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revision 1.67, Fri Sep 29 15:00:17 2006 UTC revision 1.106, Fri May 16 08:32:02 2008 UTC
# Line 1  Line 1 
1  #  # -*- perl -*-
2    ########################################################################
3  # Copyright (c) 2003-2006 University of Chicago and Fellowship  # Copyright (c) 2003-2006 University of Chicago and Fellowship
4  # for Interpretations of Genomes. All Rights Reserved.  # for Interpretations of Genomes. All Rights Reserved.
5  #  #
# Line 13  Line 14 
14  # at info@ci.uchicago.edu or the Fellowship for Interpretation of  # at info@ci.uchicago.edu or the Fellowship for Interpretation of
15  # Genomes at veronika@thefig.info or download a copy from  # Genomes at veronika@thefig.info or download a copy from
16  # http://www.theseed.org/LICENSE.TXT.  # http://www.theseed.org/LICENSE.TXT.
17  #  ########################################################################
18    
19  package Tracer;  package Tracer;
20    
21      require Exporter;      require Exporter;
22      @ISA = ('Exporter');      @ISA = ('Exporter');
23      @EXPORT = qw(Trace T TSetup QTrace Confess Cluck Min Max Assert Open OpenDir TICK StandardSetup ScriptSetup ScriptFinish Insure ChDir);      @EXPORT = qw(Trace T TSetup QTrace Confess Cluck Min Max Assert Open OpenDir TICK StandardSetup EmergencyKey ETracing Constrain Insure ChDir Emergency Warn);
24      @EXPORT_OK = qw(GetFile GetOptions Merge MergeOptions ParseCommand ParseRecord UnEscape Escape);      @EXPORT_OK = qw(GetFile GetOptions Merge MergeOptions ParseCommand ParseRecord UnEscape Escape PrintLine PutLine);
25      use strict;      use strict;
26      use Carp qw(longmess croak);      use Carp qw(longmess croak carp);
27      use CGI;      use CGI;
28      use Cwd;      use Cwd;
29      use FIG_Config;      use FIG_Config;
# Line 34  Line 35 
35      use LWP::UserAgent;      use LWP::UserAgent;
36      use Time::HiRes 'gettimeofday';      use Time::HiRes 'gettimeofday';
37      use URI::Escape;      use URI::Escape;
38        use Time::Local;
39        use POSIX qw(strftime);
40        use Time::Zone;
41        use Fcntl ':flock';
42    
43    
44  =head1 Tracing and Debugging Helpers  =head1 Tracing and Debugging Helpers
45    
46  =head2 Introduction  =head2 Tracing
47    
48  This package provides simple tracing for debugging and reporting purposes. To use it simply call the  This package provides simple tracing for debugging and reporting purposes. To use it simply call the
49  L</TSetup> method to set the options and call L</Trace> to write out trace messages. Each trace  L</TSetup> or L</ETracing> method to set the options and call L</Trace> to write out trace messages.
50  message has a I<trace level> and I<category> associated with it. In addition, the tracing package itself  L</TSetup> and L</ETracing> both establish a I<trace level> and a list of I<categories>. Similarly,
51  has a list of categories and a single trace level set by the B<TSetup> method. Only messages whose trace  each trace message has a I<trace level> and I<category> associated with it. Only messages whose trace
52  level is less than or equal to this package's trace level and whose category is activated will  level is less than or equal to the setup trace level and whose category is activated will
53  be written. Thus, a higher trace level on a message indicates that the message  be written. Thus, a higher trace level on a message indicates that the message
54  is less likely to be seen. A higher trace level passed to B<TSetup> means more trace messages will  is less likely to be seen, while a higher trace level passed to B<TSetup> means more trace messages will
55  appear. To generate a trace message, use the following syntax.  appear.
56    
57    =head3 Putting Trace Messages in Your Code
58    
59  C<< Trace($message) if T(errors => 4); >>  To generate a trace message, use the following syntax.
60    
61        Trace($message) if T(errors => 4);
62    
63  This statement will produce a trace message if the trace level is 4 or more and the C<errors>  This statement will produce a trace message if the trace level is 4 or more and the C<errors>
64  category is active. Note that the special category C<main> is always active, so  category is active. There is a special category C<main> that is always active, so
65    
66  C<< Trace($message) if T(main => 4); >>      Trace($message) if T(main => 4);
67    
68  will trace if the trace level is 4 or more.  will trace if the trace level is 4 or more.
69    
# Line 61  Line 71 
71  following call is made in the B<Sprout> package, it will appear if the C<Sprout> category is  following call is made in the B<Sprout> package, it will appear if the C<Sprout> category is
72  active and the trace level is 2 or more.  active and the trace level is 2 or more.
73    
74  C<< Trace($message) if T(2); >>      Trace($message) if T(2);
75    
76    In scripts, where no package name is available, the category defaults to C<main>.
77    
78    =head3 Custom Tracing
79    
80    Many programs have customized tracing configured using the L</TSetup> method. This is no longer
81    the preferred method, but a knowledge of how custom tracing works can make the more modern
82    L</Emergency Tracing> easier to understand.
83    
84  To set up tracing, you call the L</TSetup> method. The method takes as input a trace level, a list  To set up custom tracing, you call the L</TSetup> method. The method takes as input a trace level,
85  of category names, and a set of options. The trace level and list of category names are  a list of category names, and a destination. The trace level and list of category names are
86  specified as a space-delimited string. Thus  specified as a space-delimited string. Thus
87    
88  C<< TSetup('3 errors Sprout ERDB', 'HTML'); >>      TSetup('3 errors Sprout ERDB', 'TEXT');
89    
90  sets the trace level to 3, activates the C<errors>, C<Sprout>, and C<ERDB> categories, and  sets the trace level to 3, activates the C<errors>, C<Sprout>, and C<ERDB> categories, and
91  specifies that messages should be output as HTML paragraphs.  specifies that messages should be sent to the standard output.
92    
93  To turn on tracing for ALL categories, use an asterisk. The call below sets every category to  To turn on tracing for ALL categories, use an asterisk. The call below sets every category to
94  level 3 and writes the output to the standard error output. This sort of thing might be  level 3 and writes the output to the standard error output. This sort of thing might be
95  useful in a CGI environment.  useful in a CGI environment.
96    
97  C<< TSetup('3 *', 'WARN'); >>      TSetup('3 *', 'WARN');
98    
99  In addition to HTML and file output for trace messages, you can specify that the trace messages  In addition standard error and file output for trace messages, you can specify that the trace messages
100  be queued. The messages can then be retrieved by calling the L</QTrace> method. This approach  be queued. The messages can then be retrieved by calling the L</QTrace> method. This approach
101  is useful if you are building a web page. Instead of having the trace messages interspersed with  is useful if you are building a web page. Instead of having the trace messages interspersed with
102  the page output, they can be gathered together and displayed at the end of the page. This makes  the page output, they can be gathered together and displayed at the end of the page. This makes
103  it easier to debug page formatting problems.  it easier to debug page formatting problems.
104    
105  Finally, you can specify that all trace messages be emitted as warnings.  Finally, you can specify that all trace messages be emitted to a file, or the standard output and
106    a file at the same time. To trace to a file, specify the filename with an output character in front
107    of it.
108    
109        TSetup('4 SQL', ">$fileName");
110    
111    To trace to the standard output and a file at the same time, put a C<+> in front of the angle
112    bracket.
113    
114        TSetup('3 *', "+>$fileName");
115    
116  The flexibility of tracing makes it superior to simple use of directives like C<die> and C<warn>.  The flexibility of tracing makes it superior to simple use of directives like C<die> and C<warn>.
117  Tracer calls can be left in the code with minimal overhead and then turned on only when needed.  Tracer calls can be left in the code with minimal overhead and then turned on only when needed.
118  Thus, debugging information is available and easily retrieved even when the application is  Thus, debugging information is available and easily retrieved even when the application is
119  being used out in the field.  being used out in the field.
120    
121    =head3 Trace Levels
122    
123  There is no hard and fast rule on how to use trace levels. The following is therefore only  There is no hard and fast rule on how to use trace levels. The following is therefore only
124  a suggestion.  a suggestion.
125    
# Line 121  Line 150 
150    
151  =back  =back
152    
153    The format of trace messages is important because some utilities analyze trace files.
154    There are three fields-- the time stamp, the category name, and the text.
155    The time stamp is between square brackets and the category name between angle brackets.
156    After the category name there is a colon (C<:>) followed by the message text.
157    If the square brackets or angle brackets are missing, then the trace management
158    utilities assume that they are encountering a set of pre-formatted lines.
159    
160    Note, however, that this formatting is done automatically by the tracing functions. You
161    only need to know about it if you want to parse a trace file.
162    
163    =head3 Emergency Tracing
164    
165    Sometimes, you need a way for tracing to happen automatically without putting parameters
166    in a form or on the command line. Emergency tracing does this. You invoke emergency tracing
167    from the debug form, which is accessed from the [[DebugConsole]]. Emergency tracing requires
168    that you specify a tracing key. For command-line tools, the key is
169    taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. For web services, the key is taken from
170    a cookie. Either way, the key tells the tracing facility who you are, so that you control
171    the tracing in your environment without stepping on other users.
172    
173    The key can be anything you want. If you don't have a key, the C<SetPassword> page will
174    generate one for you.
175    
176    You can activate and de-activate emergency tracing from the debugging control panel, as
177    well as display the trace file itself.
178    
179    To enable emergency tracing in your code, call
180    
181        ETracing($cgi)
182    
183    from a web script and
184    
185        ETracing()
186    
187    from a command-line script.
188    
189    The web script will look for the tracing key in the cookies, and the command-line
190    script will look for it in the C<TRACING> environment variable. If you are
191    using the L</StandardSetup> method or a [[WebApplication]], emergency tracing
192    will be configured automatically.
193    
194  =cut  =cut
195    
196  # Declare the configuration variables.  # Declare the configuration variables.
197    
198  my $Destination = "NONE";   # Description of where to send the trace output.  my $Destination = "WARN";   # Description of where to send the trace output.
199  my $TeeFlag = 0;            # TRUE if output is going to a file and to the  my $TeeFlag = 0;            # TRUE if output is going to a file and to the
200                              # standard output                              # standard output
201  my %Categories = ( main => 1 );  my %Categories = ( main => 1 );
202                              # hash of active category names                              # hash of active category names
203    my @LevelNames = qw(error warn notice info detail);
204  my $TraceLevel = 0;         # trace level; a higher trace level produces more  my $TraceLevel = 0;         # trace level; a higher trace level produces more
205                              # messages                              # messages
206  my @Queue = ();             # queued list of trace messages.  my @Queue = ();             # queued list of trace messages.
207  my $LastCategory = "main";  # name of the last category interrogated  my $LastCategory = "main";  # name of the last category interrogated
208    my $LastLevel = 0;          # level of the last test call
209  my $SetupCount = 0;         # number of times TSetup called  my $SetupCount = 0;         # number of times TSetup called
210  my $AllTrace = 0;           # TRUE if we are tracing all categories.  my $AllTrace = 0;           # TRUE if we are tracing all categories.
211    my $SavedCGI;               # CGI object passed to ETracing
212    my $CommandLine;            # Command line passed to StandardSetup
213    umask 2;                    # Fix the damn umask so everything is group-writable.
214    
215    =head2 Tracing Methods
216    
217    =head3 Setups
218    
219        my $count = Tracer::Setups();
220    
221    Return the number of times L</TSetup> has been called.
222    
223    This method allows for the creation of conditional tracing setups where, for example, we
224    may want to set up tracing if nobody else has done it before us.
225    
226    =cut
227    
228  =head2 Public Methods  sub Setups {
229        return $SetupCount;
230    }
231    
232  =head3 TSetup  =head3 TSetup
233    
234  C<< TSetup($categoryList, $target); >>      TSetup($categoryList, $target);
235    
236  This method is used to specify the trace options. The options are stored as package data  This method is used to specify the trace options. The options are stored as package data
237  and interrogated by the L</Trace> and L</T> methods.  and interrogated by the L</Trace> and L</T> methods.
# Line 191  Line 281 
281          }          }
282      }      }
283      # Now we need to process the destination information. The most important special      # Now we need to process the destination information. The most important special
284      # cases are the single ">", which requires we clear the file first, and the      # case is when we're writing to a file. This is indicated by ">" (overwrite) and
285      # "+" prefix which indicates a double echo.      # ">>" (append). A leading "+" for either indicates that we are also writing to
286        # the standard output (tee mode).
287      if ($target =~ m/^\+?>>?/) {      if ($target =~ m/^\+?>>?/) {
288          if ($target =~ m/^\+/) {          if ($target =~ m/^\+/) {
289              $TeeFlag = 1;              $TeeFlag = 1;
290              $target = substr($target, 1);              $target = substr($target, 1);
291          }          }
292          if ($target =~ m/^>[^>]/) {          if ($target =~ m/^>[^>]/) {
293                # We need to initialize the file (which clears it).
294              open TRACEFILE, $target;              open TRACEFILE, $target;
295              print TRACEFILE Now() . " Tracing initialized.\n";              print TRACEFILE "[" . Now() . "] [notice] [Tracer] Tracing initialized.\n";
296              close TRACEFILE;              close TRACEFILE;
297                # Set to append mode now that the file has been cleared.
298              $Destination = ">$target";              $Destination = ">$target";
299          } else {          } else {
300              $Destination = $target;              $Destination = $target;
# Line 213  Line 306 
306      $SetupCount++;      $SetupCount++;
307  }  }
308    
309  =head3 StandardSetup  =head3 SetLevel
310    
311  C<< my ($options, @parameters) = StandardSetup(\@categories, \%options, $parmHelp, @ARGV); >>      Tracer::SetLevel($newLevel);
312    
313  This method performs standard command-line parsing and tracing setup. The return  Modify the trace level. A higher trace level will cause more messages to appear.
 values are a hash of the command-line options and a list of the positional  
 parameters. Tracing is automatically set up and the command-line options are  
 validated.  
314    
315  This is a complex method that does a lot of grunt work. The parameters can  =over 4
 be more easily understood, however, once they are examined individually.  
316    
317  The I<categories> parameter is the most obtuse. It is a reference to a list of  =item newLevel
 special-purpose tracing categories. Most tracing categories are PERL package  
 names. So, for example, if you wanted to turn on tracing inside the B<Sprout>,  
 B<ERDB>, and B<SproutLoad> packages, you would specify the categories  
318    
319      ["Sprout", "SproutLoad", "ERDB"]  Proposed new trace level.
320    
321  This would cause trace messages in the specified three packages to appear in  =back
 the output. There are threer special tracing categories that are automatically  
 handled by this method. In other words, if you used L</TSetup> you would need  
 to include these categories manually, but if you use this method they are turned  
 on automatically.  
322    
323  =over 4  =cut
324    
325  =item FIG  sub SetLevel {
326        $TraceLevel = $_[0];
327    }
328    
329  Turns on trace messages inside the B<FIG> package.  =head3 ParseDate
330    
331  =item SQL      my $time = Tracer::ParseDate($dateString);
332    
333  Traces SQL commands and activity.  Convert a date into a PERL time number. This method expects a date-like string
334    and parses it into a number. The string must be vaguely date-like or it will
335    return an undefined value. Our requirement is that a month and day be
336    present and that three pieces of the date string (time of day, month and day,
337    year) be separated by likely delimiters, such as spaces, commas, and such-like.
338    
339  =item Tracer  If a time of day is present, it must be in military time with two digits for
340    everything but the hour.
341    
342  Traces error messages and call stacks.  The year must be exactly four digits.
343    
344  =back  Additional stuff can be in the string. We presume it's time zones or weekdays or something
345    equally innocuous. This means, however, that a sufficiently long sentence with date-like
346    parts in it may be interpreted as a date. Hopefully this will not be a problem.
347    
348  C<SQL> is only turned on if the C<-sql> option is specified in the command line.  It should be guaranteed that this method will parse the output of the L</Now> function.
 The trace level is specified using the C<-trace> command-line option. For example,  
 the following command line for C<TransactFeatures> turns on SQL tracing and runs  
 all tracing at level 3.  
349    
350      TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql register ../xacts IDs.tbl  The parameters are as follows.
351    
352  Standard tracing is output to the standard output and echoed to the file  =over 4
 C<trace>I<$$>C<.log> in the FIG temporary directory, where I<$$> is the  
 process ID. You can also specify the C<user> parameter to put a user ID  
 instead of a process ID in the trace file name. So, for example  
353    
354  The default trace level is 2. To get all messages, specify a trace level of 4.  =item dateString
 For a genome-by-genome update, use 3.  
355    
356      TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql -user=Bruce register ../xacts IDs.tbl  The date string to convert.
357    
358  would send the trace output to C<traceBruce.log> in the temporary directory.  =item RETURN
359    
360  The I<options> parameter is a reference to a hash containing the command-line  Returns a PERL time, that is, a number of seconds since the epoch, or C<undef> if
361  options, their default values, and an explanation of what they mean. Command-line  the date string is invalid. A valid date string must contain a month and day.
 options may be in the form of switches or keywords. In the case of a switch, the  
 option value is 1 if it is specified and 0 if it is not specified. In the case  
 of a keyword, the value is separated from the option name by an equal sign. You  
 can see this last in the command-line example above.  
362    
363  You can specify a different default trace level by setting C<$options->{trace}>  =back
 prior to calling this method.  
364    
365  An example at this point would help. Consider, for example, the command-line utility  =cut
 C<TransactFeatures>. It accepts a list of positional parameters plus the options  
 C<safe>, C<noAlias>, C<start>, and C<tblFiles>. To start up this command, we execute  
 the following code.  
366    
367      my ($options, @parameters) = Tracer::StandardSetup(["DocUtils"],  # Universal month conversion table.
368                          { safe => [0, "use database transactions"],  use constant MONTHS => {    Jan =>  0, January   =>  0, '01' =>  0,  '1' =>  0,
369                            noAlias => [0, "do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions"],                              Feb =>  1, February  =>  1, '02' =>  1,  '2' =>  1,
370                            start => [' ', "start with this genome"],                              Mar =>  2, March     =>  2, '03' =>  2,  '3' =>  2,
371                            tblFiles => [0, "output TBL files containing the corrected IDs"] },                              Apr =>  3, April     =>  3, '04' =>  3,  '4' =>  3,
372                          "command transactionDirectory IDfile",                              May =>  4, May       =>  4, '05' =>  4,  '5' =>  4,
373                        @ARGV);                              Jun =>  5, June      =>  5, '06' =>  5,  '6' =>  5,
374                                Jul =>  6, July      =>  6, '07' =>  6,  '7' =>  6,
375                                Aug =>  7, August    =>  7, '08' =>  7,  '8' =>  7,
376                                Sep =>  8, September =>  8, '09' =>  8,  '9' =>  8,
377                                Oct =>  9, October  =>   9, '10' =>  9,
378                                Nov => 10, November =>  10, '11' => 10,
379                                Dec => 11, December =>  11, '12' => 11
380                            };
381    
382    sub ParseDate {
383        # Get the parameters.
384        my ($dateString) = @_;
385        # Declare the return variable.
386        my $retVal;
387        # Find the month and day of month. There are two ways that can happen. We check for the
388        # numeric style first. That way, if the user's done something like "Sun 12/22", then we
389        # won't be fooled into thinking the month is Sunday.
390        if ($dateString =~ m#\b(\d{1,2})/(\d{1,2})\b# || $dateString =~ m#\b(\w+)\s(\d{1,2})\b#) {
391            my ($mon, $mday) = (MONTHS->{$1}, $2);
392            # Insist that the month and day are valid.
393            if (defined($mon) && $2 >= 1 && $2 <= 31) {
394                # Find the time.
395                my ($hour, $min, $sec) = (0, 0, 0);
396                if ($dateString =~ /\b(\d{1,2}):(\d{2}):(\d{2})\b/) {
397                    ($hour, $min, $sec) = ($1, $2, $3);
398                }
399                # Find the year.
400                my $year;
401                if ($dateString =~ /\b(\d{4})\b/) {
402                    $year = $1;
403                } else {
404                    # Get the default year, which is this one. Note we must convert it to
405                    # the four-digit value expected by "timelocal".
406                    (undef, undef, undef, undef, undef, $year) = localtime();
407                    $year += 1900;
408                }
409                $retVal = timelocal($sec, $min, $hour, $mday, $mon, $year);
410            }
411        }
412        # Return the result.
413        return $retVal;
414    }
415    
416  The call to C<ParseCommand> specifies the default values for the options and  =head3 LogErrors
 stores the actual options in a hash that is returned as C<$options>. The  
 positional parameters are returned in C<@parameters>.  
417    
418  The following is a sample command line for C<TransactFeatures>.      Tracer::LogErrors($fileName);
419    
420      TransactFeatures -trace=2 -noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl  Route the standard error output to a log file.
421    
422  In this case, C<register>, C<../xacts>, and C<IDs.tbl> are the positional  =over 4
 parameters, and would find themselves in I<@parameters> after executing the  
 above code fragment. The tracing would be set to level 2, and the categories  
 would be C<FIG>, C<Tracer>, and <DocUtils>. C<FIG> and C<Tracer> are standard,  
 and C<DocUtils> was included because it came in within the first parameter  
 to this method. The I<$options> hash would be  
423    
424      { trace => 2, sql => 0, safe => 0,  =item fileName
       noAlias => 1, start => ' ', tblFiles => 0 }  
425    
426  Use of C<StandardSetup> in this way provides a simple way of performing  Name of the file to receive the error output.
 standard tracing setup and command-line parsing. Note that the caller is  
 not even aware of the command-line switches C<-trace> and C<-sql>, which  
 are used by this method to control the tracing. If additional tracing features  
 need to be added in the future, they can be processed by this method without  
 upsetting the command-line utilities.  
427    
428  If the C<background> option is specified on the command line, then the  =back
 standard and error outputs will be directed to files in the temporary  
 directory, using the same suffix as the trace file. So, if the command  
 line specified  
429    
430      -user=Bruce -background  =cut
431    
432  then the trace output would go to C<traceBruce.log>, the standard output to  sub LogErrors {
433  C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to      # Get the file name.
434  simplify starting a command in the background.      my ($fileName) = @_;
435        # Open the file as the standard error output.
436        open STDERR, '>', $fileName;
437    }
438    
439  Finally, if the special option C<-h> is specified, the option names will  =head3 Trace
 be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.  
 This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters  
440    
441      TransactFeatures -h      Trace($message);
442    
443  he would see the following output.  Write a trace message to the target location specified in L</TSetup>. If there has not been
444    any prior call to B<TSetup>.
445    
446      TransactFeatures [options] command transactionDirectory IDfile  =over 4
         -trace    tracing level (default 2)  
         -sql      trace SQL commands  
         -safe     use database transactions  
         -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions  
         -start    start with this genome  
         -tblFiles output TBL files containing the corrected IDs  
447    
448  The caller has the option of modifying the tracing scheme by placing a value  =item message
 for C<trace> in the incoming options hash. The default value can be overridden,  
 or the tracing to the standard output can be turned off by suffixing a minus  
 sign to the trace level. So, for example,  
449    
450      { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],  Message to write.
        ...  
451    
452  would set the default trace level to 0 instead of 2, while  =back
453    
454      { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],  =cut
        ...  
455    
456  would leave the default at 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the  sub Trace {
457  standard output.      # Get the parameters.
458        my ($message) = @_;
459        # Strip off any line terminators at the end of the message. We will add
460        # new-line stuff ourselves.
461        my $stripped = Strip($message);
462        # Compute the caller information.
463        my ($callPackage, $callFile, $callLine) = caller();
464        my $callFileTitle = basename($callFile);
465        # Check the caller.
466        my $callerInfo = ($callFileTitle ne "Tracer.pm" ? " [$callFileTitle $callLine]" : "");
467        # Get the timestamp.
468        my $timeStamp = Now();
469        # Build the prefix.
470        my $level = $LevelNames[$LastLevel] || "($LastLevel)";
471        my $prefix = "[$timeStamp] [$level] [$LastCategory]$callerInfo";
472        # Format the message.
473        my $formatted = "$prefix $stripped";
474        # Process according to the destination.
475        if ($Destination eq "TEXT") {
476            # Write the message to the standard output.
477            print "$formatted\n";
478        } elsif ($Destination eq "ERROR") {
479            # Write the message to the error output. Here, we want our prefix fields.
480            print STDERR "$formatted\n";
481        } elsif ($Destination eq "WARN") {
482            # Emit the message to the standard error output. It is presumed that the
483            # error logger will add its own prefix fields, the notable exception being
484            # the caller info.
485            print STDERR "$callerInfo$stripped\n";
486        } elsif ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {
487            # Push the message into the queue.
488            push @Queue, "$formatted";
489        } elsif ($Destination eq "HTML") {
490            # Convert the message to HTML and write it to the standard output.
491            my $escapedMessage = CGI::escapeHTML($stripped);
492            print "<p>$timeStamp $LastCategory $LastLevel: $escapedMessage</p>\n";
493        } elsif ($Destination =~ m/^>>/) {
494            # Write the trace message to an output file.
495            open(TRACING, $Destination) || die "Tracing open for \"$Destination\" failed: $!";
496            print TRACING "$formatted\n";
497            close TRACING;
498            # If the Tee flag is on, echo it to the standard output.
499            if ($TeeFlag) {
500                print "$formatted\n";
501            }
502        }
503    }
504    
505  The parameters to this method are as follows.  =head3 T
506    
507  =over 4      my $switch = T($category, $traceLevel);
508    
509  =item categories      or
510    
511  Reference to a list of tracing category names. These should be names of      my $switch = T($traceLevel);
 packages whose internal workings will need to be debugged to get the  
 command working.  
512    
513  =item options  Return TRUE if the trace level is at or above a specified value and the specified category
514    is active, else FALSE. If no category is specified, the caller's package name is used.
515    
516  Reference to a hash containing the legal options for the current command mapped  =over 4
 to their default values and descriptions. The user can override the defaults  
 by specifying the options as command-line switches prefixed by a hyphen.  
 Tracing-related options may be added to this hash. If the C<-h> option is  
 specified on the command line, the option descriptions will be used to  
 explain the options. To turn off tracing to the standard output, add a  
 minus sign to the value for C<trace> (see above).  
517    
518  =item parmHelp  =item category
519    
520  A string that vaguely describes the positional parameters. This is used  Category to which the message belongs. If not specified, the caller's package name is
521  if the user specifies the C<-h> option.  used.
522    
523  =item argv  =item traceLevel
524    
525  List of command line parameters, including the option switches, which must  Relevant tracing level.
 precede the positional parameters and be prefixed by a hyphen.  
526    
527  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
528    
529  Returns a list. The first element of the list is the reference to a hash that  TRUE if a message at the specified trace level would appear in the trace, else FALSE.
 maps the command-line option switches to their values. These will either be the  
 default values or overrides specified on the command line. The remaining  
 elements of the list are the position parameters, in order.  
530    
531  =back  =back
532    
533  =cut  =cut
534    
535  sub StandardSetup {  sub T {
536        # Declare the return variable.
537        my $retVal = 0;
538        # Only proceed if tracing is turned on.
539        if ($Destination ne "NONE") {
540      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
541      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;          my ($category, $traceLevel) = @_;
542      # Add the tracing options.          if (!defined $traceLevel) {
543      if (! exists $options->{trace}) {              # Here we have no category, so we need to get the calling package.
544          $options->{trace} = [2, "tracing level"];              # The calling package is normally the first parameter. If it is
545      }              # omitted, the first parameter will be the tracelevel. So, the
546      $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];              # first thing we do is shift the so-called category into the
547      $options->{h} = [0, "display command-line options"];              # $traceLevel variable where it belongs.
548      $options->{user} = [$$, "trace log file name suffix"];              $traceLevel = $category;
549      $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];              my ($package, $fileName, $line) = caller;
550      # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash              # If there is no calling package, we default to "main".
551      # contains the default values rather than the default value              if (!$package) {
552      # and the description. While we're at it, we'll memorize the                  $category = "main";
553      # length of the longest option name.              } else {
554      my $longestName = 0;                  my @cats = split /::/, $package;
555      my %parseOptions = ();                  $category = $cats[$#cats];
     for my $key (keys %{$options}) {  
         if (length $key > $longestName) {  
             $longestName = length $key;  
         }  
         $parseOptions{$key} = $options->{$key}->[0];  
     }  
     # Parse the command line.  
     my ($retOptions, @retParameters) = ParseCommand(\%parseOptions, @argv);  
     # Get the logfile suffix.  
     my $suffix = $retOptions->{user};  
     # Check for background mode.  
     if ($retOptions->{background}) {  
         my $outFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/out$suffix.log";  
         my $errFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/err$suffix.log";  
         open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";  
         open STDERR, ">$errFileName";  
     }  
     # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if SQL is to  
     # be traced.  
     my @cats = @{$categories};  
     if ($retOptions->{sql}) {  
         push @cats, "SQL";  
556      }      }
     # Add the default categories.  
     push @cats, "Tracer", "FIG";  
     # Next, we create the category string by joining the categories.  
     my $cats = join(" ", @cats);  
     # Check to determine whether or not the caller wants to turn off tracing  
     # to the standard output.  
     my $traceLevel = $retOptions->{trace};  
     my $textOKFlag = 1;  
     if ($traceLevel =~ /^(.)-/) {  
         $traceLevel = $1;  
         $textOKFlag = 0;  
557      }      }
558      # Now we set up the trace mode.          # Save the category name and level.
559      my $traceMode;          $LastCategory = $category;
560      # Verify that we can open a file in the FIG temporary directory.          $LastLevel = $traceLevel;
561      my $traceFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$suffix.log";          # Convert it to lower case before we hash it.
562      if (open TESTTRACE, ">$traceFileName") {          $category = lc $category;
563          # Here we can trace to a file.          # Validate the trace level.
564          $traceMode = ">$traceFileName";          if (ref $traceLevel) {
565          if ($textOKFlag) {              Confess("Bad trace level.");
566              # Echo to standard output if the text-OK flag is set.          } elsif (ref $TraceLevel) {
567              $traceMode = "+$traceMode";              Confess("Bad trace config.");
568          }          }
569          # Close the test file.          # Make the check. Note that level 0 shows even if the category is turned off.
570          close TESTTRACE;          $retVal = ($traceLevel <= $TraceLevel && ($traceLevel == 0 || $AllTrace || exists $Categories{$category}));
     } else {  
         # Here we can't trace to a file. We trace to the standard output if it's  
         # okay, and the error log otherwise.  
         if ($textOKFlag) {  
             $traceMode = "TEXT";  
         } else {  
             $traceMode = "WARN";  
571          }          }
572        # Return the computed result.
573        return $retVal;
574      }      }
575      # Now set up the tracing.  
576      TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);  =head3 QTrace
577      # Check for the "h" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line  
578      # options and exit the program.      my $data = QTrace($format);
579      if ($retOptions->{h}) {  
580          $0 =~ m#[/\\](\w+)(\.pl)?$#i;  Return the queued trace data in the specified format.
581          Trace("$1 [options] $parmHelp") if T(0);  
582          for my $key (sort keys %{$options}) {  =over 4
583              my $name = Pad($key, $longestName, 0, ' ');  
584              my $desc = $options->{$key}->[1];  =item format
585              if ($options->{$key}->[0]) {  
586                  $desc .= " (default " . $options->{$key}->[0] . ")";  C<html> to format the data as an HTML list, C<text> to format it as straight text.
587    
588    =back
589    
590    =cut
591    
592    sub QTrace {
593        # Get the parameter.
594        my ($format) = @_;
595        # Create the return variable.
596        my $retVal = "";
597        # Only proceed if there is an actual queue.
598        if (@Queue) {
599            # Process according to the format.
600            if ($format =~ m/^HTML$/i) {
601                # Convert the queue into an HTML list.
602                $retVal = "<ul>\n";
603                for my $line (@Queue) {
604                    my $escapedLine = CGI::escapeHTML($line);
605                    $retVal .= "<li>$escapedLine</li>\n";
606              }              }
607              Trace("  $name $desc") if T(0);              $retVal .= "</ul>\n";
608            } elsif ($format =~ m/^TEXT$/i) {
609                # Convert the queue into a list of text lines.
610                $retVal = join("\n", @Queue) . "\n";
611          }          }
612          exit(0);          # Clear the queue.
613            @Queue = ();
614      }      }
615      # Return the parsed parameters.      # Return the formatted list.
616      return ($retOptions, @retParameters);      return $retVal;
617  }  }
618    
619  =head3 Setups  =head3 Confess
620    
621  C<< my $count = Tracer::Setups(); >>      Confess($message);
622    
623  Return the number of times L</TSetup> has been called.  Trace the call stack and abort the program with the specified message. When used with
624    the OR operator and the L</Assert> method, B<Confess> can function as a debugging assert.
625    So, for example
626    
627  This method allows for the creation of conditional tracing setups where, for example, we      Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum.");
628  may want to set up tracing if nobody else has done it before us.  
629    Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.
630    
631    =over 4
632    
633    =item message
634    
635    Message to include in the trace.
636    
637    =back
638    
639  =cut  =cut
640    
641  sub Setups {  sub Confess {
642      return $SetupCount;      # Get the parameters.
643        my ($message) = @_;
644        # Set up the category and level.
645        $LastCategory = "(confess)";
646        $LastLevel = 0;
647        if (! defined($FIG_Config::no_tool_hdr)) {
648            # Here we have a tool header. Display its length so that the user can adjust the line numbers.
649            my $toolHeaderFile = "$FIG_Config::fig_disk/dist/releases/current/$FIG_Config::arch/tool_hdr";
650            # Only proceed if the tool header file is actually present.
651            if (-f $toolHeaderFile) {
652                my $fh;
653                if (open $fh, "<$toolHeaderFile") {
654                    my @lines = <$fh>;
655                    Trace("Tool header has " . scalar(@lines) . " lines.");
656                }
657            }
658        }
659        # Trace the call stack.
660        Cluck($message);
661        # Abort the program.
662        croak(">>> $message");
663  }  }
664    
665  =head3 Open  =head3 SaveCGI
   
