2571    =item eol (optional)
2572    
2573    End-of-line character (default is "\n").
2574    
2575  =back  =back
2576    
2577  =cut  =cut
2578    
2579  sub EmergencyFileTarget {  sub PutLine {
2580      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2581      my ($tkey) = @_;      my ($handle, $fields, $eol) = @_;
2582      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.      # Write the data.
2583      return "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$tkey.log";      print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . ($eol || "\n");
2584  }  }
2585    
 =head3 EmergencyTracingDest  
2586    
 C<< my $dest = Tracer::EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $myDest); >>  
2587    
2588  This method converts an emergency tracing destination to a real  =head2 Other Useful Methods
2589  tracing destination. The main difference is that if the  
2590  destination is C<FILE> or C<APPEND>, we convert it to file  =head3 ParseParm
 output.  
2591    
2592  =over 4      my $listValue = Tracer::ParseParm($string);
2593    
2594  =item tkey  Convert a parameter into a list reference. If the parameter is undefined,
2595    an undefined value will be returned. Otherwise, it will be parsed as a
2596    comma-separated list of values.
2597    
2598  Tracing key for this environment.  =over 4
2599    
2600  =item myDest  =item string
2601    
2602  Destination from the emergency tracing file.  Incoming string.
2603    
2604  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2605    
2606  Returns a destination that can be passed into L</TSetup>.  Returns a reference to a list of values, or C<undef> if the incoming value
2607    was undefined.
2608    
2609  =back  =back
2610    
2611  =cut  =cut
2612    
2613  sub EmergencyTracingDest {  sub ParseParm {
2614      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2615      my ($tkey, $myDest) = @_;      my ($string) = @_;
2616      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
2617      my $retVal;      my $retVal;
2618      # Process according to the destination value.      # Check for data.
2619      if ($myDest eq 'FILE') {      if (defined $string) {
2620          $retVal = ">" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);          # We have some, so split it into a list.
2621      } elsif ($myDest eq 'APPEND') {          $retVal = [ split /\s*,\s*/, $string];
         $retVal = ">>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);  
     } else {  
         $retVal = $myDest;  
2622      }      }
2623      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2624      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
2625  }  }
2626    
 =head3 Emergency  
2627    
 C<< Emergency($key, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules); >>  
2628    
 Turn on emergency tracing. This method can only be invoked over the web and is  
 should not be called if debug mode is off. The caller specifies the duration of the  
 emergency in hours, the desired tracing destination, the trace level,  
 and a list of the trace modules to activate. For the length of the duration, when a  
 program in an environment with the specified tracing key active invokes a Sprout  
 CGI script, tracing will be turned on automatically. See L</TSetup> for more  
 about tracing setup and L</ETracing> for more about emergency tracing.  
2629    
2630  =over 4  =head3 Now
2631    
2632  =item tkey      my $string = Tracer::Now();
2633    
2634  The tracing key. This is used to identify the control file and the trace file.  Return a displayable time stamp containing the local time.
2635    
2636  =item hours  =cut
2637    
2638  Number of hours to keep emergency tracing alive.  sub Now {
2639        my ($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year,$wday,$yday,$isdst) = localtime(time);
2640        my $retVal = _p2($mon+1) . "/" . _p2($mday) . "/" . ($year + 1900) . " " .
2641                     _p2($hour) . ":" . _p2($min) . ":" . _p2($sec);
2642        return $retVal;
2643    }
2644    
2645  =item dest  # Pad a number to 2 digits.
2646    sub _p2 {
2647        my ($value) = @_;
2648        $value = "0$value" if ($value < 10);
2649        return $value;
2650    }
2651    
2652  Tracing destination. If no path information is specified for a file  =head3 Escape
 destination, it is put in the FIG temporary directory.  
2653    
2654  =item level      my $codedString = Tracer::Escape($realString);
2655    
2656  Tracing level. A higher level means more trace messages.  Escape a string for use in a command. Tabs will be replaced by C<\t>, new-lines
2657    replaced by C<\n>, carriage returns will be deleted, and backslashes will be doubled. The
2658    result is to reverse the effect of L</UnEscape>.
2659    
2660  =item modules  =over 4
2661    
2662  A list of the tracing modules to activate.  =item realString
2663    
2664    String to escape.
2665    
2666    =item RETURN
2667    
2668    Escaped equivalent of the real string.
2669    
2670  =back  =back
2671    
2672  =cut  =cut
2673    
2674  sub Emergency {  sub Escape {
2675      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameter.
2676      my ($tkey, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules) = @_;      my ($realString) = @_;
2677      # Create the emergency file.      # Initialize the return variable.
