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revision 1.69, Mon Oct 2 02:59:47 2006 UTC revision 1.83, Fri Apr 27 22:13:57 2007 UTC
# Line 19  Line 19 
19    
20      require Exporter;      require Exporter;
21      @ISA = ('Exporter');      @ISA = ('Exporter');
22      @EXPORT = qw(Trace T TSetup QTrace Confess Cluck Min Max Assert Open OpenDir TICK StandardSetup EmergencyIP ScriptSetup ScriptFinish Insure ChDir Emergency);      @EXPORT = qw(Trace T TSetup QTrace Confess Cluck Min Max Assert Open OpenDir TICK StandardSetup EmergencyKey ETracing ScriptSetup ScriptFinish Insure ChDir Emergency);
23      @EXPORT_OK = qw(GetFile GetOptions Merge MergeOptions ParseCommand ParseRecord UnEscape Escape);      @EXPORT_OK = qw(GetFile GetOptions Merge MergeOptions ParseCommand ParseRecord UnEscape Escape);
24      use strict;      use strict;
25      use Carp qw(longmess croak);      use Carp qw(longmess croak);
# Line 34  Line 34 
34      use LWP::UserAgent;      use LWP::UserAgent;
35      use Time::HiRes 'gettimeofday';      use Time::HiRes 'gettimeofday';
36      use URI::Escape;      use URI::Escape;
37        use Time::Local;
38    
39  =head1 Tracing and Debugging Helpers  =head1 Tracing and Debugging Helpers
40    
41  =head2 Introduction  =head2 Tracing
42    
43  This package provides simple tracing for debugging and reporting purposes. To use it simply call the  This package provides simple tracing for debugging and reporting purposes. To use it simply call the
44  L</TSetup> method to set the options and call L</Trace> to write out trace messages. Each trace  L</TSetup> or L</ETracing> method to set the options and call L</Trace> to write out trace messages.
45  message has a I<trace level> and I<category> associated with it. In addition, the tracing package itself  L</TSetup> and L</ETracing> both establish a I<trace level> and a list of I<categories>. Similarly,
46  has a list of categories and a single trace level set by the B<TSetup> method. Only messages whose trace  each trace message has a I<trace level> and I<category> associated with it. Only messages whose trace
47  level is less than or equal to this package's trace level and whose category is activated will  level is less than or equal to the setup trace level and whose category is activated will
48  be written. Thus, a higher trace level on a message indicates that the message  be written. Thus, a higher trace level on a message indicates that the message
49  is less likely to be seen. A higher trace level passed to B<TSetup> means more trace messages will  is less likely to be seen, while a higher trace level passed to B<TSetup> means more trace messages will
50  appear. To generate a trace message, use the following syntax.  appear.
51    
52  C<< Trace($message) if T(errors => 4); >>  =head3 Putting Trace Messages in Your Code
53    
54    To generate a trace message, use the following syntax.
55    
56        Trace($message) if T(errors => 4);
57    
58  This statement will produce a trace message if the trace level is 4 or more and the C<errors>  This statement will produce a trace message if the trace level is 4 or more and the C<errors>
59  category is active. Note that the special category C<main> is always active, so  category is active. There is a special category C<main> that is always active, so
60    
61  C<< Trace($message) if T(main => 4); >>      Trace($message) if T(main => 4);
62    
63  will trace if the trace level is 4 or more.  will trace if the trace level is 4 or more.
64    
# Line 61  Line 66 
66  following call is made in the B<Sprout> package, it will appear if the C<Sprout> category is  following call is made in the B<Sprout> package, it will appear if the C<Sprout> category is
67  active and the trace level is 2 or more.  active and the trace level is 2 or more.
68    
69  C<< Trace($message) if T(2); >>      Trace($message) if T(2);
70    
71    In scripts, where no package name is available, the category defaults to C<main>.
72    
73    =head3 Custom Tracing
74    
75    Many programs have customized tracing configured using the L</TSetup> method. This is no longer
76    the preferred method, but a knowledge of how custom tracing works can make the more modern
77    L</Emergency Tracing> easier to understand.
78    
79  To set up tracing, you call the L</TSetup> method. The method takes as input a trace level, a list  To set up custom tracing, you call the L</TSetup> method. The method takes as input a trace level,
80  of category names, and a set of options. The trace level and list of category names are  a list of category names, and a destination. The trace level and list of category names are
81  specified as a space-delimited string. Thus  specified as a space-delimited string. Thus
82    
83  C<< TSetup('3 errors Sprout ERDB', 'HTML'); >>      TSetup('3 errors Sprout ERDB', 'TEXT');
84    
85  sets the trace level to 3, activates the C<errors>, C<Sprout>, and C<ERDB> categories, and  sets the trace level to 3, activates the C<errors>, C<Sprout>, and C<ERDB> categories, and
86  specifies that messages should be output as HTML paragraphs.  specifies that messages should be sent to the standard output.
87    
88  To turn on tracing for ALL categories, use an asterisk. The call below sets every category to  To turn on tracing for ALL categories, use an asterisk. The call below sets every category to
89  level 3 and writes the output to the standard error output. This sort of thing might be  level 3 and writes the output to the standard error output. This sort of thing might be
90  useful in a CGI environment.  useful in a CGI environment.