 C<< my $handle = Open($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message); >>  
666    
667  Open a file.      Tracer::SaveCGI($cgi);
668    
669  The I<$fileSpec> is essentially the second argument of the PERL C<open>  This method saves the CGI object but does not activate emergency tracing.
670  function. The mode is specified using Unix-like shell information. So, for  It is used to allow L</Warn> to work in situations where emergency
671  example,  tracing is contra-indicated (e.g. the wiki).
672    
673      Open(\*LOGFILE, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");  =over 4
674    
675  would open for output appended to the specified file, and  =item cgi
676    
677      Open(\*DATASTREAM, "| sort -u >$outputFile", "Could not open $outputFile.");  Active CGI query object.
678    
679  would open a pipe that sorts the records written and removes duplicates. Note  =back
 the use of file handle syntax in the Open call. To use anonymous file handles,  
 code as follows.  
680    
681      my $logFile = Open(undef, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");  =cut
682    
683  The I<$message> parameter is used if the open fails. If it is set to C<0>, then  sub SaveCGI {
684  the open returns TRUE if successful and FALSE if an error occurred. Otherwise, a      $SavedCGI = $_[0];
685  failed open will throw an exception and the third parameter will be used to construct  }
 an error message. If the parameter is omitted, a standard message is constructed  
 using the file spec.  
686    
687      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog"  =head3 Warn
688    
689  Note that the mode characters are automatically cleaned from the file name.      Warn($message, @options);
 The actual error message from the file system will be captured and appended to the  
 message in any case.  
690    
691      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": file not found.  This method traces an important message. If an RSS feed is configured
692    (via I<FIG_Config::error_feed>) and the tracing destination is C<WARN>,
693    then the message will be echoed to the feed. In general, a tracing
694    destination of C<WARN> indicates that the caller is running as a web
695    service in a production environment; however, this is not a requirement.
696    
697  In some versions of PERL the only error message we get is a number, which  To force warnings into the RSS feed even when the tracing destination
698  corresponds to the C++ C<errno> value.  is not C<WARN>, simply specify the C<Feed> tracing module. This can be
699    configured automatically when L</StandardSetup> is used.
700    
701      Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": 6.  The L</Cluck> method calls this one for its final message. Since
702    L</Confess> calls L</Cluck>, this means that any error which is caught
703    and confessed will put something in the feed. This insures that someone
704    will be alerted relatively quickly when a failure occurs.
705    
706  =over 4  =over 4
707    
708  =item fileHandle  =item message
709    
710  File handle. If this parameter is C<undef>, a file handle will be generated  Message to be traced.
 and returned as the value of this method.  
711    
712  =item fileSpec  =item options
713    
714  File name and mode, as per the PERL C<open> function.  A list containing zero or more options.
715    
716  =item message (optional)  =back
717    
718  Error message to use if the open fails. If omitted, a standard error message  The permissible options are as follows.
 will be generated. In either case, the error information from the file system  
 is appended to the message. To specify a conditional open that does not throw  
 an error if it fails, use C<0>.  
719    
720  =item RETURN  =over 4
721    
722  Returns the name of the file handle assigned to the file, or C<undef> if the  =item noStack
723  open failed.  
724    If specified, then the stack trace is not included in the output.
725    
726  =back  =back
727    
728  =cut  =cut
729    
730  sub Open {  sub Warn {
731      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
732      my ($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message) = @_;      my $message = shift @_;
733      # Attempt to open the file.      my %options = map { $_ => 1 } @_;
734      my $rv = open $fileHandle, $fileSpec;      # Trace the message.
735      # If the open failed, generate an error message.      Trace($message);
736      if (! $rv) {      # This will contain the lock handle. If it's defined, it means we need to unlock.
737          # Save the system error message.      my $lock;
738          my $sysMessage = $!;      # Check for feed forcing.
739          # See if we need a default message.      my $forceFeed = exists $Categories{feed};
740          if (!$message) {      # An error here would be disastrous. Note that if debug mode is specified,
741              # Clean any obvious mode characters and leading spaces from the      # we do this stuff even in a test environment.
742              # filename.      eval {
743              my ($fileName) = FindNamePart($fileSpec);          # Do we need to put this in the RSS feed?
744              $message = "Could not open \"$fileName\"";          if ($FIG_Config::error_feed && ($Destination eq 'WARN' || $forceFeed)) {
745                # Yes. We now need to compute the date, the link, and the title.
746                # First, the date, in a very specific format.
747                my $date = strftime("%a, %02e %b %H:%M:%S %Y ", localtime) .
748                    (tz_local_offset() / 30);
749                # Environment data goes in here. We start with the date.
750                my $environment = "$date.  ";
751                # If we need to recap the message (because it's too long to be a title), we'll
752                # put it in here.
753                my $recap;
754                # Copy the message and remove excess space.
755                my $title = $message;
756                $title =~ s/\s+/ /gs;
757                # If it's too long, we have to split it up.
758                if (length $title > 60) {
759                    # Put the full message in the environment string.
760                    $recap = $title;
761                    # Excerpt it as the title.
762                    $title = substr($title, 0, 50) . "...";
763                }
764                # If we have a CGI object, then this is a web error. Otherwise, it's
765                # command-line.
766                if (defined $SavedCGI) {
767                    # We're in a web service. The environment is the user's IP, and the link
768                    # is the URL that got us here.
769                    my $key = $ENV{HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR} || $ENV{REMOTE_ADDR};
770                    $environment .= "Event Reported at IP address $key process $$.";
771                    my $url = $SavedCGI->self_url();
772                    # We need the user agent string and (if available) the referrer.
773                    # The referrer will be the link.
774                    $environment .= " User Agent $ENV{HTTP_USER_AGENT}";
775                    if ($ENV{HTTP_REFERER}) {
776                        my $link = $ENV{HTTP_REFERER};
777                        $environment .= " referred from <a href=\"$link\">$link</a>.";
778                    } else {
779                        $environment .= " referrer unknown.";
780                    }
781                    # Close off the sentence with the original link.
782                    $environment .= " URL of event is <a href=\"$url\">$url</a>.";
783                } else {
784                    # No CGI object, so we're a command-line tool. Use the tracing
785                    # key and the PID as the user identifier, and add the command.
786                    my $key = EmergencyKey();
787                    $environment .= "Event Reported by $key process $$.";
788                    if ($CommandLine) {
789                        # We're in a StandardSetup script, so we have the real command line.
790                        $environment .= "\n<pre>" . CGI::escapeHTML($CommandLine) . "</pre>\n";
791                    } elsif ($ENV{_}) {
792                        # We're in a BASH script, so the command has been stored in the _ variable.
793                        $environment .= "  Command = " . CGI::escapeHTML($ENV{_}) . "\n";
794                    }
795                }
796                # Build a GUID. We use the current time, the title, and the process ID,
797                # then digest the result.
798                my $guid = Digest::MD5::md5_base64(gettimeofday(), $title, $$);
799                # Finally, the description. This is a stack trace plus various environmental stuff.
800                # The trace is optional.
801                my $stackTrace;
802                if ($options{noStack}) {
803                    $stackTrace = "";
804                } else {
805                    my @trace = LongMess();
806                    # Only proceed if we got something back.
807                    if (scalar(@trace) > 0) {
808                        $trace[0] =~ s/Tracer::Warn.+?called/Event occurred/;
809                        $stackTrace = "Stack trace:<pre>" . join("\n", @trace, "</pre>");
810                    }
811                }
812                # We got the stack trace. Now it's time to put it all together.
813                # We have a goofy thing here in that we need to HTML-escape some sections of the description
814                # twice. They will be escaped once here, and then once when written by XML::Simple. They are
815                # unescaped once when processed by the RSS reader, and stuff in the description is treated as
816                # HTML. So, anything escaped here is treated as a literal when viewed in the RSS reader, but
817                # our <br>s and <pre>s are used to format the description.
818                $recap = (defined $recap ? "<em>" . CGI::escapeHTML($recap) . "</em><br /><br />" : "");
819                my $description = "$recap$environment  $stackTrace";
820                # Okay, we have all the pieces. Create a hash of the new event.
821                my $newItem = { title => $title,
822                                description => $description,
823                                category => $LastCategory,
824                                pubDate => $date,
825                                guid => $guid,
826                              };
827                # We need XML capability for this.
828                require XML::Simple;
829                # The RSS document goes in here.
830                my $rss;
831                # Get the name of the RSS file. It's in the FIG temporary directory.
832                my $fileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/$FIG_Config::error_feed";
833                # Open the config file and lock it.
834                $lock = Open(undef, "<$FIG_Config::fig_disk/config/FIG_Config.pm");
835                flock $lock, LOCK_EX;
836                # Does it exist?
837                if (-s $fileName) {
838                    # Slurp it in.
839                    $rss = XML::Simple::XMLin($fileName, ForceArray => ['item']);
840                } else {
841                    my $size = -s $fileName;
842                    # Create an empty channel.
843                    $rss = {
844                        channel => {
845                            title => 'NMPDR Warning Feed',
846                            link => "$FIG_Config::temp_url/$FIG_Config::error_feed",
847                            description => "Important messages regarding the status of the NMPDR.",
848                            generator => "NMPDR Trace Facility",
849                            docs => "http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss",
850                            item => []
851                        },
852                    };
853          }          }
854          # Terminate with an error using the supplied message and the              # Get the channel object.
855          # error message from the file system.              my $channel = $rss->{channel};
856          Confess("$message: $!");              # Update the last-build date.
857                $channel->{lastBuildDate} = $date;
858                # Get the item array.
859                my $items = $channel->{item};
860                # Insure it has only 100 entries.
861                while (scalar @{$items} > 100) {
862                    pop @{$items};
863                }
864                # Add our new item at the front.
865                unshift @{$items}, $newItem;
866                # Create the XML. Note we do not include the root or the declaration. XML Simple can't handle
867                # the requirements for those.
868                my $xml = XML::Simple::XMLout($channel, NoAttr => 1, RootName => 'channel', XmlDecl => '');
869                # Here we put in the root and declaration. The problem is that the root has to have the version attribute
870                # in it. So, we suppress the root and do it by hand, and that requires suppressing the declaration, too.
871                $xml = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"utf-8\"?>\n<rss version=\"2.0\">$xml\n</rss>";
872                # We don't use Open here because we can't afford an error.
873                if (open XMLOUT, ">$fileName") {
874                    print XMLOUT $xml;
875                    close XMLOUT;
876                }
877            }
878        };
879        if ($@) {
880            # If the feed failed, we need to know why. The error will be traced, but this method will not be involved
881            # (which is a good thing).
882            my $error = $@;
883            Trace("Feed Error: $error") if T(Feed => 0);
884        }
885        # Be sure to unlock.
886        if ($lock) {
887            flock $lock, LOCK_UN;
888            undef $lock;
889      }      }
     # Return the file handle.  
     return $fileHandle;  
890  }  }
891    
 =head3 FindNamePart  
   