2678      my $specFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);      my $retVal = "";
2679      my $outHandle = Open(undef, ">$specFile");      # Loop through the parameter string, looking for sequences to escape.
2680      print $outHandle join("\n", $hours, $dest, $level, @modules, "");      while (length $realString > 0) {
2681            # Look for the first sequence to escape.
2682            if ($realString =~ /^(.*?)([\n\t\r\\])/) {
2683                # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence
2684                # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.
2685                $retVal .= $1;
2686                # Strip the processed section off the real string.
2687                $realString = substr $realString, (length $2) + (length $1);
2688                # Get the matched character.
2689                my $char = $2;
2690                # If we have a CR, we are done.
2691                if ($char ne "\r") {
2692                    # It's not a CR, so encode the escape sequence.
2693                    $char =~ tr/\t\n/tn/;
2694                    $retVal .= "\\" . $char;
2695                }
2696            } else {
2697                # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is
2698                # transferred unmodified.
2699                $retVal .= $realString;
2700                $realString = "";
2701            }
2702        }
2703        # Return the result.
2704        return $retVal;
2705  }  }
2706    
2707  =head3 EmergencyKey  =head3 UnEscape
2708    
2709  C<< my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter); >>      my $realString = Tracer::UnEscape($codedString);
2710    
2711  Return the Key to be used for emergency tracing. This could be an IP address,  Replace escape sequences with their actual equivalents. C<\t> will be replaced by
2712   a session ID, or a user name, depending on the environment.  a tab, C<\n> by a new-line character, and C<\\> by a backslash. C<\r> codes will
2713    be deleted.
2714    
2715  =over 4  =over 4
2716    
2717  =item parameter  =item codedString
2718    
2719  Parameter defining the method for finding the tracing key. If it is a scalar,  String to un-escape.
 then it is presumed to be the tracing key itself. If it is a CGI object, then  
 the tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. Otherwise, the tracing key is  
 taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable.  
2720    
2721  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2722    
2723  Returns the key to be used for labels in emergency tracing.  Returns a copy of the original string with the escape sequences converted to their actual
2724    values.
2725    
2726  =back  =back
2727    
2728  =cut  =cut
2729    
2730  sub EmergencyKey {  sub UnEscape {
2731      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameter.
2732      my ($parameter) = @_;      my ($codedString) = @_;
2733      # Declare the return variable.      # Initialize the return variable.
2734      my $retVal;      my $retVal = "";
2735      # Determine the parameter type.      # Only proceed if the incoming string is nonempty.
2736      if (! defined $parameter) {      if (defined $codedString) {
2737          # Here we're supposed to check the environment.          # Loop through the parameter string, looking for escape sequences. We can't do
2738          $retVal = $ENV{TRACING};          # translating because it causes problems with the escaped slash. ("\\t" becomes
2739            # "\<tab>" no matter what we do.)
2740            while (length $codedString > 0) {
2741                # Look for the first escape sequence.
2742                if ($codedString =~ /^(.*?)\\(\\|n|t|r)/) {
2743                    # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence
2744                    # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.
2745                    $retVal .= $1;
2746                    $codedString = substr $codedString, (2 + length $1);
2747                    # Get the escape value.
2748                    my $char = $2;
2749                    # If we have a "\r", we are done.
2750                    if ($char ne 'r') {
2751                        # Here it's not an 'r', so we convert it.
2752                        $char =~ tr/\\tn/\\\t\n/;
2753                        $retVal .= $char;
2754                    }
2755      } else {      } else {
2756          my $ptype = ref $parameter;                  # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is
2757          if ($ptype eq 'CGI') {                  # transferred unmodified.
2758              # Here we were invoked from a web page. Look for a cookie.                  $retVal .= $codedString;
2759              $retVal = $parameter->cookie('IP');                  $codedString = "";
         } elsif (! $ptype) {  
             # Here the key was passed in.  
             $retVal = $parameter;  
2760          }          }
2761      }      }
     # If no luck finding a key, use the PID.  
     if (! defined $retVal) {  
         $retVal = $$;  
2762      }      }
2763      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2764      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
2765  }  }
2766    
2767    =head3 Percent
2768    
2769  =head3 TraceParms      my $percent = Tracer::Percent($number, $base);
   