91    
92  C<< TSetup('3 *', 'WARN'); >>      TSetup('3 *', 'WARN');
93    
94  In addition to HTML and file output for trace messages, you can specify that the trace messages  In addition standard error and file output for trace messages, you can specify that the trace messages
95  be queued. The messages can then be retrieved by calling the L</QTrace> method. This approach  be queued. The messages can then be retrieved by calling the L</QTrace> method. This approach
96  is useful if you are building a web page. Instead of having the trace messages interspersed with  is useful if you are building a web page. Instead of having the trace messages interspersed with
97  the page output, they can be gathered together and displayed at the end of the page. This makes  the page output, they can be gathered together and displayed at the end of the page. This makes
98  it easier to debug page formatting problems.  it easier to debug page formatting problems.
99    
100  Finally, you can specify that all trace messages be emitted as warnings.  Finally, you can specify that all trace messages be emitted to a file, or the standard output and
101    a file at the same time. To trace to a file, specify the filename with an output character in front
102    of it.
103    
104        TSetup('4 SQL', ">$fileName");
105    
106    To trace to the standard output and a file at the same time, put a C<+> in front of the angle
107    bracket.
108    
109        TSetup('3 *', "+>$fileName");
110    
111  The flexibility of tracing makes it superior to simple use of directives like C<die> and C<warn>.  The flexibility of tracing makes it superior to simple use of directives like C<die> and C<warn>.
112  Tracer calls can be left in the code with minimal overhead and then turned on only when needed.  Tracer calls can be left in the code with minimal overhead and then turned on only when needed.
113  Thus, debugging information is available and easily retrieved even when the application is  Thus, debugging information is available and easily retrieved even when the application is
114  being used out in the field.  being used out in the field.
115    
116    =head3 Trace Levels
117    
118  There is no hard and fast rule on how to use trace levels. The following is therefore only  There is no hard and fast rule on how to use trace levels. The following is therefore only
119  a suggestion.  a suggestion.
120    
# Line 122  Line 146 
146  =back  =back
147    
148  The format of trace messages is important because some utilities analyze trace files.  The format of trace messages is important because some utilities analyze trace files.
149  The time stamp is between square brackets, the module name between angle brackets,  There are three fields-- the time stamp, the category name, and the text.
150  a colon (C<:>), and the message text after that. If the square brackets or angle  The time stamp is between square brackets and the category name between angle brackets.
151  brackets are missing, then the trace management utilities assume that they  After the category name there is a colon (C<:>) followed by the message text.
152  are encountering a set of pre-formatted lines.  If the square brackets or angle brackets are missing, then the trace management
153    utilities assume that they are encountering a set of pre-formatted lines.
154    
155    Note, however, that this formatting is done automatically by the tracing functions. You
156    only need to know about it if you want to parse a trace file.
157    
158    =head3 Emergency Tracing
159    
160    Sometimes, you need a way for tracing to happen automatically without putting parameters
161    in a form or on the command line. Emergency tracing does this. You invoke emergency tracing
162    from the debug form, which is accessed from I<MySeedInstance>C</FIG/Html/SetPassword.html>.
163    Emergency tracing requires you specify a tracing key. For command-line tools, the key is
164    taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. For web services, the key is taken from
165    a cookie. Either way, the key tells the tracing facility who you are, so that you control
166    the tracing in your environment without stepping on other users.
167    
168    The key can be anything you want. If you don't have a key, the C<SetPassword> page will
169    generate one for you.
170    
171    You can activate and de-activate emergency tracing from the debugging control panel, as
172    well as display the trace file itself.
173    
174    To enable emergency tracing in your code, call
175    
176        ETracing($cgi)
177    
178    from a web script and
179    
180        ETracing()
181    
182    from a command-line script.
183    
184    The web script will look for the tracing key in the cookies, and the command-line
185    script will look for it in the C<TRACING> environment variable. If you are
186    using the L</StandardScript> or L</StandardSetup> methods, emergency tracing
187    will be configured automatically.
188    
189    =head3 Debugging Control Panel
190    
191    The debugging control panel provides several tools to assist in development of
192    SEED and Sprout software. You access the debugging control panel from the URL
193    C</FIG/Html/SetPassword.html> in whichever seed instance you're using. (So,
194    for example, the panel access point for the development NMPDR system is
195    C<http://web-1.nmpdr.org/next/FIG/Html/SetPassword.html>. Contact Bruce to
196    find out what the password is. From this page, you can also specify a tracing
197    key. If you don't specify a key, one will be generated for you.
198    
199    =head4 Emergency Tracing Form
200    
201    At the bottom of the debugging control panel is a form that allows you to
202    specify a trace level and tracing categories. Special and common categories
203    are listed with check boxes. You can hold your mouse over a check box to see
204    what its category does. In general, however, a category name is the same as
205    the name of the package in which the trace message occurs.
206    
207    Additional categories can be entered in an input box, delimited by spaces or commas.
208    
209    The B<Activate> button turns on Emergency tracing at the level you specify with the
210    specified categories active. The B<Terminate> button turns tracing off. The
211    B<Show File> button displays the current contents of the trace file. The tracing
212    form at the bottom of the control panel is designed for emergency tracing, so it
213    will only affect programs that call L</ETracing>, L</StandardScript>,
214    or L</StandardSetup>.