 C<< my ($fileName, $start, $len) = Tracer::FindNamePart($fileSpec); >>  
   
 Extract the portion of a file specification that contains the file name.  
   
 A file specification is the string passed to an C<open> call. It specifies the file  
 mode and name. In a truly complex situation, it can specify a pipe sequence. This  
 method assumes that the file name is whatever follows the first angle bracket  
 sequence.  So, for example, in the following strings the file name is  
 C</usr/fig/myfile.txt>.  
   
     >>/usr/fig/myfile.txt  
     </usr/fig/myfile.txt  
     | sort -u > /usr/fig/myfile.txt  
892    
 If the method cannot find a file name using its normal methods, it will return the  
 whole incoming string.  
893    
 =over 4  
894    
895  =item fileSpec  =head3 Assert
896    
897  File specification string from which the file name is to be extracted.      Assert($condition1, $condition2, ... $conditionN);
898    
899  =item RETURN  Return TRUE if all the conditions are true. This method can be used in conjunction with
900    the OR operator and the L</Confess> method as a debugging assert.
901    So, for example
902    
903  Returns a three-element list. The first element contains the file name portion of      Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum.");
 the specified string, or the whole string if a file name cannot be found via normal  
 methods. The second element contains the start position of the file name portion and  
 the third element contains the length.  
904    
905  =back  Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.
906    
907  =cut  =cut
908  #: Return Type $;  sub Assert {
909  sub FindNamePart {      my $retVal = 1;
910        LOOP: for my $condition (@_) {
911            if (! $condition) {
912                $retVal = 0;
913                last LOOP;
914            }
915        }
916        return $retVal;
917    }
918    
919    =head3 Cluck
920    
921        Cluck($message);
922    
923    Trace the call stack. Note that for best results, you should qualify the call with a
924    trace condition. For example,
925    
926        Cluck("Starting record parse.") if T(3);
927    
928    will only trace the stack if the trace level for the package is 3 or more.
929    
930    =over 4
931    
932    =item message
933    
934    Message to include in the trace.
935    
936    =back
937    
938    =cut
939    
940    sub Cluck {
941      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
942      my ($fileSpec) = @_;      my ($message) = @_;
943      # Default to the whole input string.      # Trace what's happening.
944      my ($retVal, $pos, $len) = ($fileSpec, 0, length $fileSpec);      Trace("Stack trace for event: $message");
945      # Parse out the file name if we can.      # Get the stack trace.
946      if ($fileSpec =~ m/(<|>>?)(.+?)(\s*)$/) {      my @trace = LongMess();
947          $retVal = $2;      # Convert the trace to a series of messages.
948          $len = length $retVal;      for my $line (@trace) {
949          $pos = (length $fileSpec) - (length $3) - $len;          # Replace the tab at the beginning with spaces.
950            $line =~ s/^\t/    /;
951            # Trace the line.
952            Trace($line);
953        }
954        # Issue a warning. This displays the event message and inserts it into the RSS error feed.
955        Warn($message);
956    }
957    
958    =head3 LongMess
959    
960        my @lines = Tracer::LongMess();
961    
962    Return a stack trace with all tracing methods removed. The return will be in the form of a list
963    of message strings.
964    
965    =cut
966    
967    sub LongMess {
968        # Declare the return variable.
969        my @retVal = ();
970        my $confession = longmess("");
971        for my $line (split /\s*\n/, $confession) {
972            unless ($line =~ /Tracer\.pm/) {
973                # Here we have a line worth keeping. Push it onto the result list.
974                push @retVal, $line;
975            }
976      }      }
977      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
978      return ($retVal, $pos, $len);      return @retVal;
979  }  }
980    
981  =head3 OpenDir  =head3 ETracing
982    
983  C<< my @files = OpenDir($dirName, $filtered, $flag); >>      ETracing($parameter);
984    
985  Open a directory and return all the file names. This function essentially performs  Set up emergency tracing. Emergency tracing is tracing that is turned
986  the functions of an C<opendir> and C<readdir>. If the I<$filtered> parameter is  on automatically for any program that calls this method. The emergency
987  set to TRUE, all filenames beginning with a period (C<.>), dollar sign (C<$>),  tracing parameters are stored in a a file identified by a tracing key.
988  or pound sign (C<#>) and all filenames ending with a tilde C<~>) will be  If this method is called with a CGI object, then the tracing key is
989  filtered out of the return list. If the directory does not open and I<$flag> is not  taken from a cookie. If it is called with no parameters, then the tracing
990  set, an exception is thrown. So, for example,  key is taken from an environment variable. If it is called with a string,
991    the tracing key is that string.
992    
993      my @files = OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/contigs", 1);  =over 4
994    
995  is effectively the same as  =item parameter
996    
997      opendir(TMP, "/Volumes/fig/contigs") || Confess("Could not open /Volumes/fig/contigs.");  A parameter from which the tracing key is computed. If it is a scalar,
998      my @files = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir(TMP);  that scalar is used as the tracing key. If it is a CGI object, the
999    tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. If it is omitted, the
1000    tracing key is taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable. If it
1001    is a CGI object and emergency tracing is not on, the C<Trace> and
1002    C<TF> parameters will be used to determine the type of tracing.
1003    
1004  Similarly, the following code  =back
1005    
1006      my @files = grep { $_ =~ /^\d/ } OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/orgs", 0, 1);  =cut
1007    
1008  Returns the names of all files in C</Volumes/fig/orgs> that begin with digits and  sub ETracing {
1009  automatically returns an empty list if the directory fails to open.      # Get the parameter.
1010        my ($parameter) = @_;
1011        # Check for CGI mode.
1012        if (defined $parameter && ref $parameter eq 'CGI') {
1013            $SavedCGI = $parameter;
1014        } else {
1015            $SavedCGI = undef;
1016        }
1017        # Default to no tracing except errors.
1018        my ($tracing, $dest) = ("0", "WARN");
1019        # Check for emergency tracing.
1020        my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);
1021        my $emergencyFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
1022        if (-e $emergencyFile) {
1023            # We have the file. Read in the data.
1024            my @tracing = GetFile($emergencyFile);
1025            # Pull off the time limit.
1026            my $expire = shift @tracing;
1027            # Convert it to seconds.
1028            $expire *= 3600;
1029            # Check the file data.
1030            my $stat = stat($emergencyFile);
1031            my ($now) = gettimeofday;
1032            if ($now - $stat->mtime > $expire) {
1033                # Delete the expired file.
1034                unlink $emergencyFile;
1035            } else {
1036                # Emergency tracing is on. Pull off the destination and
1037                # the trace level;
1038                $dest = shift @tracing;
1039                my $level = shift @tracing;
1040                # Convert the destination to a real tracing destination.
1041                # temp directory.
1042                $dest = EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $dest);
1043                # Insure Tracer is specified.
1044                my %moduleHash = map { $_ => 1 } @tracing;
1045                $moduleHash{Tracer} = 1;
1046                # Set the trace parameter.
1047                $tracing = join(" ", $level, sort keys %moduleHash);
1048            }
1049        } elsif (defined $SavedCGI) {
1050            # There's no emergency tracing, but we have a CGI object, so check
1051            # for tracing from the form parameters.
1052            if ($SavedCGI->param('Trace')) {
1053                # Here the user has requested tracing via a form.
1054                $dest = ($SavedCGI->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");
1055                $tracing = $SavedCGI->param('Trace') . " Tracer";
1056            }
1057        }
1058        # Setup the tracing we've determined from all the stuff above.
1059        TSetup($tracing, $dest);
1060        # Check to see if we're a web script.
1061        if (defined $SavedCGI) {
1062            # Yes we are. Trace the form and environment data.
1063            TraceParms($SavedCGI);
1064            # Check for RAW mode. In raw mode, we print a fake header so that we see everything
1065            # emitted by the script in its raw form.
1066            if (T(Raw => 3)) {
1067                print CGI::header(-type => 'text/plain', -tracing => 'Raw');
1068            }
1069        }
1070    }
1071    
1072    =head3 EmergencyFileName
1073    
1074        my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileName($tkey);
1075    
1076    Return the emergency tracing file name. This is the file that specifies
1077    the tracing information.
1078    
1079  =over 4  =over 4
1080    
1081  =item dirName  =item tkey
1082    
1083  Name of the directory to open.  Tracing key for the current program.
1084    
1085  =item filtered  =item RETURN
1086    
1087  TRUE if files whose names begin with a period (C<.>) should be automatically removed  Returns the name of the file to contain the emergency tracing information.
 from the list, else FALSE.  
1088    
1089  =item flag  =back
1090    
1091  TRUE if a failure to open is okay, else FALSE  =cut
1092    
1093    sub EmergencyFileName {
1094        # Get the parameters.
1095        my ($tkey) = @_;
1096        # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
1097        return "$FIG_Config::temp/Emergency$tkey.txt";
1098    }
1099    
1100    =head3 EmergencyFileTarget
1101    
1102        my $fileName = Tracer::EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
1103    
1104    Return the emergency tracing target file name. This is the file that receives
1105    the tracing output for file-based tracing.
1106    
1107    =over 4
1108    
1109    =item tkey
1110    
1111    Tracing key for the current program.
1112    
1113    =item RETURN
1114    
1115    Returns the name of the file to contain the trace output.
1116    
1117  =back  =back
1118    
1119  =cut  =cut
1120  #: Return Type @;  
1121  sub OpenDir {  sub EmergencyFileTarget {
1122      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
1123      my ($dirName, $filtered, $flag) = @_;      my ($tkey) = @_;
1124      # Declare the return variable.      # Compute the emergency tracing file name.
1125      my @retVal = ();      return "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$tkey.log";
     # Open the directory.  
     if (opendir(my $dirHandle, $dirName)) {  
         # The directory opened successfully. Get the appropriate list according to the  
         # strictures of the filter parameter.  
         if ($filtered) {  
             @retVal = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir $dirHandle;  
         } else {  
             @retVal = readdir $dirHandle;  
1126          }          }
1127      } elsif (! $flag) {  
1128          # Here the directory would not open and it's considered an error.  =head3 EmergencyTracingDest
1129          Confess("Could not open directory $dirName.");  
1130        my $dest = Tracer::EmergencyTracingDest($tkey, $myDest);
1131    
1132    This method converts an emergency tracing destination to a real
1133    tracing destination. The main difference is that if the
1134    destination is C<FILE> or C<APPEND>, we convert it to file
1135    output. If the destination is C<DUAL>, we convert it to file
1136    and standard output.
1137    
1138    =over 4
1139    
1140    =item tkey
1141    
1142    Tracing key for this environment.
1143    
1144    =item myDest
1145    
1146    Destination from the emergency tracing file.
1147    
1148    =item RETURN
1149    
1150    Returns a destination that can be passed into L</TSetup>.
1151    
1152    =back
1153    
1154    =cut
1155    
1156    sub EmergencyTracingDest {
1157        # Get the parameters.
1158        my ($tkey, $myDest) = @_;
1159        # Declare the return variable.
1160        my $retVal = $myDest;
1161        # Process according to the destination value.
1162        if ($myDest eq 'FILE') {
1163            $retVal = ">" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
1164        } elsif ($myDest eq 'APPEND') {
1165            $retVal = ">>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
1166        } elsif ($myDest eq 'DUAL') {
1167            $retVal = "+>" . EmergencyFileTarget($tkey);
1168        } elsif ($myDest eq 'WARN') {
1169            $retVal = "WARN";
1170      }      }
1171      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
1172      return @retVal;      return $retVal;
1173  }  }
1174    
1175  =head3 SetLevel  =head3 Emergency
1176    
1177  C<< Tracer::SetLevel($newLevel); >>      Emergency($key, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules);
1178    
1179  Modify the trace level. A higher trace level will cause more messages to appear.  Turn on emergency tracing. This method is normally invoked over the web from
1180    a debugging console, but it can also be called by the C<trace.pl> script.
1181    The caller specifies the duration of the emergency in hours, the desired tracing
1182    destination, the trace level, and a list of the trace modules to activate.
1183    For the length of the duration, when a program in an environment with the
1184    specified tracing key active invokes a Sprout CGI script, tracing will be
1185    turned on automatically. See L</TSetup> for more about tracing setup and
1186    L</ETracing> for more about emergency tracing.
1187    
1188  =over 4  =over 4
1189    
1190  =item newLevel  =item tkey
1191    
1192  Proposed new trace level.  The tracing key. This is used to identify the control file and the trace file.
1193    
1194    =item hours
1195    
1196    Number of hours to keep emergency tracing alive.
1197    
1198    =item dest
1199    
1200    Tracing destination. If no path information is specified for a file
1201    destination, it is put in the FIG temporary directory.
1202    
1203    =item level
1204    
1205    Tracing level. A higher level means more trace messages.
1206    
1207    =item modules
1208    
1209    A list of the tracing modules to activate.
1210    
1211  =back  =back
1212    
1213  =cut  =cut
1214    
1215  sub SetLevel {  sub Emergency {
1216      $TraceLevel = $_[0];      # Get the parameters.
1217        my ($tkey, $hours, $dest, $level, @modules) = @_;
1218        # Create the emergency file.
1219        my $specFile = EmergencyFileName($tkey);
1220        my $outHandle = Open(undef, ">$specFile");
1221        print $outHandle join("\n", $hours, $dest, $level, @modules, "");
1222  }  }
1223    
1224  =head3 Now  =head3 EmergencyKey
1225    
1226        my $tkey = EmergencyKey($parameter);
1227    
1228    Return the Key to be used for emergency tracing. This could be an IP address,
1229     a session ID, or a user name, depending on the environment.
1230    
1231    =over 4
1232    
1233    =item parameter
1234    
1235  C<< my $string = Tracer::Now(); >>  Parameter defining the method for finding the tracing key. If it is a scalar,
1236    then it is presumed to be the tracing key itself. If it is a CGI object, then
1237    the tracing key is taken from the C<IP> cookie. Otherwise, the tracing key is
1238    taken from the C<TRACING> environment variable.
1239    
1240    =item RETURN
1241    
1242  Return a displayable time stamp containing the local time.  Returns the key to be used for labels in emergency tracing.
1243    
1244    =back
1245    
1246  =cut  =cut
1247    
1248  sub Now {  sub EmergencyKey {
1249      my ($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year,$wday,$yday,$isdst) = localtime(time);      # Get the parameters.
1250      my $retVal = _p2($mon+1) . "/" . _p2($mday) . "/" . ($year + 1900) . " " .      my ($parameter) = @_;
1251                   _p2($hour) . ":" . _p2($min) . ":" . _p2($sec);      # Declare the return variable.
1252        my $retVal;
1253        # Determine the parameter type.
1254        if (! defined $parameter) {
1255            # Here we're supposed to check the environment. If that fails, we
1256            # get the effective login ID.
1257            $retVal = $ENV{TRACING} || scalar getpwuid($<);
1258        } else {
1259            my $ptype = ref $parameter;
1260            if ($ptype eq 'CGI') {
1261                # Here we were invoked from a web page. Look for a cookie.
1262                $retVal = $parameter->cookie('IP');
1263            } elsif (! $ptype) {
1264                # Here the key was passed in.
1265                $retVal = $parameter;
1266            }
1267        }
1268        # If no luck finding a key, use the PID.
1269        if (! defined $retVal) {
1270            $retVal = $$;
1271        }
1272        # Return the result.
1273      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
1274  }  }
1275    
1276  # Pad a number to 2 digits.  
1277  sub _p2 {  =head3 TraceParms
1278      my ($value) = @_;  
1279      $value = "0$value" if ($value < 10);      Tracer::TraceParms($cgi);
1280      return $value;  
1281    Trace the CGI parameters at trace level CGI => 3 and the environment variables
1282    at level CGI => 4. A self-referencing URL is traced at level CGI => 2.
1283    
1284    =over 4
1285    
1286    =item cgi
1287    
1288    CGI query object containing the parameters to trace.
1289    
1290    =back
1291    
1292    =cut
1293    
1294    sub TraceParms {
1295        # Get the parameters.
1296        my ($cgi) = @_;
1297        if (T(CGI => 2)) {
1298            # Here we trace the GET-style URL for the script.
1299            Trace("[URL] " . $cgi->url(-relative => 1, -query => 1));
1300        }
1301        if (T(CGI => 3)) {
1302            # Here we want to trace the parameter data.
1303            my @names = $cgi->param;
1304            for my $parmName (sort @names) {
1305                # Note we skip the Trace parameters, which are for our use only.
1306                if ($parmName ne 'Trace' && $parmName ne 'TF') {
1307                    my @values = $cgi->param($parmName);
1308                    Trace("[CGI] $parmName = " . join(", ", @values));
1309                }
1310            }
1311            # Display the request method.
1312            my $method = $cgi->request_method();
1313            Trace("Method: $method");
1314        }
1315        if (T(CGI => 4)) {
1316            # Here we want the environment data too.
1317            for my $envName (sort keys %ENV) {
1318                Trace("[ENV] $envName = $ENV{$envName}");
1319            }
1320        }
1321    }
1322    
1323    =head3 TraceImages
1324    
1325        Tracer::TraceImages($htmlString);
1326    
1327    Trace information about all of an html document's images. The tracing
1328    will be for type "IMG" at level 3. The image's source string
1329    will be displayed. This is generally either the URL of the image or
1330    raw data for the image itself. If the source is too long, only the first 300
1331    characters will be shown at trace level 3. The entire source will be shown,
1332    however, at trace level 4. This method is not very smart, and might catch
1333    Javascript code, but it is still useful when debugging the arcane
1334    behavior of images in multiple browser environments.
1335    
1336    =over 4
1337    
1338    =item htmlString
1339    
1340    HTML text for an outgoing web page.
1341    
1342    =back
1343    
1344    =cut
1345    
1346    sub TraceImages {
1347        # Only proceed if we're at the proper trace level.
1348        if (T(IMG => 3)) {
1349            # For performance reasons we're manipulating $_[0] instead of retrieving the string
1350            # into a variable called "$htmlString". This is because we expect html strings to be
1351            # long, and don't want to copy them any more than we have to.
1352            Trace(length($_[0]) . " characters in web page.");
1353            # Loop through the HTML, culling image tags.
1354            while ($_[0] =~ /<img\s+[^>]+?src="([^"]+)"/sgi) {
1355                # Extract the source string and determine whether or not it's too long.
1356                my $srcString = $1;
1357                my $pos = pos($_[0]) - length($srcString);
1358                my $excess = length($srcString) - 300;
1359                # We'll put the display string in here.
1360                my $srcDisplay = $srcString;
1361                # If it's a data string, split it at the comma.
1362                $srcDisplay =~ s/^(data[^,]+,)/$1\n/;
1363                # If there's no excess or we're at trace level 4, we're done. At level 3 with
1364                # a long string, however, we only show the first 300 characters.
1365                if ($excess > 0 && ! T(IMG => 4)) {
1366                    $srcDisplay = substr($srcDisplay,0,300) . "\nplus $excess characters.";
1367                }
1368                # Output the trace message.
1369                Trace("Image tag at position $pos:\n$srcDisplay");
1370            }
1371        }
1372    }
1373    
1374    =head2 Command-Line Utility Methods
1375    
1376    =head3 SendSMS
1377    
1378        my $msgID = Tracer::SendSMS($phoneNumber, $msg);
1379    
1380    Send a text message to a phone number using Clickatell. The FIG_Config file must contain the