 C<< Tracer::TraceParms($cgi); >>  
2770    
2771  Trace the CGI parameters at trace level CGI => 3 and the environment variables  Returns the percent of the base represented by the given number. If the base
2772  at level CGI => 4.  is zero, returns zero.
2773    
2774  =over 4  =over 4
2775    
2776  =item cgi  =item number
2777    
2778  CGI query object containing the parameters to trace.  Percent numerator.
2779    
2780    =item base
2781    
2782    Percent base.
2783    
2784    =item RETURN
2785    
2786    Returns the percentage of the base represented by the numerator.
2787    
2788  =back  =back
2789    
2790  =cut  =cut
2791    
2792  sub TraceParms {  sub Percent {
2793      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2794      my ($cgi) = @_;      my ($number, $base) = @_;
2795      if (T(CGI => 3)) {      # Declare the return variable.
2796          # Here we want to trace the parameter data.      my $retVal = 0;
2797          my @names = $cgi->param;      # Compute the percent.
2798          for my $parmName (sort @names) {      if ($base != 0) {
2799              # Note we skip the Trace parameters, which are for our use only.          $retVal = $number * 100 / $base;
             if ($parmName ne 'Trace' && $parmName ne 'TF') {  
                 my @values = $cgi->param($parmName);  
                 Trace("CGI: $parmName = " . join(", ", @values));  
             }  
         }  
         # Display the request method.  
         my $method = $cgi->request_method();  
         Trace("Method: $method");  
     }  
     if (T(CGI => 4)) {  
         # Here we want the environment data too.  
         for my $envName (sort keys %ENV) {  
             Trace("ENV: $envName = $ENV{$envName}");  
         }  
2800      }      }
2801        # Return the result.
2802        return $retVal;
2803  }  }
2804    
2805  =head3 ScriptFinish  =head3 Min
2806    
2807  C<< ScriptFinish($webData, $varHash); >>      my $min = Min($value1, $value2, ... $valueN);
2808    
2809  Output a web page at the end of a script. Either the string to be output or the  Return the minimum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.
 name of a template file can be specified. If the second parameter is omitted,  
 it is assumed we have a string to be output; otherwise, it is assumed we have the  
 name of a template file. The template should have the variable C<DebugData>  
 specified in any form that invokes a standard script. If debugging mode is turned  
 on, a form field will be put in that allows the user to enter tracing data.  
 Trace messages will be placed immediately before the terminal C<BODY> tag in  
 the output, formatted as a list.  
2810    
2811  A typical standard script would loook like the following.  =over 4
2812    
2813      BEGIN {  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN
         # Print the HTML header.  
         print "CONTENT-TYPE: text/html\n\n";  
     }  
     use Tracer;  
     use CGI;  
     use FIG;  
     # ... more uses ...  
2814    
2815      my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup();  List of numbers to compare.
2816      eval {  
2817          # ... get data from $cgi, put it in $varHash ...  =item RETURN
2818      };  
2819      if ($@) {  Returns the lowest number in the list.
2820          Trace("Script Error: $@") if T(0);  
2821    =back
2822    
2823    =cut
2824    
2825    sub Min {
2826        # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.
2827        my ($retVal, @values) = @_;
2828        # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the lowest.
2829        for my $value (@values) {
2830            if ($value < $retVal) {
2831                $retVal = $value;
2832            }
2833        }
2834        # Return the minimum found.
2835        return $retVal;
2836      }      }
     ScriptFinish("Html/MyTemplate.html", $varHash);  
2837    
2838  The idea here is that even if the script fails, you'll see trace messages and  =head3 Max
2839  useful output.  
2840        my $max = Max($value1, $value2, ... $valueN);
2841    
2842    Return the maximum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.
2843    
2844  =over 4  =over 4
2845    
2846  =item webData  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN
2847    
2848  A string containing either the full web page to be written to the output or the  List of numbers to compare.
 name of a template file from which the page is to be constructed. If the name  
 of a template file is specified, then the second parameter must be present;  
 otherwise, it must be absent.  
2849    
2850  =item varHash (optional)  =item RETURN
2851    
2852  If specified, then a reference to a hash mapping variable names for a template  Returns the highest number in the list.
 to their values. The template file will be read into memory, and variable markers  
 will be replaced by data in this hash reference.  
2853    
2854  =back  =back
2855    
2856  =cut  =cut
2857    
2858  sub ScriptFinish {  sub Max {
2859      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.
2860      my ($webData, $varHash) = @_;      my ($retVal, @values) = @_;
2861      # Check for a template file situation.      # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the highest.
2862      my $outputString;      for my $value (@values) {
2863      if (defined $varHash) {          if ($value > $retVal) {
2864          # Here we have a template file. We need to determine the template type.              $retVal = $value;
         my $template;  
         if ($FIG_Config::template_url && $webData =~ /\.php$/) {  