215    
216    =head4 Script Form
217    
218    The top form of the debugging control panel allows you to enter a tiny script and
219    have the output generated in a formatted table. Certain object variables are
220    predefined in the script, including a FIG object (C<$fig>), a CGI object (C<$cgi>),
221    and-- if Sprout is active-- Sprout (C<$sprout>) and SFXlate (C<$sfx>) objects.
222    
223    The last line of the script must be a scalar, but it can be a reference to a hash,
224    a list, a list of lists, and various other combinations. If you select the appropriate
225    data type in the dropdown box, the output will be formatted accordingly. The form
226    also has controls for specifying tracing. These controls override any emergency
227    tracing in effect.
228    
229    =head4 Database Query Forms
230    
231    The forms between the script form and the emergency tracing form allow you to
232    make queries against the database. The FIG query form allows simple queries against
233    a single FIG table. The Sprout query form uses the B<GetAll> method to do a
234    multi-table query against the Sprout database. B<GetAll> is located in the B<ERDB>
235    package, and it takes five parameters.
236    
237        GetAll(\@objectNames, $filterClause, \@parameters, \@fields, $count);
238    
239    Each of the five parameters corresponds to a text box on the query form:
240    
241    =over 4
242    
243    =item Objects
244    
245    Comma-separated list containing the names of the entity and relationship objects to be retrieved.
246    
247    =item Filter
248    
249    WHERE/ORDER BY clause (without the WHERE) to be used to filter and sort the query. The WHERE clause can
250    be parameterized with parameter markers (C<?>). Each field used must be specified in the standard form
251    B<I<objectName>(I<fieldName>)> or B<$I<number>(I<fieldName>)> where I<fieldName> is the name of a
252    field, I<objectName> is the name of the entity or relationship object containing the field, and
253    I<number> is the 1-based position of the object in the object list. Any parameters
254    specified in the filter clause should be specified in the B<Params> field.
255    The fields in a filter clause can come from primary entity relations,
256    relationship relations, or secondary entity relations; however, all of the
257    entities and relationships involved must be included in the list of object names.
258    
259    =item Params
260    
261    List of the parameters to be substituted in for the parameters marks in the filter clause. This
262    is a comma-separated list without any quoting or escaping.
263    
264    =item fields
265    
266    Comma-separated list of the fields to be returned in each element of the list returned. Fields
267    are specified in the same manner as in the filter clause.
268    
269    =item count
270    
271    Maximum number of records to return. If omitted or 0, all available records will be returned.
272    
273    =back
274    
275    B<GetAll> automatically joins together the entities and relationships listed in the object
276    names. This simplifies the coding of the filter clause, but it means that some queries are
277    not possible, since they cannot be expressed in a linear sequence of joins. This is a limitation
278    that has yet to be addressed.
279    
280  =cut  =cut
281    
# Line 335  Line 485 
485  C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to  C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to
486  simplify starting a command in the background.  simplify starting a command in the background.
487    
488    The user name is also used as the tracing key for L</Emergency Tracing>.
489    Specifying a value of C<E> for the trace level causes emergency tracing to
490    be used instead of custom tracing. If the user name is not specified,
491    the tracing key is taken from the C<Tracing> environment variable. If there
492    is no value for that variable, the tracing key will be computed from the PID.
493    
494  Finally, if the special option C<-h> is specified, the option names will  Finally, if the special option C<-h> is specified, the option names will
495  be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.  be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.
496  This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters  This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters
# Line 344  Line 500 
500  he would see the following output.  he would see the following output.
501    
502      TransactFeatures [options] command transactionDirectory IDfile      TransactFeatures [options] command transactionDirectory IDfile
503          -trace    tracing level (default 2)          -trace    tracing level (default E)
504          -sql      trace SQL commands          -sql      trace SQL commands
505          -safe     use database transactions          -safe     use database transactions
506          -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions          -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions
# Line 359  Line 515 
515      { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],      { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],
516         ...         ...
517    
518  would set the default trace level to 0 instead of 2, while  would set the default trace level to 0 instead of E, while
519    
520      { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],      { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],
521         ...         ...
522    
523  would leave the default at 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the  would set the default to 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the
524  standard output.  standard output.
525    
526  The parameters to this method are as follows.  The parameters to this method are as follows.
# Line 411  Line 567 
567  sub StandardSetup {  sub StandardSetup {
568      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
569      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;
570        # Get the default tracing key.
571        my $tkey = EmergencyKey();
572      # Add the tracing options.      # Add the tracing options.
573      if (! exists $options->{trace}) {      if (! exists $options->{trace}) {
574          $options->{trace} = [2, "tracing level"];          $options->{trace} = ['E', "tracing level (E for emergency tracing)"];
575      }      }
576      $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];      $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];
577      $options->{h} = [0, "display command-line options"];      $options->{h} = [0, "display command-line options"];
578      $options->{user} = [$$, "trace log file name suffix"];      $options->{user} = [$tkey, "tracing key"];
579      $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];      $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];
580      # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash      # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash
581      # contains the default values rather than the default value      # contains the default values rather than the default value
# Line 442  Line 600 
600          open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";          open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";
601          open STDERR, ">$errFileName";          open STDERR, ">$errFileName";
602      }      }
603      # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if SQL is to      # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if the user
604      # be traced.      # wants emergency tracing.