1381    user name, password, and API ID for the relevant account in the hash reference variable
1382    I<$FIG_Config::phone>, using the keys C<user>, C<password>, and C<api_id>. For
1383    example, if the user name is C<BruceTheHumanPet>, the password is C<silly>, and the API ID
1384    is C<2561022>, then the FIG_Config file must contain
1385    
1386        $phone =  { user => 'BruceTheHumanPet',
1387                    password => 'silly',
1388                    api_id => '2561022' };
1389    
1390    The original purpose of this method was to insure Bruce would be notified immediately when the
1391    Sprout Load terminates. Care should be taken if you do not wish Bruce to be notified immediately
1392    when you call this method.
1393    
1394    The message ID will be returned if successful, and C<undef> if an error occurs.
1395    
1396    =over 4
1397    
1398    =item phoneNumber
1399    
1400    Phone number to receive the message, in international format. A United States phone number
1401    would be prefixed by "1". A British phone number would be prefixed by "44".
1402    
1403    =item msg
1404    
1405    Message to send to the specified phone.
1406    
1407    =item RETURN
1408    
1409    Returns the message ID if successful, and C<undef> if the message could not be sent.
1410    
1411    =back
1412    
1413    =cut
1414    
1415    sub SendSMS {
1416        # Get the parameters.
1417        my ($phoneNumber, $msg) = @_;
1418        # Declare the return variable. If we do not change it, C<undef> will be returned.
1419        my $retVal;
1420        # Only proceed if we have phone support.
1421        if (! defined $FIG_Config::phone) {
1422            Trace("Phone support not present in FIG_Config.") if T(1);
1423        } else {
1424            # Get the phone data.
1425            my $parms = $FIG_Config::phone;
1426            # Get the Clickatell URL.
1427            my $url = "http://api.clickatell.com/http/";
1428            # Create the user agent.
1429            my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;
1430            # Request a Clickatell session.
1431            my $resp = $ua->post("$url/sendmsg", { user => $parms->{user},
1432                                         password => $parms->{password},
1433                                         api_id => $parms->{api_id},
1434                                         to => $phoneNumber,
1435                                         text => $msg});
1436            # Check for an error.
1437            if (! $resp->is_success) {
1438                Trace("Alert failed.") if T(1);
1439            } else {
1440                # Get the message ID.
1441                my $rstring = $resp->content;
1442                if ($rstring =~ /^ID:\s+(.*)$/) {
1443                    $retVal = $1;
1444                } else {
1445                    Trace("Phone attempt failed with $rstring") if T(1);
1446                }
1447            }
1448        }
1449        # Return the result.
1450        return $retVal;
1451  }  }
1452    
1453  =head3 LogErrors  =head3 StandardSetup
1454    
1455        my ($options, @parameters) = StandardSetup(\@categories, \%options, $parmHelp, @ARGV);
1456    
1457    This method performs standard command-line parsing and tracing setup. The return
1458    values are a hash of the command-line options and a list of the positional
1459    parameters. Tracing is automatically set up and the command-line options are
1460    validated.
1461    
1462    This is a complex method that does a lot of grunt work. The parameters can
1463    be more easily understood, however, once they are examined individually.
1464    
1465    The I<categories> parameter is the most obtuse. It is a reference to a list of
1466    special-purpose tracing categories. Most tracing categories are PERL package
1467    names. So, for example, if you wanted to turn on tracing inside the B<Sprout>,
1468    B<ERDB>, and B<SproutLoad> packages, you would specify the categories
1469    
1470        ["Sprout", "SproutLoad", "ERDB"]
1471    
1472    This would cause trace messages in the specified three packages to appear in
1473    the output. There are two special tracing categories that are automatically
1474    handled by this method. In other words, if you used L</TSetup> you would need
1475    to include these categories manually, but if you use this method they are turned
1476    on automatically.
1477    
1478    =over 4
1479    
1480    =item SQL
1481    
1482    Traces SQL commands and activity.
1483    
1484    =item Tracer
1485    
1486    Traces error messages and call stacks.
1487    
1488    =back
1489    
1490    C<SQL> is only turned on if the C<-sql> option is specified in the command line.
1491    The trace level is specified using the C<-trace> command-line option. For example,
1492    the following command line for C<TransactFeatures> turns on SQL tracing and runs
1493    all tracing at level 3.
1494    
1495        TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1496    
1497    Standard tracing is output to the standard output and echoed to the file
1498    C<trace>I<$$>C<.log> in the FIG temporary directory, where I<$$> is the
1499    process ID. You can also specify the C<user> parameter to put a user ID
1500    instead of a process ID in the trace file name. So, for example
1501    
1502    The default trace level is 2. To get all messages, specify a trace level of 4.
1503    For a genome-by-genome update, use 3.
1504    
1505        TransactFeatures -trace=3 -sql -user=Bruce register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1506    
1507    would send the trace output to C<traceBruce.log> in the temporary directory.
1508    
1509    The I<options> parameter is a reference to a hash containing the command-line
1510    options, their default values, and an explanation of what they mean. Command-line
1511    options may be in the form of switches or keywords. In the case of a switch, the
1512    option value is 1 if it is specified and 0 if it is not specified. In the case
1513    of a keyword, the value is separated from the option name by an equal sign. You
1514    can see this last in the command-line example above.
1515    
1516    You can specify a different default trace level by setting C<$options->{trace}>
1517    prior to calling this method.
1518    
1519    An example at this point would help. Consider, for example, the command-line utility
1520    C<TransactFeatures>. It accepts a list of positional parameters plus the options
1521    C<safe>, C<noAlias>, C<start>, and C<tblFiles>. To start up this command, we execute
1522    the following code.
1523    
1524        my ($options, @parameters) = Tracer::StandardSetup(["DocUtils"],
1525                            { safe => [0, "use database transactions"],
1526                              noAlias => [0, "do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions"],
1527                              start => [' ', "start with this genome"],
1528                              tblFiles => [0, "output TBL files containing the corrected IDs"] },
1529                            "<command> <transactionDirectory> <IDfile>",
1530                          @ARGV);
1531    
1532    
1533    The call to C<ParseCommand> specifies the default values for the options and
1534    stores the actual options in a hash that is returned as C<$options>. The
1535    positional parameters are returned in C<@parameters>.
1536    
1537    The following is a sample command line for C<TransactFeatures>.
1538    
1539        TransactFeatures -trace=2 -noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1540    
1541    Single and double hyphens are equivalent. So, you could also code the
1542    above command as
1543    
1544        TransactFeatures --trace=2 --noAlias register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1545    
1546    In this case, C<register>, C<../xacts>, and C<IDs.tbl> are the positional
1547    parameters, and would find themselves in I<@parameters> after executing the
1548    above code fragment. The tracing would be set to level 2, and the categories
1549    would be C<Tracer>, and <DocUtils>. C<Tracer> is standard,
1550    and C<DocUtils> was included because it came in within the first parameter
1551    to this method. The I<$options> hash would be
1552    
1553        { trace => 2, sql => 0, safe => 0,
1554          noAlias => 1, start => ' ', tblFiles => 0 }
1555    
1556    Use of C<StandardSetup> in this way provides a simple way of performing
1557    standard tracing setup and command-line parsing. Note that the caller is
1558    not even aware of the command-line switches C<-trace> and C<-sql>, which
1559    are used by this method to control the tracing. If additional tracing features
1560    need to be added in the future, they can be processed by this method without
1561    upsetting the command-line utilities.
1562    
1563    If the C<background> option is specified on the command line, then the
1564    standard and error outputs will be directed to files in the temporary
1565    directory, using the same suffix as the trace file. So, if the command
1566    line specified
1567    
1568        -user=Bruce -background
1569    
1570    then the trace output would go to C<traceBruce.log>, the standard output to
1571    C<outBruce.log>, and the error output to C<errBruce.log>. This is designed to
1572    simplify starting a command in the background.
1573    
1574    The user name is also used as the tracing key for L</Emergency Tracing>.
1575    Specifying a value of C<E> for the trace level causes emergency tracing to
1576    be used instead of custom tracing. If the user name is not specified,
1577    the tracing key is taken from the C<Tracing> environment variable. If there
1578    is no value for that variable, the tracing key will be computed from the active
1579    login ID.
1580    
1581    Since the default situation in StandardSetup is to trace to the standard
1582    output, errors that occur in command-line scripts will not generate
1583    RSS events. To force the events, use the C<warn> option.
1584    
1585        TransactFeatures -background -warn register ../xacts IDs.tbl
1586    
1587    Finally, if the special option C<-help> is specified, the option
1588    names will be traced at level 0 and the program will exit without processing.
1589    This provides a limited help capability. For example, if the user enters
1590    
1591        TransactFeatures -help
1592    
1593    he would see the following output.
1594    
1595        TransactFeatures [options] <command> <transactionDirectory> <IDfile>
1596            -trace    tracing level (default E)
1597            -sql      trace SQL commands
1598            -safe     use database transactions
1599            -noAlias  do not expect aliases in CHANGE transactions
1600            -start    start with this genome
1601            -tblFiles output TBL files containing the corrected IDs
1602    
1603    The caller has the option of modifying the tracing scheme by placing a value
1604    for C<trace> in the incoming options hash. The default value can be overridden,
1605    or the tracing to the standard output can be turned off by suffixing a minus
1606    sign to the trace level. So, for example,
1607    
1608        { trace => [0, "tracing level (default 0)"],
1609           ...
1610    
1611    would set the default trace level to 0 instead of E, while
1612    
1613        { trace => ["2-", "tracing level (default 2)"],
1614           ...
1615    
1616    would set the default to 2, but trace only to the log file, not to the
1617    standard output.
1618    
1619    The parameters to this method are as follows.
1620    
1621    =over 4
1622    
1623    =item categories
1624    
1625    Reference to a list of tracing category names. These should be names of
1626    packages whose internal workings will need to be debugged to get the
1627    command working.
1628    
1629    =item options
1630    
1631    Reference to a hash containing the legal options for the current command mapped
1632    to their default values and descriptions. The user can override the defaults
1633    by specifying the options as command-line switches prefixed by a hyphen.
1634    Tracing-related options may be added to this hash. If the C<-h> option is
1635    specified on the command line, the option descriptions will be used to
1636    explain the options. To turn off tracing to the standard output, add a
1637    minus sign to the value for C<trace> (see above).
1638    
1639    =item parmHelp
1640    
1641  C<< Tracer::LogErrors($fileName); >>  A string that vaguely describes the positional parameters. This is used
1642    if the user specifies the C<-h> option.
1643    
1644  Route the standard error output to a log file.  =item argv
1645    
1646  =over 4  List of command line parameters, including the option switches, which must
1647    precede the positional parameters and be prefixed by a hyphen.
1648    
1649  =item fileName  =item RETURN
1650    
1651  Name of the file to receive the error output.  Returns a list. The first element of the list is the reference to a hash that
1652    maps the command-line option switches to their values. These will either be the
1653    default values or overrides specified on the command line. The remaining
1654    elements of the list are the position parameters, in order.
1655    
1656  =back  =back
1657    
1658  =cut  =cut
1659    
1660  sub LogErrors {  sub StandardSetup {
1661      # Get the file name.      # Get the parameters.
1662      my ($fileName) = @_;      my ($categories, $options, $parmHelp, @argv) = @_;
1663      # Open the file as the standard error output.      # Get the default tracing key.
1664      open STDERR, '>', $fileName;      my $tkey = EmergencyKey();
1665        # Save the command line.
1666        $CommandLine = join(" ", $0, map { $_ =~ /\s/ ? "\"$_\"" : $_ } @argv);
1667        # Add the tracing options.
1668        if (! exists $options->{trace}) {
1669            $options->{trace} = ['2', "tracing level (E for emergency tracing)"];
1670        }
1671        $options->{sql} = [0, "turn on SQL tracing"];
1672        $options->{help} = [0, "display command-line options"];
1673        $options->{user} = [$tkey, "tracing key"];
1674        $options->{background} = [0, "spool standard and error output"];
1675        $options->{warn} = [0, "send errors to RSS feed"];
1676        # Create a parsing hash from the options hash. The parsing hash
1677        # contains the default values rather than the default value
1678        # and the description. While we're at it, we'll memorize the
1679        # length of the longest option name.
1680        my $longestName = 0;
1681        my %parseOptions = ();
1682        for my $key (keys %{$options}) {
1683            if (length $key > $longestName) {
1684                $longestName = length $key;
1685            }
1686            $parseOptions{$key} = $options->{$key}->[0];
1687        }
1688        # Parse the command line.
1689        my ($retOptions, @retParameters) = ParseCommand(\%parseOptions, @argv);
1690        # Get the logfile suffix.
1691        my $suffix = $retOptions->{user};
1692        # Check for background mode.
1693        if ($retOptions->{background}) {
1694            my $outFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/out$suffix.log";
1695            my $errFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/err$suffix.log";
1696            open STDOUT, ">$outFileName";
1697            open STDERR, ">$errFileName";
1698            # Check for phone support. If we have phone support and a phone number,
1699            # we want to turn it on.
1700            if ($ENV{PHONE} && defined($FIG_Config::phone)) {
1701                $retOptions->{phone} = $ENV{PHONE};
1702            }
1703        }
1704        # Now we want to set up tracing. First, we need to know if the user
1705        # wants emergency tracing.
1706        if ($retOptions->{trace} eq 'E') {
1707            ETracing($retOptions->{user});
1708        } else {
1709            # Here the tracing is controlled from the command line.
1710            my @cats = @{$categories};
1711            if ($retOptions->{sql}) {
1712                push @cats, "SQL";
1713            }
1714            if ($retOptions->{warn}) {
1715                push @cats, "Feed";
1716            }
1717            # Add the default categories.
1718            push @cats, "Tracer";
1719            # Next, we create the category string by joining the categories.
1720            my $cats = join(" ", @cats);
1721            # Check to determine whether or not the caller wants to turn off tracing
1722            # to the standard output.
1723            my $traceLevel = $retOptions->{trace};
1724            my $textOKFlag = 1;
1725            if ($traceLevel =~ /^(.)-/) {
1726                $traceLevel = $1;
1727                $textOKFlag = 0;
1728            }
1729            # Now we set up the trace mode.
1730            my $traceMode;
1731            # Verify that we can open a file in the FIG temporary directory.
1732            my $traceFileName = "$FIG_Config::temp/trace$suffix.log";
1733            if (open TESTTRACE, ">$traceFileName") {
1734                # Here we can trace to a file.
1735                $traceMode = ">$traceFileName";
1736                if ($textOKFlag) {
1737                    # Echo to standard output if the text-OK flag is set.
1738                    $traceMode = "+$traceMode";
1739                }
1740                # Close the test file.
1741                close TESTTRACE;
1742            } else {
1743                # Here we can't trace to a file. Complain about this.
1744                warn "Could not open trace file $traceFileName: $!\n";
1745                # We trace to the standard output if it's
1746                # okay, and the error log otherwise.
1747                if ($textOKFlag) {
1748                    $traceMode = "TEXT";
1749                } else {
1750                    $traceMode = "WARN";
1751                }
1752            }
1753            # Now set up the tracing.
1754            TSetup("$traceLevel $cats", $traceMode);
1755        }
1756        # Check for the "help" option. If it is specified, dump the command-line
1757        # options and exit the program.
1758        if ($retOptions->{help}) {
1759            $0 =~ m#[/\\](\w+)(\.pl)?$#i;
1760            print "$1 [options] $parmHelp\n";
1761            for my $key (sort keys %{$options}) {
1762                my $name = Pad($key, $longestName, 0, ' ');
1763                my $desc = $options->{$key}->[1];
1764                if ($options->{$key}->[0]) {
1765                    $desc .= " (default " . $options->{$key}->[0] . ")";
1766                }
1767                print "  $name $desc\n";
1768            }
1769            exit(0);
1770        }
1771        # Trace the options, if applicable.
1772        if (T(3)) {
1773            my @parms = grep { $retOptions->{$_} } keys %{$retOptions};
1774            Trace("Selected options: " . join(", ", sort @parms) . ".");
1775        }
1776        # Return the parsed parameters.
1777        return ($retOptions, @retParameters);
1778  }  }
1779    
1780  =head3 ReadOptions  =head3 ReadOptions
1781    
1782  C<< my %options = Tracer::ReadOptions($fileName); >>      my %options = Tracer::ReadOptions($fileName);
1783    
1784  Read a set of options from a file. Each option is encoded in a line of text that has the  Read a set of options from a file. Each option is encoded in a line of text that has the
1785  format  format
# Line 853  Line 1840 
1840    
1841  =head3 GetOptions  =head3 GetOptions
1842    
1843  C<< Tracer::GetOptions(\%defaults, \%options); >>      Tracer::GetOptions(\%defaults, \%options);
1844    
1845  Merge a specified set of options into a table of defaults. This method takes two hash references  Merge a specified set of options into a table of defaults. This method takes two hash references
1846  as input and uses the data from the second to update the first. If the second does not exist,  as input and uses the data from the second to update the first. If the second does not exist,
# Line 862  Line 1849 
1849    
1850  Consider the following example.  Consider the following example.
1851    
1852  C<< my $optionTable = GetOptions({ dbType => 'mySQL', trace => 0 }, $options); >>      my $optionTable = GetOptions({ dbType => 'mySQL', trace => 0 }, $options);
1853    
1854  In this example, the variable B<$options> is expected to contain at most two options-- B<dbType> and  In this example, the variable B<$options> is expected to contain at most two options-- B<dbType> and
1855  B<trace>. The default database type is C<mySQL> and the default trace level is C<0>. If the value of  B<trace>. The default database type is C<mySQL> and the default trace level is C<0>. If the value of
# Line 870  Line 1857 
1857  the trace level will remain at 0. If B<$options> is undefined, then the database type and trace level  the trace level will remain at 0. If B<$options> is undefined, then the database type and trace level
1858  will remain C<mySQL> and C<0>. If, on the other hand, B<$options> is defined as  will remain C<mySQL> and C<0>. If, on the other hand, B<$options> is defined as
1859    
1860  C<< {databaseType => 'Oracle'} >>      {databaseType => 'Oracle'}
1861    
1862  an error will occur because the B<databaseType> option does not exist.  an error will occur because the B<databaseType> option does not exist.
1863    
# Line 914  Line 1901 
1901    
1902  =head3 MergeOptions  =head3 MergeOptions
1903    
1904  C<< Tracer::MergeOptions(\%table, \%defaults); >>      Tracer::MergeOptions(\%table, \%defaults);
1905    
1906  Merge default values into a hash table. This method looks at the key-value pairs in the  Merge default values into a hash table. This method looks at the key-value pairs in the
1907  second (default) hash, and if a matching key is not found in the first hash, the default  second (default) hash, and if a matching key is not found in the first hash, the default
# Line 946  Line 1933 
1933      }      }
1934  }  }
1935    
 =head3 Trace  
   