             $template = "$FIG_Config::template_url/$webData";  
         } else {  
             $template = "<<$webData";  
2865          }          }
         $outputString = PageBuilder::Build($template, $varHash, "Html");  
     } else {  
         # Here the user gave us a raw string.  
         $outputString = $webData;  
2866      }      }
2867      # Check for trace messages.      # Return the maximum found.
2868      if ($Destination ne "NONE" && $TraceLevel > 0) {      return $retVal;
         # We have trace messages, so we want to put them at the end of the body. This  
         # is either at the end of the whole string or at the beginning of the BODY  
         # end-tag.  
         my $pos = length $outputString;  
         if ($outputString =~ m#</body>#gi) {  
             $pos = (pos $outputString) - 7;  
2869          }          }
2870          # If the trace messages were queued, we unroll them. Otherwise, we display the  
2871          # destination.  =head3 DebugMode
2872          my $traceHtml;  
2873          if ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {      if (Tracer::DebugMode) { ...code... }
2874              $traceHtml = QTrace('Html');  
2875          } elsif ($Destination =~ /^>>(.+)$/) {  Return TRUE if debug mode has been turned on, else abort.
2876              # Here the tracing output it to a file. We code it as a hyperlink so the user  
2877              # can copy the file name into the clipboard easily.  Certain CGI scripts are too dangerous to exist in the production
2878              my $actualDest = $1;  environment. This method provides a simple way to prevent them
2879              $traceHtml = "<p>Tracing output to $actualDest.</p>\n";  from working unless they are explicitly turned on by creating a password
2880    cookie via the B<SetPassword> script.  If debugging mode
2881    is not turned on, an error will occur.
2882    
2883    =cut
2884    
2885    sub DebugMode {
2886        # Declare the return variable.
2887        my $retVal = 0;
2888        # Check the debug configuration.
2889        my $password = CGI::cookie("DebugMode");
2890        my $encrypted = Digest::MD5::md5_hex($password);
2891        if ($encrypted eq "252dec43280e0c0d6a75ffcec486e61d") {
2892            $retVal = 1;
2893          } else {          } else {
2894              # Here we have one of the special destinations.          # Here debug mode is off, so we generate an error.
2895              $traceHtml = "<P>Tracing output type is $Destination.</p>\n";          Confess("Cannot use this facility without logging in.");
         }  
         substr $outputString, $pos, 0, $traceHtml;  
2896      }      }
2897      # Write the output string.      # Return the determination indicator.
2898      print $outputString;      return $retVal;
2899  }  }
2900    
2901  =head3 Insure  =head3 Strip
2902    
2903  C<< Insure($dirName); >>      my $string = Tracer::Strip($line);
2904    
2905  Insure a directory is present.  Strip all line terminators off a string. This is necessary when dealing with files
2906    that may have been transferred back and forth several times among different
2907    operating environments.
2908    
2909  =over 4  =over 4
2910    
2911  =item dirName  =item line
2912    
2913  Name of the directory to check. If it does not exist, it will be created.  Line of text to be stripped.
2914    
2915    =item RETURN
2916    
2917    The same line of text with all the line-ending characters chopped from the end.
2918    
2919  =back  =back
2920    
2921  =cut  =cut
2922    
2923  sub Insure {  sub Strip {
2924      my ($dirName) = @_;      # Get a copy of the parameter string.
2925      if (! -d $dirName) {      my ($string) = @_;
2926          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(File => 2);      my $retVal = (defined $string ? $string : "");
2927          eval { mkpath $dirName; };      # Strip the line terminator characters.
2928          if ($@) {      $retVal =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//g;
2929              Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");      # Return the result.
2930          }      return $retVal;
     }  
2931  }  }
2932    
2933  =head3 ChDir  =head3 Pad
2934    
2935  C<< ChDir($dirName); >>      my $paddedString = Tracer::Pad($string, $len, $left, $padChar);
2936    
2937  Change to the specified directory.  Pad a string to a specified length. The pad character will be a
2938    space, and the padding will be on the right side unless specified
2939    in the third parameter.
2940    
2941  =over 4  =over 4
2942    
2943  =item dirName  =item string
2944    
2945  Name of the directory to which we want to change.  String to be padded.
2946    
2947    =item len
2948    
2949    Desired length of the padded string.
2950    
2951    =item left (optional)
2952    
2953    TRUE if the string is to be left-padded; otherwise it will be padded on the right.
2954    
2955    =item padChar (optional)
2956    
2957    Character to use for padding. The default is a space.
2958    
2959    =item RETURN
2960    
2961    Returns a copy of the original string with the pad character added to the
2962    specified end so that it achieves the desired length.
2963    
2964  =back  =back
2965    
2966  =cut  =cut
2967    
2968  sub ChDir {  sub Pad {
2969      my ($dirName) = @_;      # Get the parameters.
2970      if (! -d $dirName) {      my ($string, $len, $left, $padChar) = @_;
2971          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");      # Compute the padding character.
2972        if (! defined $padChar) {
2973            $padChar = " ";