605        if ($retOptions->{trace} eq 'E') {
606            ETracing($retOptions->{user});
607        } else {
608            # Here the tracing is controlled from the command line.
609      my @cats = @{$categories};      my @cats = @{$categories};
610      if ($retOptions->{sql}) {      if ($retOptions->{sql}) {
611          push @cats, "SQL";          push @cats, "SQL";
# Line 484  Line 646 
646      }      }
647      # Now set up the tracing.      # Now set up the tracing.
648      TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);      TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);
649        }
650      # Check for the "h" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line      # Check for the "h" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line
651      # options and exit the program.      # options and exit the program.
652      if ($retOptions->{h}) {      if ($retOptions->{h}) {
# Line 499  Line 662 
662          }          }
663          exit(0);          exit(0);
664      }      }
665        # Trace the options, if applicable.
666        if (T(3)) {
667            my @parms = grep { $retOptions->{$_} } keys %{$retOptions};
668            Trace("Selected options: " . join(", ", sort @parms) . ".");
669        }
670      # Return the parsed parameters.      # Return the parsed parameters.
671      return ($retOptions, @retParameters);      return ($retOptions, @retParameters);
672  }  }
# Line 769  Line 937 
937      return $value;      return $value;
938  }  }
939    
940    =head3 ParseTraceDate
941    
942    C<< my $time = Tracer::ParseTraceDate($dateString); >>
943    
944    Convert a date from the trace file into a PERL timestamp.
945    
946    =over 4
947    
948    =item dateString
949    
950    The date string from the trace file. The format of the string is determined by the
951    L</Now> method.
952    
953    =item RETURN
954    
955    Returns a PERL time, that is, a number of seconds since the epoch, or C<undef> if
956    the time string is invalid.
957    
958    =back
959    
960    =cut
961    
962    sub ParseTraceDate {
963        # Get the parameters.
964        my ($dateString) = @_;
965        # Declare the return variable.
966        my $retVal;
967        # Parse the date.
968        if ($dateString =~ m#(\d+)/(\d+)/(\d+)\s+(\d+):(\d+):(\d+)#) {
969            # Create a time object. Note we need to convert the day, month,
970            # and year to a different base. Years count from 1900, and
971            # the internal month value is relocated to January = 0.
972            $retVal = timelocal($6, $5, $4, $2, $1 - 1, $3 - 1900);
973        }
974        # Return the result.
975        return $retVal;
976    }
977    
978  =head3 LogErrors  =head3 LogErrors
979    
980  C<< Tracer::LogErrors($fileName); >>  C<< Tracer::LogErrors($fileName); >>
# Line 1436  Line 1642 
1642      # Close it.      # Close it.
1643      close $handle;      close $handle;
1644      my $actualLines = @retVal;      my $actualLines = @retVal;
1645        Trace("$actualLines lines read from file $fileName.") if T(File => 2);
1646      # Return the file's contents in the desired format.      # Return the file's contents in the desired format.
1647      if (wantarray) {      if (wantarray) {
1648          return @retVal;          return @retVal;
# Line 1471  Line 1678 
1678      my ($fileName, $lines) = @_;      my ($fileName, $lines) = @_;
1679      # Open the output file.      # Open the output file.
1680      my $handle = Open(undef, ">$fileName");      my $handle = Open(undef, ">$fileName");
1681        # Count the lines written.
1682      if (ref $lines ne 'ARRAY') {      if (ref $lines ne 'ARRAY') {
1683          # Here we have a scalar, so we write it raw.          # Here we have a scalar, so we write it raw.
1684          print $handle $lines;          print $handle $lines;
1685            Trace("Scalar put to file $fileName.") if T(File => 3);
1686      } else {      } else {
1687          # Write the lines one at a time.          # Write the lines one at a time.
1688            my $count = 0;
1689          for my $line (@{$lines}) {          for my $line (@{$lines}) {
1690              print $handle "$line\n";              print $handle "$line\n";
1691                $count++;
1692          }          }
1693            Trace("$count lines put to file $fileName.") if T(File => 3);
1694      }      }
1695      # Close the output file.      # Close the output file.
1696      close $handle;      close $handle;
# Line 1897  Line 2109 
2109  C<< my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup($noTrace); >>  C<< my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup($noTrace); >>
2110    
2111  Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is  Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is
2112  the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash.  the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash. At the end of the script,
2113    the client should call L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.
2114    
2115  The C<Trace> query parameter is used to determine whether or not tracing is active and  This method calls L</ETracing> to configure tracing, which allows the tracing
2116  which trace modules (other than C<Tracer> itself) should be turned on. Specifying  to be configured via the emergency tracing form on the debugging control panel.
2117  the C<CGI> trace module will trace parameter and environment information. Parameters are  Tracing will then be turned on automatically for all programs that use the L</ETracing>
2118  traced at level 3 and environment variables at level 4. To trace to a file instead of to  method, which includes every program that uses this method or L</StandardSetup>.
 the web page, set C<TF> to 1. At the end of the script, the client should call  
 L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.  
   
 In some situations, it is not practical to invoke tracing via form parameters. For this  
 situation, you can turn on emergency tracing by invoking the L</Emergency> method from  
 a web page. Emergency tracing is detected via a file with the name  
 C<Emergency>I<IPaddr>C<.txt> in the FIG temporary directory, where I<IPaddr> is the  
 IP address of the remote user who wants tracing turned on. The file contains a time  
 limit in hours on the first line, a tracing destination on the second line, a trace  
 level on the third line, and the tracing modules on subsequent lines.  