 C<< Trace($message); >>  
   
 Write a trace message to the target location specified in L</TSetup>. If there has not been  
 any prior call to B<TSetup>.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item message  
   
 Message to write.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub Trace {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($message) = @_;  
     # Get the timestamp.  
     my $timeStamp = Now();  
     # Format the message. Note we strip off any line terminators at the end.  
     my $formatted = "$timeStamp <$LastCategory>: " . Strip($message);  
     # Process according to the destination.  
     if ($Destination eq "TEXT") {  
         # Write the message to the standard output.  
         print "$formatted\n";  
     } elsif ($Destination eq "ERROR") {  
         # Write the message to the error output.  
         print STDERR "$formatted\n";  
     } elsif ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {  
         # Push the message into the queue.  
         push @Queue, "$formatted";  
     } elsif ($Destination eq "HTML") {  
         # Convert the message to HTML and write it to the standard output.  
         my $escapedMessage = CGI::escapeHTML($message);  
         print "<p>$formatted</p>\n";  
     } elsif ($Destination eq "WARN") {  
        # Emit the message as a warning.  
        warn $message;  
     } elsif ($Destination =~ m/^>>/) {  
         # Write the trace message to an output file.  
         (open TRACING, $Destination) || die "Tracing open for \"$Destination\" failed: $!";  
         print TRACING "$formatted\n";  
         close TRACING;  
         # If the Tee flag is on, echo it to the standard output.  
         if ($TeeFlag) {  
             print "$formatted\n";  
         }  
     }  
 }  
   
 =head3 T  
   
 C<< my $switch = T($category, $traceLevel); >>  
   
     or  
   
 C<< my $switch = T($traceLevel); >>  
   
 Return TRUE if the trace level is at or above a specified value and the specified category  
 is active, else FALSE. If no category is specified, the caller's package name is used.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item category  
   
 Category to which the message belongs. If not specified, the caller's package name is  
 used.  
   
 =item traceLevel  
   
 Relevant tracing level.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 TRUE if a message at the specified trace level would appear in the trace, else FALSE.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub T {  
     # Declare the return variable.  
     my $retVal = 0;  
     # Only proceed if tracing is turned on.  
     if ($Destination ne "NONE") {  
         # Get the parameters.  
         my ($category, $traceLevel) = @_;  
         if (!defined $traceLevel) {  
             # Here we have no category, so we need to get the calling package.  
             # The calling package is normally the first parameter. If it is  
             # omitted, the first parameter will be the tracelevel. So, the  
             # first thing we do is shift the so-called category into the  
             # $traceLevel variable where it belongs.  
             $traceLevel = $category;  
             my ($package, $fileName, $line) = caller;  
             # If there is no calling package, we default to "main".  
             if (!$package) {  
                 $category = "main";  
             } else {  
                 $category = $package;  
             }  
         }  
         # Save the category name.  
         $LastCategory = $category;  
         # Convert it to lower case before we hash it.  
         $category = lc $category;  
         # Use the category and tracelevel to compute the result.  
         if (ref $traceLevel) {  
             Confess("Bad trace level.");  
         } elsif (ref $TraceLevel) {  
             Confess("Bad trace config.");  
         }  
         $retVal = ($traceLevel <= $TraceLevel && ($AllTrace || exists $Categories{$category}));  
     }  
     # Return the computed result.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
   
1936  =head3 ParseCommand  =head3 ParseCommand
1937    
1938  C<< my ($options, @arguments) = Tracer::ParseCommand(\%optionTable, @inputList); >>      my ($options, @arguments) = Tracer::ParseCommand(\%optionTable, @inputList);
1939    
1940  Parse a command line consisting of a list of parameters. The initial parameters may be option  Parse a command line consisting of a list of parameters. The initial parameters may be option
1941  specifiers of the form C<->I<option> or C<->I<option>C<=>I<value>. The options are stripped  specifiers of the form C<->I<option> or C<->I<option>C<=>I<value>. The options are stripped
1942  off and merged into a table of default options. The remainder of the command line is  off and merged into a table of default options. The remainder of the command line is
1943  returned as a list of positional arguments. For example, consider the following invocation.  returned as a list of positional arguments. For example, consider the following invocation.
1944    
1945  C<< my ($options, @arguments) = ParseCommand({ errors => 0, logFile => 'trace.log'}, @words); >>      my ($options, @arguments) = ParseCommand({ errors => 0, logFile => 'trace.log'}, @words);
1946    
1947  In this case, the list @words will be treated as a command line. There are two options available,  In this case, the list @words will be treated as a command line and there are two options available,
1948  B<errors> and B<logFile>. If @words has the following format  B<errors> and B<logFile>. If @words has the following format
1949    
1950  C<< -logFile=error.log apple orange rutabaga >>      -logFile=error.log apple orange rutabaga
1951    
1952  then at the end of the invocation, C<$options> will be  then at the end of the invocation, C<$options> will be
1953    
1954  C<< { errors => 0, logFile => 'error.log' } >>      { errors => 0, logFile => 'error.log' }
1955    
1956  and C<@arguments> will contain  and C<@arguments> will contain
1957    
1958  C<< apple orange rutabaga >>      apple orange rutabaga
1959    
1960  The parser allows for some escape sequences. See L</UnEscape> for a description. There is no  The parser allows for some escape sequences. See L</UnEscape> for a description. There is no
1961  support for quote characters.  support for quote characters. Options can be specified with single or double hyphens.
1962    
1963  =over 4  =over 4
1964    
# Line 1117  Line 1983 
1983      my ($optionTable, @inputList) = @_;      my ($optionTable, @inputList) = @_;
1984      # Process any options in the input list.      # Process any options in the input list.
1985      my %overrides = ();      my %overrides = ();
1986      while ((@inputList > 0) && ($inputList[0] =~ /^-/)) {      while ((@inputList > 0) && ($inputList[0] =~ /^--?/)) {
1987          # Get the current option.          # Get the current option.
1988          my $arg = shift @inputList;          my $arg = shift @inputList;
1989          # Pull out the option name.          # Pull out the option name.
1990          $arg =~ /^-([^=]*)/g;          $arg =~ /^--?([^=]*)/g;
1991          my $name = $1;          my $name = $1;
1992          # Check for an option value.          # Check for an option value.
1993          if ($arg =~ /\G=(.*)$/g) {          if ($arg =~ /\G=(.*)$/g) {
# Line 1143  Line 2009 
2009      return ($optionTable, @retVal);      return ($optionTable, @retVal);
2010  }  }
2011    
 =head3 Escape  
2012    
2013  C<< my $codedString = Tracer::Escape($realString); >>  =head2 File Utility Methods
2014    
2015  Escape a string for use in a command length. Tabs will be replaced by C<\t>, new-lines  =head3 GetFile
 replaced by C<\n>, carriage returns will be deleted, and backslashes will be doubled. The  
 result is to reverse the effect of L</UnEscape>.  
2016    
2017  =over 4      my @fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName);
2018    
2019  =item realString      or
2020    
2021  String to escape.      my $fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName);
2022    
2023  =item RETURN  Return the entire contents of a file. In list context, line-ends are removed and
2024    each line is a list element. In scalar context, line-ends are replaced by C<\n>.
2025    
2026  Escaped equivalent of the real string.  =over 4
2027    
2028  =back  =item fileName
2029    
2030  =cut  Name of the file to read.
2031    
2032  sub Escape {  =item RETURN
2033      # Get the parameter.  
2034      my ($realString) = @_;  In a list context, returns the entire file as a list with the line terminators removed.
2035      # Initialize the return variable.  In a scalar context, returns the entire file as a string. If an error occurs opening
2036      my $retVal = "";  the file, an empty list will be returned.
2037      # Loop through the parameter string, looking for sequences to escape.  
2038      while (length $realString > 0) {  =back
2039          # Look for the first sequence to escape.  
2040          if ($realString =~ /^(.*?)([\n\t\r\\])/) {  =cut
2041              # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence  
2042              # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.  sub GetFile {
2043              $retVal .= $1;      # Get the parameters.
2044              # Strip the processed section off the real string.      my ($fileName) = @_;
2045              $realString = substr $realString, (length $2) + (length $1);      # Declare the return variable.
2046              # Get the matched character.      my @retVal = ();
2047              my $char = $2;      # Open the file for input.
2048              # If we have a CR, we are done.      my $handle = Open(undef, "<$fileName");
2049              if ($char ne "\r") {      # Read the whole file into the return variable, stripping off any terminator
2050                  # It's not a CR, so encode the escape sequence.      # characters.
2051                  $char =~ tr/\t\n/tn/;      my $lineCount = 0;
2052                  $retVal .= "\\" . $char;      while (my $line = <$handle>) {
2053            $lineCount++;
2054            $line = Strip($line);
2055            push @retVal, $line;
2056              }              }
2057        # Close it.
2058        close $handle;
2059        my $actualLines = @retVal;
2060        Trace("$actualLines lines read from file $fileName.") if T(File => 2);
2061        # Return the file's contents in the desired format.
2062        if (wantarray) {
2063            return @retVal;
2064          } else {          } else {
2065              # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is          return join "\n", @retVal;
             # transferred unmodified.  
             $retVal .= $realString;  
             $realString = "";  
         }  
2066      }      }
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
2067  }  }
2068    
2069  =head3 UnEscape  =head3 PutFile
2070    
2071  C<< my $realString = Tracer::UnEscape($codedString); >>      Tracer::PutFile($fileName, \@lines);
2072    
2073  Replace escape sequences with their actual equivalents. C<\t> will be replaced by  Write out a file from a list of lines of text.
 a tab, C<\n> by a new-line character, and C<\\> by a backslash. C<\r> codes will  
 be deleted.  
2074    
2075  =over 4  =over 4
2076    
2077  =item codedString  =item fileName
2078    
2079  String to un-escape.  Name of the output file.
2080    
2081  =item RETURN  =item lines
2082    
2083  Returns a copy of the original string with the escape sequences converted to their actual  Reference to a list of text lines. The lines will be written to the file in order, with trailing
2084  values.  new-line characters. Alternatively, may be a string, in which case the string will be written without
2085    modification.
2086    
2087  =back  =back
2088    
2089  =cut  =cut
2090    
2091  sub UnEscape {  sub PutFile {
2092      # Get the parameter.      # Get the parameters.
2093      my ($codedString) = @_;      my ($fileName, $lines) = @_;
2094      # Initialize the return variable.      # Open the output file.
2095      my $retVal = "";      my $handle = Open(undef, ">$fileName");
2096      # Only proceed if the incoming string is nonempty.      # Count the lines written.
2097      if (defined $codedString) {      if (ref $lines ne 'ARRAY') {
2098          # Loop through the parameter string, looking for escape sequences. We can't do          # Here we have a scalar, so we write it raw.
2099          # translating because it causes problems with the escaped slash. ("\\t" becomes          print $handle $lines;
2100          # "\<tab>" no matter what we do.)          Trace("Scalar put to file $fileName.") if T(File => 3);
         while (length $codedString > 0) {  
             # Look for the first escape sequence.  
             if ($codedString =~ /^(.*?)\\(\\|n|t|r)/) {  
                 # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence  
                 # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.  
                 $retVal .= $1;  
                 $codedString = substr $codedString, (2 + length $1);  
                 # Get the escape value.  
                 my $char = $2;  
                 # If we have a "\r", we are done.  
                 if ($char ne 'r') {  
                     # Here it's not an 'r', so we convert it.  
                     $char =~ tr/\\tn/\\\t\n/;  
                     $retVal .= $char;  
                 }  
2101              } else {              } else {
2102                  # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is          # Write the lines one at a time.
2103                  # transferred unmodified.          my $count = 0;
2104                  $retVal .= $codedString;          for my $line (@{$lines}) {
2105                  $codedString = "";              print $handle "$line\n";
2106              }              $count++;
2107          }          }
2108            Trace("$count lines put to file $fileName.") if T(File => 3);
2109      }      }
2110      # Return the result.      # Close the output file.
2111      return $retVal;      close $handle;
2112  }  }
2113    
2114  =head3 ParseRecord  =head3 ParseRecord
2115    
2116  C<< my @fields = Tracer::ParseRecord($line); >>      my @fields = Tracer::ParseRecord($line);
2117    
2118  Parse a tab-delimited data line. The data line is split into field values. Embedded tab  Parse a tab-delimited data line. The data line is split into field values. Embedded tab
2119  and new-line characters in the data line must be represented as C<\t> and C<\n>, respectively.  and new-line characters in the data line must be represented as C<\t> and C<\n>, respectively.
# Line 1305  Line 2158 
2158    
2159  =head3 Merge  =head3 Merge
2160    
2161  C<< my @mergedList = Tracer::Merge(@inputList); >>      my @mergedList = Tracer::Merge(@inputList);
2162    
2163  Sort a list of strings and remove duplicates.  Sort a list of strings and remove duplicates.
2164    
# Line 1351  Line 2204 
2204      return @inputList;      return @inputList;
2205  }  }
2206    
2207  =head3 Percent  =head3 Open
2208    
2209        my $handle = Open($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message);
2210    
2211    Open a file.
2212    
2213    The I<$fileSpec> is essentially the second argument of the PERL C<open>
2214    function. The mode is specified using Unix-like shell information. So, for
2215    example,
2216    
2217        Open(\*LOGFILE, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");
2218    
2219    would open for output appended to the specified file, and
2220    
2221        Open(\*DATASTREAM, "| sort -u >$outputFile", "Could not open $outputFile.");
2222    
2223    would open a pipe that sorts the records written and removes duplicates. Note
2224    the use of file handle syntax in the Open call. To use anonymous file handles,
2225    code as follows.
2226    
2227        my $logFile = Open(undef, '>>/usr/spool/news/twitlog', "Could not open twit log.");
2228    
2229    The I<$message> parameter is used if the open fails. If it is set to C<0>, then
2230    the open returns TRUE if successful and FALSE if an error occurred. Otherwise, a
2231    failed open will throw an exception and the third parameter will be used to construct
2232    an error message. If the parameter is omitted, a standard message is constructed
2233    using the file spec.
2234    
2235        Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog"
2236    
2237    Note that the mode characters are automatically cleaned from the file name.
2238    The actual error message from the file system will be captured and appended to the
2239    message in any case.
2240    
2241        Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": file not found.
2242    
2243    In some versions of PERL the only error message we get is a number, which
2244    corresponds to the C++ C<errno> value.
2245    
2246        Could not open "/usr/spool/news/twitlog": 6.
2247    
2248    =over 4
2249    
2250    =item fileHandle
2251    
2252    File handle. If this parameter is C<undef>, a file handle will be generated
2253    and returned as the value of this method.
2254    
2255    =item fileSpec
2256    
2257    File name and mode, as per the PERL C<open> function.
2258    
2259    =item message (optional)
2260    
2261    Error message to use if the open fails. If omitted, a standard error message
2262    will be generated. In either case, the error information from the file system
2263    is appended to the message. To specify a conditional open that does not throw
2264    an error if it fails, use C<0>.
2265    
2266    =item RETURN
2267    
2268    Returns the name of the file handle assigned to the file, or C<undef> if the
2269    open failed.
2270    
2271    =back
2272    
2273    =cut
2274    
2275    sub Open {
2276        # Get the parameters.
2277        my ($fileHandle, $fileSpec, $message) = @_;
2278        # Attempt to open the file.
2279        my $rv = open $fileHandle, $fileSpec;
2280        # If the open failed, generate an error message.
2281        if (! $rv) {
2282            # Save the system error message.
2283            my $sysMessage = $!;
2284            # See if we need a default message.
2285            if (!$message) {
2286                # Clean any obvious mode characters and leading spaces from the
2287                # filename.
2288                my ($fileName) = FindNamePart($fileSpec);
2289                $message = "Could not open \"$fileName\"";
2290            }
2291            # Terminate with an error using the supplied message and the
2292            # error message from the file system.
2293            Confess("$message: $!");
2294        }
2295        # Return the file handle.
2296        return $fileHandle;
2297    }
2298    
2299    =head3 FindNamePart
2300    
2301        my ($fileName, $start, $len) = Tracer::FindNamePart($fileSpec);
2302    
2303    Extract the portion of a file specification that contains the file name.
2304    
2305    A file specification is the string passed to an C<open> call. It specifies the file
2306    mode and name. In a truly complex situation, it can specify a pipe sequence. This
2307    method assumes that the file name is whatever follows the first angle bracket
2308    sequence.  So, for example, in the following strings the file name is
2309    C</usr/fig/myfile.txt>.
2310    
2311        >>/usr/fig/myfile.txt
2312        </usr/fig/myfile.txt
2313        | sort -u > /usr/fig/myfile.txt
2314    
2315    If the method cannot find a file name using its normal methods, it will return the
2316    whole incoming string.
2317    
2318    =over 4
2319    
2320    =item fileSpec
2321    
2322    File specification string from which the file name is to be extracted.
2323    
2324    =item RETURN
2325    
2326    Returns a three-element list. The first element contains the file name portion of
2327    the specified string, or the whole string if a file name cannot be found via normal
2328    methods. The second element contains the start position of the file name portion and
2329    the third element contains the length.
2330    
2331    =back
2332    
2333    =cut
2334    #: Return Type $;
2335    sub FindNamePart {
2336        # Get the parameters.
2337        my ($fileSpec) = @_;
2338        # Default to the whole input string.
2339        my ($retVal, $pos, $len) = ($fileSpec, 0, length $fileSpec);
2340        # Parse out the file name if we can.
2341        if ($fileSpec =~ m/(<|>>?)(.+?)(\s*)$/) {
2342            $retVal = $2;
2343            $len = length $retVal;
2344            $pos = (length $fileSpec) - (length $3) - $len;
2345        }
2346        # Return the result.
2347        return ($retVal, $pos, $len);
2348    }
2349    
2350    =head3 OpenDir
2351    
2352        my @files = OpenDir($dirName, $filtered, $flag);
2353    
2354    Open a directory and return all the file names. This function essentially performs
2355    the functions of an C<opendir> and C<readdir>. If the I<$filtered> parameter is
2356    set to TRUE, all filenames beginning with a period (C<.>), dollar sign (C<$>),
2357    or pound sign (C<#>) and all filenames ending with a tilde C<~>) will be
2358    filtered out of the return list. If the directory does not open and I<$flag> is not
2359    set, an exception is thrown. So, for example,
2360    
2361        my @files = OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/contigs", 1);
2362    
2363    is effectively the same as
2364    
2365        opendir(TMP, "/Volumes/fig/contigs") || Confess("Could not open /Volumes/fig/contigs.");
2366        my @files = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir(TMP);
2367    
2368    Similarly, the following code
2369    
2370  C<< my $percent = Tracer::Percent($number, $base); >>      my @files = grep { $_ =~ /^\d/ } OpenDir("/Volumes/fig/orgs", 0, 1);
2371    
2372  Returns the percent of the base represented by the given number. If the base  Returns the names of all files in C</Volumes/fig/orgs> that begin with digits and
2373  is zero, returns zero.  automatically returns an empty list if the directory fails to open.
2374    
2375  =over 4  =over 4
2376    
2377  =item number  =item dirName
2378    
2379  Percent numerator.  Name of the directory to open.
2380    
2381  =item base  =item filtered
2382    
2383  Percent base.  TRUE if files whose names begin with a period (C<.>) should be automatically removed
2384    from the list, else FALSE.
2385    
2386  =item RETURN  =item flag
2387    
2388  Returns the percentage of the base represented by the numerator.  TRUE if a failure to open is okay, else FALSE
2389    
2390  =back  =back
2391    
2392  =cut  =cut
2393    #: Return Type @;
2394  sub Percent {  sub OpenDir {
2395      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2396      my ($number, $base) = @_;      my ($dirName, $filtered, $flag) = @_;
2397      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return variable.
2398      my $retVal = 0;      my @retVal = ();
2399      # Compute the percent.      # Open the directory.
2400      if ($base != 0) {      if (opendir(my $dirHandle, $dirName)) {
2401          $retVal = $number * 100 / $base;          # The directory opened successfully. Get the appropriate list according to the
2402            # strictures of the filter parameter.
2403            if ($filtered) {
2404                @retVal = grep { $_ !~ /^[\.\$\#]/ && $_ !~ /~$/ } readdir $dirHandle;
2405            } else {
2406                @retVal = readdir $dirHandle;
2407            }
2408        } elsif (! $flag) {
2409            # Here the directory would not open and it's considered an error.
2410            Confess("Could not open directory $dirName.");
2411      }      }
2412      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2413      return $retVal;      return @retVal;
2414  }  }
2415    
 =head3 GetFile  
   