2974        }
2975        # Compute the number of spaces needed.
2976        my $needed = $len - length $string;
2977        # Copy the string into the return variable.
2978        my $retVal = $string;
2979        # Only proceed if padding is needed.
2980        if ($needed > 0) {
2981            # Create the pad string.
2982            my $pad = $padChar x $needed;
2983            # Affix it to the return value.
2984            if ($left) {
2985                $retVal = $pad . $retVal;
2986      } else {      } else {
2987          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(File => 4);              $retVal .= $pad;
         my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;  
         if (! $okFlag) {  
             Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");  
2988          }          }
2989      }      }
2990        # Return the result.
2991        return $retVal;
2992  }  }
2993    
2994  =head3 SendSMS  =head3 EOF
2995    
2996  C<< my $msgID = Tracer::SendSMS($phoneNumber, $msg); >>  This is a constant that is lexically greater than any useful string.
2997    
2998  Send a text message to a phone number using Clickatell. The FIG_Config file must contain the  =cut
 user name, password, and API ID for the relevant account in the hash reference variable  
 I<$FIG_Config::phone>, using the keys C<user>, C<password>, and C<api_id>. For  
 example, if the user name is C<BruceTheHumanPet>, the password is C<silly>, and the API ID  
 is C<2561022>, then the FIG_Config file must contain  
2999    
3000      $phone =  { user => 'BruceTheHumanPet',  sub EOF {
3001                  password => 'silly',      return "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF";
3002                  api_id => '2561022' };  }
3003    
3004  The original purpose of this method was to insure Bruce would be notified immediately when the  =head3 TICK
 Sprout Load terminates. Care should be taken if you do not wish Bruce to be notified immediately  
 when you call this method.  
3005    
3006  The message ID will be returned if successful, and C<undef> if an error occurs.      my @results = TICK($commandString);
3007    
3008  =over 4  Perform a back-tick operation on a command. If this is a Windows environment, any leading
3009    dot-slash (C<./> will be removed. So, for example, if you were doing
3010    
3011  =item phoneNumber      `./protein.cgi`
3012    
3013  Phone number to receive the message, in international format. A United States phone number  from inside a CGI script, it would work fine in Unix, but would issue an error message
3014  would be prefixed by "1". A British phone number would be prefixed by "44".  in Windows complaining that C<'.'> is not a valid command. If instead you code
3015    
3016  =item msg      TICK("./protein.cgi")
3017    
3018  Message to send to the specified phone.  it will work correctly in both environments.
3019    
3020    =over 4
3021    
3022    =item commandString
3023    
3024    The command string to pass to the system.
3025    
3026  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
3027    
3028  Returns the message ID if successful, and C<undef> if the message could not be sent.  Returns the standard output from the specified command, as a list.
3029    
3030  =back  =back
3031    
3032  =cut  =cut
3033    #: Return Type @;
3034  sub SendSMS {  sub TICK {
3035      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3036      my ($phoneNumber, $msg) = @_;      my ($commandString) = @_;
3037      # Declare the return variable. If we do not change it, C<undef> will be returned.      # Chop off the dot-slash if this is Windows.
3038      my $retVal;      if ($FIG_Config::win_mode) {
3039      # Only proceed if we have phone support.          $commandString =~ s!^\./!!;
     if (! defined $FIG_Config::phone) {  
         Trace("Phone support not present in FIG_Config.") if T(1);  
     } else {  
         # Get the phone data.  
         my $parms = $FIG_Config::phone;  
         # Get the Clickatell URL.  
         my $url = "http://api.clickatell.com/http/";  
         # Create the user agent.  
         my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;  
         # Request a Clickatell session.  
         my $resp = $ua->post("$url/sendmsg", { user => $parms->{user},  
                                      password => $parms->{password},  
                                      api_id => $parms->{api_id},  
                                      to => $phoneNumber,  
                                      text => $msg});  
         # Check for an error.  
         if (! $resp->is_success) {  
             Trace("Alert failed.") if T(1);  
         } else {  
             # Get the message ID.  
             my $rstring = $resp->content;  
             if ($rstring =~ /^ID:\s+(.*)$/) {  
                 $retVal = $1;  
             } else {  
                 Trace("Phone attempt failed with $rstring") if T(1);  
             }  
         }  
3040      }      }
3041      # Return the result.      # Activate the command and return the result.
3042      return $retVal;      return `$commandString`;
3043  }  }
3044    
3045    
3046  =head3 CommaFormat  =head3 CommaFormat
3047    
3048  C<< my $formatted = Tracer::CommaFormat($number); >>      my $formatted = Tracer::CommaFormat($number);
3049    
3050  Insert commas into a number.  Insert commas into a number.
3051    
# Line 2734  Line 3078 
3078      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
3079      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3080  }  }
 =head3 SetPermissions  
   