2119    
2120  =over 4  =over 4
2121    
# Line 1936  Line 2139 
2139      # Get the CGI query object.      # Get the CGI query object.
2140      my $cgi = CGI->new();      my $cgi = CGI->new();
2141      # Set up tracing if it's not suppressed.      # Set up tracing if it's not suppressed.
2142      CGITrace($cgi) unless $noTrace;      ETracing($cgi) unless $noTrace;
2143      # Create the variable hash.      # Create the variable hash.
2144      my $varHash = { results => '' };      my $varHash = { results => '' };
2145      # Return the query object and variable hash.      # Return the query object and variable hash.
2146      return ($cgi, $varHash);      return ($cgi, $varHash);
2147  }  }
2148    
2149  =head3 CGITrace  =head3 ETracing
2150    
2151  C<< Tracer::CGITrace($cgi); >>  C<< ETracing($parameter); >>
2152    
2153  Set up tracing for a CGI script. See L</ScriptSetup> for more information.  Set up emergency tracing. Emergency tracing is tracing that is turned
2154    on automatically for any program that calls this method. The emergency
2155    tracing parameters are stored in a a file identified by a tracing key.
2156    If this method is called with a CGI object, then the tracing key is
2157    taken from a cookie. If it is called with no parameters, then the tracing
2158    key is taken from an environment variable. If it is called with a string,
2159    the tracing key is that string.
2160    
2161  =over 4  =over 4
2162    
2163  =item cgi  =item parameter
2164    
2165  Ths CGI query object for this script.  A parameter from which the tracing key is computed. If it is a scalar,
2166    that scalar is used as the tracing key. If it is a CGI object, the
2167    tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. If it is omitted, the
2168    tracing key is taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. If it
2169    is a CGI object and emergency tracing is not on, the C<Trace> and
2170    C<TF> parameters will be used to determine the type of tracing.
2171    
2172  =back  =back
2173    
2174  =cut  =cut
2175    
2176  sub CGITrace {  sub ETracing {
2177      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameter.
2178      my ($cgi) = @_;      my ($parameter) = @_;
2179        # Check for CGI mode.
2180        my $cgi = (ref $parameter eq 'CGI' ? $parameter : undef);
2181      # Default to no tracing except errors.      # Default to no tracing except errors.
2182      my ($tracing, $dest) = ("0", "WARN");      my ($tracing, $dest) = ("0", "WARN");
2183      # Check for emergency tracing.      # Check for emergency tracing.
2184      my $ip = EmergencyIP($cgi);      my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);
2185      my $emergencyFile = EmergencyFileName($ip);      my $emergencyFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
2186      if (-e $emergencyFile) {      if (-e $emergencyFile) {
2187          # We have the file. Read in the data.          # We have the file. Read in the data.
2188          my @tracing = GetFile($emergencyFile);          my @tracing = GetFile($emergencyFile);
# Line 1987  Line 2203 
2203              my $level = shift @tracing;              my $level = shift @tracing;
2204              # Convert the destination to a real tracing destination.              # Convert the destination to a real tracing destination.
2205              # temp directory.              # temp directory.
2206              $dest = EmergencyTracingDest($ip, $dest);              $dest = EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $dest);
2207              # Insure Tracer is specified.              # Insure Tracer is specified.
2208              my %moduleHash = map { $_ => 1 } @tracing;              my %moduleHash = map { $_ => 1 } @tracing;
2209              $moduleHash{Tracer} = 1;              $moduleHash{Tracer} = 1;
2210              # Set the trace parameter.              # Set the trace parameter.
2211              $tracing = join(" ", $level, sort keys %moduleHash);              $tracing = join(" ", $level, sort keys %moduleHash);
             # Make sure the script knows tracing is on.  
             $cgi->param(-name => 'Trace', -value => $tracing);  
             $cgi->param(-name => 'TF', -value => (($dest =~ /^>/) ? 1 : 0));  
2212          }          }
2213      } elsif ($cgi->param('Trace')) {      } elsif (defined $cgi) {
2214            # There's no emergency tracing, but we have a CGI object, so check
2215            # for tracing from the form parameters.
2216            if ($cgi->param('Trace')) {
2217          # Here the user has requested tracing via a form.          # Here the user has requested tracing via a form.
2218          $dest = ($cgi->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");          $dest = ($cgi->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");
2219          $tracing = $cgi->param('Trace') . " Tracer";          $tracing = $cgi->param('Trace') . " Tracer";
2220      }      }
2221        }
2222      # Setup the tracing we've determined from all the stuff above.      # Setup the tracing we've determined from all the stuff above.
2223      TSetup($tracing, $dest);      TSetup($tracing, $dest);
2224      # Trace the parameter and environment data.      # If we're a web script, trace the parameter and environment data.
2225        if (defined $cgi) {
2226      TraceParms($cgi);      TraceParms($cgi);
2227  }  }
2228    }
2229    
2230  =head3 EmergencyFileName  =head3 EmergencyFileName
2231    
2232  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileName($ip); >>  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileName($tkey); >>
2233    
2234  Return the emergency tracing file name. This is the file that specifies  Return the emergency tracing file name. This is the file that specifies
2235  the tracing information.  the tracing information.