 C<< my @fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName); >>  
2416    
2417      or  =head3 Insure
2418    
2419  C<< my $fileContents = Tracer::GetFile($fileName); >>      Insure($dirName, $chmod);
2420    
2421  Return the entire contents of a file. In list context, line-ends are removed and  Insure a directory is present.
 each line is a list element. In scalar context, line-ends are replaced by C<\n>.  
2422    
2423  =over 4  =over 4
2424    
2425  =item fileName  =item dirName
2426    
2427  Name of the file to read.  Name of the directory to check. If it does not exist, it will be created.
2428    
2429  =item RETURN  =item chmod (optional)
2430    
2431  In a list context, returns the entire file as a list with the line terminators removed.  Security privileges to be given to the directory if it is created.
 In a scalar context, returns the entire file as a string. If an error occurs opening  
 the file, an empty list will be returned.  
2432    
2433  =back  =back
2434    
2435  =cut  =cut
2436    
2437  sub GetFile {  sub Insure {
2438      # Get the parameters.      my ($dirName, $chmod) = @_;
2439      my ($fileName) = @_;      if (! -d $dirName) {
2440      # Declare the return variable.          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(2);
2441      my @retVal = ();          eval {
2442      # Open the file for input.              mkpath $dirName;
2443      my $handle = Open(undef, "<$fileName");              # If we have permissions specified, set them here.
2444      # Read the whole file into the return variable, stripping off any terminator              if (defined($chmod)) {
2445      # characters.                  chmod $chmod, $dirName;
2446      my $lineCount = 0;              }
2447      while (my $line = <$handle>) {          };
2448          $lineCount++;          if ($@) {
2449          $line = Strip($line);              Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");
         push @retVal, $line;  
2450      }      }
     # Close it.  
     close $handle;  
     my $actualLines = @retVal;  
     # Return the file's contents in the desired format.  
     if (wantarray) {  
         return @retVal;  
     } else {  
         return join "\n", @retVal;  
2451      }      }
2452  }  }
2453    
2454  =head3 PutFile  =head3 ChDir
2455    
2456  C<< Tracer::PutFile($fileName, \@lines); >>      ChDir($dirName);
2457    
2458  Write out a file from a list of lines of text.  Change to the specified directory.
2459    
2460  =over 4  =over 4
2461    
2462  =item fileName  =item dirName
   
 Name of the output file.  
   
 =item lines  
2463    
2464  Reference to a list of text lines. The lines will be written to the file in order, with trailing  Name of the directory to which we want to change.
 new-line characters. Alternatively, may be a string, in which case the string will be written without  
 modification.  
2465    
2466  =back  =back
2467    
2468  =cut  =cut
2469    
2470  sub PutFile {  sub ChDir {
2471      # Get the parameters.      my ($dirName) = @_;
2472      my ($fileName, $lines) = @_;      if (! -d $dirName) {
2473      # Open the output file.          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");
     my $handle = Open(undef, ">$fileName");  
     if (ref $lines ne 'ARRAY') {  
         # Here we have a scalar, so we write it raw.  
         print $handle $lines;  
2474      } else {      } else {
2475          # Write the lines one at a time.          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(File => 4);
2476          for my $line (@{$lines}) {          my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;
2477              print $handle "$line\n";          if (! $okFlag) {
2478                Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");
2479          }          }
2480      }      }
     # Close the output file.  
     close $handle;  
2481  }  }
2482    
2483  =head3 QTrace  =head3 SetPermissions
2484    
2485  C<< my $data = QTrace($format); >>      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, $group, $mask, %otherMasks);
2486    
2487  Return the queued trace data in the specified format.  Set the permissions for a directory and all the files and folders inside it.
2488    In addition, the group ownership will be changed to the specified value.
2489    
2490  =over 4  This method is more vulnerable than most to permission and compatability
2491    problems, so it does internal error recovery.
2492    
2493  =item format  =over 4
2494    
2495  C<html> to format the data as an HTML list, C<text> to format it as straight text.  =item dirName
2496    
2497  =back  Name of the directory to process.
2498    
2499  =cut  =item group
2500    
2501  sub QTrace {  Name of the group to be assigned.
     # Get the parameter.  
     my ($format) = @_;  
     # Create the return variable.  
     my $retVal = "";  
     # Only proceed if there is an actual queue.  
     if (@Queue) {  
         # Process according to the format.  
         if ($format =~ m/^HTML$/i) {  
             # Convert the queue into an HTML list.  
             $retVal = "<ul>\n";  
             for my $line (@Queue) {  
                 my $escapedLine = CGI::escapeHTML($line);  
                 $retVal .= "<li>$escapedLine</li>\n";  
             }  
             $retVal .= "</ul>\n";  
         } elsif ($format =~ m/^TEXT$/i) {  
             # Convert the queue into a list of text lines.  
             $retVal = join("\n", @Queue) . "\n";  
         }  
         # Clear the queue.  
         @Queue = ();  
     }  
     # Return the formatted list.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
2502    
2503  =head3 Confess  =item mask
2504    
2505  C<< Confess($message); >>  Permission mask. Bits that are C<1> in this mask will be ORed into the
2506    permission bits of any file or directory that does not already have them
2507    set to 1.
2508    
2509  Trace the call stack and abort the program with the specified message. When used with  =item otherMasks
 the OR operator and the L</Assert> method, B<Confess> can function as a debugging assert.  
 So, for example  
2510    
2511  C<< Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum."); >>  Map of search patterns to permission masks. If a directory name matches
2512    one of the patterns, that directory and all its members and subdirectories
2513    will be assigned the new pattern. For example, the following would
2514    assign 01664 to most files, but would use 01777 for directories named C<tmp>.
2515    
2516  Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp$' => 01777);
2517    
2518  =over 4  The list is ordered, so the following would use 0777 for C<tmp1> and
2519    0666 for C<tmp>, C<tmp2>, or C<tmp3>.
2520    
2521  =item message      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp1' => 0777,
2522                                                       '^tmp' => 0666);
2523    
2524  Message to include in the trace.  Note that the pattern matches are all case-insensitive, and only directory
2525    names are matched, not file names.
2526    
2527  =back  =back
2528    
2529  =cut  =cut
2530    
2531  sub Confess {  sub SetPermissions {
2532      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2533      my ($message) = @_;      my ($dirName, $group, $mask, @otherMasks) = @_;
2534      # Trace the call stack.      # Set up for error recovery.
2535      Cluck($message);      eval {
2536      # Abort the program.          # Switch to the specified directory.
2537      croak(">>> $message");          ChDir($dirName);
2538            # Get the group ID.
2539            my $gid = getgrnam($group);
2540            # Get the mask for tracing.
2541            my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";
2542            Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(File => 2);
2543            my $fixCount = 0;
2544            my $lookCount = 0;
2545            # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.
2546            my @dirs = (getcwd());
2547            while (scalar(@dirs) > 0) {
2548                # Get the current directory.
2549                my $dir = pop @dirs;
2550                # Check for a match to one of the specified directory names. To do
2551                # that, we need to pull the individual part of the name off of the
2552                # whole path.
2553                my $simpleName = $dir;
2554                if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {
2555                    $simpleName = $1;
2556                }
2557                Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(File => 4);
2558                # Search for a match.
2559                my $match = 0;
2560                my $i;
2561                for ($i = 0; $i < $#otherMasks && ! $match; $i += 2) {
2562                    my $pattern = $otherMasks[$i];
2563                    if ($simpleName =~ /$pattern/i) {
2564                        $match = 1;
2565                    }
2566                }
2567                # Check for a match. Note we use $i-1 because the loop added 2
2568                # before terminating due to the match.
2569                if ($match && $otherMasks[$i-1] != $mask) {
2570                    # This directory matches one of the incoming patterns, and it's
2571                    # a different mask, so we process it recursively with that mask.
2572                    SetPermissions($dir, $group, $otherMasks[$i-1], @otherMasks);
2573                } else {
2574                    # Here we can process normally. Get all of the non-hidden members.
2575                    my @submems = OpenDir($dir, 1);
2576                    for my $submem (@submems) {
2577                        # Get the full name.
2578                        my $thisMem = "$dir/$submem";
2579                        Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);
2580                        $lookCount++;
2581                        if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {
2582                            Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(File => 3);
2583                        }
2584                        # Fix the group.
2585                        chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;
2586                        # Insure this member is not a symlink.
2587                        if (! -l $thisMem) {
2588                            # Get its info.
2589                            my $fileInfo = stat $thisMem;
2590                            # Only proceed if we got the info. Otherwise, it's a hard link
2591                            # and we want to skip it anyway.
2592                            if ($fileInfo) {
2593                                my $fileMode = $fileInfo->mode;
2594                                if (($fileMode & $mask) != $mask) {
2595                                    # Fix this member.
2596                                    $fileMode |= $mask;
2597                                    chmod $fileMode, $thisMem;
2598                                    $fixCount++;
2599  }  }
2600                                # If it's a subdirectory, stack it.
2601  =head3 Assert                              if (-d $thisMem) {
2602                                    push @dirs, $thisMem;
 C<< Assert($condition1, $condition2, ... $conditionN); >>  
   
 Return TRUE if all the conditions are true. This method can be used in conjunction with  
 the OR operator and the L</Confess> method as a debugging assert.  
 So, for example  
   
 C<< Assert($recNum >= 0) || Confess("Invalid record number $recNum."); >>  
   
 Will abort the program with a stack trace if the value of C<$recNum> is negative.  
   
 =cut  
 sub Assert {  
     my $retVal = 1;  
     LOOP: for my $condition (@_) {  
         if (! $condition) {  
             $retVal = 0;  
             last LOOP;  
2603          }          }
2604      }      }
     return $retVal;  
2605  }  }
   
 =head3 Cluck  
   
 C<< Cluck($message); >>  
   
 Trace the call stack. Note that for best results, you should qualify the call with a  
 trace condition. For example,  
   
 C<< Cluck("Starting record parse.") if T(3); >>  
   
 will only trace the stack if the trace level for the package is 3 or more.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item message  
   
 Message to include in the trace.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub Cluck {  
     # Get the parameters.  
     my ($message) = @_;  
     # Trace what's happening.  
     Trace("Stack trace for event: $message");  
     my $confession = longmess($message);  
     # Convert the confession to a series of trace messages. Note we skip any  
     # messages relating to calls into Tracer.  
     for my $line (split /\s*\n/, $confession) {  
         Trace($line) if ($line !~ /Tracer\.pm/);  
2606      }      }
2607  }  }
   
 =head3 Min  
   
 C<< my $min = Min($value1, $value2, ... $valueN); >>  
   
 Return the minimum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN  
   
 List of numbers to compare.  
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 Returns the lowest number in the list.  
   
 =back  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub Min {  
     # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.  
     my ($retVal, @values) = @_;  
     # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the lowest.  
     for my $value (@values) {  
         if ($value < $retVal) {  
             $retVal = $value;  
2608          }          }
2609            Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(File => 2);
2610        };
2611        # Check for an error.
2612        if ($@) {
2613            Confess("SetPermissions error: $@");
2614      }      }
     # Return the minimum found.  
     return $retVal;  
2615  }  }
2616    
2617  =head3 Max  =head3 GetLine
2618    
2619  C<< my $max = Max($value1, $value2, ... $valueN); >>      my @data = Tracer::GetLine($handle);
2620    
2621  Return the maximum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.  Read a line of data from a tab-delimited file.
2622    
2623  =over 4  =over 4
2624    
2625  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN  =item handle
2626    
2627  List of numbers to compare.  Open file handle from which to read.
2628    
2629  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2630    
2631  Returns the highest number in the list.  Returns a list of the fields in the record read. The fields are presumed to be
2632    tab-delimited. If we are at the end of the file, then an empty list will be
2633    returned. If an empty line is read, a single list item consisting of a null
2634    string will be returned.
2635    
2636  =back  =back
2637    
2638  =cut  =cut
2639    
2640  sub Max {  sub GetLine {
2641      # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.      # Get the parameters.
2642      my ($retVal, @values) = @_;      my ($handle) = @_;
2643      # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the highest.      # Declare the return variable.
2644      for my $value (@values) {      my @retVal = ();
2645          if ($value > $retVal) {      Trace("File position is " . tell($handle) . ". EOF flag is " . eof($handle) . ".") if T(File => 4);
2646              $retVal = $value;      # Read from the file.
2647        my $line = <$handle>;
2648        # Only proceed if we found something.
2649        if (defined $line) {
2650            # Remove the new-line. We are a bit over-cautious here because the file may be coming in via an
2651            # upload control and have a nonstandard EOL combination.
2652            $line =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//;
2653            # Here we do some fancy tracing to help in debugging complicated EOL marks.
2654            if (T(File => 4)) {
2655                my $escapedLine = $line;
2656                $escapedLine =~ s/\n/\\n/g;
2657                $escapedLine =~ s/\r/\\r/g;
2658                $escapedLine =~ s/\t/\\t/g;
2659                Trace("Line read: -->$escapedLine<--");
2660            }
2661            # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse
2662            # it into fields.
2663            if ($line eq "") {
2664                push @retVal, "";
2665            } else {
2666                push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;
2667          }          }
2668        } else {
2669            # Trace the reason the read failed.
2670            Trace("End of file: $!") if T(File => 3);
2671      }      }
2672      # Return the maximum found.      # Return the result.
2673      return $retVal;      return @retVal;
2674  }  }
2675    
2676  =head3 AddToListMap  =head3 PutLine
2677    
2678  C<< Tracer::AddToListMap(\%hash, $key, $value1, $value2, ... valueN); >>      Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields, $eol);
2679    
2680  Add a key-value pair to a hash of lists. If no value exists for the key, a singleton list  Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be
2681  is created for the key. Otherwise, the new value is pushed onto the list.  output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.
2682    
2683  =over 4  =over 4
2684    
2685  =item hash  =item handle
2686    
2687  Reference to the target hash.  Output file handle.
2688    
2689  =item key  =item fields
2690    
2691  Key for which the value is to be added.  List of field values.
2692    
2693  =item value1, value2, ... valueN  =item eol (optional)
2694    
2695  List of values to add to the key's value list.  End-of-line character (default is "\n").
2696    
2697  =back  =back
2698    
2699  =cut  =cut
2700    
2701  sub AddToListMap {  sub PutLine {
2702      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2703      my ($hash, $key, @values) = @_;      my ($handle, $fields, $eol) = @_;
2704      # Process according to whether or not the key already has a value.      # Write the data.
2705      if (! exists $hash->{$key}) {      print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . ($eol || "\n");
         $hash->{$key} = [@values];  
     } else {  
         push @{$hash->{$key}}, @values;  
     }  
2706  }  }
2707    
 =head3 DebugMode  
   
 C<< if (Tracer::DebugMode) { ...code... } >>  
   
 Return TRUE if debug mode has been turned on, else output an error  
 page and return FALSE.  
   
 Certain CGI scripts are too dangerous to exist in the production  
 environment. This method provides a simple way to prevent them  
 from working unless they are explicitly turned on by creating a password  
 cookie via the B<SetPassword> script.  If debugging mode  
 is not turned on, an error web page will be output directing the  
 user to enter in the correct password.  
   