 C<< Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, $group, $mask, %otherMasks); >>  
   
 Set the permissions for a directory and all the files and folders inside it.  
 In addition, the group ownership will be changed to the specified value.  
   
 This method is more vulnerable than most to permission and compatability  
 problems, so it does internal error recovery.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item dirName  
   
 Name of the directory to process.  
   
 =item group  
   
 Name of the group to be assigned.  
   
 =item mask  
   
 Permission mask. Bits that are C<1> in this mask will be ORed into the  
 permission bits of any file or directory that does not already have them  
 set to 1.  
   
 =item otherMasks  
   
 Map of search patterns to permission masks. If a directory name matches  
 one of the patterns, that directory and all its members and subdirectories  
 will be assigned the new pattern. For example, the following would  
 assign 01664 to most files, but would use 01777 for directories named C<tmp>.  
   
     Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp$' => 01777);  
   
 The list is ordered, so the following would use 0777 for C<tmp1> and  
 0666 for C<tmp>, C<tmp2>, or C<tmp3>.  
   
     Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp1' => 0777,  
                                                    '^tmp' => 0666);  
3081    
 Note that the pattern matches are all case-insensitive, and only directory  
 names are matched, not file names.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub SetPermissions {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($dirName, $group, $mask, @otherMasks) = @_;  
     # Set up for error recovery.  
     eval {  
         # Switch to the specified directory.  
         ChDir($dirName);  
         # Get the group ID.  
         my $gid = getgrnam($group);  
         # Get the mask for tracing.  
         my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";  
         Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(File => 2);  
         my $fixCount = 0;  
         my $lookCount = 0;  
         # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.  
         my @dirs = (getcwd());  
         while (scalar(@dirs) > 0) {  
             # Get the current directory.  
             my $dir = pop @dirs;  
             # Check for a match to one of the specified directory names. To do  
             # that, we need to pull the individual part of the name off of the  
             # whole path.  
             my $simpleName = $dir;  
             if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {  
                 $simpleName = $1;  
             }  
             Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(File => 4);  
             # Search for a match.  
             my $match = 0;  
             my $i;  
             for ($i = 0; $i < $#otherMasks && ! $match; $i += 2) {  
                 my $pattern = $otherMasks[$i];  
                 if ($simpleName =~ /$pattern/i) {  
                     $match = 1;  
                 }  
             }  
             # Check for a match. Note we use $i-1 because the loop added 2  
             # before terminating due to the match.  
             if ($match && $otherMasks[$i-1] != $mask) {  
                 # This directory matches one of the incoming patterns, and it's  
                 # a different mask, so we process it recursively with that mask.  
                 SetPermissions($dir, $group, $otherMasks[$i-1], @otherMasks);  
             } else {  
                 # Here we can process normally. Get all of the non-hidden members.  
                 my @submems = OpenDir($dir, 1);  
                 for my $submem (@submems) {  
                     # Get the full name.  
                     my $thisMem = "$dir/$submem";  
                     Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);  
                     $lookCount++;  
                     if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {  
                         Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(File => 3);  
                     }  
                     # Fix the group.  
                     chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;  