2236    
2237  =over 4  =over 4
2238    
2239  =item ip  =item tkey
2240    
2241  IP address of the user who wants tracing, as taken from the C<< $cgi->remote_host() >>  Tracing key for the current program.
 method.  
2242    
2243  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2244    
# Line 2032  Line 2250 
2250    
2251  sub EmergencyFileName {  sub EmergencyFileName {
2252      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2253      my ($ip) = @_;      my ($tkey) = @_;
2254      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
2255      return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$ip.txt";      return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$tkey.txt";
2256  }  }
2257    
2258  =head3 EmergencyFileTarget  =head3 EmergencyFileTarget
2259    
2260  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileTarget($ip); >>  C<< my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileTarget($tkey); >>
2261    
2262  Return the emergency tracing target file name. This is the file that receives  Return the emergency tracing target file name. This is the file that receives
2263  the tracing output for file-based tracing.  the tracing output for file-based tracing.
2264    
2265  =over 4  =over 4
2266    
2267  =item ip  =item tkey
2268    
2269  IP address of the user who wants tracing, as taken from the C<< $cgi->remote_host() >>  Tracing key for the current program.
 method.  
2270    
2271  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2272    
2273  Returns the name of the file to contain the emergency tracing information.  Returns the name of the file to contain the trace output.
2274    
2275  =back  =back
2276    
# Line 2061  Line 2278 
2278    
2279  sub EmergencyFileTarget {  sub EmergencyFileTarget {
2280      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2281      my ($ip) = @_;      my ($tkey) = @_;
2282      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
2283      return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$ip.log";      return "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$tkey.log";
2284  }  }
2285    
2286  =head3 EmergencyTracingDest  =head3 EmergencyTracingDest
2287    
2288  C<< my $dest = Tracer::EmergencyTracingDest($ip, $myDest); >>  C<< my $dest = Tracer::EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $myDest); >>
2289    
2290  This method converts an emergency tracing destination to a real  This method converts an emergency tracing destination to a real
2291  tracing destination. The main difference is that if the  tracing destination. The main difference is that if the
# Line 2077  Line 2294 
2294    
2295  =over 4  =over 4
2296    
2297  =item ip  =item tkey
2298    
2299  IP address of the user who wants tracing, as taken from the C<< $cgi->remote_host() >>  Tracing key for this environment.
 method.  
2300    
2301  =item myDest  =item myDest
2302    
# Line 2096  Line 2312 
2312    
2313  sub EmergencyTracingDest {  sub EmergencyTracingDest {
2314      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2315      my ($ip, $myDest) = @_;      my ($tkey, $myDest) = @_;
2316      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
2317      my $retVal;      my $retVal;
2318      # Process according to the destination value.      # Process according to the destination value.
2319      if ($myDest eq 'FILE') {      if ($myDest eq 'FILE') {
2320          $retVal = ">" . EmergencyFileTarget($ip);          $retVal = ">" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
2321      } elsif ($myDest eq 'APPEND') {      } elsif ($myDest eq 'APPEND') {
2322          $retVal = ">>" . EmergencyFileTarget($ip);          $retVal = ">>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
2323      } else {      } else {
2324          $retVal = $myDest;          $retVal = $myDest;
2325      }      }
# Line 2113  Line 2329 
2329    
2330  =head3 Emergency  =head3 Emergency
2331    
2332  C<< Emergency($cgi, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules); >>  C<< Emergency($key, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules); >>
2333    
2334  Turn on emergency tracing. This method can only be invoked over the web and is  Turn on emergency tracing. This method can only be invoked over the web and is
2335  should not be called if debug mode is off. The caller specifies the duration of the  should not be called if debug mode is off. The caller specifies the duration of the
2336  emergency in hours, the desired tracing destination, the trace level,  emergency in hours, the desired tracing destination, the trace level,
2337  and a list of the trace modules to activate. For the duration, when a user  and a list of the trace modules to activate. For the length of the duration, when a
2338  from the specified remote web location invokes a Sprout CGI script, tracing  program in an environment with the specified tracing key active invokes a Sprout
2339  will be turned on automatically. See L</TSetup> for more about tracing  CGI script, tracing will be turned on automatically. See L</TSetup> for more
2340  setup and L</ScriptSetup> for more about emergency tracing.  about tracing setup and L</ETracing> for more about emergency tracing.
2341    
2342  =over 4  =over 4
2343    
2344  =item cgi  =item tkey
2345    
2346  A CGI query object.  The tracing key. This is used to identify the control file and the trace file.
2347    
2348  =item hours  =item hours
2349    
# Line 2152  Line 2368 
2368    
2369  sub Emergency {  sub Emergency {
2370      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2371      my ($cgi, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules) = @_;      my ($tkey, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules) = @_;
     # Get the IP address.  
     my $ip = EmergencyIP($cgi);  
2372      # Create the emergency file.      # Create the emergency file.