 =cut  
   
 sub DebugMode {  
     # Declare the return variable.  
     my $retVal = 0;  
     # Check the debug configuration.  
     my $password = CGI::cookie("DebugMode");  
     my $encrypted = Digest::MD5::md5_hex($password);  
     if ($encrypted eq "252dec43280e0c0d6a75ffcec486e61d") {  
         $retVal = 1;  
     } else {  
         # Here debug mode is off, so we generate an error page.  
         my $pageString = PageBuilder::Build("<<Html/ErrorPage.html", {}, "Html");  
         print $pageString;  
     }  
     # Return the determination indicator.  
     return $retVal;  
 }  
2708    
2709  =head3 Strip  =head3 PrintLine
2710    
2711  C<< my $string = Tracer::Strip($line); >>      Tracer::PrintLine($line);
2712    
2713  Strip all line terminators off a string. This is necessary when dealing with files  Print a line of text with a trailing new-line.
 that may have been transferred back and forth several times among different  
 operating environments.  
2714    
2715  =over 4  =over 4
2716    
2717  =item line  =item line
2718    
2719  Line of text to be stripped.  Line of text to print.
   
 =item RETURN  
   
 The same line of text with all the line-ending characters chopped from the end.  
2720    
2721  =back  =back
2722    
2723  =cut  =cut
2724    
2725  sub Strip {  sub PrintLine {
2726      # Get a copy of the parameter string.      # Get the parameters.
2727      my ($string) = @_;      my ($line) = @_;
2728      my $retVal = (defined $string ? $string : "");      # Print the line.
2729      # Strip the line terminator characters.      print "$line\n";
     $retVal =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//g;  
     # Return the result.  
     return $retVal;  
2730  }  }
2731    
 =head3 Pad  
   
 C<< my $paddedString = Tracer::Pad($string, $len, $left, $padChar); >>  
   
 Pad a string to a specified length. The pad character will be a  
 space, and the padding will be on the right side unless specified  
 in the third parameter.  
   
 =over 4  
   
 =item string  
2732    
2733  String to be padded.  =head2 Other Useful Methods
2734    
2735  =item len  =head3 ParseParm
2736    
2737  Desired length of the padded string.      my $listValue = Tracer::ParseParm($string);
2738    
2739  =item left (optional)  Convert a parameter into a list reference. If the parameter is undefined,
2740    an undefined value will be returned. Otherwise, it will be parsed as a
2741    comma-separated list of values.
2742    
2743  TRUE if the string is to be left-padded; otherwise it will be padded on the right.  =over 4
2744    
2745  =item padChar (optional)  =item string
2746    
2747  Character to use for padding. The default is a space.  Incoming string.
2748    
2749  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2750    
2751  Returns a copy of the original string with the pad character added to the  Returns a reference to a list of values, or C<undef> if the incoming value
2752  specified end so that it achieves the desired length.  was undefined.
2753    
2754  =back  =back
2755    
2756  =cut  =cut
2757    
2758  sub Pad {  sub ParseParm {
2759      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2760      my ($string, $len, $left, $padChar) = @_;      my ($string) = @_;
2761      # Compute the padding character.      # Declare the return variable.
2762      if (! defined $padChar) {      my $retVal;
2763          $padChar = " ";      # Check for data.
2764      }      if (defined $string) {
2765      # Compute the number of spaces needed.          # We have some, so split it into a list.
2766      my $needed = $len - length $string;          $retVal = [ split /\s*,\s*/, $string];
     # Copy the string into the return variable.  
     my $retVal = $string;  
     # Only proceed if padding is needed.  
     if ($needed > 0) {  
         # Create the pad string.  
         my $pad = $padChar x $needed;  
         # Affix it to the return value.  
         if ($left) {  
             $retVal = $pad . $retVal;  
         } else {  
             $retVal .= $pad;  
         }  
2767      }      }
2768      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
2769      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
2770  }  }
2771    
2772  =head3 EOF  =head3 Now
2773    
2774  This is a constant that is lexically greater than any useful string.      my $string = Tracer::Now();
2775    
2776    Return a displayable time stamp containing the local time. Whatever format this
2777    method produces must be parseable by L</ParseDate>.
2778    
2779  =cut  =cut
2780    
2781  sub EOF {  sub Now {
2782      return "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF";      return DisplayTime(time);
2783  }  }
2784    
2785  =head3 TICK  =head3 DisplayTime
   
 C<< my @results = TICK($commandString); >>  
   
 Perform a back-tick operation on a command. If this is a Windows environment, any leading  
 dot-slash (C<./> will be removed. So, for example, if you were doing  
   
     `./protein.cgi`  
   
 from inside a CGI script, it would work fine in Unix, but would issue an error message  
 in Windows complaining that C<'.'> is not a valid command. If instead you code  
2786    
2787      TICK("./protein.cgi")      my $string = Tracer::DisplayTime($time);
2788    
2789  it will work correctly in both environments.  Convert a time value to a displayable time stamp. Whatever format this
2790    method produces must be parseable by L</ParseDate>.
2791    
2792  =over 4  =over 4
2793    
2794  =item commandString  =item time
2795    
2796  The command string to pass to the system.  Time to display, in seconds since the epoch, or C<undef> if the time is unknown.
2797    
2798  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
2799    
2800  Returns the standard output from the specified command, as a list.  Returns a displayable time, or C<(n/a)> if the incoming time is undefined.
2801    
2802  =back  =back
2803    
2804  =cut  =cut
2805  #: Return Type @;  
2806  sub TICK {  sub DisplayTime {
2807      # Get the parameters.      my ($time) = @_;
2808      my ($commandString) = @_;      my $retVal = "(n/a)";
2809      # Chop off the dot-slash if this is Windows.      if (defined $time) {
2810      if ($FIG_Config::win_mode) {          my ($sec,$min,$hour,$mday,$mon,$year,$wday,$yday,$isdst) = localtime($time);
2811          $commandString =~ s!^\./!!;          $retVal = _p2($mon+1) . "/" . _p2($mday) . "/" . ($year + 1900) . " " .
2812                      _p2($hour) . ":" . _p2($min) . ":" . _p2($sec);
2813      }      }
2814      # Activate the command and return the result.      return $retVal;
2815      return `$commandString`;  }
2816    
2817    # Pad a number to 2 digits.
2818    sub _p2 {
2819        my ($value) = @_;
2820        $value = "0$value" if ($value < 10);
2821        return $value;
2822  }  }
2823    
2824  =head3 ScriptSetup  =head3 Escape
2825    
2826        my $codedString = Tracer::Escape($realString);
2827    
2828  C<< my ($query, $varHash) = ScriptSetup(); >>  Escape a string for use in a command. Tabs will be replaced by C<\t>, new-lines
2829    replaced by C<\n>, carriage returns will be deleted, and backslashes will be doubled. The
2830    result is to reverse the effect of L</UnEscape>.
2831    
2832  Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is  =over 4
2833  the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash.  
2834    =item realString
2835    
2836    String to escape.
2837    
2838  The C<Trace> query parameter is used to determine whether or not tracing is active and  =item RETURN
2839  which trace modules (other than C<Tracer> and C<FIG>) should be turned on. Specifying  
2840  the C<CGI> trace module will trace parameter and environment information. Parameters are  Escaped equivalent of the real string.
2841  traced at level 3 and environment variables at level 4. At the end of the script, the  
2842  client should call L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.  =back
2843    
2844  =cut  =cut
2845    
2846  sub ScriptSetup {  sub Escape {
2847      # Get the CGI query object.      # Get the parameter.
2848      my $query = CGI->new();      my ($realString) = @_;
2849      # Check for tracing. Set it up if the user asked for it.      # Initialize the return variable.
2850      if ($query->param('Trace')) {      my $retVal = "";
2851          # Set up tracing.      # Loop through the parameter string, looking for sequences to escape.
2852          my $ttype = ($query->param('TF') ? ">$FIG_Config::temp/Trace$$.log" : "QUEUE");      while (length $realString > 0) {
2853          TSetup($query->param('Trace') . " FIG Tracer", $ttype);          # Look for the first sequence to escape.
2854          # Trace the parameter and environment data.          if ($realString =~ /^(.*?)([\n\t\r\\])/) {
2855          TraceParms($query);              # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence
2856      } else {              # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.
2857          # Here tracing is to be turned off. All we allow is errors traced into the              $retVal .= $1;
2858          # error log.              # Strip the processed section off the real string.
2859          TSetup("0", "WARN");              $realString = substr $realString, (length $2) + (length $1);
2860                # Get the matched character.
2861                my $char = $2;
2862                # If we have a CR, we are done.
2863                if ($char ne "\r") {
2864                    # It's not a CR, so encode the escape sequence.
2865                    $char =~ tr/\t\n/tn/;
2866                    $retVal .= "\\" . $char;
2867                }
2868            } else {
2869                # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is
2870                # transferred unmodified.
2871                $retVal .= $realString;
2872                $realString = "";
2873      }      }
2874      # Create the variable hash.      }
2875      my $varHash = { DebugData => '' };      # Return the result.
2876      # Return the query object and variable hash.      return $retVal;
     return ($query, $varHash);  
2877  }  }
2878    
2879  =head3 TraceParms  =head3 UnEscape
2880    
2881  C<< Tracer::TraceParms($query); >>      my $realString = Tracer::UnEscape($codedString);
2882    
2883  Trace the CGI parameters at trace level CGI => 3 and the environment variables  Replace escape sequences with their actual equivalents. C<\t> will be replaced by
2884  at level CGI => 4.  a tab, C<\n> by a new-line character, and C<\\> by a backslash. C<\r> codes will
2885    be deleted.
2886    
2887  =over 4  =over 4
2888    
2889  =item query  =item codedString
2890    
2891  CGI query object containing the parameters to trace.  String to un-escape.
2892    
2893    =item RETURN
2894    
2895    Returns a copy of the original string with the escape sequences converted to their actual
2896    values.
2897    
2898  =back  =back
2899    
2900  =cut  =cut
2901    
2902  sub TraceParms {  sub UnEscape {
2903      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameter.
2904      my ($query) = @_;      my ($codedString) = @_;
2905      if (T(CGI => 3)) {      # Initialize the return variable.
2906          # Here we want to trace the parameter data.      my $retVal = "";
2907          my @names = $query->param;      # Only proceed if the incoming string is nonempty.
2908          for my $parmName (sort @names) {      if (defined $codedString) {
2909              # Note we skip "Trace", which is for our use only.          # Loop through the parameter string, looking for escape sequences. We can't do
2910              if ($parmName ne 'Trace') {          # translating because it causes problems with the escaped slash. ("\\t" becomes
2911                  my @values = $query->param($parmName);          # "\<tab>" no matter what we do.)
2912                  Trace("CGI: $parmName = " . join(", ", @values));          while (length $codedString > 0) {
2913              }              # Look for the first escape sequence.
2914                if ($codedString =~ /^(.*?)\\(\\|n|t|r)/) {
2915                    # Here we found it. The text preceding the sequence is in $1. The sequence
2916                    # itself is in $2. First, move the clear text to the return variable.
2917                    $retVal .= $1;
2918                    $codedString = substr $codedString, (2 + length $1);
2919                    # Get the escape value.
2920                    my $char = $2;
2921                    # If we have a "\r", we are done.
2922                    if ($char ne 'r') {
2923                        # Here it's not an 'r', so we convert it.
2924                        $char =~ tr/\\tn/\\\t\n/;
2925                        $retVal .= $char;
2926          }          }
2927          # Now output a GET-style URL for this query.              } else {
2928          my $getURL = $query->url(-relative => 1, -query => 1);                  # Here there are no more escape sequences. The rest of the string is
2929          # Strip out the Trace parameters.                  # transferred unmodified.
2930          $getURL =~ s/Trace=\d[^;&]+[;&]//;                  $retVal .= $codedString;
2931          $getURL =~ s/TF=\d[;&]//;                  $codedString = "";
         # Output the URL.  
         Trace("URL: ../FIG/$getURL");  
         # Display the request method.  
         my $method = $query->request_method();  
         Trace("Method: $method");  
2932      }      }
     if (T(CGI => 4)) {  
         # Here we want the environment data too.  
         for my $envName (sort keys %ENV) {  
             Trace("ENV: $envName = $ENV{$envName}");  
2933          }          }
2934      }      }
2935        # Return the result.
2936        return $retVal;
2937  }  }
2938    
2939  =head3 ScriptFinish  =head3 Percent
   
 C<< ScriptFinish($webData, $varHash); >>  
   
 Output a web page at the end of a script. Either the string to be output or the  
 name of a template file can be specified. If the second parameter is omitted,  
 it is assumed we have a string to be output; otherwise, it is assumed we have the  
 name of a template file. The template should have the variable C<DebugData>  
 specified in any form that invokes a standard script. If debugging mode is turned  
 on, a form field will be put in that allows the user to enter tracing data.  
 Trace messages will be placed immediately before the terminal C<BODY> tag in  
 the output, formatted as a list.  
2940    
2941  A typical standard script would loook like the following.      my $percent = Tracer::Percent($number, $base);
2942    
2943      BEGIN {  Returns the percent of the base represented by the given number. If the base
2944          # Print the HTML header.  is zero, returns zero.
         print "CONTENT-TYPE: text/html\n\n";  
     }  
     use Tracer;  
     use CGI;  
     use FIG;  
     # ... more uses ...  
2945    
2946      my ($query, $varHash) = ScriptSetup();  =over 4
     eval {  
         # ... get data from $query, put it in $varHash ...  
     };  
     if ($@) {  
         Trace("Script Error: $@") if T(0);  
     }  
     ScriptFinish("Html/MyTemplate.html", $varHash);  
2947    
2948  The idea here is that even if the script fails, you'll see trace messages and  =item number
 useful output.  
2949    
2950  =over 4  Percent numerator.
2951    
2952  =item webData  =item base
2953    
2954  A string containing either the full web page to be written to the output or the  Percent base.
 name of a template file from which the page is to be constructed. If the name  
 of a template file is specified, then the second parameter must be present;  
 otherwise, it must be absent.  
2955    
2956  =item varHash (optional)  =item RETURN
2957    
2958  If specified, then a reference to a hash mapping variable names for a template  Returns the percentage of the base represented by the numerator.
 to their values. The template file will be read into memory, and variable markers  
 will be replaced by data in this hash reference.  
2959    
2960  =back  =back
2961    
2962  =cut  =cut
2963    
2964  sub ScriptFinish {  sub Percent {
2965      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
2966      my ($webData, $varHash) = @_;      my ($number, $base) = @_;
2967      # Check for a template file situation.      # Declare the return variable.
2968      my $outputString;      my $retVal = 0;
2969      if (defined $varHash) {      # Compute the percent.
2970          # Here we have a template file. We need to determine the template type.      if ($base != 0) {
2971          my $template;          $retVal = $number * 100 / $base;
         if ($FIG_Config::template_url && $webData =~ /\.php$/) {  
             $template = "$FIG_Config::template_url/$webData";  
         } else {  
             $template = "<<$webData";  
         }  
         $outputString = PageBuilder::Build($template, $varHash, "Html");  
     } else {  
         # Here the user gave us a raw string.  
         $outputString = $webData;  
     }  
     # Check for trace messages.  
     if ($Destination eq "QUEUE") {  
         # We have trace messages, so we want to put them at the end of the body. This  
         # is either at the end of the whole string or at the beginning of the BODY  
         # end-tag.  
         my $pos = length $outputString;  
         if ($outputString =~ m#</body>#gi) {  
             $pos = (pos $outputString) - 7;  
         }  
         substr $outputString, $pos, 0, QTrace('Html');  
2972      }      }
2973      # Write the output string.      # Return the result.
2974      print $outputString;      return $retVal;
2975  }  }
2976    
2977  =head3 Insure  =head3 Constrain
2978    
2979  C<< Insure($dirName); >>      my $constrained = Constrain($value, $min, $max);
2980    
2981  Insure a directory is present.  Modify a numeric value to bring it to a point in between a maximum and a minimum.
2982    
2983  =over 4  =over 4
2984    
2985  =item dirName  =item value
2986    
2987  Name of the directory to check. If it does not exist, it will be created.  Value to constrain.
2988    
2989    =item min (optional)
2990    
2991    Minimum permissible value. If this parameter is undefined, no minimum constraint will be applied.
2992    
2993    =item max (optional)
2994    
2995    Maximum permissible value. If this parameter is undefined, no maximum constraint will be applied.
2996    
2997    =item RETURN
2998    
2999    Returns the incoming value, constrained according to the other parameters.
3000    
3001  =back  =back
3002    
3003  =cut  =cut
3004    
3005  sub Insure {  sub Constrain {
3006      my ($dirName) = @_;      # Get the parameters.
3007      if (! -d $dirName) {      my ($value, $min, $max) = @_;
3008          Trace("Creating $dirName directory.") if T(2);      # Declare the return variable.
3009          eval { mkpath $dirName; };      my $retVal = $value;
3010          if ($@) {      # Apply the minimum constraint.
3011              Confess("Error creating $dirName: $@");      if (defined $min && $retVal < $min) {
3012          }          $retVal = $min;
3013        }
3014        # Apply the maximum constraint.
3015        if (defined $max && $retVal > $max) {
3016            $retVal = $max;
3017      }      }
3018        # Return the result.
3019        return $retVal;
3020  }  }
3021    
3022  =head3 ChDir  =head3 Min
3023    
3024  C<< ChDir($dirName); >>      my $min = Min($value1, $value2, ... $valueN);
3025    
3026  Change to the specified directory.  Return the minimum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.
3027    
3028  =over 4  =over 4
3029    
3030  =item dirName  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN
3031    
3032  Name of the directory to which we want to change.  List of numbers to compare.
3033    
3034    =item RETURN
3035    
3036    Returns the lowest number in the list.
3037    
3038  =back  =back
3039    
3040  =cut  =cut
3041    
3042  sub ChDir {  sub Min {
3043      my ($dirName) = @_;      # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.
3044      if (! -d $dirName) {      my ($retVal, @values) = @_;
3045          Confess("Cannot change to directory $dirName: no such directory.");      # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the lowest.
3046      } else {      for my $value (@values) {
3047          Trace("Changing to directory $dirName.") if T(4);          if ($value < $retVal) {
3048          my $okFlag = chdir $dirName;              $retVal = $value;
         if (! $okFlag) {  
             Confess("Error switching to directory $dirName.");  
3049          }          }
3050      }      }
3051        # Return the minimum found.
3052        return $retVal;
3053  }  }
3054    
3055  =head3 SendSMS  =head3 Max
   
 C<< my $msgID = Tracer::SendSMS($phoneNumber, $msg); >>  
   
 Send a text message to a phone number using Clickatell. The FIG_Config file must contain the  
 user name, password, and API ID for the relevant account in the hash reference variable  
 I<$FIG_Config::phone>, using the keys C<user>, C<password>, and C<api_id>. For  
 example, if the user name is C<BruceTheHumanPet>, the password is C<silly>, and the API ID  
 is C<2561022>, then the FIG_Config file must contain  
   
     $phone =  { user => 'BruceTheHumanPet',  
                 password => 'silly',  
                 api_id => '2561022' };  
   
 The original purpose of this method was to insure Bruce would be notified immediately when the  
 Sprout Load terminates. Care should be taken if you do not wish Bruce to be notified immediately  
 when you call this method.  
   