                     # Insure this member is not a symlink.  
                     if (! -l $thisMem) {  
                         # Get its info.  
                         my $fileInfo = stat $thisMem;  
                         # Only proceed if we got the info. Otherwise, it's a hard link  
                         # and we want to skip it anyway.  
                         if ($fileInfo) {  
                             my $fileMode = $fileInfo->mode;  
                             if (($fileMode & $mask) != $mask) {  
                                 # Fix this member.  
                                 $fileMode |= $mask;  
                                 chmod $fileMode, $thisMem;  
                                 $fixCount++;  
                             }  
                             # If it's a subdirectory, stack it.  
                             if (-d $thisMem) {  
                                 push @dirs, $thisMem;  
                             }  
                         }  
                     }  
                 }  
             }  
         }  
         Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(File => 2);  
     };  
     # Check for an error.  
     if ($@) {  
         Confess("SetPermissions error: $@");  
     }  
 }  
3082    
3083  =head3 CompareLists  =head3 CompareLists
3084    
3085  C<< my ($inserted, $deleted) = Tracer::CompareLists(\@newList, \@oldList, $keyIndex); >>      my ($inserted, $deleted) = Tracer::CompareLists(\@newList, \@oldList, $keyIndex);
3086    
3087  Compare two lists of tuples, and return a hash analyzing the differences. The lists  Compare two lists of tuples, and return a hash analyzing the differences. The lists
3088  are presumed to be sorted alphabetically by the value in the $keyIndex column.  are presumed to be sorted alphabetically by the value in the $keyIndex column.
# Line 2935  Line 3147 
3147      return ($inserted, $deleted);      return ($inserted, $deleted);
3148  }  }
3149    
 =head3 GetLine  
   
 C<< my @data = Tracer::GetLine($handle); >>  
   
 Read a line of data from a tab-delimited file.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item handle  
   
 Open file handle from which to read.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns a list of the fields in the record read. The fields are presumed to be  
 tab-delimited. If we are at the end of the file, then an empty list will be  
 returned. If an empty line is read, a single list item consisting of a null  
 string will be returned.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub GetLine {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($handle) = @_;  
     # Declare the return variable.  
     my @retVal = ();  
     Trace("File position is " . tell($handle) . ". EOF flag is " . eof($handle) . ".") if T(File => 4);  
     # Read from the file.  
     my $line = <$handle>;  
     # Only proceed if we found something.  
     if (defined $line) {  
         # Remove the new-line. We are a bit over-cautious here because the file may be coming in via an  
         # upload control and have a nonstandard EOL combination.  
         $line =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//;  
         # Here we do some fancy tracing to help in debugging complicated EOL marks.  
         if (T(File => 4)) {  
             my $escapedLine = $line;  
             $escapedLine =~ s/\n/\\n/g;  
             $escapedLine =~ s/\r/\\r/g;  
             $escapedLine =~ s/\t/\\t/g;  
             Trace("Line read: -->$escapedLine<--");  
         }  
         # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse  
         # it into fields.  
         if ($line eq "") {  
             push @retVal, "";  
         } else {  
             push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;  
         }  
     } else {  
         # Trace the reason the read failed.  
         Trace("End of file: $!") if T(File => 3);  
     }  
     # Return the result.  
     return @retVal;  
 }  
   
 =head3 PutLine  
   
 C<< Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields, $eol); >>  
   
 Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be  
 output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item handle  
   
 Output file handle.  
   