2373      my $specFile = EmergencyFileName($ip);      my $specFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
2374      my $outHandle = Open(undef, ">$specFile");      my $outHandle = Open(undef, ">$specFile");
2375      print $outHandle join("\n",$hours, $dest, $level, @modules, "");      print $outHandle join("\n",$hours, $dest, $level, @modules, "");
2376  }  }
2377    
2378  =head3 EmergencyIP  =head3 EmergencyKey
2379    
2380  C<< my $ip = EmergencyIP($cgi); >>  C<< my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter); >>
2381    
2382  Return the IP address to be used for emergency tracing. If at smoe point we need  Return the Key to be used for emergency tracing. This could be an IP address,
2383  to change the way we compute the IP address, or we decide to use something else,   a session ID, or a user name, depending on the environment.
 all we need to do is change this method.  
2384    
2385  =over 4  =over 4
2386    
2387  =item cgi  =item parameter
2388    
2389  CGI query object.  Parameter defining the method for finding the tracing key. If it is a scalar,
2390    then it is presumed to be the tracing key itself. If it is a CGI object, then
2391    the tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. Otherwise, the tracing key is
2392    taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable.
2393    
2394  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2395    
2396  Returns the IP address to be used for labelling emergency tracing.  Returns the key to be used for labels in emergency tracing.
2397    
2398  =back  =back
2399    
2400  =cut  =cut
2401    
2402  sub EmergencyIP {  sub EmergencyKey {
2403      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2404      my ($cgi) = @_;      my ($parameter) = @_;
2405        # Declare the return variable.
2406        my $retVal;
2407        # Determine the parameter type.
2408        if (! defined $parameter) {
2409            # Here we're supposed to check the environment.
2410            $retVal = $ENV{TRACING};
2411        } else {
2412            my $ptype = ref $parameter;
2413            if ($ptype eq 'CGI') {
2414                # Here we were invoked from a web page. Look for a cookie.
2415                $retVal = $parameter->cookie('IP');
2416            } elsif (! $ptype) {
2417                # Here the key was passed in.
2418                $retVal = $parameter;
2419            }
2420        }
2421        # If no luck finding a key, use the PID.
2422        if (! defined $retVal) {
2423            $retVal = $$;
2424        }
2425      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2426      return $cgi->remote_addr();      return $retVal;
2427  }  }
2428    
2429    
# Line 2324  Line 2560 
2560              # Here the tracing output it to a file. We code it as a hyperlink so the user              # Here the tracing output it to a file. We code it as a hyperlink so the user
2561              # can copy the file name into the clipboard easily.              # can copy the file name into the clipboard easily.
2562              my $actualDest = $1;              my $actualDest = $1;
2563              $traceHtml = "<p>Tracing output to <a href=\"$actualDest\">$actualDest</a>.</p>\n";              $traceHtml = "<p>Tracing output to $actualDest.</p>\n";
2564          } else {          } else {
2565              # Here we have one of the special destinations.              # Here we have one of the special destinations.
2566              $traceHtml = "<P>Tracing output type is $Destination.</p>\n";              $traceHtml = "<P>Tracing output type is $Destination.</p>\n";
# Line 2354  Line 2590 
2590  sub Insure {  sub Insure {
2591      my ($dirName) = @_;      my ($dirName) = @_;
2592      if (! -d $dirName) {      if (! -d $dirName) {
2593          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(2);          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(File => 2);
2594          eval { mkpath $dirName; };          eval { mkpath $dirName; };
2595          if ($@) {          if ($@) {
2596              Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");              Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");
# Line 2383  Line 2619 
2619      if (! -d $dirName) {      if (! -d $dirName) {
2620          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");
2621      } else {      } else {
2622          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(4);          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(File => 4);
2623          my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;          my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;
2624          if (! $okFlag) {          if (! $okFlag) {
2625              Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");              Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");
# Line 2562  Line 2798 
2798          my $gid = getgrnam($group);          my $gid = getgrnam($group);
2799          # Get the mask for tracing.          # Get the mask for tracing.
2800          my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";          my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";
2801          Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(2);          Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(File => 2);
2802          my $fixCount = 0;          my $fixCount = 0;
2803          my $lookCount = 0;          my $lookCount = 0;
2804          # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.          # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.
# Line 2577  Line 2813 
2813              if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {              if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {
2814                  $simpleName = $1;                  $simpleName = $1;
2815              }              }
2816              Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(4);              Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(File => 4);
2817              # Search for a match.              # Search for a match.
2818              my $match = 0;              my $match = 0;
2819              my $i;              my $i;
# Line 2602  Line 2838 
2838                      Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);                      Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);
2839                      $lookCount++;                      $lookCount++;
2840                      if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {                      if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {
2841                          Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(3);                          Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(File => 3);
2842                      }                      }
2843                      # Fix the group.                      # Fix the group.
2844                      chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;                      chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;
# Line 2629  Line 2865 
2865                  }                  }
2866              }              }
2867          }          }
2868          Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(2);          Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(File => 2);
2869      };      };
2870      # Check for an error.      # Check for an error.
2871      if ($@) {      if ($@) {
# Line 2732  Line 2968 
2968      my ($handle) = @_;      my ($handle) = @_;
2969      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
2970      my @retVal = ();      my @retVal = ();
2971        Trace("File position is " . tell($handle) . ". EOF flag is " . eof($handle) . ".") if T(File => 4);
2972      # Read from the file.      # Read from the file.
2973      my $line = <$handle>;      my $line = <$handle>;
2974      # Only proceed if we found something.      # Only proceed if we found something.
2975      if (defined $line) {      if (defined $line) {
2976          # Remove the new-line.          # Remove the new-line. We are a bit over-cautious here because the file may be coming in via an
2977          chomp $line;          # upload control and have a nonstandard EOL combination.