 The message ID will be returned if successful, and C<undef> if an error occurs.  
3056    
3057  =over 4      my $max = Max($value1, $value2, ... $valueN);
3058    
3059  =item phoneNumber  Return the maximum argument. The arguments are treated as numbers.
3060    
3061  Phone number to receive the message, in international format. A United States phone number  =over 4
 would be prefixed by "1". A British phone number would be prefixed by "44".  
3062    
3063  =item msg  =item $value1, $value2, ... $valueN
3064    
3065  Message to send to the specified phone.  List of numbers to compare.
3066    
3067  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
3068    
3069  Returns the message ID if successful, and C<undef> if the message could not be sent.  Returns the highest number in the list.
3070    
3071  =back  =back
3072    
3073  =cut  =cut
3074    
3075  sub SendSMS {  sub Max {
3076      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters. Note that we prime the return value with the first parameter.
3077      my ($phoneNumber, $msg) = @_;      my ($retVal, @values) = @_;
3078      # Declare the return variable. If we do not change it, C<undef> will be returned.      # Loop through the remaining parameters, looking for the highest.
3079      my $retVal;      for my $value (@values) {
3080      # Only proceed if we have phone support.          if ($value > $retVal) {
3081      if (! defined $FIG_Config::phone) {              $retVal = $value;
         Trace("Phone support not present in FIG_Config.") if T(1);  
     } else {  
         # Get the phone data.  
         my $parms = $FIG_Config::phone;  
         # Get the Clickatell URL.  
         my $url = "http://api.clickatell.com/http/";  
         # Create the user agent.  
         my $ua = LWP::UserAgent->new;  
         # Request a Clickatell session.  
         my $resp = $ua->post("$url/sendmsg", { user => $parms->{user},  
                                      password => $parms->{password},  
                                      api_id => $parms->{api_id},  
                                      to => $phoneNumber,  
                                      text => $msg});  
         # Check for an error.  
         if (! $resp->is_success) {  
             Trace("Alert failed.") if T(1);  
         } else {  
             # Get the message ID.  
             my $rstring = $resp->content;  
             if ($rstring =~ /^ID:\s+(.*)$/) {  
                 $retVal = $1;  
             } else {  
                 Trace("Phone attempt failed with $rstring") if T(1);  
             }  
3082          }          }
3083      }      }
3084      # Return the result.      # Return the maximum found.
3085      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3086  }  }
3087    
3088  =head3 CommaFormat  =head3 Strip
3089    
3090  C<< my $formatted = Tracer::CommaFormat($number); >>      my $string = Tracer::Strip($line);
3091    
3092  Insert commas into a number.  Strip all line terminators off a string. This is necessary when dealing with files
3093    that may have been transferred back and forth several times among different
3094    operating environments.
3095    
3096  =over 4  =over 4
3097    
3098  =item number  =item line
3099    
3100  A sequence of digits.  Line of text to be stripped.
3101    
3102  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
3103    
3104  Returns the same digits with commas strategically inserted.  The same line of text with all the line-ending characters chopped from the end.
3105    
3106  =back  =back
3107    
3108  =cut  =cut
3109    
3110  sub CommaFormat {  sub Strip {
3111      # Get the parameters.      # Get a copy of the parameter string.
3112      my ($number) = @_;      my ($string) = @_;
3113      # Pad the length up to a multiple of three.      my $retVal = (defined $string ? $string : "");
3114      my $padded = "$number";      # Strip the line terminator characters.
3115      $padded = " " . $padded while length($padded) % 3 != 0;      $retVal =~ s/(\r|\n)+$//g;
     # This is a fancy PERL trick. The parentheses in the SPLIT pattern  
     # cause the delimiters to be included in the output stream. The  
     # GREP removes the empty strings in between the delimiters.  
     my $retVal = join(",", grep { $_ ne '' } split(/(...)/, $padded));  
     # Clean out the spaces.  
     $retVal =~ s/ //g;  
3116      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
3117      return $retVal;      return $retVal;
3118  }  }
 =head3 SetPermissions  
3119    
3120  C<< Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, $group, $mask, %otherMasks); >>  =head3 Pad
3121    
3122  Set the permissions for a directory and all the files and folders inside it.      my $paddedString = Tracer::Pad($string, $len, $left, $padChar);
 In addition, the group ownership will be changed to the specified value.  
3123    
3124  This method is more vulnerable than most to permission and compatability  Pad a string to a specified length. The pad character will be a
3125  problems, so it does internal error recovery.  space, and the padding will be on the right side unless specified
3126    in the third parameter.
3127    
3128  =over 4  =over 4
3129    
3130  =item dirName  =item string
   
 Name of the directory to process.  
   
 =item group  
3131    
3132  Name of the group to be assigned.  String to be padded.
3133    
3134  =item mask  =item len
3135    
3136  Permission mask. Bits that are C<1> in this mask will be ORed into the  Desired length of the padded string.
 permission bits of any file or directory that does not already have them  
 set to 1.  
3137    
3138  =item otherMasks  =item left (optional)
3139    
3140  Map of search patterns to permission masks. If a directory name matches  TRUE if the string is to be left-padded; otherwise it will be padded on the right.
 one of the patterns, that directory and all its members and subdirectories  
 will be assigned the new pattern. For example, the following would  
 assign 01664 to most files, but would use 01777 for directories named C<tmp>.  
3141    
3142      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp$' => 01777);  =item padChar (optional)
3143    
3144  The list is ordered, so the following would use 0777 for C<tmp1> and  Character to use for padding. The default is a space.
 0666 for C<tmp>, C<tmp2>, or C<tmp3>.  
3145    
3146      Tracer::SetPermissions($dirName, 'fig', 01664, '^tmp1' => 0777,  =item RETURN
                                                    '^tmp' => 0666);  
3147    
3148  Note that the pattern matches are all case-insensitive, and only directory  Returns a copy of the original string with the pad character added to the
3149  names are matched, not file names.  specified end so that it achieves the desired length.
3150    
3151  =back  =back
3152    
3153  =cut  =cut
3154    
3155  sub SetPermissions {  sub Pad {
3156      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3157      my ($dirName, $group, $mask, @otherMasks) = @_;      my ($string, $len, $left, $padChar) = @_;
3158      # Set up for error recovery.      # Compute the padding character.
3159      eval {      if (! defined $padChar) {
3160          # Switch to the specified directory.          $padChar = " ";
         ChDir($dirName);  
         # Get the group ID.  
         my $gid = getgrnam($group);  
         # Get the mask for tracing.  
         my $traceMask = sprintf("%04o", $mask) . "($mask)";  
         Trace("Fixing permissions for directory $dirName using group $group($gid) and mask $traceMask.") if T(2);  
         my $fixCount = 0;  
         my $lookCount = 0;  
         # @dirs will be a stack of directories to be processed.  
         my @dirs = (getcwd());  
         while (scalar(@dirs) > 0) {  
             # Get the current directory.  
             my $dir = pop @dirs;  
             # Check for a match to one of the specified directory names. To do  
             # that, we need to pull the individual part of the name off of the  
             # whole path.  
             my $simpleName = $dir;  
             if ($dir =~ m!/([^/]+)$!) {  
                 $simpleName = $1;  
             }  
             Trace("Simple directory name for $dir is $simpleName.") if T(4);  
             # Search for a match.  
             my $match = 0;  
             my $i;  
             for ($i = 0; $i < $#otherMasks && ! $match; $i += 2) {  
                 my $pattern = $otherMasks[$i];  
                 if ($simpleName =~ /$pattern/i) {  
                     $match = 1;  
                 }  
3161              }              }
3162              # Check for a match. Note we use $i-1 because the loop added 2      # Compute the number of spaces needed.
3163              # before terminating due to the match.      my $needed = $len - length $string;
3164              if ($match && $otherMasks[$i-1] != $mask) {      # Copy the string into the return variable.
3165                  # This directory matches one of the incoming patterns, and it's      my $retVal = $string;
3166                  # a different mask, so we process it recursively with that mask.      # Only proceed if padding is needed.
3167                  SetPermissions($dir, $group, $otherMasks[$i-1], @otherMasks);      if ($needed > 0) {
3168            # Create the pad string.
3169            my $pad = $padChar x $needed;
3170            # Affix it to the return value.
3171            if ($left) {
3172                $retVal = $pad . $retVal;
3173              } else {              } else {
3174                  # Here we can process normally. Get all of the non-hidden members.              $retVal .= $pad;
                 my @submems = OpenDir($dir, 1);  
                 for my $submem (@submems) {  
                     # Get the full name.  
                     my $thisMem = "$dir/$submem";  
                     Trace("Checking member $thisMem.") if T(4);  
                     $lookCount++;  
                     if ($lookCount % 1000 == 0) {  
                         Trace("$lookCount members examined. Current is $thisMem. Mask is $traceMask") if T(3);  
                     }  
                     # Fix the group.  
                     chown -1, $gid, $thisMem;  
                     # Insure this member is not a symlink.  
                     if (! -l $thisMem) {  
                         # Get its info.  
                         my $fileInfo = stat $thisMem;  
                         # Only proceed if we got the info. Otherwise, it's a hard link  
                         # and we want to skip it anyway.  
                         if ($fileInfo) {  
                             my $fileMode = $fileInfo->mode;  
                             if (($fileMode & $mask) != $mask) {  
                                 # Fix this member.  
                                 $fileMode |= $mask;  
                                 chmod $fileMode, $thisMem;  
                                 $fixCount++;  
                             }  
                             # If it's a subdirectory, stack it.  
                             if (-d $thisMem) {  
                                 push @dirs, $thisMem;  
                             }  
3175                          }                          }
3176                      }                      }
3177        # Return the result.
3178        return $retVal;
3179                  }                  }
3180    
3181    =head3 EOF
3182    
3183    This is a constant that is lexically greater than any useful string.
3184    
3185    =cut
3186    
3187    sub EOF {
3188        return "\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF\xFF";
3189              }              }
3190    
3191    =head3 TICK
3192    
3193        my @results = TICK($commandString);
3194    
3195    Perform a back-tick operation on a command. If this is a Windows environment, any leading
3196    dot-slash (C<./> will be removed. So, for example, if you were doing
3197    
3198        `./protein.cgi`
3199    
3200    from inside a CGI script, it would work fine in Unix, but would issue an error message
3201    in Windows complaining that C<'.'> is not a valid command. If instead you code
3202    
3203        TICK("./protein.cgi")
3204    
3205    it will work correctly in both environments.
3206    
3207    =over 4
3208    
3209    =item commandString
3210    
3211    The command string to pass to the system.
3212    
3213    =item RETURN
3214    
3215    Returns the standard output from the specified command, as a list.
3216    
3217    =back
3218    
3219    =cut
3220    #: Return Type @;
3221    sub TICK {
3222        # Get the parameters.
3223        my ($commandString) = @_;
3224        # Chop off the dot-slash if this is Windows.
3225        if ($FIG_Config::win_mode) {
3226            $commandString =~ s!^\./!!;
3227          }          }
3228          Trace("$lookCount files and directories processed, $fixCount fixed.") if T(2);      # Activate the command and return the result.
3229      };      return `$commandString`;
     # Check for an error.  
     if ($@) {  
         Confess("SetPermissions error: $@");  
3230      }      }
3231    
3232    
3233    =head3 CommaFormat
3234    
3235        my $formatted = Tracer::CommaFormat($number);
3236    
3237    Insert commas into a number.
3238    
3239    =over 4
3240    
3241    =item number
3242    
3243    A sequence of digits.
3244    
3245    =item RETURN
3246    
3247    Returns the same digits with commas strategically inserted.
3248    
3249    =back
3250    
3251    =cut
3252    
3253    sub CommaFormat {
3254        # Get the parameters.
3255        my ($number) = @_;
3256        # Pad the length up to a multiple of three.
3257        my $padded = "$number";
3258        $padded = " " . $padded while length($padded) % 3 != 0;
3259        # This is a fancy PERL trick. The parentheses in the SPLIT pattern
3260        # cause the delimiters to be included in the output stream. The
3261        # GREP removes the empty strings in between the delimiters.
3262        my $retVal = join(",", grep { $_ ne '' } split(/(...)/, $padded));
3263        # Clean out the spaces.
3264        $retVal =~ s/ //g;
3265        # Return the result.
3266        return $retVal;
3267  }  }
3268    
3269    
3270  =head3 CompareLists  =head3 CompareLists
3271    
3272  C<< my ($inserted, $deleted) = Tracer::CompareLists(\@newList, \@oldList, $keyIndex); >>      my ($inserted, $deleted) = Tracer::CompareLists(\@newList, \@oldList, $keyIndex);
3273    
3274  Compare two lists of tuples, and return a hash analyzing the differences. The lists  Compare two lists of tuples, and return a hash analyzing the differences. The lists
3275  are presumed to be sorted alphabetically by the value in the $keyIndex column.  are presumed to be sorted alphabetically by the value in the $keyIndex column.
# Line 2435  Line 3334 
3334      return ($inserted, $deleted);      return ($inserted, $deleted);
3335  }  }
3336    
3337  =head3 GetLine  =head3 Cmp
3338    
3339  C<< my @data = Tracer::GetLine($handle); >>      my $cmp = Tracer::Cmp($a, $b);
3340    
3341  Read a line of data from a tab-delimited file.  This method performs a universal sort comparison. Each value coming in is
3342    separated into a leading text part and a trailing number part. The text
3343    part is string compared, and if both parts are equal, then the number
3344    parts are compared numerically. A stream of just numbers or a stream of
3345    just strings will sort correctly, and a mixed stream will sort with the
3346    numbers first. Strings with a label and a number will sort in the
3347    expected manner instead of lexically.
3348    
3349  =over 4  =over 4
3350    
3351  =item handle  =item a
3352    
3353  Open file handle from which to read.  First item to compare.
3354    
3355    =item b
3356    
3357    Second item to compare.
3358    
3359  =item RETURN  =item RETURN
3360    
3361  Returns a list of the fields in the record read. The fields are presumed to be  Returns a negative number if the first item should sort first (is less), a positive
3362  tab-delimited. If we are at the end of the file, then an empty list will be  number if the first item should sort second (is greater), and a zero if the items are
3363  returned. If an empty line is read, a single list item consisting of a null  equal.
 string will be returned.  
3364    
3365  =back  =back
3366    
3367  =cut  =cut
3368    
3369  sub GetLine {  sub Cmp {
3370      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3371      my ($handle) = @_;      my ($a, $b) = @_;
3372      # Declare the return variable.      # Declare the return value.
3373      my @retVal = ();      my $retVal;
3374      # Read from the file.      # Check for nulls.
3375      my $line = <$handle>;      if (! defined($a)) {
3376      # Only proceed if we found something.          $retVal = (! defined($b) ? 0 : -1);
3377      if (defined $line) {      } elsif (! defined($b)) {
3378          # Remove the new-line.          $retVal = 1;
         chomp $line;  
         # If the line is empty, return a single empty string; otherwise, parse  
         # it into fields.  
         if ($line eq "") {  
             push @retVal, "";  
3379          } else {          } else {
3380              push @retVal, split /\t/,$line;          # Here we have two real values. Parse the two strings.
3381            $a =~ /^(\D*)(\d*)$/;
3382            my $aParsed = [$1, $2];
3383            $b =~ /^(\D*)(\d*)$/;
3384            my $bParsed = [$1, $2];
3385            # Compare the string parts.
3386            $retVal = $aParsed->[0] cmp $bParsed->[0];
3387            if (! $retVal) {
3388                $retVal = $aParsed->[1] <=> $bParsed->[1];
3389          }          }
3390      }      }
3391      # Return the result.      # Return the result.
3392      return @retVal;      return $retVal;
3393  }  }
3394    
3395  =head3 PutLine  =head2 CGI Script Utilities
3396    
3397  C<< Tracer::PutLine($handle, \@fields); >>  =head3 ScriptSetup (deprecated)
3398    
3399  Write a line of data to a tab-delimited file. The specified field values will be      my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup($noTrace);
3400  output in tab-separated form, with a trailing new-line.  
3401    Perform standard tracing and debugging setup for scripts. The value returned is
3402    the CGI object followed by a pre-built variable hash. At the end of the script,
3403    the client should call L</ScriptFinish> to output the web page.
3404    
3405    This method calls L</ETracing> to configure tracing, which allows the tracing
3406    to be configured via the emergency tracing form on the debugging control panel.
3407    Tracing will then be turned on automatically for all programs that use the L</ETracing>
3408    method, which includes every program that uses this method or L</StandardSetup>.
3409    
3410  =over 4  =over 4
3411    
3412  =item handle  =item noTrace (optional)
3413    
3414  Output file handle.  If specified, tracing will be suppressed. This is useful if the script wants to set up
3415    tracing manually.
3416    
3417  =item fields  =item RETURN
3418    
3419  List of field values.  Returns a two-element list consisting of a CGI query object and a variable hash for
3420    the output page.
3421    
3422  =back  =back
3423    
3424  =cut  =cut
3425    
3426  sub PutLine {  sub ScriptSetup {
3427      # Get the parameters.      # Get the parameters.
3428      my ($handle, $fields) = @_;      my ($noTrace) = @_;
3429      # Write the data.      # Get the CGI query object.
3430      print $handle join("\t", @{$fields}) . "\n";      my $cgi = CGI->new();
3431        # Set up tracing if it's not suppressed.
3432        ETracing($cgi) unless $noTrace;
3433        # Create the variable hash.
3434        my $varHash = { results => '' };
3435        # Return the query object and variable hash.
3436        return ($cgi, $varHash);
3437    }
3438    
3439    =head3 ScriptFinish (deprecated)
3440    
3441        ScriptFinish($webData, $varHash);
3442    
3443    Output a web page at the end of a script. Either the string to be output or the
3444    name of a template file can be specified. If the second parameter is omitted,
3445    it is assumed we have a string to be output; otherwise, it is assumed we have the
3446    name of a template file. The template should have the variable C<DebugData>
3447    specified in any form that invokes a standard script. If debugging mode is turned
3448    on, a form field will be put in that allows the user to enter tracing data.
3449    Trace messages will be placed immediately before the terminal C<BODY> tag in
3450    the output, formatted as a list.
3451    
3452    A typical standard script would loook like the following.
3453    
3454        BEGIN {
3455            # Print the HTML header.
3456            print "CONTENT-TYPE: text/html\n\n";
3457        }
3458        use Tracer;
3459        use CGI;
3460        use FIG;
3461        # ... more uses ...
3462    
3463        my ($cgi, $varHash) = ScriptSetup();
3464        eval {
3465            # ... get data from $cgi, put it in $varHash ...
3466        };
3467        if ($@) {
3468            Trace("Script Error: $@") if T(0);
3469        }
3470        ScriptFinish("Html/MyTemplate.html", $varHash);
3471    
3472    The idea here is that even if the script fails, you'll see trace messages and
3473    useful output.
3474    
3475    =over 4
3476    
3477    =item webData
3478    
3479    A string containing either the full web page to be written to the output or the
3480    name of a template file from which the page is to be constructed. If the name
3481    of a template file is specified, then the second parameter must be present;
3482    otherwise, it must be absent.
3483    
3484    =item varHash (optional)
3485    
3486    If specified, then a reference to a hash mapping variable names for a template
3487    to their values. The template file will be read into memory, and variable markers
3488    will be replaced by data in this hash reference.
3489    
3490    =back
3491    
3492    =cut
3493    
3494    sub ScriptFinish {
3495        # Get the parameters.
3496        my ($webData, $varHash) = @_;
3497        # Check for a template file situation.
3498        my $outputString;
3499        if (defined $varHash) {
3500            # Here we have a template file. We need to determine the template type.
3501            my $template;
3502            if ($FIG_Config::template_url && $webData =~ /\.php$/) {
3503                $template = "$FIG_Config::template_url/$webData";
3504            } else {
3505                $template = "<<$webData";
3506            }
3507            $outputString = PageBuilder::Build($template, $varHash, "Html");
3508        } else {
3509            # Here the user gave us a raw string.
3510            $outputString = $webData;
3511        }
3512        # Check for trace messages.
3513        if ($Destination ne "NONE" && $TraceLevel > 0) {
3514            # We have trace messages, so we want to put them at the end of the body. This
3515            # is either at the end of the whole string or at the beginning of the BODY
3516            # end-tag.
3517            my $pos = length $outputString;
3518            if ($outputString =~ m#</body>#gi) {
3519                $pos = (pos $outputString) - 7;
3520            }
3521            # If the trace messages were queued, we unroll them. Otherwise, we display the
3522            # destination.
3523            my $traceHtml;
3524