 =item fields  
   
 List of field values.  
   
 =item eol (optional)  
   
 End-of-line character (default is "\n").  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub PutLine {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($handle, $fields, $eol) = @_;  
     # Write the data.  
     print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . ($eol || "\n");  
 }  
   
3150  =head3 GenerateURL  =head3 GenerateURL
3151    
3152  C<< my $queryUrl = Tracer::GenerateURL($page, %parameters); >>      my $queryUrl = Tracer::GenerateURL($page, %parameters);
3153    
3154  Generate a GET-style URL for the specified page with the specified parameter  Generate a GET-style URL for the specified page with the specified parameter
3155  names and values. The values will be URL-escaped automatically. So, for  names and values. The values will be URL-escaped automatically. So, for
# Line 3076  Line 3197 
3197    
3198  =head3 ApplyURL  =head3 ApplyURL
3199    
3200  C<< Tracer::ApplyURL($table, $target, $url); >>      Tracer::ApplyURL($table, $target, $url);
3201    
3202  Run through a two-dimensional table (or more accurately, a list of lists), converting the  Run through a two-dimensional table (or more accurately, a list of lists), converting the
3203  I<$target> column to HTML text having a hyperlink to a URL in the I<$url> column. The  I<$target> column to HTML text having a hyperlink to a URL in the I<$url> column. The
# Line 3119  Line 3240 
3240    
3241  =head3 CombineURL  =head3 CombineURL
3242    
3243  C<< my $combinedHtml = Tracer::CombineURL($text, $url); >>      my $combinedHtml = Tracer::CombineURL($text, $url);
3244    
3245  This method will convert the specified text into HTML hyperlinked to the specified  This method will convert the specified text into HTML hyperlinked to the specified
3246  URL. The hyperlinking will only take place if the URL looks legitimate: that is, it  URL. The hyperlinking will only take place if the URL looks legitimate: that is, it
# Line 3160  Line 3281 
3281      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3282  }  }
3283    
3284    =head3 Cmp
3285    
3286        my $cmp = Tracer::Cmp($a, $b);
3287    
3288    This method performs a universal sort comparison. Each value coming in is
3289    separated into a leading text part and a trailing number part. The text
3290    part is string compared, and if both parts are equal, then the number
3291    parts are compared numerically. A stream of just numbers or a stream of
3292    just strings will sort correctly, and a mixed stream will sort with the
3293    numbers first. Strings with a label and a number will sort in the
3294    expected manner instead of lexically.
3295    
3296    =over 4
3297    
3298    =item a
3299    
3300    First item to compare.
3301    
3302    =item b
3303    
3304    Second item to compare.
3305    
3306    =item RETURN
3307    
3308    Returns a negative number if the first item should sort first (is less), a positive
3309    number if the first item should sort second (is greater), and a zero if the items are
3310    equal.
3311    
3312    =back
3313    
3314    =cut
3315    
3316    sub Cmp {
3317        # Get the parameters.
3318        my ($a, $b) = @_;
3319        # Declare the return value.
3320        my $retVal;
3321        # Check for nulls.
3322        if (! defined($a)) {
3323            $retVal = (! defined($b) ? 0 : -1);
3324        } elsif (! defined($b)) {
3325            $retVal = 1;
3326        } else {
3327            # Here we have two real values. Parse the two strings.
3328            $a =~ /^(\D*)(\d*)$/;
3329            my $aParsed = [$1, $2];
3330            $b =~ /^(\D*)(\d*)$/;
3331            my $bParsed = [$1, $2];
3332            # Compare the string parts.
3333            $retVal = $aParsed->[0] cmp $bParsed->[0];
3334            if (! $retVal) {
3335                $retVal = $aParsed->[1] <=> $bParsed->[1];
3336            }
3337        }
3338        # Return the result.
3339        return $retVal;
3340    }
3341    
3342    
3343  1;  1;

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