2978            $line =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//;
2979            # Here we do some fancy tracing to help in debugging complicated EOL marks.
2980            if (T(File => 4)) {
2981                my $escapedLine = $line;
2982                $escapedLine =~ s/\n/\\n/g;
2983                $escapedLine =~ s/\r/\\r/g;
2984                $escapedLine =~ s/\t/\\t/g;
2985                Trace("Line read: -->$escapedLine<--");
2986            }
2987          # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse          # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse
2988          # it into fields.          # it into fields.
2989          if ($line eq "") {          if ($line eq "") {
# Line 2745  Line 2991 
2991          } else {          } else {
2992              push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;              push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;
2993          }          }
2994        } else {
2995            # Trace the reason the read failed.
2996            Trace("End of file: $!") if T(File => 3);
2997      }      }
2998      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2999      return @retVal;      return @retVal;
# Line 2752  Line 3001 
3001    
3002  =head3 PutLine  =head3 PutLine
3003    
3004  C<< Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields); >>  C<< Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields, $eol); >>
3005    
3006  Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be  Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be
3007  output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.  output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.
# Line 2767  Line 3016 
3016    
3017  List of field values.  List of field values.
3018    
3019    =item eol (optional)
3020    
3021    End-of-line character (default is "\n").
3022    
3023  =back  =back
3024    
3025  =cut  =cut
3026    
3027  sub PutLine {  sub PutLine {
3028      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3029      my ($handle, $fields) = @_;      my ($handle, $fields, $eol) = @_;
3030      # Write the data.      # Write the data.
3031      print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . "\n";      print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . ($eol || "\n");
3032  }  }
3033    
3034  =head3 GenerateURL  =head3 GenerateURL
# Line 2790  Line 3043 
3043    
3044  would return  would return
3045    
3046      form.cgi?type=1&string=%22high%20pass%22%20or%20highway      form.cgi?type=1;string=%22high%20pass%22%20or%20highway
3047    
3048  =over 4  =over 4
3049    
# Line 2820  Line 3073 
3073      my @parmList = map { "$_=" . uri_escape($parameters{$_}) } keys %parameters;      my @parmList = map { "$_=" . uri_escape($parameters{$_}) } keys %parameters;
3074      # If the list is nonempty, tack it on.      # If the list is nonempty, tack it on.
3075      if (@parmList) {      if (@parmList) {
3076          $retVal .= "?" . join("&", @parmList);          $retVal .= "?" . join(";", @parmList);
3077        }
3078        # Return the result.
3079        return $retVal;
3080    }
3081    
3082    =head3 ApplyURL
3083    
3084    C<< Tracer::ApplyURL($table, $target, $url); >>
3085    
3086    Run through a two-dimensional table (or more accurately, a list of lists), converting the
3087    I<$target> column to HTML text having a hyperlink to a URL in the I<$url> column. The
3088    URL column will be deleted by this process and the target column will be HTML-escaped.
3089    
3090    This provides a simple way to process the results of a database query into something
3091    displayable by combining a URL with text.
3092    
3093    =over 4
3094    
3095    =item table
3096    
3097    Reference to a list of lists. The elements in the containing list will be updated by
3098    this method.
3099    
3100    =item target
3101    
3102    The index of the column to be converted into HTML.
3103    
3104    =item url
3105    
3106    The index of the column containing the URL. Note that the URL must have a recognizable
3107    C<http:> at the beginning.
3108    
3109    =back
3110    
3111    =cut
3112    
3113    sub ApplyURL {
3114        # Get the parameters.
3115        my ($table, $target, $url) = @_;
3116        # Loop through the table.
3117        for my $row (@{$table}) {
3118            # Apply the URL to the target cell.
3119            $row->[$target] = CombineURL($row->[$target], $row->[$url]);
3120            # Delete the URL from the row.
3121            delete $row->[$url];
3122        }
3123    }
3124    
3125    =head3 CombineURL
3126    
3127    C<< my $combinedHtml = Tracer::CombineURL($text, $url); >>
3128    
3129    This method will convert the specified text into HTML hyperlinked to the specified
3130    URL. The hyperlinking will only take place if the URL looks legitimate: that is, it
3131    is defined and begins with an C<http:> header.
3132    
3133    =over 4
3134    
3135    =item text
3136    
3137    Text to return. This will be HTML-escaped automatically.
3138    
3139    =item url
3140    
3141    A URL to be hyperlinked to the text. If it does not look like a URL, then the text
3142    will be returned without any hyperlinking.
3143    
3144    =item RETURN
3145    
3146    Returns the original text, HTML-escaped, with the URL hyperlinked to it. If the URL
3147    doesn't look right, the HTML-escaped text will be returned without any further
3148    modification.
3149    
3150    =back
3151    
3152    =cut
3153    
3154    sub CombineURL {
3155        # Get the parameters.
3156        my ($text, $url) = @_;
3157        # Declare the return variable.
3158        my $retVal = CGI::escapeHTML($text);
3159        # Verify the URL.
3160        if (defined($url) && $url =~ m!http://!i) {
3161            # It's good, so we apply it to the text.
3162            $retVal = "<a href=\"$url\">$retVal</a>";
3163      }      }
3164      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
3165      return $retVal;      return $retVal;

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